Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins

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Poppy to remember World War I   WORLD WAR I REMEMBERED   Poppy to remember World War I

2014 to 2018 marks the 100th Anniversary of World War I, also known as "The Great War" or the "The War to End All Wars".   The war and its aftermath created numerous coin and currency issues.  Old empires were swept away and new nations created. The lands of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire went to the form the nations of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and with parts going to create Poland and Yugoslavia. The collapse of the Czarist government of Russia brought on by the Bolshevik Revolution allowed Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland to gain independence.  Other portions of the Russian Empire also gained temporary independence before coming back under Russian control.  From the lands of the Ottoman Empire: Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine (now Israel, Jordan and maybe someday an independent Palestine), Kingdom of Hejaz and the Sultanate of Nejd (today Saudi Arabia), the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, and the Arab States of the Persian Gulf were created.    The financial and political instability that followed the war helped instigate World War II. This page includes a number of historic banknotes and coins associated with World War I and its aftermath.  

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THE BEGINNINGS



PRUSSIAN SILVER 5 MARKS OF KAISER WILHELM II  Restocked

Prussia silver 5 Mark Wilhelm II Bare head KM523Prussia silver 5 Mark Wilhelm II Bare head KM523
Kaiser Wilhelm (William) II was both the King of Prussia and the Emperor of Germany.  The title Kaiser (as well as the title Czar) is derived from the ancient Roman title of Caesar. Bombastic and impetuous, Wilhelm made tactless pronouncements on sensitive topics without consulting his ministers (good thing he did not have Twitter).  Though he married the eldest daughter of British Queen Victoria and professed a deep friendship for the British, his impulsive and confused foreign policy and alliances with the Austro-Hungarian Empire dragged Germany into the World War I against Britain. After Germany's loss in the war, he was forced to abdicate and lived his remaining days in  in the Netherlands.   Both his titles of Kaiser of German and King of Prussia appear on these silver 5 Mark coins of Prussia.  Both coins are 38mm in diameter, struck in .900 fine silver and contain .8037 troy ounces of silver.  The coins have a lettered edge reading   "GOTT MIT UNS" (God with us).  The crowned German Imperial Eagle is on the reverse of the coins.  The 5 Mark coins issued from 1891 to 1908 feature Wilhelm's head.   In 1913 Prussia introduced a new portrait of Wilhelm wearing a military uniform.   Perhaps it was an indication of the Kaiser's increasingly militaristic outlook. The coin was struck only two years, 1913 and 1914.  Germany's entry into World War I brought an end to the series, making it the last silver 5 Mark of Prussia and of Wilhelm II.  
Item PRUS-5M-T1 PRUSSIA 5 MARK BARE HEAD 1891-1908 KM523 F-VF $40.00
Item PRUS-MILIT PRUSSIA 5 MARK MILITARY BUST 1913-14 KM536 VF-XF $45.00





1910 GERMAN EMPIRE BANKNOTE SETRestocked


Germany 1910 banknote set: 20, 50, 100 & 1000 Mar, P40, P41, P42, P44k
In 1910 Germany released four beautiful banknotes dated April 21, 1910.  The notes, issued by the Reichsbank were initially backed by gold.  The 20, 50 and 1000 Mark notes copied the designs of previous issues.  The blue 20 Mark featured a German Eagle at the upper right and measures 136x90mm. The pink and green 50 Mark note has the head of Germania at the upper right and left corners.  It is 150x100mm.  A totally new and very impressive 100 Mark note was released.  The front of the blue note features the heads of Mercury and Ceres and the German imperial crown.  The back pictures a seated figure of Germania holding a sword under an oak tree.  At her feet are symbols of industry, farming and commerce, while three battle ships steam by.  The over-sized note is 207mm x 102 mm (8.25” x 4”) and includes a watermark of German Emperor Wilhelm I.   The brown 1000 Mark notes features the allegorical figures of navigation and agriculture flanking the imperial German arms. The over-sized note is 187mm x 110mm (7.3” x 4.3”) and is printed on special ridged hemp paper containing blue silk threads.  The notes have red Reichsbank seals.  All together the four notes would have been equivalent to almost 13.5 ounces of gold!  Unfortunately, the Reichsbank stopped converting notes to gold when World War I broke out, and within a few years the notes lost all their value due to inflation.
Item PM-DE-1910 GERMANY SET OF 4 NOTES, 20-1000 MARKS 1910 P40,41,42 & P44 Fine-VF $19.75



GERMAN EMPIRE COIN SET INCLUDES SILVER  

German Empire 6 coin set: 1 Pfennig - 1 Mark 1874-1919In 1871 Otto Von Bismark united the German States under Prussian King Wilhelm I, forming the Second Reich, also known as the German Empire. The Empire disintegrated as a result of World War I.  This six-coin set includes the silver 1 Mark, which was minted from 1873 until 1916; the silver 1/2 Mark, minted from 1905 to 1919; the copper-nickel 5 and 10 Pfennig and the copper 1 and 2 Pfennig, which were minted from 1874 to 1916.  All six coins feature the Imperial German Eagle on the reverse and the denomination on the obverse.  The coins grade Fine or Extra Fine. 
Item DE-EMP-SET6 GERMANY EMPIRE 6 COIN SET 1 PFENNIG - 1 MARK 1874-1919 F-XF $24.00



NewHISTORIC GERMAN BANKNOTE SET:  1 MARK - 10 MILLION MARK, 1910-1923

Germany set of 16 banknotes 1 Mark - 10 Million Mark, 1910-1923
This set features 16 historic German government banknotes, dating from 1910 to 1923.  Included are notes from the German Empire, World War I, Weimar Republic and notes of the 1922-1923 hyperinflation.  Values range from 1 Mark to 10 Million Mark.  The earlier notes are nicely engraved. The later notes have simple designs and are printed only on one side.  The collection is an excellent lesson on what happens when a government issues too much unbacked currency. 
Item PM-DE-SET16 GERMANY 16 NOTE SET, 1 MARK - 10 MILLION MARK 1910 – 1923 F-XF $32.00

Click HereCLICK HERE to see our exhibit on the coins and notes of the German Hyperinflation



CZARIST AND BOLSHEVIK 5 RUBLE NOTES OF RUSSIA

Russia 5 Rubles note, 1909 P35World War I brought the fall Russian Empire.  Initially the new Russian governments issued banknotes utilizing the same date and designs as the Czarist issues, making only a change in the serial number.  The beautiful blue and pink Russian 5 Ruble note dated 1909 was first issued by the government of Czar Nicholas II.  When first issued it was equivalent to 3.87 grams of gold, which is worth about $160 today! The large vertical format note is 99mm x 158mm.  The design incorporates the Romanov Imperial Eagle on both sides. The notes issued by the Czarist government had a full serial number consisting of two letters and six digits.  After the fall of the Czar in 1917 the notes continued to be issued by both the Provisional Russian Government and the Bolsheviks, still dated 1909, but with only a series number consisting of two letters and 3 digits instead of a serial number.  They are large, impressive. large pieces of historical currency from a turbulent time in Russian history.
Item PM-RU-5R-CZAR RUSSIA-CZARIST 5 RUBLES 1909 serial number P10 F-VF $6.00
Item PM-RU-5R-BOLSH RUSSIA-BOLSHEVIK 5 RUBLES 1909 series number P35 VF $5.00

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THE WAR YEARS  1914-1918


LAST SILVER COINS OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE  

German Empire silver 1/2 & 1 Mark KM17 & KM14German Empire silver 1/2 & 1 Mark KM17 & KM14With Germany’s defeat in World War I, the German Empire, also known as the 2nd Reich, came to an end. This set includes the two last silver coins issued by the German Empire: the 1/2 Mark and 1 Mark. Both feature the crowned Germanic Eagle on one side and the denomination on the other. The 1 Mark was minted from 1873 to 1916.  The 1/2 Mark was minted from 1905 until 1919. The 1/2 Mark is about the size of a nickel, the 1 Mark is about the size of a quarter. Both are struck in .900 fine silver.  We offer the set in two grades: Circulated and Uncirculated.  The coins in circulated sets grade Very Fine to Extra Fine and date from about 1900 to 1919.  The Uncirculated coins date from the war years of 1914 to 1918. With the outbreak of World War I, the coins were extensively hoarded, thus are available today at reasonable prices.
Item DE-SSET2U GERMANY SILVER 1/2 & 1 MARK 1914-1918 KM17 & KM14 UNC. $27.50
Item DE-SSET2C GERMANY SILVER 1/2 & 1 MARK 1914-1919 KM17 & KM14 VF-XF (CIRCULATED) $16.00


WORLD WAR I BANKNOTES OF GERMANY

Germany 1 Mark banknote 12.8.1914 P51Germany 50 Mark banknote 5.8.1914 P49Germany 20 Mark banknote4.11.1915 P63Germany 20 Mark banknote 20.2.1918 P57
This set includes four attractive and historic banknotes issued by Germany during World War I. The war caused a major strain on Germany's monetary system.  People hoarded coins and large sums were needed to pay for the war effort.  The Reichsbank continued to issue some notes that were supposedly backed by gold, they were insufficient to keep with the demand for money needed for the war effort.  A new series of notes without any backing, called Darlehnskassenschein was released.  The notes were technically an interest-free loan to the government.  The two types of notes circulated together at par.  The 1 and 50 Mark Darlehnskassenschein notes are dated August 1914, just a few months after the war had started.  The small 1 Mark note was issued to replace the silver Mark coins that disappeared from circulation due to hoarding.  It measures 95x60mm and has an unusual embossed seal.  The 50 Mark note measures 150x100mm.  The front has underprints of a sword and crown on the left and the imperial German arms on the right.  The Reichsbank issued a 20 Mark note dated November 4, 1915.  It was one of the few Reichsbank issues dated during World War I.  The front of the handsome blue note features two men pouring coins from cornucopias.  The back depicts a man rolling up his sleeves for work during the day and a woman sleeping at night. The note measures 140 x 90mm.  The dark brown 20 Mark note dated February 20 1918 was the last Darlehnskassenschein note issue of World War I. The front depicts the heads of Minerva at the left and Mercury at the right.  The back features a knight in armor and an allegorical woman. The note measures 140x90mm.
Item PM-DE-WWISET4 SET OF 4 WORLD WAR I GERMAN BANKNOTES, Fine $19.75



NewEMERGENCY WORLD WAR I BANKNOTE OF KIEL

Kiel 10 Mark October 15, 1918 notgeld noteThis 10 Mark note was issued by the German city of Kiel in the closing days of World War I.  It is dated October 15, 1918, less than a month before the end of the War.  Kiel, located on the strategically important Kiel Canal which connects the Baltic Sea to the North Sea, was a major base of the Imperial German Navy. By 1918 Germany was in a near hopeless position.  The Americans had entered the war against Germany. Morale of its citizens and armed forces was low.  The economy was a wreck. It could not produce food to feed its populace nor produce enough arms to continue fighting.  On October 24, 1918 the order was given for the German fleet to attack the Royal Navy in hopes of gaining a stronger negation position for favorable peace terms.  Seeing the hopelessness of their situation, sailors of the German High Seas Fleet instead mutinied. By November 4, the sailors, joined by soldiers and workers had taken over the entire city of Kiel, taking control of both military and public institutions. Revolts quickly spread to other cities throughout Germany. On November 11, Germany having been abandoned by its allies and tittering on collapse signed the armistice bringing an end to World War I.  The note was an emergency issue that was to expire on May 1, 1919, less than seven months after its issue date.   It measures 136x87mm and depicts the Kiel city hall on the back.  It is a little known but historic note issued during a turbulent period of history.
Item PM-KIEL KIEL, GERMANY 10 MARK NOTE, 1919 UNC. $5.00


WWI AUSTRIAN POW CAMP NOTES

Austria Aschach Prisoner of War Camp 10 Heller note (circa 1916)Austria Aschach Prisoner of War Camp 20 Heller note (circa 1916)
These currency notes were issued for the Aschach A.D. Prisoner of War camp during World War I.   The camp was located near the small town of Aschach an der Donau, which is in Upper Austria on the Danube River. The POW Camp primarily held Officers and Non-commissioned officers from Serbia and Montenegro. The Serbian government estimated some 6000 of its citizens died at the camp due poor living conditions, lack of hygiene and inadequate medical care.  Today Aschach is a town of about 2000 people, which is not much larger than it was during the Great War. Minimal effort was spent on designing the notes.  Both notes feature the same design on both sides.  The front and back of the notes feature a "modern" Austrian eagle. The light blue notes were issued from about 1916 to 1918. They both measures 110 x 70mm.
Item PM-AT-POW10 AUSTRIA, ASCHACH POW CAMP 10 HELLER NOTE AU-UNC. $15.00
Item PM-AT-POW20 AUSTRIA, ASCHACH POW CAMP 20 HELLER NOTE AU-UNC. $15.00




NEWWWI HUNGARIAN WAR BOND

Kingdom of Hungary 50 Crowns (Krona) 1917 war bondThis large (15.75" x 9.75", 25 x 40cm) bearer bond was issued by the Royal Hungarian Ministry of Finance on May 12, 1917 for 50 Crowns (Krona). The bond is written in four languages: Hungarian, German, French and English. At the time Hungary, as part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was engaged in World War I and needed funds to continue its war effort. Only about 5% of the cost of Hungary's war effort was covered by regular government revenue (taxes, etc.) Most of the rest came from issuing bonds or borrowings from the Central Bank. All citizens and soldiers were expected to purchase bonds to support the war effort. The bond paid 6% annual interest, tax and duty free. Included with the bond was a sheet of semi-annual coupons.  The bond had no maturity, but was callable any time after August 1, 1922.  That never happened.  With the defeat and breakup of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in November 1918 and the enormous level of debt accumulated during the war, the value of the currency - and the bonds collapsed.  It is an historic World War I bond that has never been redeemed.
Item BND-HU-50KR HUNGARY 50 CROWNS (KRONA) 1917 WAR BOND VF $10.00


BEAUTIFUL WORLD WAR I  ERA ITALIAN SILVER COIN Restocked

Italy silver 2 Lire KM55Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele III) became King of Italy in 1900.  His reign lasted 45 years, spanning both World War I and World War II.   He was an avid numismatist, which may explain why he issued such attractive coins.  The designs of his coins reflect that of ancient Italy.  From the World War I era we have this wonderful silver 2 Lire coins issued from 1914 to 1917.   The reverse features a quadriga (an ancient 4 horse carriage) pulling a helmeted woman holding an olive branch and a shield. The design is based on ancient silver coins of Sicily.  The obverse has the bust of King Victor Emmanuel III.    The 2 Lire is struck to the standards of the Latin Monetary Union.  It is 27mm, weighs 10 grams and is struck in .835 fine silver.  It is a beautiful and historic silver coin from World War I.  We completely sold out the last time we offered this gorgeous coin.
Item IT-VE3-2L  ITALY SILVER 2 LIRE 1914-1917 KM55  XF-AU  $25.00


Also see:

Click HereSILVER ALBANIAN COIN OF ITALIAN KING VICTOR EMMANUEL III: 5 Lek 1939 KM33

Click HereSILVER COINS OF THE KINGDOM OF ITALY:  
Victor Emmanuel II  1 Lire KM5a  1863-67

Victor Emmanuel II  5 Lire KM8 1869-78
Umberto I   1 Lire KM24 1884-1900
Victor Emmanuel III   1 Lire KM45 1908-1913


UNCIRCULATED COIN FROM FINLAND’S CIVIL WAR

Finland 1 Penni 1917 of Kerenski government. KM16Finland was a Russian possession from 1809 until 1917.  The collapse of the Czarist government in March of 1917 created the opportunity for Finland to demand independence.  Fighting broke out between various pro-Russian and anti-Russian factions.  The Provisional Russian Government of Alexander Kerenski, often called the "White Government"  issued these coins for the pro-Russian forces fighting in Finland.  The design is similar to the previous Czarist issues, featuring the denomination on one side and the Russian eagle with the Finnish lion on its breast on the other,  however the Czarist crown was removed from the eagle.  In November 1917 the Bolsheviks took over Russia, and on December 6, 1917 Finland gained independence, thus ending this short-lived series. We have an Uncirculated copper 1 Penni from this series.  The 15mm coin still displays its original mint luster, however may have a few minor spots or dark areas.   The price is remarkably low for an historic, 100 year old coin in Uncirculated condition.
Item FI-1P FINLAND-CIVIL WAR 1 PENNI 1917 KM16 UNC. $5.00




NEWATTRACTIVE WORLD WAR I ERA UKRAINE NOTE

Ukraine 1000 Kabovantsiv (1918) P35
This attractive, large (191x120mm), 1000 Karbovantsiv note was issued in 1918 during Ukraine's brief period of independence following the collapse of Czarist Russia during World War I.  The undated note features two allegorical women and the emblem of the Ukrainian People's Republic, which is still used by Ukraine today.  In 1920, after two years of civil wars and foreign intervention, Ukraine was forcibly incorporated into the Soviet Union.
Item PM-UA-1000K UKRAINE 1000 KARBOVANTSIV (1918) P35 XF-AU $35.00




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THE AFTERMATH


HISTORIC AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES

Austrian local emergency money, circa 1920Reduced size image
With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following World War I, hundreds of local communities briefly issued their own emergency currency, known as notgeld, for use within the town.  These notes are denominated in Heller and usually depict scenes of the issuing community.  They are an inexpensive, interesting and historic collectable. Most of the notes are dated 1920 and most grade VF to Unc.  Every lot is different, with few duplicates between lots.
Item PM-AU-NOTx10 10 DIFFERENT AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES $8.00
Item PM-AU-NOTx100 100 DIFFERENT AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES $75.00



BANKNOTES OF UPPER AUSTRIA

Upper Austria 20 Heller 1921 PS120Upper Austria 50 Heller 1921 PS120
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After the collapse and dismemberment of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following its defeat in World War I, coins disappeared from circulation. The state of Upper Austria issued these small, low denomination notes to help alleviate the coin shortage. The 20 Heller note depicts buildings in Upper Austria on both sides of the note, including the Church of Saints Michael and Ursula and the Holy Trinity Column in Linz. One side of the orange 50 Heller note features the arms of Upper Austria.  The other side is blank.     Both notes are dated 1921 and were issued in Linz, the capital of Upper Austria.
Item PM-UPAT-20 UPPER AUSTRIA 20 HELLER 1921 PS120 UNC. $3.00
Item PM-UPAT-50 UPPER AUSTRIA 50 HELLER 1921 PS121 UNC. $3.00




GERMAN WEIMAR REPUBLIC BANKNOTE

Germany 100 Mark note, 1920 The Weimar Republic was formed after the defeat of the German Empire in World War I.  Its early years were a tumultuous period of uprisings, riots and massive inflation.  It is named after the city where the new German constitution was written and adopted in August, 1919, and lasted until the rise of the Nazis in 1933.    The 100 Mark note features two images of the head of the “Bamberg Horseman”.  The horseman is an impressive 13th century sculpture in the Bamberg Cathedral.  The note is dated November 1, 1920 and includes the red Weimar crest. 
Item PM-DE-100M GERMANY-WEIMAR 100 MARK NOTE, 1920 P69 Fine $3.00

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INFLATION COINS OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC

Germany aluminum 200 Mark 1923 KM35Germany aluminum 500 Mark 1923 KM36
During 1923 Germany suffered from some of the worst inflation the world had ever seen.  In order to keep up with rapidly increasing prices, two new high denomination coins were introduced at the beginning of the year, the 200 Mark and 500 Mark. Both coins were struck in aluminum and had similar designs.  One side featured the denomination. The other featured the German Eagle.  At the beginning of the year the two coins (700 Mark) would buy a loaf of bread.  By the end mid November bread cost 80 Billion Mark!  The coins bear the unofficial motto of Germany "EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT" (UNITY AND JUSTICE AND FREEDOM).   The motto is first line of what was then the third stanza of the German anthem.  The coins are Uncirculated.
Item DE-200M GERMANY 200 MARK 1923 KM35 UNC. $5.00
Item DE-500M GERMANY 500 MARK 1923 KM36 BU $15.00


THE FAMOUS GERMAN "VAMPIRE NOTE"

Germany 10000 Mark 1922 Vampire Note
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This large (210 x 124mm, approx. 8.25” x 4.75”) 10,000 Mark note dated January, 1922 is often called the “Vampire Note”  If you turn the note sideways and look carefully (and have a good imagination) you will see a vampire on the neck of the German.  The nose of the vampire is pointed towards the neck of the man.  This was an allusion that the heavy reparations that Germany had to pay France following World War I was sucking the lifeblood out of Germany.  When it was first issued it was the highest denomination issued by Germany and would purchase about 250 pounds of meat.  Within 18 months it was worthless. The back features the German eagle and the denomination.
Item PM-DE-VAMPIRE GERMANY 10,000 MARK "VAMPIRE NOTE" 1922 P70 F $7.00



GERMAN NOTGELD COINS, PAPER AND PORCELAIN

Notgeld means "emergency money" in German, and generally refers to an extensive series of locally issued coins and currency produced during and following World War I.  Notgeld was issued in paper, metal and even porcelain and other materials.  Below is a selection of this fascinating but little known collectible.


METAL GERMAN NOTGELD COINS

Germany World War I era notgeld coinsNotgeld coins were struck for over 600 communities and companies in Germany between 1916 and 1922, though many are not dated.  Most are in denominated from 5 to 50 Pfennig. Typically the city arms or landmark is on one side and the denomination is on the other.  They were usually struck zinc or iron, both of which corrode easily, so the coins often are spotted or rusted.
Item DE-METNOTx1 1 GERMAN METAL NOTGELD COIN, F-VF-spots$3.00



NEWSMALL COLORFUL GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES Germany small municipal notgeld notes

These small paper Notgeld notes were initially issued by towns during World War I to provide for small change. Most were denominated 1 Mark or less and are usually less than 4 inches (90mm) long.  By 1921 most notes were being made to sell to collectors and the designs became increasingly colorful. The issues ceased after 1922 with the collapse of the German economy.  The colorful notes are a fun and popular collectible.  They have a wide variety of themes, including fairy tales, local history, monuments, and political satire.  Most notes are Uncirculated. Every lot is different, though there may be some duplication between lots. They will make a fun and interesting addition to your collection.
Item PM-DE-NOTx1 1 GERMAN NOTGELD NOTE $1.00
Item PM-DE-NOTx25 25 DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES, $19.50
Item PM-DE-NOTx100 100 MOSTLY DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES, $79.50
Item PM-DE-NOTxA100 100 DIFFERENT UNC. GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES IN CURRENCY ALBUM $100.00



BANKNOTE FROM THE CITY OF GOTHA

Gotha 100 Mark banknote 1922
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Because of the severe inflation that followed World War I, prices were rising faster than the German government could print money.  Many towns and companies resorted to printing their own currency.  This 100 Mark note was issued by the City of Gotha, Germany.  It is dated September 30, 1922.  It is a simple, uniface note that pictures a bishop from the town’s arms. 
Item PM-GOTHA GOTHA, GERMANY 100 MARK NOTE, 1922 VF $3.00






NEWPRIVATE & MUNICIPAL INFLATION NOTGELD NOTES

Municipal and corporate German inflation notegeld notes, 1922-1923By late 1922, inflation was racing out of control in Germany.  The German government could not print money fast enough to keep up with the ever soaring prices.  Companies started printing their own money in order to pay workers.  Municipalities also issued their own currency to provide cash for the local economy.  All of this made inflation worse by increasing the money supply.  We offer sets of these full-sized inflation notgeld notes, ranging in value from 100 Marks to billions (milliarden) of Marks, dated 1922 or 1923. Every lot is different.
Item PM-DE-INFL 1 GERMAN INFLATION NOTGELD NOTE VG-VF $4.00
Item PM-DE-INFLx10 10 GERMAN INFLATION NOTGELD NOTES VG-VF $35.00






Click Here CLICK HERE to see our exhibit on the coins and notes of the German Hyperinflation

GERMAN INFLATION POSTAGE STAMPS

Germany inflation era postage stamps: 10 Pfennig - 5 Million Mark
Germany’s post World War I inflation is reflected in their postage stamps.  This set includes 27 different German postage stamps issued between 1918 to 1923, with values ranging from 10 Pfennig (cost of a domestic letter in 1918) to 5 Million Mark (a domestic letter cost 4 Million Mark on Oct. 20, 1923).    In order to try to keep up with the soaring rates some stamps were overprinted with new values.  The stamps in this collection are all original unused stamps however some may be slightly torn or damaged.
Item STMP-DE-INFL27 27 DIFFERENT UNUSED GERMAN POSTAGE STAMPS 1918-1923 $12.00


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REMEMBERING THE WAR


NEWCANADA 2018 COLORED AND UNCOLORED WWI ARMISTICE COINS

Canada 2018 World War I Armistice uncolored and colored 2 dollar coinsCanada honored the 100th Anniversary of the World War I Armistice with two versions of circulating bi-metallic 2 Dollar coins: uncolored and colored.  Both versions have similar designs.  In the center brass plated core is a soldier's helmet, beneath it is the word "ARMISTICE" a remembrance poppy.  The colored version of the coin features the poppy in red.  Maple leaves and poppies are features in the nickel-plated outer rim, along with the words "REMEMBER" in English and French ("SOUVENIR") and the date 2018.  The Susanna Blunt portrait of Queen Elizabeth is on the obverse of the 28mm coin.
Item CA-2D18-REGARM CANADA 2 DOLLARS 2018 UNCOLORED ARMISTICE UNC. $5.50
Item CA-2D18-COLARM CANADA 2 DOLLARS 2018 COLORED ARMISTICE UNC. $7.50



WORLD WAR I REMEMBRANCE COINS FROM CANADA

Canada 2 Dollars 2015 John McCreaCanada 25 Cents 2015 Colored PoppyCanada 25 Cents 2015 poppy regular (uncolored) strikeObverse of Canada 25 Cents 2015
In 1915 Canadian physician Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae wrote the immortal poem "In Flanders Fields".   The poem refers to the fields of red poppies that grew between the graves of the soldiers that died in the Battles of Ypres.  The poem first published anonymously in Great Britain, quickly grew in popularity throughout the English speaking world.  It was used in propaganda efforts and appeals to sell war bonds and recruit solders.  The red poppy became a widely recognized symbol to remember soldiers that died in conflicts.  In 2015 Canada marked the 100th anniversary of John McCrea’s famous poem with circulating commemorative 2 Dollar and 25 Cent coins.  The center section of the bi-metallic 2 Dollar coin depicts McCrea penning the poem.  In the background is a lark and crosses marking the soldiers’ graves.  The outer rim features poppies and Canadian Maple Leafs.  Two versions of the copper-nickel 25 cent coin were issued, one with a realistic color depiction of a red poppy.  The other features an uncolored poppy.  All three coin depict Queen Elizabeth on the obverse and are Uncirculated.
Item CA-2D15-MCCREA CANADA 2 DOLLARS 2015 JOHN McCREA UNC. out
Item CA-25c15-COLOR CANADA 25 CENTS 2015 COLOR POPPY, UNC. out
Item CA-25c15-REG CANADA 25 CENTS 2015 REGULAR (uncolored) UNC. $1.00



FRANCE HONORS 100th ANNIVERSARY OF WORLD WAR I REMEMBERANCE CORNFLOWER

France 2 Euro 2018 Bluet de France (cornflower)France commemorated the 100th anniversary of "Le Bleuet de France" also known as the cornflower. The flower, like the remembrance poppy, was symbol of memory and support for those who fought in the First World War
and later developed into a symbol of support and solidarity for all veterans and victims of war.   The coin has the standard 2 Euro reverse.
Item FR-2E18-BLEUET FRANCE 2 EUROS 2018 BLEUET DE FRANCE (CORNFLOWER)  UNC. $7.00


AUSTRALIA REMEMBERS WORLD WAR I

Australia 2 Dollars 2015 & 2016 World War I commemorativesAustralia issued two $2 Dollar circulating colored commemorative coins in 2015 to honor the 100th anniversary of World War I.  Both coins were inspired by John McCrae’s famous poem In Flanders Fields and incorporate a colored circle in the design.  The first coin features a circle of crosses around a red circle, representing the red poppy.  The design was inspired by the first two lines of the poem “In Flanders fields the poppies blow. Between the crosses, row on row”  In the center are the words “Lest We Forget”.  The second depicts flying larks, surrounding orange colored rings, which represent the sunset glow, which are from the first and second stanzas of the poem. The aluminum-bronze coins are 20.5mm and have Queen Elizabeth is on the obverse
Item AU-2DCROSS  AUSTRALIA TWO DOLLAR COIN, 2015 WORLD WAR I - CROSSES KM2188 UNC. $7.50
Item AU-2DLARK  AUSTRALIA TWO DOLLAR COIN, 2015 WORLD WAR I  - LARKS KM2189 UNC. OUT


NEWNEW ZEALAND COLOR COIN CELEBRATES END OF WORLD WAR I

New Zealand 50 Cents 2018 Armistice color coinNew Zealand issued this 2018 50 Cent coin to commemorate the signing of the Armistice ending World War I.  The reverse of the coin features a red poppy within a green wreath with silver ferns.  Queen Elizabeth is on the obverse of the 24.75 copper-nickel coin.  
Item NZ-WWI NEW ZEALAND 50 CENTS 2018 COLOR ARMISTICE DAY BU $5.00



NEW ZEALAND’S FIRST CIRCULATING COLOR COIN HONORS ANZAC FORCES

New Zealand 50 Cents 2015 ANZAC colored coinNew Zealand issued their first ever colored circulating coin in 2015 to commemorate the centennial of the landing of the ANZAC forces on April 25, 1915 at Gallipoli.  ANZAC was the Australia New Zealand Army Corps.  It was formed in 1915 comprising of troops from Australia and New Zealand.  It suffered terrible losses in the Battle of Gallipoli against the Ottoman Empire.   April 25 is widely honored in Australia and New Zealand to remember their citizens who served and died in war.  The 24.75mm copper-nickel 50 Cent coin features New Zealand and Australian soldiers standing back to back with their heads bowed in remembrance. The mangopare (hammerhead shark pattern) symbolizes strength and determination, and the silver fern reflects New Zealand’s national identity.  The mangopare is white on a black background, representing New Zealand’s national colors. Queen Elizabeth is on the obverse. The coins were struck at the Royal Canadian Mint and have a mintage of 1 Million pieces.
Item NZ-ANZAC NEW ZEALAND 50 CENTS 2015 ANZAC COLOR COIN, BU $5.00



2017 SLOVENIAN BI-METALLIC 3 EURO

Slovenia 3 Euros 2017 100th Anniversary of May DeclarationSlovenia celebrated the 100th Anniversary of the "May Declaration" with this 2017 bi-metallic 3 Euros coin. The political manifesto, made in the Vienna parliament in midst of World War I, declared that the Slovenia, Croatia and Serbian portions of the Austria-Hungarian Empire were an independent state under Hapsburg rule. The Austrian government rejected the declaration, however it helped awaken national consciousness.  With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the end of World War I, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia were united under the Serbian royal house to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.  In 1929 the awkwardly named nation was renamed Yugoslavia.  The unusual design of the coin features a facsimile of the date “ 29/5 17” on the obverse and time “˝ 9h zvečer” (8.30 pm) on the reverse, taken from the original the declaration. The 32mm coin has a mintage of 90,500 pieces.
Item SI-3E17 SLOVENIA 3 EUROS 2017 MAY DECLARATION, BU $10.00



NEW2018 SLOVENIA 3 EURO COMMEMORATES END OF WORLD WAR I

Slovenia 3 Euros 2017 100th Anniversary of End of World War ISlovenia commemorated the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I with this bimetallic 3 Euro coin. The Soča (Isonzo) Front, running through Slovenia, was one of the bloodiest fronts of the war.  There were over 1 million casualties in a series of 12 battles between Austrian and Italian forces, yet there was little gain by either side. The end of the war however, was a significant turning point in Slovenian history.  Slovenia gained independence from Austria-Hungary and joined with other Slavic nations to form what eventually became Yugoslavia.   Both sides of the  32mm coin depicts a series of crosses gradually condensing into a blur, symbolizing the unimaginable and unknown number of victims of the war.  The coin has a mintage of only 60,000 pieces.
Item SI-3E18 SLOVENIA 3 EUROS 2018 100th ANNIVERSARY OF END OF WORLD WAR I UNC. $9.00







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