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HISTORIC OLD COINS




SILVER COIN OF LEOPOLD THE HOGMOUTH  

Leopold the Hogmouth silver 15 Kreuzer (1660-1696)Leopold the Hogmouth 15 Kreuzer, Hungary reverse with Madonna and ChildLeopold I was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1658 to 1705.  He had a rather pronounced lower lip, possibly brought on by his father’s marriage to his cousin.  He was described as a cultivated man of extreme ugliness, hence the name "The Hogmouth".  As Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (which was neither Holy, Roman, nor an Empire) he ruled a vast territory including Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, as well as parts of Germany. He claimed the throne of Spain, leading to The War of Spanish The Succession.  Leopold fought a number of wars against the Turks and France.  The engravers made no attempt to hide his ugliness on the coins, hence his protruding Hapsburg jaw is plainly visible on the coin.  His coins tend to have a slight curvature that was caused by the minting process which used "roller dies" rather than the coin being struck flat.  We offer a silver 15 Kreuzer coins of Leopold from Hungary featuring the Madonna and Child on the reverse and a wonderfully ugly portrait of Leopold on the obverse.   The coin is date between 1660 and 1696 and are approximately 30mm in diameter. 
Item HU-LEO-15K HUNGARY SILVER 15 KREUZER LEOPOLD THE HOGMOUTH 1660-1696 F-VF $59.75



COIN OF RIGA FOR THE UNCONVENTIONAL QUEEN CHRISTINA

Riga, Solidus of Christina, 1634-1654Queen Christina of Sweden was one of the most educated, wittiest, unorthodox and unconventional women of the 17th century.  She succeeded her father on the throne of Sweden in 1632 when she was only six years old.  She took a deep interest in philosophy, religion, art, mathematics and science.   She was fond of books, paintings and had a collection of over 33,000 coins and medals. She frequently dressed as a man. She knew at least nine languages - and could out-cuss a soldier. She was headstrong and often in conflict with her own Chancellor.  In 1638 the first Swedish settlement in the New World was established and named after her: Fort Christina, which is now Wilmington, Delaware.  She founded Sweden's first newspaper. Her efforts helped bring about the Peace of Westphalia, ending the Thirty Years' War. She had an intimate relationship with her handmaiden and in 1649 she announced that she decided not to marry.  In 1654 she abdicated her throne and left Sweden in order to convert to Catholicism.   She was warmly received by Pope Alexander VII and for a time was given her own wing inside the Vatican.  Though often running short of money, she was a major patron of the theater and the arts.  She gave much occasion for gossip as she did not follow the norms for women of that era and freely socialized with men.  She used her position to protect the Jews of Rome.  Missing politics, she attempted to regain the throne of Sweden and gain the thrones of Naples and Poland, all without success.  She died in 1689, and is one of only three women buried within St. Peter's Basilica. This Solidus of Queen Christina was issued for Riga between 1634 and 1654.  Riga, now the capital of Latvia, was under Swedish control from 1621 to 1721.  It was given considerable autonomy, including the right to issue its own coins.  The copper or silver-washed Solidus of Riga have Queen Christina's royal monogram on one side and the arms of Riga on the other.  The crudely made coins are 15mm in diameter, typically are struck somewhat off center without a date.
Item RIGA-CHR RIGA SOLIDUS OF CHRISTINA (1634-1654)  Fine-VF-Crude $10.00



EARLY DATED SILVER COIN OF POLAND-LITHUANIA

Poland - Lithuania silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) of Sigismund II AugustusUntil the 1600's most nations did not put dates on coins. These silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) coins of Sigismund II Augustus from the 1500's are some of the earliest affordable coins bearing an AD date.  Sigismund was both the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.  In 1569 he formally united the two countries with the Treaty of Lublin to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.  His coins reflect this dual nationality.  One side features his titles as Grand Duke of Lithuania, and Vytas, the White Knight, which is the national symbol of Lithuania.  Below Vytas is the date.  The other side features the Polish Eagle and his titles as King of Poland.  The 19mm silver coins date from 1547 to 1572.  In 1572 Sigsmund died childless, despite having three wives (two of which were first cousins) and carrying on affairs with "two of the most beautiful of his countrywomen".  He was the last of the powerful Jagiellonian dynasty controlled much of central Europe for almost 200 years.
Item PL-LT POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS, SIGISMUND II AUGUSTUS 1547-1572 F-VF $29.75
Item PL-LTx5  5 DIFFERENT DATES OF POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS 1547-1572 F-VF $129.75




ST. PETER ON SILVER COINS OF THE ARCHBISHOPSS OF TRIER

Trier silver Petermenger KM176The Archbishopric of Trier was one of the most powerful in Germany.  The position held special privileges as it was one of only seven electors who chose the Holy Roman Emperor  and controlled the territory between France and the Rhine. This silver 3 Albus coin of Trier is called a Petermenger.  One side of the coin depicts St. Peter in the clouds holding a key.  The other side has the arms of the Archbishop.  The coin is approximately 23mm in diameter.  Johann Hugo von Orsbeck was Archbishop  Trier from 1675 until his death in 1711. He helped chose Joseph I as the successor to Leopold the Hogmouth as Holy Roman Emperor.   He ruled during  a difficult period of time for Trier.   France, under Louis XIV, repeatedly invaded and occupied Trier.  Johann Hugo issued silver Petermengers from 1691 to 1695 with the date on the front, and again from 1706 to 1709 with the date on the back.
Item TRIER-JOHANN TRIER SILVER PETERMENGER 1691-1709 JOHANN HUGO F $32.00



SILVER COIN OF IVAN THE TERRIBLE  

Russia Ivan the Terrible silver wire kopeck, 1533-1584Ivan IV, generally known as Ivan the Terrible, was crowned Grand Prince of Moscow in 1533 at age three.  In 1547 he declared himself Czar of all Russia, and set about centralizing the Russian government and consolidating his power.  He engaged in a reign of terror against anyone he thought might oppose him, torturing and executing many thousands of his subjects, including his own son. Entire cities were destroyed and regions were left depopulated.  Thus he earned his title "The Terrible".  Though he expanded the Russian Empire eastward into Siberia, his attempts to expand into the Baltic met with disastrous defeats.  The military, weakened by Ivan's purges, was defeated by Sweden and Poland.  He apparently had quite an appetite for women, having gone through seven wives and keeping some 50 concubines.  Having destroyed the and having killed his most promising heir, Russia fell into "The Time of Troubles" after his death in 1584. The only type of coin issued by Ivan is the silver wire kopeck.  It was made by smashing a small piece of silver wire between a pair of dies.   As might be expected, the coins are quite crude and struck partly off-center.  The coin shows a horseman with a lance on one side and legends on the other.
Item RU-IVAN RUSSIA, IVAN THE TERRIBLE SILVER WIRE KOPECK, 1533-1594 VG-F $7.00


MICHAEL ESTABLISHES THE ROMANOV DYNASTY

Silver kopeck coin of Michael Romanov Following the death of Ivan the Terrible in 1584, Russia fell into a period of chaos and civil war. In an effort to bring an end to the fighting, 16 year old Michael Fydorovich Romanov was selected as Czar in 1613.  Though many expected him to fail, the young Michael slowly established his control over Russia.  By the time of his death in 1645 he had established the powerful Romanov dynasty, which was to last over 300 years, until the Russian Revolution in 1917.  This small, crude silver wire kopeck of Michael was made by a strong-armed Russian pounding a small piece of silver wire between two dies. One side pictures a horseman carrying a spear.  The other has Russian legends in the Cyrillic alphabet.
Item RU-MIKE MICHAEL FYDOROVICH ROMANOV SILVER KOPECK 1613-1645 VG-crude $6.00

OLD COIN OF AUSTRIA

Austria 1 Kreuzer 1851The Imperial Coat-of-Arms of Austria is featured on the obverse 1851 Austrian 1 Kruezer.  It was the first time the denomination had been struck since 1816, and was one of the first coins of Emperor Franz-Joseph I,  Franz-Joseph reigned for almost 68 years, until his death in 1916.  During his reign Austria lost its possessions in Italy in the Italian Wars of Independence in 1859 and 1866.  Its defeat in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866 lead to the unification of Germany under Prussia.  After this rocky beginning of his reign,  a forty-eight year period of peace then prevailed in Austria until the start of World War I in 1914.  The reverse of the 23mm copper coin features the denomination and date. 
Item AT-1KR AUSTRIA 1 KREUZER 1851 KM2185 VF $3.00

FIRST COINS OF UNIFIED ITALY IN UNCIRCULATED CONDITON  

Italy 1 & 2 Centesimi 1861 Milan KM1.1 & KM1.2The Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed on March 17, 1861.  Victor Emmanuel II, the king of Sardinia was declared King.  Prior to that time Italy was a collection of independent nations.  The first coins of unified Italy were issued later that year, including the copper 1 and 2 Centesimi.  King Victor Emmanuel is portrayed on the obverse.  The denomination and date within a wreath are on the reverse.  The 1 Centesimo is 15mm and the 2 Centesimi is 20.2mm.  Both coins were struck in Milan and have the “M” mintmark at the bottom of the reverse.  Amazingly both coins are in Uncirculated condition and still retain most of their original mint luster!  It is an historic set in top condition.
Item IT-SET2 ITALY 1 & 2 CENTESIMI 1861-M KM1.1 & 2.1 UNC.  $40.00

Also see:
Click HereSILVER COINS OF THE KINGDOM OF ITALY:

Click HereATTRACTIVE COINS OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC

Click HereFAMOUS ITALIANS ON BEAUTIFUL BANKNOTES

Click HereITALY EURO COIN SET




NEWLAST REPUBLIC COIN & BANKNOTE OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR

Spain 25 Centimos 1938 coin, KM757Spain 2 Pesetas note, 1938 P95Reduced size image
The Spanish Civil war broke out in 1936 between the Republic, which was supported by the Soviet Union and the Nationalists under Francisco Franco supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.  The brutal war was a prelude to World War II.   The 1938 copper 25 Centimos was the last coin issued by the Spanish Republic.  It was struck in Madrid while the city was under siege by Nationalist forces. The obverse of the 23mm coin depicts broken chains over books labeled "CIENCIA" (science) and "ARTE" (art).  The reverse features the value between an olive branch and an oak sprig around the center hole.  The coin tends to be weakly struck. This 1938 dated provisional 2 Pesetas note issued by the Ministry of Finance in Madrid was one of the last banknotes issued by the Republic.   The small (95 x 55mm) note features the head of a woman on the front and the famed Toledo Bridge in Madrid on the back. The notes and coins were withdrawn after the Nationalists won the war in 1939.
Item ES-25C-38 SPAIN 25 CENTIMOS 1938 COIN KM757 AU-UNC. $10.00
Item PM-ES-2P SPAIN 2 PESETAS NOTE 1938 P95 F $8.00


SCARCE COIN OF DEMAK SULTANATE

Demak Sultanate tin Pitas Raden Patah 1475-1518The Demak Sultanate was founded about 1475 by Sultan Pangeran al Patah, also known as Raden Patah. He was of Javanese nobility and his mother may have been a Chinese princess who had been exiled from China.  His Sultanate was the first Muslim state in Java.  He quickly expanded his Sultanate to include most of the northern coast of Java and southern Sumatra.  This was an important step in bringing Islam to what is now Indonesia. The Sultan ruled until his death in 1518.  The Sultanate lasted about another 30 years, until it collapsed in a dynastic feud. The Sultanate prospered through trade in spices, rice and its control over Javanese trading ports.   This Pitis of Sultan Pangeran al Patah is one of the few affordable coins of the Demak Sultanate.  The uniface tin coin is approximately 19mm to 20mm in diameter and grades Very Fine.
Item DEMAK DEMAK SULTANATE, TIN PITIS, PANGERAN AL PATAH 1475-1518 VF $19.50


TIN PITIS FROM THE SULTANATE OF PALEMBANG

Palembang tin Pitis AH1203 Muhammad Bahauddin Millies 192, Robinson 9Palembang is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia.  It is located on the Musi river on the island of Sumatra.  The Sultanate of Palembang was established in the early 17th century by Javanese nobles fleeing from dynastic intrigues after the collapse of the Sultanate of Demak.  It soon became the one of the greatest agricultural and trade centers in the Malay area.  It controlled much of the lucrative spice trade – until it was taken over by the Dutch in 1821. This uniface tin 1 Pitis was issued by Sultan Muhammad Bahauddin.  It is dated AH1203, which is 1789AD. 
Item PALEMBANG PALEMBANG TIN PITIS, AH1203=1789 Robinson #9, Millies 192 Fine $5.00


FOR MORE HISTORICAL OLD COINS, PLEASE SEE:

Click HereAFGHANISTAN COINS
Click HereOLD COINS OF ANNAM
Click HereCOINS OF INDIA and PAKISTAN
Click HereCOINS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
Click Here2400 YEARS OF CHINESE COINS and CURRENCY
Click HereCOINS OF DEAD NATIONS


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