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HISTORIC OLD COINS


FRIEDRICH THE IRONTOOTH OF BRANDENBURG

Brandenburg, Fredrick II, the Iron, silver bracteate hohlpfennig 1440-1470 Saurma 4675This silver Bracteate Hohlpfennig was issued by Friedrich II (Frederick II) who was the Prince-Elector of the Margravate of Brandenburg from 1440 to 1470. It is believed that he was nicknamed "The Irontooth" or "The Iron" due to his great strength and power.  Friedrich strengthened Brandenburg forming the basis of what was to become Prussia and the German Empire.  The rights of the towns and nobility were curtailed and he regained Neumark (East Brandenburg) from the Teutonic Knights.  The citizens of Berlin revolted when he attempted to build a palace on Colin island in the Spree river.  Friedrich prevailed, built the castle that became the Stadtschloss (Berlin Palace), and the rights of the city were greatly curtailed. The Stadtschloss was torn down by East Germany in the 1950's and is now being rebuilt.  The silver Bracteate Hohlpfennig is an extremely thin and single sided coin wtih a raised rim.  The design is embossed from the reverse.  This coin is approximately 16mm in diameter and features an eagle with outstretched wings.  Because the coins are so thin and fragile, few survive today.
Item BRAND BRANDENBURG SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-1470, Saurma 4675 F-VF $39.00



MEDIEVAL CITY COINS OF THE MARGARVIATE OF BRANDENBURG

Brandenburg, City of Stendal, silver Hohlpfennig, Friedrich II 1440-1480, Bahrfeldt 19  Brandenburg, City of Stendal, silver Hohlpfennig, Friedrich II 1440-1480, Bahrfeldt 19
These medieval city Hohlpfennigs were issued during the reign of Friedrich II Irontooth, who was Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1440 to 1470.  A Hohlpfennig is a thin silver coin, about 16mm in diameter with a raised rim. The coin design is embossed on one side and incuse on the other. They were widely used in Northern Germany in the late Middle Ages.  The coins depict the arms of the city in which they were struck. The coin from Stendal depicts half an eagle on the left and four diamonds on the right.  Stendal is located about 78 miles (125km) west of Berlin. It the joined Hanseatic League in 1358 and purchased the privilege of minting from the Brandenburg margraves in 1369.  In 1456 Friedrich II founded a convent for Augustinian nuns in the city, which today is a museum.  The Hohlpfennig from Frankfurt an der Oder features a plumed knight's helmet. Frankfurt (Oder) is located about 50 miles (80km.) east of Berlin on the Oder river on what is now the German-Polish border.  It was founded as a Polish town.  In 1249 it became part of the Margraviate of Brandenburg,  The knight's helmet design makes this one of the more interesting Hohlpfennigs.
Item STENDAL STENDAL SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-70, Bahrfeldt 19 VF-crude $29.50
Item FRANK-O FRANKFURT (ODER) SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-70, Bahrfeldt 16 VF-crude $33.50



NEWHUNGARIAN SILVER COIN OF SIGISMUND OF LUXEMBOURG

Hungary silver Parvus, Sigismund of Luxembourg 1387-1437Sigismund was the last male member of the House of Luxembourg and the King of Hungary from 1387 until his death in 1437. He was also Prince-elector of Brandenburg, King of Croatia, King of Bohemia, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor.  He was highly educated, spoke a number of languages.  In 1396 he led the disastrous Crusade of Nicopolis in which the Christian forces from throughout Europe were badly defeated by the Ottoman Turks.  Sigismund managed to escape.  He then founded the Order of the Dragon to fight the Ottoman Turks.  This silver Parvus was struck for Sigismund in Hungary.  One side depicts the Patriarchal Cross of Hungary.  The other depicts arms of Sigismund as King of Hungary.  The undated coin is about 12mm in diameter.
Item HU-SIGISMUND HUNGARY SILVER PARVUS, SIGISMUND 1387-1437 F-CRUDE $15.00




NEWEARLY DATED MADONNA & CHRIST CHILD DENARS OF HUNGARY

Hungary silver Denar of Ferdinand I 1526-64Hungary silver Denar of Mazimillian II 1563-1576Hungary silver Denar of Rudolf II 1577-1608
These early, dated, silver Denars of Hungary feature the Madonna and Christ Child on the obverse and the Hungarian arms on the reverse. They were struck by Hapsburg Kings of Hungary: Ferdinand I who reigned from 1526 to 1564, Maximilian II who ruled from 1563 to 1576 and Rudolf, who reigned from 1572 to 1608.   Unlike most coins of the period, they carry a date, though it can sometimes be obscure and its location can vary considerably. Ferdinand I was noted for making peace with the invading Ottoman Turks, and temporarily settling the religious wars in Europe with the Peace of Augsburg in 1555, which let the monarch of a territory decide the religion of its inhabitants.  His son Maximilian continued a policy of religious neutrality, while at the same time proposing reforms to the Catholic Church.   Maximilian’s son, Rudolf II, was an ineffectual ruler, who was more interested in science, art, the occult, and sexual adventures, than in the affairs of state.  The coins are approximately 15mm in diameter.
Item HU-FERD HUNGARY SILVER DENAR OF FERDINAND 1526-64 F-VF  $15.00
Item HU-MAX HUNGARY SILVER DENAR OF MAXIMILIAN II 1563-76 F-VF  $17.00
Item HU-RUD HUNGARY SILVER DENAR OF RUDOLF II 1577-1608 F-VF $17.00




SILVER COIN OF LEOPOLD THE HOGMOUTH  

Leopold the Hogmouth silver 15 Kreuzer (1660-1696)Leopold the Hogmouth 15 Kreuzer, Hungary reverse with Madonna and ChildLeopold I was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1658 to 1705.  He had a rather pronounced lower lip, possibly brought on by his father’s marriage to his cousin.  He was described as a cultivated man of extreme ugliness, hence the name "The Hogmouth".  As Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (which was neither Holy, Roman, nor an Empire) he ruled a vast territory including Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, as well as parts of Germany. He claimed the throne of Spain, leading to The War of Spanish The Succession.  Leopold fought a number of wars against the Turks and France.  The engravers made no attempt to hide his ugliness on the coins, hence his protruding Hapsburg jaw is plainly visible on the coin.  His coins tend to have a slight curvature that was caused by the minting process which used "roller dies" rather than the coin being struck flat.  We offer a silver 15 Kreuzer coins of Leopold from Hungary featuring the Madonna and Child on the reverse and a wonderfully ugly portrait of Leopold on the obverse.   The coin is date between 1660 and 1696 and are approximately 30mm in diameter. 
Item HU-LEO-15K HUNGARY SILVER 15 KREUZER LEOPOLD THE HOGMOUTH 1660-1696 F-VF $59.75




COIN OF RIGA FOR THE UNCONVENTIONAL QUEEN CHRISTINA

Riga, Solidus of Christina, 1634-1654Queen Christina of Sweden was one of the most educated, wittiest, unorthodox and unconventional women of the 17th century.  She succeeded her father on the throne of Sweden in 1632 when she was only six years old.  She took a deep interest in philosophy, religion, art, mathematics and science.   She was fond of books, paintings and had a collection of over 33,000 coins and medals. She frequently dressed as a man. She knew at least nine languages - and could out-cuss a soldier. She was headstrong and often in conflict with her own Chancellor.  In 1638 the first Swedish settlement in the New World was established and named after her: Fort Christina, which is now Wilmington, Delaware.  She founded Sweden's first newspaper. Her efforts helped bring about the Peace of Westphalia, ending the Thirty Years' War. She had an intimate relationship with her handmaiden and in 1649 she announced that she decided not to marry.  In 1654 she abdicated her throne and left Sweden in order to convert to Catholicism.   She was warmly received by Pope Alexander VII and for a time was given her own wing inside the Vatican.  Though often running short of money, she was a major patron of the theater and the arts.  She gave much occasion for gossip as she did not follow the norms for women of that era and freely socialized with men.  She used her position to protect the Jews of Rome.  Missing politics, she attempted to regain the throne of Sweden and gain the thrones of Naples and Poland, all without success.  She died in 1689, and is one of only three women buried within St. Peter's Basilica. This Solidus of Queen Christina was issued for Riga between 1634 and 1654.  Riga, now the capital of Latvia, was under Swedish control from 1621 to 1721.  It was given considerable autonomy, including the right to issue its own coins.  The copper or silver-washed Solidus of Riga have Queen Christina's royal monogram on one side and the arms of Riga on the other.  The crudely made coins are 15mm in diameter, typically are struck somewhat off center without a date.
Item RIGA-CHR RIGA SOLIDUS OF CHRISTINA (1634-1654)Fine-VF-Crude $10.00



EARLY DATED SILVER COIN OF POLAND-LITHUANIA

Poland - Lithuania silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) of Sigismund II AugustusUntil the 1600's most nations did not put dates on coins. These silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) coins of Sigismund II Augustus from the 1500's are some of the earliest affordable coins bearing an AD date.  Sigismund was both the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.  In 1569 he formally united the two countries with the Treaty of Lublin to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.  His coins reflect this dual nationality.  One side features his titles as Grand Duke of Lithuania, and Vytas, the White Knight, which is the national symbol of Lithuania.  Below Vytas is the date.  The other side features the Polish Eagle and his titles as King of Poland.  The 19mm silver coins date from 1547 to 1572.  In 1572 Sigsmund died childless, despite having three wives (two of which were first cousins) and carrying on affairs with "two of the most beautiful of his countrywomen".  He was the last of the powerful Jagiellonian dynasty controlled much of central Europe for almost 200 years.
Item PL-LT POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS, SIGISMUND II AUGUSTUS 1547-1572 F-VF $29.75
Item PL-LTx5  5 DIFFERENT DATES OF POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS 1547-1572 F-VF $129.75


OLD POLISH SILVER COIN OF SIGISMUND III

Poland 3 Polker (1/24 Thaler) KM41 1620-1628This silver 3 Polker coins of Poland  issued by king Sigismund III Vasa is dated between about 1620 to 1628. Sigismund became king of Poland and Lithuania in 1587.  He was also king of Sweden from 1592 until he was deposed in 1599.  His efforts to unite Poland and Sweden caused sixty years of war between the two.  He invaded Russia in 1605, taking advantage of their Time of Troubles.  Despite occupying Moscow and proclaiming himself to be Czar, he was unable to control the country. His war in Russia continued until a peace treaty was finally signed in 1618.  It was during the later part of his reign that the 30 Years War started. The war was one of the most destructive conflicts in human history.   One side of the coin has the crowned arms of united Poland and Lithuania.  The other side features the number 24 within an orb, indicating the coin was worth 1/24th of a Thaler. On either side of the cross and orb are the last two digits of the date.  Sigismund did not feel it necessary to include the first two digits.
Item PL-3POLK POLAND 3 POLKER 1620-28 KM41 VG-Fine $12.00



NEWPOLISH SOLIDUS FROM THE DISASTROUS REIGN OF KING JAN II CASIMIR

Jan I Caismir: Poland Solidus (1659-1665) KM110King Jan (John) II Casimir was born in 1609 as the second son of Polish King Sigismund III Vasa.  He fought in the 30 years war only to be captured by the French. After his release he decided to join the Jesuits and forgo political life.   He and his country, would have been better off if he had stayed a Jesuit.  Instead in 1648 he was crowned the king of both Poland and Lithuania.   His reign was marked by almost constant warfare with his neighbors.  He skipped the country in 1655 in the face of a Swedish invasion, returning only after a number of successful peasant revolts against the Swedes.  In attempts to find allies and make peace he was forced to give up his claims to the thrones of Prussia and Sweden.  Even so, he lost large amounts of territory to Sweden and Russia.  Facing domestic upheaval over his disastrous policies, he abdicated in 1668 and retired to France to become an abbot.  This copper Solidus from Poland of King Jan II Casimar was minted from 1659 to 1665.  The Jan's head is on one side and the Polish crowned eagle is on ther other.  The coins were crudely minted and often off-center or poorly struck.
Item PL-JAN2 POLAND 1 SOLIDUS JAN II CASIMIR (1659-1665) KM110 VG-Fine $8.00


RUSSIAN SILVER WIRE MONEY

For hundreds of years much of Russian commerce was based on these tiny silver coins called wire money.  The coins were struck by taking a piece of silver wire, cutting it to the proper weight, then smashing it between a pair of dies by a strong-armed Russian.  As might be expected, the coins are quite crude and are usually struck partly off-center.  The coin shows a horseman,  on one side and legends on the other.  We are pleased to offer you this selection of Russian Wire Money which covers a vast sweep of Russian History. 

SILVER WIRE KOPECK OF PETER THE GREAT 

Russia silver kopecks of Peter the Great Peter the Great ruled Russia from 1689 to 1725. He was a great reformer, modernizing Russia and expanding its Navy, frontiers and prestige.  One of his reforms was to abolish the wire coinage in favor of machine struck coins that were used in much of Europe.  Thus he brought an end to this long series of crude silver coins.
Item RU-PETER PETER THE GREAT SILVER KOPECK 1689-1725  VG-crude $5.00
Item RU-PETERx10 10 PIECES of the above PETER THE GREAT SILVER KOPECK - A GREAT DEAL! VG-crude $32.50



OLD COIN OF AUSTRIA

Austria 1 Kreuzer 1851The Imperial Coat-of-Arms of Austria is featured on the obverse 1851 Austrian 1 Kruezer.  It was the first time the denomination had been struck since 1816, and was one of the first coins of Emperor Franz-Joseph I,  Franz-Joseph reigned for almost 68 years, until his death in 1916.  During his reign Austria lost its possessions in Italy in the Italian Wars of Independence in 1859 and 1866.  Its defeat in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866 lead to the unification of Germany under Prussia.  After this rocky beginning of his reign,  a forty-eight year period of peace then prevailed in Austria until the start of World War I in 1914.  The reverse of the 23mm copper coin features the denomination and date. 
Item AT-1KR AUSTRIA 1 KREUZER 1851 KM2185 VF $3.00


NEWKINGDOM OF SARDINIA COIN FROM THE NAPOLEONIC WARS

Sardinia 10 Soldi coin, 1794-1796 KM92This 10 Soldi, (1/2 Lira) was struck for Victor Amadeus III (Vittorio Amedeo III) who was the King of Sardinia and Duke of Savoy.  His territory included the island of Sardinia and the region around his capital of Turin including Piedmont and Savoy. This coin was issued for use in Piedmont and Savoy.  Victor Amadeus joined the War of the First Coalition against the newly formed French Republic in 1792.  He was defeated by Napoleon in 1796 and forced to cede Savoy and Nice to France, abandon the Coalition and allow the French Army free passage through his territory.  He died shortly thereafter.  The 22mm coin is struck in billon (low fineness silver) and tends to be weakly struck. It depicts Victor Amadeus on one side and the national arms on the other.  The coin was struck for only three years: 1794, 1795 and 1796. It represents a violent and transitional period of French and Italian history.
Item SARD-10S SARDINIA 10 SOLDI 1794-1796, date my choice KM92 VG-F $17.50
Item SARD-X3 ALL 3 DATES OF THE ABOVE SARDINIA 10 SOLDI 1794, 1795 & 1796 VG-F $49.50



FIRST COINS OF UNIFIED ITALY IN UNCIRCULATED CONDITION  

Italy 1 & 2 Centesimi 1861 Milan KM1.1 & KM1.2The Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed on March 17, 1861.  Victor Emmanuel II, the king of Sardinia was declared King.  Prior to that time Italy was a collection of independent nations.  The first coins of unified Italy were issued later that year, including the copper 1 and 2 Centesimi.  King Victor Emmanuel is portrayed on the obverse.  The denomination and date within a wreath are on the reverse.  The 1 Centesimo is 15mm and the 2 Centesimi is 20.2mm.  Both coins were struck in Milan and have the “M” mintmark at the bottom of the reverse.  Amazingly both coins are in Uncirculated condition and still retain most of their original mint luster!  It is an historic set in top condition.
Item IT-SET2 ITALY 1 & 2 CENTESIMI 1861-M KM1.1 & 2.1 UNC.  $40.00

Also see:
Click HereSILVER COINS OF THE KINGDOM OF ITALY:

Click HereATTRACTIVE COINS OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC

Click HereFAMOUS ITALIANS ON BEAUTIFUL BANKNOTES

Click HereITALY EURO COIN SET



UNCIRCULATED SPANISH CIVIL WAR COIN

Spain 50 Centimos coin 1937 KM754.1The Spanish Civil war broke out in 1936 between the Republic, which was supported by the Soviet Union and the Nationalists under Francisco Franco supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.  The brutal war was a prelude to World War II.  This Uncirculated 23mm copper 50 Centimos dated 1937 was issued by the Republic.  The obverse depicts Hispania seated holding a sprig.  The reverse features the denomination.
Item ES-50C-37 SPAIN 50 CENTIMOS 1937 KM754.1 UNC. $15.00

ALSO SEE:

Click HereWORLD WAR II COIN OF SPAIN: 1 Peseta 1944 KM767


SCARCE COIN OF DEMAK SULTANATE

Demak Sultanate tin Pitas Raden Patah 1475-1518The Demak Sultanate was founded about 1475 by Sultan Pangeran al Patah, also known as Raden Patah. He was of Javanese nobility and his mother may have been a Chinese princess who had been exiled from China.  His Sultanate was the first Muslim state in Java.  He quickly expanded his Sultanate to include most of the northern coast of Java and southern Sumatra.  This was an important step in bringing Islam to what is now Indonesia. The Sultan ruled until his death in 1518.  The Sultanate lasted about another 30 years, until it collapsed in a dynastic feud. The Sultanate prospered through trade in spices, rice and its control over Javanese trading ports.   This Pitis of Sultan Pangeran al Patah is one of the few affordable coins of the Demak Sultanate.  The uniface tin coin is approximately 19mm to 20mm in diameter and grades Very Fine.
Item DEMAK DEMAK SULTANATE, TIN PITIS, PANGERAN AL PATAH 1475-1518 VF $19.50


TIN PITIS FROM THE SULTANATE OF PALEMBANG

Palembang tin Pitis AH1203 Muhammad Bahauddin Millies 192, Robinson 9Palembang is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia.  It is located on the Musi river on the island of Sumatra.  The Sultanate of Palembang was established in the early 17th century by Javanese nobles fleeing from dynastic intrigues after the collapse of the Sultanate of Demak.  It soon became the one of the greatest agricultural and trade centers in the Malay area.  It controlled much of the lucrative spice trade – until it was taken over by the Dutch in 1821. This uniface tin 1 Pitis was issued by Sultan Muhammad Bahauddin.  It is dated AH1203, which is 1789AD. 
Item PALEMBANG PALEMBANG TIN PITIS, AH1203=1789 Robinson #9, Millies 192 Fine $5.00


FOR MORE HISTORICAL OLD COINS, PLEASE SEE:

Click HereAFGHANISTAN COINS
Click HereOLD COINS OF ANNAM
Click HereCOINS OF INDIA and PAKISTAN
Click HereCOINS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
Click Here2400 YEARS OF CHINESE COINS and CURRENCY
Click HereCOINS OF DEAD NATIONS


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