Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins

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ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL COINS


ANCIENT OLBIA DOLPHIN COIN

4 assorted Olbia dolphin coins, circa 5th - 3rd Century BCOlbia was a Greek city on the Black Sea in what is now Ukraine.  Between the 5th and 3rd century BC it issued these unusual bronze dolphin shaped coins. The crudely cast coins vary in size, from about 18mm to 26mm and lack tails.  This coin was minted without inscriptions. They are one of the most unusual ancient coins available, yet are now remarkably affordable due to some the discovery of some large hoards.
Item ANC-OBLIA OLBIA "DOLPHIN" COIN, circa 5th-3rd Century BC, VG-CRUDE $10.00



WIDOW'S MITE FROM THE TIME OF CHRIST 

Typical ancient Judean Widow's MitesThe story of the Widow's Mite can be found in the Bible in Mark 12:41-44.  For Jesus, the widow's small offering of her only two small coins was worth far more than the large contributions of the rich who gave only a small portion of what they had.  The mite, also known as the lepton, was the smallest denomination struck in ancient Judea.  The coin was first struck during the reign of Alexander Janeaus, and continued to be used during the time of Christ.  Most display an ancient anchor on one side and a wheel on the other, though other designs were used as well. Minters were paid by how many pieces they produced, not how well they produced them.  As a result the coins tend to be crude or off center, and every coin is different.   This historic coin of the Bible is over 2000 years old and comes with a Certificate of Authenticity.
Item MITE ANCIENT JUDEAN WIDOW'S MITE FROM TIME OF CHRIST VG-CRUDE  $29.95



COIN OF ROMAN EMPEROR NERO

Nero, 54-68AD Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt depicting Nero / EagleThough it is probably apocryphal that Nero “fiddled while Rome burned”, we do know he was a lover of the arts and sports; and he was famous for his debaucheries, political murders, and the persecution of Christians. He became Emperor at age 17 in 54AD upon the poisoning death of Emperor Claudius. It is believed that he poisoned his step-brother Brittanicus, had his mother Agrippina murdered, executed his first wife Claudia after divorcing her, and kicked his second wife Poppea to death.  He carried on an affair with Statilia Messalina, and then forced her husband to commit suicide so he could marry her.  He ordered a young man named Sporus to be castrated, so he could marry him as well.  He is rumored to have Christians dipped in oil and set on fire to provide light in his garden at night. Many others, including Saint Peter, were crucified.  As his reign progressed, the treasury became depleted due to his excessive spending on palaces and public buildings. Executions increased and Nero devoted more and more of his time to sports, music festivals and orgies.  The Senate and the leader of the Praetorian Guard turned eventually against him and his excesses.  Hearing that the Senate condemned him to be beaten to death, he committed suicide in 68AD.  Nero is pictured on this debased silver tetradrachm struck in Alexandria, Egypt.  At the time Egypt was under Roman control. The coin is approximately 24mm in diameter.  It is an important artifact of one of Rome’s most infamous emperors.
Item NERO ROMAN EGYPT, TETRADRACHM OF NERO 54-68AD F-VF $150.00



NEWTHE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY IN ANCIENT ROME - A SET OF 12 BRONZE COINS

Set of 12 Ancient Roman coins in folder - The Rise of Christianity
In the 300 years between the death of Jesus and the death of Constantine the Great, Christianity went from being the nascent belief system of a dozen disciples to the official religion of the mighty Roman Empire.  This remarkable collection tells the story in coins.  Gallienus issued the Edict of Toleration, making Christianity legal in the Empire for the first time.  Claudius II Gothicus reversed this decision, persecuting Christians in the realm.  Constantine I was the first Christian emperor.  he and Licinius I issued the Edict of Milan in 313, decreeing that all Christians in Rome must be treated benevolently.  Constantine's sons, Constaintine II, Constantinus II and Constans maintained their father's policy.  Only Julian II, called the Aspotate by the Church, attempted to revert to paganism, but by then it was too late.  By the time Valentinian, Valens and Gratian, Rome was officially Christian; indeed, those three emperors converted barbarians to Christianity.  This set of 12 ancient Roman bronze coins includes coins of Gallienus (253-258), Claudius II Gothicus (268-270), Constantine the Great (307-337), Licinius I (308-324), Constantine II (337-340), Constantinus II (337-361), Constans (337-350),  Donstantintius Gallus (351-34), Julian II the Apostate (360-364), Valentian I the Great (364-378), Valens (364-378) and Gratian (367-383).  After the Fourth Century, Rome was often ruled by more than one emperor at the same time.    The obverse of each coin shows the portrait of the emperor at the time the coins were minted.  The reverse shows pictures and phrases depicting current concerns, history and mythology.  The coins grade Very Good or better.  They are guaranteed genuine and are packaged in an attractive descriptive folder.
Item CHRISTSET12 RISE OF CHRISTIANITY IN ANCIENT ROME: 12 BRONZE COINS IN ALBUM $99.75



BRONZE COIN OF THE KUSHAN EMPIRE Wholesale prices available to dealers

Kushan India, Bronze Tetradrachm of Soter Megas (Vima Takha) 80-105ADThe Kushan Empire covered much what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern India from about the first to the third century AD.  They grew wealthy controlling trade centers on the Silk Road and on the Indus River and incorporated elements of the Greek, Roman, Chinese, Persian, Indian and other cultures into their lives.  Their coins incorporate Greek designs and often use a corrupted Greek alphabet in the legends.  We offer a well made bronze Tetradrachms of Kushan king “Soter Megas”.  The title "Soter Megas" means Great Savior.   The coin, which grades VG to Fine, shows the Greek style diademed bust of the king on one side, and the king on horseback on the other.  The king thought of himself as being so great, he did not need to put his actual name on the coin.  Until quite recently however, scholars did not know who really was!  It is now believed that he is Vima Takha who succeeded Kujula Kadphises, ruling from 80AD to 105AD.  He expanded his empire into what is now Pakistan.
Item SOTER KUSHAN BRONZE TETRADRACHM,  SOTER MEGAS 80-105AD VG-F $9.75



SILVER COINS OF THE HABBARID AMIRS OF SIND Wholesale prices available to dealers

Silver Dhamma of the Habbarid Amirs of SindhSind, located in what is now the south-eastern portion of Pakistan, was conquered by the Umayyad empire in 711AD during the reign of  Caliph al-Walid.  The Umayyad conquest was brought about by Sind pirates attacking Arab vessels and imprisoning Muslim widows and orphans. Sind became easternmost province of the vast Umayyad Caliphate which stretched from Spain to India.   By the late 9th Century the Habbarid (Hibari) Dynasty was able assert control over Sind, giving only nominal allegiance to the Caliph.  In 1010AD the Ghaznavids conquered Sind.  The coinage of the Habbarid of Sind (also known as the Amirs of Sindh) consisted of these small (10 to 11mm) silver Dhammas. The coins feature Arabic inscriptions on both sides.
Item SIND-AR SIND SILVER DHAMMA circa 870-1009AD F-VF. $7.00
Item SIND-ARx10 10 of the above SIND SILVER DHAMMAS circa 870-1009AD F-VF $39.50


LAST COIN OF THE GHAZNAVID EMPIRE

Ghaznavids, Khusrau Malik, 1160-1186AD Jita, Lahore Mint, Tye 119The Ghaznavid Empire was founded in 975AD by Turkish slave soldiers.  At its peak it ruled an area that now consists of parts of Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan and north-west India. It grew wealthy due to its trading position on the Silk Road and regular raids into India.  By the time Sultan Khusrau Malik came to power in 1160 it was in serious decline. It lost its territory in Central Asia and Iran and eventually lost its capital city of Ghazi to Turkish and Ghorid invaders.  Khusrau Malik then moved the capital to Lahore.  Lahore was initially spared from the Ghorid invaders when Khusrau Malik paid them bypass the city, however the Ghorids eventually laid siege to the city.  In 1186 he was captured by the Ghorids on a ruse.  They promised to release his son who had earlier been taken hostage.  Instead they captured him as soon as he left the safety of his fort; bringing an end to Ghaznavid rule.  The 15mm bronze Jital was minted for Khusrau Malik in Lahore.  One side features an extremely crude line drawing of a Brahma bull.  The other side has inscriptions.  This inexpensive coin is the sad end of a once rich and glorious empire.
Item GAHZ-KH GHAZNAVID, KHUSRAU MALIK, 1160-86AD JITAL Tye 119 F-VF $5.00



NEWMEDIEVAL SILVER COIN OF THE SHAHIS OF KABUL

Shahis of Kabul, silver Bull & Horseman type Jital, circa 950ADThe Shahi’s were a rich Hindu dynasty ruling parts of what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan. About 750AD they introduced a new silver coin, called a Jital.  One side showed a recumbent Brahma bull, a traditional symbol of the Hinduism. The other pictured a man on a horse holding a shield and a lance, reflecting the Afghans love of fine horsemanship. As each generation copied the design from the coins found in circulation, the images became extremely crude, looking like something a young child might draw.  Despite the dynasty’s collapse about 1000AD, the Bull and Horseman design continued to be struck in India and Pakistan for hundreds of years though becoming increasingly crude and debased. These crude, undated, medieval Bull and Horseman silver Jitals were made by the Shahis of Kabul approximately 950AD. Compared to contemporary medieval European coins which sell for hundreds of dollars, they are quite a bargain!
SHAHI SHAHIS OF KABUL SILVER JITAL, circa 950AD VG-F-Crude $19.50


THE WOMAN WHO WAS A KING…AND A PAWN

Hungary Silver Denar of Maria, 1383-1385, H.569Mary, also known as Maria, was the daughter of Louis the Great, King of Hungary and Poland and Elizabeth of Bosnia.   Born in 1371, she was promised in marriage to Sigismund of Luxembourg when she was less than a year old.  Louis died when she was about eleven years old. Her parents arranged for her to be the “King” of Hungary, with Elizabeth acting as her regent.  The idea of a female king was unpopular with the Hungarian nobles and there was open rebellion. The nobles invited Mary’s distant cousin Charles III of Naples, to take the throne.  To strengthen Mary’s political position, Elizabeth then arranged for her to be engaged Louis, the brother of Charles VI of France.  In 1385 Charles III of Naples invaded Hungary from the south to claim his throne, and Sigismund invaded from the north to claim his bride.  Sigismund arrived in the capital of Buda and was married to Mary in October 1385, however he was not proclaimed king or given royal titles.  He quickly departed Buda, then mortgaged a large portion of the country.  Charles of Naples arrived in Buda in December 1385.  Mary, fearing for her life, resigned the throne and Charles was crowned King of Hungary.  In February 1386 Elizabeth had Charles murdered.   Mary was again proclaimed King with Elizabeth still in control.  In July 1386 Mary and Elizabeth were captured by supporters of Ladislaus, the son of the murdered Charles III.  Mary’s close confidants, who were traveling with them, were beheaded and their heads thrown into the royal carriage holding Mary and Elizabeth.  Mary and Elizabeth were held in captivity where Elizabeth was strangled in Mary’s presence. The nobility had Sigismund crowned King of Hungary on March 31, 1387.  One of Sigismund’s supporters, with the help of the Venetian fleet, freed Mary.  Mary was reunited with her husband and though co-ruler, had little influence on government.  In May 1395 Mary, although pregnant, ventured out alone on a hunt.  Her horse fell and landed on top of her, which induced labor.  She gave birth prematurely to a son.  Not having any assistance, Mary and her son died alone.  This attractive silver Denar of Mary issued between 1383 and 1385.  One side of the 13mm silver coin features a crown; the other side has a patriarchal cross.  It is an historic coin from a woman whose life sounds like something from the "Game of Thrones".
Item HU-MARY HUNGARY SILVER DENAR OF KING MARY, 1383-1385, H.569 VF $17.00



ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL COIN SPECIAL  

A selection of three different identified ancient and medieval coins, including one silver coin.   The coins are primarily from India and central Asia.  This was one of my best sellers for almost 40 years, however  I had to discontinue it due to the lack of affordable ancients. Due to a very fortunate recent purchase, we can again offer this special deal.   Each coin is identified in its own envelope.  Coins grade Good to Very Fine.
Item 3A&M 3 IDENTIFIED ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS INCLUDING SILVER $9.75


ALSO SEE:

Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF AFGHANISTAN
Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF INDIA and PAKISTAN
MEDIEVAL COINS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL CHINESE COINS



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