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VIETNAM AND SOUTH-EAST ASIA

ONLY COIN OF TONKIN 

Tonkin 1/600 Piastre 1905Tonkin was a French protectorate, that later became part of North Vietnam.  Tonkin issued only a single coin, a zinc 1/600 Piastre, (1/6 cent) dated 1905.   The coin, commonly called a Sapeque, was intended to replace the widely used Annamese cash coins in circulation.  It was struck in the style of a cash coin: round with a square hole.  One side of the coin had Chinese legends, the other had French legends.  The coin proved to be unpopular with the Vietnamese and most never entered circulation. The coin is Uncirculated, however it will have some spots as is typical of zinc coins.
Item TONKIN TONKIN 1/600 PIASTRE 1905, KM1 UNC.-spots $29.75



ATTRACTIVE FRENCH INDO-CHINA CENT Restocked

French Indo-China 1 Cent 1939 KM12.1French Indo-China consisted of the French colonies of what is now Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.  This 1939 1 Cent is the last bronze cent issued for French Indo-China. Shortly after the coins were minted World War II began.  Both France and French Indo-China fell to the Axis forces and the coins were withdrawn.  The obverse features the symbolic figures of France and Indo-China around a center hole.  Beneath the hole is the denomination and “A” mintmark of the Paris mint. The reverse has the denomination in Chinese, patterned after the 4 character Annamese and Chinese cash coins.
Item FIC-1C FRENCH INDO-CHINA 1 CENT 1939 KM12.1 AU 6.00


WORLD WAR II COIN OF FRENCH INDO-CHINA  

French Indo China 1/4 Cent 1942 Osaka Mint KM25French Indo-China 1 & 5 Cents 1943 KM26-27By the end of 1941 Japan had gained control over French Indo-China (now Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos).  Needing copper for the war effort, the Japanese withdrew and melted the Annamese copper and brass cash coins.  The cash coins were valued 1/5 to 1/6 of a cent and were widely used for small transactions. To replace them the Osaka mint in Japan began to strike a zinc 1/4 cent coin for French Indo-China in 1942. As the war turned against Japan coin shortages developed.  In 1943 the local government in Hanoi authorized a local engineering college (Ecole Pratique d'Hanoi) to strike aluminum 1 and 5 Cent coins. The two coins were crudely struck using improvised equipment and have a center hole.  All three coins were struck in the name of "Etat Francais" which was the Vichy French Government,  
Item FIC-QTRC FRENCH INDO-CHINA 1/4 CENT 1942 KM25 Fine $3.00
NEWItem FIC-SET2 FRENCH INDO-CHINA 1 and 5 CENTS 1943 KM26-27 UNC-weak strike. $12.00



1949 NAM BO GUERILLA NOTE FOR SOUTHERN VIETNAM

Vietnam 5 Dong note 1949 P17
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This crude undated 5 Dong note was issued in 1949 by communist Vietnamese forces in southern Vietnam called the Nam Bo. Because of the difficulty in communicating and getting supplies from Ho Chi Minh's forces in the north, the Nam Bo were authorized to print their own currency. The notes were printed under primitive conditions using whatever supplies could be found, resulting in the notes coming in a wide variety of shades of colors.  By the early 1950's the Nam Bo were largely defeated by the French. The front of this 5 Dong note features the head of Ho Chi Minh and Montagnard with a rifle hiding in the brush.  The back has a crude depiction of farmers with water buffalo and has legends in Vietnamese, Chinese and Laotian and Cambodian.  The note measures 122 by 60mm
Item PM-VN-NB-5D VIETNAM, NAM BO 5 DONG NOTE (1949) P17 F-VF $7.50


FIRST BANKNOTES OF SOUTH VIETNAM

South Vietnam 2 Dong (1955) P12 Security Banknote CompanySouth Vietnam 5 Dong (1955) P13 Security Banknote Company
The Republic of Vietnam, more commonly known as South Vietnam, was proclaimed Premier Ngo Dinh Diem in 1955.  He was overwhelmingly confirmed as President in a referendum in October 1955.  He must have been popular.  In many districts he received more votes than there were voters!   South Vietnam issued its first banknotes that same month, including these undated 2 and 5 Dong.  The violet 2 Dong depicts a fishing boat under sail on the front and thatched houses surrounded by rice paddies and palm trees on the back.  It measures 121.5x65mm.  The reddish-brown 5 Dong depicts a farmer plowing a rice paddy with a water buffalo on the front and a thatched house next to water on the back.  The notes were printed by the Security Banknote Company of New York, whose name is clearly displayed at the bottom on the back. The communists used it as propaganda to show that government was actually still under control of the United States and France.  
Item PM-SVN2+5D SOUTH VIETNAM 2 & 5 DONG (1955) P12 & P13 AU-UNC $13.50

1958 NORTH VIETNAMESE NOTE

North Vietnam 2 Hao note 1958 P59
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In 1959 North Vietnam introduced a new series of notes dated 1958.  The exchange rate was 1000 old Dong for 1 new Dong, effectively wiping out any remaining wealth in the North.  The well-printed notes were made on high quality paper in China. The front of the green 2 Hao note has the national emblem.  The design on the back includes a dam, fishing boats and boys riding on two of the water buffalo.  The note measures 110 x 60mm and is Uncirculated.
Item PM-NVN-2H NORTH VIETNAM 2 HAO 1958 P69 UNC. $5.00



NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT NOTES FOR SOUTH VIETNAM

National Liberation Front 1 Dong note for South VietnamNational Liberation Front 2 Dong note for South Vietnam
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These small, attractive notes were printed for the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam during the 1960's in China.  They were intended to be used in areas that the communist controlled within South Vietnam.  Most of the notes were captured by United States and South Vietnamese troops during a military operation in Cambodia, so they were never released into circulation.  The brown 1 Dong shows farmers threshing and carrying rice in a field on the front and students in a classroom on the back. It measures 124mm x 62mm.  The blue-green 2 Dong note features female Montagnard porters on the front and fishermen in boats casting nets on the back.  It measures 130mm x 65mm. Though these notes are technically Uncirculated, they show some water damage from the damp jungle.
Item PM-SVN-NLF-1D NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT 1 DONG NOTE PR4 $10.00
Item PM-SVN-NLF-2D NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT 2 DONG NOTE PR5 $12.00



SOUTH VIETNAM NOTES FEATURE MILITARY HEROES

South Vietnam 100 Dong note (1966) P19aSouth Vietnam 500 Dong note (1966) P23a
By 1966 the Vietnam War was not going well. Over a decade after South Vietnam declared independence, fighting was still going on with no clear victor.  Perhaps in an attempt to reflect in the glories of successful military campaigns in the past, South Vietnam issued new banknotes depicting historical Vietnamese military heroes.  The notes did not carry a date. The red 100 Dong depicts Le Van Duyet on the front and his tomb on the back. A watermark of his head is to the right. Duyet was a general who helped put down a rebellion and unify Vietnam in the early 19th century.  Later, as viceroy for the southern part of unified Vietnam he helped bring peace and prosperity to that region. The blue 500 Dong depicts Tran Hung Dao on the front and his junk in the Battle of Bach Dang. To the right is a watermark of Dao. Dao repulsed three major invasions of Vietnam by the Mongols by Kublai Khan in late 13th century.
Item PM-SVN-100D SOUTH VIETNAM 100 DONG NOTE (1966) P19a AU-UNC $15.00
Item PM-SVN-500D SOUTH VIETNAM 500 DONG NOTE (1966) P23 AU-UNC $25.00



NEWSOUTH VIETNAM 1968 20 DONG FAO COIN

South Vietnam 20 Dong coin 1968 FAO KM11In 1968 South Vietnam issued this unusual 12-sided coin as part of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's (FAO) coin program.  One side depicts a female farmer with a sheaf of rice in a rice paddy.  The legend "CHIEN-DICH THE-GIOI CHONG NAN DOI" translates as "World campaign against hunger". The other side features the denomination.   It was the highest denomination released into circulatoin by South Vietnam before it fell to the communists in 1975.  The nickel-clad steel coin was struck at the Hamburg mint and has a mintage of 500,000 pieces.  It is an attractive coin from a fallen nation.
Item SVN-20D SOUTH VIETNAM 20 DONG FAO 1968 KM11 BU $7.00




LAST BANKNOTE OF SOUTH VIETNAM FEATURES ELEPHANTS

South Vietnam 1000 Dong note P34
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This undated 1000 Dong banknote of South Vietnam was released in 1972, three years before the country fell to the communist North Vietnam.  It was one of the last notes issued by South Vietnam.  The front depicts Independence Palace in Saigon, now known as Reunification Palace.  The Palace served as the home for the President of South Vietnam.  It was built on the site of the old Norodom Palace, which was heavily damaged in 1962 when it was bombed by South Vietnamese Air Force pilots attempting to assassinate President Ngo Dinh Diem.  On April 30, 1975 a North Vietnamese tank crashed through the gates of the palace, bringing an end to the Vietnam War.  The back of the note depicts three working elephants and their trainers.  The note has a watermark of the head of a young woman.
Item PM-SVN-1000D SOUTH VIETNAM 1000 DONG NOTE (1972) P34 AU-UNC $6.00




LIBERATION CURRENCY FOR SOUTH VIETNAM

South Vietnam Liberation Currency, 10 Xu 1966 (1975) P37South Vietnam Liberation Currency, 20 Xu dated 1966 (1975) P38South Vietnam Liberation Currency, 1 Dong dated 1966 (1975) P40
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After the defeat of the South Vietnamese government, the South Vietnamese currency was exchanged for this newly issued "Liberation Currency" at the rate of 1 "Liberation Dong" for 500 South Vietnamese Dong.  These small notes were printed in China and dated 1966, though they were not issued until September 21, 1975.  The notes were withdrawn on May 2, 1978 when it was replaced with a new currency for unified Vietnam.  The 10 Xu note depicts women harvesting salt on the front.  The back pictures people unloading boats along a branch of the Mekong River. I measures 99mm x 50mm.   The 20 Xu shows a truck driving through a rubber plantation on the front.  The back shows a line of soldiers being greeted by farmers plowing with oxen.  It measures 107 x 54mm.  The 1 Dong pictures boats on a river on the front and farmers harvesting rice with rifles stacked behind them on the back.  It is 124mm x 62mm.
Item PM-SVN-LIB-10XU SOUTH VIETNAM 10 XU LIBERATION NOTE 1966(1975) P37 AU-UNC $5.00
Item PM-SVN-LIB-20XU SOUTH VIETNAM 20 XU LIBERATION NOTE 1966(1975) P38 AU-UNC $6.00
Item PM-SVN-LIB-1D SOUTH VIETNAM 1 DONG LIBERATION NOTE 1966(1975) P40 AU-UNC $15.00




ATTRACTIVE SOCIALIST VIETNAM BANKNOTES

Vietnam 200 Dong note 1987, Front, P100   Vietnam 200 Dong note 1987, Back P100Vietnam 500 Dong note 1988, Back P101
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This two note set from Socialist Vietnam includes the brown 1987 200 Dong note which features a tractor and farm workers on the back and red 1988 500 Dong which depicts ships unloading at a dock on the back.  Both notes are 131mm x 65mm, have Ho Chi Minh on the front and have watermarks. 
Item PM-VN-SET2 VIETNAM 200 & 500 DONG NOTES 1987-88 P100 & P101, UNC. $3.00



VIETNAMESE CLOTH RATION COUPON SHEETS

Vietnam 4 Meters Women's Cloth Ration Coupon sheet from Ho Chih Minh City, 1979
This cloth ration coupons were issued in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) and are dated 1979.  In order to purchase cloth or clothing, one had to present the appropriate number of coupons.  Each sheet was good for 4 meters (about 13 feet) of material and contained 14 individual coupons with values ranging from 5 centimeters (about 2 inches) to 50 centimeters of material.   These pink ration coupons were issued to women..   Each sheet is made out to an individual. These pink ration coupons were issued to women.. The sheets of ration coupons are approximately 125mm x 85mm (5" x 3.5") and have a blank back.  The sheets have been redeemed however still contain all their individual coupons.  It is a rarely seen item that was issued not long after the fall of South Vietnam to the communists. 
Item PM-CLOTH-PINK VIETNAM WOMEN'S (PINK) CLOTH RATION COUPON SHEET $4.00


2003 VIETNAM COIN SET  

Vietnam 2003 coin set KM71-KM75
In 2003 Vietnam released their first coins in over a quarter of a century.  An entire generation grew had grown up without ever using coins!  The government finally bowed to the requests of merchants and citizens who wanted the convenience of coins for use in vending machines. There were reports that many children who had never seen a coin before, tried to eat them thinking they were candy. Vietnam has not issued any coins for circulation since then. The brass 5000 Dong coin pictures the Chua Mot Cot temple in Hanoi. The brass 2000 Dong shows a traditional high-roofed house.   The brass 1000 Dong shows a temple in the ancient capital of Hue. The copper-nickel 500 and 200 Dong coins portray the denomination in large numerals.  All five coins are dated 2003 and show the arms Vietnam on the obverse.  The coins were minted a single year and circulated only briefly.  Because of inflation they are no longer used and are difficult to obtain.
Item VN-SET5 VIETNAM 5 COIN SET 200 - 5000 DONG, 2003 KM71-75, UNC. $9.75


POLYMER NOTE SET FROM VIET NAM

Vietnam bank note set, 10,000 to 100,000 Dong P119 - P122
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This set of four current polymer notes from Socialist Republic of Vietnam includes the 10,000, 20,000, 50,000 and 100,000 Dong issued between 2012 and 2014.  The front of the notes all feature Ho Chi Minh and the arms of Vietnam.  The back of the 10,000 Dong note depicts offshore oil platforms.  The back of the scarce 20,000 Dong pictures the Japanese Bridge in Hoi An.  Hoi An was an important trading port until the 19th Century. The bridge was built in the 1600's by Japanese traders who lived on one side of the bridge, while the Vietnamese lived on the other.  It is the only known covered bridge with a Buddhist Pagoda attached to it.  The 50,000 Dong features old buildings in imperial capital of Hue.  A gate to the National University is on the back of the 10,000 Dong. The notes contain numerous anti-counterfeiting devices, including a "watermark", front/back registration marks, and a clear window that shows the denomination. 
Item PM-VN-SET4 VIETNAM 4 NOTE SET: 10,000 DONG to 100,000 DONG P119-P122 UNC. $24.00



THE COINS OF LAOS  

Kingdom of Laos 1952 coin setLao People's Democratic Republic 1980 coin set
Laos is a landlocked nation bordering Vietnam.  Because of its strategic location, it got pulled into the war in Vietnam.  Laos issued its first coins in 1952, when it was gaining independence from France.  The coins were issued by the Kingdom of Laos and consisted of the 10, 20 and 50 Cents struck in aluminum at the Paris Mint. All three coins were struck with a center hole. It appears the hole was an afterthought in the design process as it pierces the center of the design, rather than incorporating the hole into an artistic design.  The 10 Cents depicts the head of a woman. The 20 Cents features a three-headed elephant from the Laotian flag and coat of arms, representing the former kingdoms that came together to make Laos.  The 50 Cents features a book on a pedestal, representing the constitution. The reverses feature a floral pattern around the center hole. The communist-backed Pathet Lao began a civil war as soon the country gained independence in 1953. The war continued until 1975 when the government surrendered after the fall of South Vietnam and Cambodia.  It was not until 1980 that Laos issued its second set of coins for general circulation. These consisted of the 10, 20 and 50 Att, also struck in aluminum, and issued by the Lao People's Democratic Republic.  The designs of 1980 coins feature the denomination in large numbers, with a small picture below. A woman holding grain is on the 10 Att, a farmer plowing is on the 20 Att and a fish is on the 50 Att.  The reverse features the national arms, which include a hammer and sickle.
Item LA-SET52 KINGDOM OF LAOS 1952  3 COIN SET, 10 - 50 CENTS KM4-6 UNC. out
Item S-LA-SET80 LAO PEOPLES DEMOCRATIC REP. 1980 3 COIN SET, 10 - 50 ATT KM22-24 UNC. $4.50


NewBEAUTIFUL OLD BANKNOTE OF THE KINGDOM OF LAOS

Laos 100 Kip note, (1957) P6Laos 1 Kip note, (1962) P8
This beautiful and colorful Laotian 100 Kip note printed by the Bank of France was introduced in 1957.  The front features King Sisavang Vong, a chalice and Naga Dragons.  The back includes a woman in traditional costume with a bowl of roses.  Erawan, the three headed elephant appears in the coat of arms in the watermark. The large size note measures 170x107mm.  The note is Uncirculated but has staple holes as that is how they were often distributed the National Bank. We also have the Kingdom of Laos 1 Kip note released by the National Bank in 1962.  The brown note features a stylized mythological figure on the front and Erawan, the three headed elephant on the back.  The small note measures 100x60mm
Item PM-LA-100K KINGDOM OF LAOS 100 KIP BANKNOTE (1957) P6 AU-UNC.-staple hole $15.00
Item PM-LA-1KIP KINGDOM OF LAOS 1 KIP BANKNOTE P8 (1962) UNC. $2.00




New PATHET LAO LIBERATION BANKNOTE

Laos 10 Kip banknote (1968) P20
In April 1968, the communist Pathet Lao forces introduced new banknotes notes in the areas of the Laos that they controlled.  Following their victory in 1975 the notes were used throughout Laos.  The red 10 Kip depicts nurses with patients and soldiers planting bamboo booby-traps.
Item PM-LA-10K PATHET LAO 10 KIP NOTE (Nurses) FROM ABOVE SET $3.00



NewLAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC NOTE SET

Laos 6 note set, 1 - 100 Kip 1979 P25=P30
In 1979 Laos introduced new notes to replace the Pathet Lao Liberation notes. The new notes continued to reflect the theme of Laotians at work. Also included is the national emblem on the front of each note. The 1 Kip depicts parading soldiers and students in school.  The 5 Kip shows shoppers in a store and logging elephants. The 10 Kip pictures workers at a lumber mill on one side; doctors performing surgery and a nurse checking a child on the other. The 20 Kip depicts a military tank, soldiers and a patrol boat on the Mekong River on the front and workers in a textile mill on the back.  The 50 Kip features farmers planting rice and the Nam Ngum hydroelectric dam. It was the first hydroelectric dam built in Laos.  It supplies most of Laos's electricity and sale of its electricity to Thailand is one of Laos's largest exports. The 100 Kip depicts farmers harvesting grain and a soldier guarding storage tanks.
Item PM-LA-SET79 LAOS 6 NOTE SET 1-100 KIP 1979 P25-30 UNC. $7.50




SMART AND LUCKY OLD CAMBODIAN COIN

Cambodia 2 Pe KM11 (1847)The Chinese character “Chi” meaning “Luck” is depicted above a Hamza bird on the Cambodian 2 Pe (1/2 Fuang) minted about 1847.  The mythical Hamza bird represents knowledge, so the coin is both smart and lucky.  They were good skills for Cambodia to have at that time as both Vietnam and Thailand were trying to gain control the country through members of its royal family.  The undated, uniface copper coin is about 12mm in diameter.
Item KH-2PE CAMBODIA 2 PE (circa 1847) KM11 Fine $5.00



SCARCE KAMPUCHEA COIN  

Cambodia 5 Sen 1979The world did nothing while the Khmer Rouge government of Cambodia slaughtered over a million of their citizens in an effort to create a communist paradise in Cambodia.  Finally in December 1978 the Vietnamese invaded Cambodia and quickly chased out the Khmer Rouge. In 1979 a new government was created for Cambodia and the country was renamed to Kampuchea.  Only a single coin was issued for circulation while the country was called Kampuchea.  It was this aluminum 5 Sen dated 1979.  At one time the coin sold for $20! 
Item KH-KAMP KAMPUCHEA 5 SEN 1979 KM69 UNC. $3.00



TRADITIONAL THEMES ON CAMBODIAN COINS 

Cambodia 1994 Four coin set: 50 - 500 Riels
In 1994, with the restoration of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the return of peace after decades of war, Cambodia issued its first coins for circulation in 15 years.  The four coin set consists of the steel 50, 100 and 200 Riels coins and the bi-metallic 500 Riels. The designs were largely taken from previous coin issues and feature traditional Cambodian themes. The 500 Riels features the Royal coat-of-arms that was used on the 50 Sen of 1959.  The 200 Riels has the Consititution and urn design that was used on the 1959 20 Sen coin.   The 100 Riels depicts a temple at Angkor Wat that was used on the unreleased 1970 1 Riel coin.  The 50 Riels pictures Independence Monument in Phnom Penh. It was built in 1958 to celebrate Cambodia's independence from France. Cambodian legends are on the reverse of each coin. 
Item S-KH-SET94 CAMBODIA 1994 4 COIN SET KM92-95 UNC. $6.00




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