Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins

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COINS & CURRENCY OF
EAST EUROPE

A selection of historic coins and banknotes from pre-communist, communist and post-communist Eastern Europe.

ATTRACTIVE & HISTORIC ALBANIA COIN SET

Albania 6 coin set 1 - 100 Lek 2000-2009This attractive six coin set includes the current coins of Albania.  The bi-metallic 100 Leke depicts Illyrian Warrior Queen Teuta carrying a spear and shield.  She ruled the Illyrian Ardiaean Kingdom from about 231 BC to 227BC. She attacked Roman land trade routes, allowed Illyrian pirates to attack Roman ships (she considered piracy a proper trade), and killed and imprisoned the Roman ambassadors. Rome retaliated.  They forced her to make a humiliating surrender and acknowledge Roman authority.    The 50 Leke portrays Illyrian King Gentius on horseback.  He was the last Illyrian king of Ardiaean, reigning from 181 to 168BC.  He arrested Roman Ambassadors and attacked cities allied with Rome.  The Romans again retaliated. They quickly defeated the Illyrians and incorporated Illyria into the Roman Republic.  The 20 Leke depicts an ancient Liburnian sailing ship and a dolphin.  Berat Castle is on the 10 Leke.  The castle dates from the 13th century, though is built on the site of earlier fortifications.  The eagle from the Albanian flag is on the 5 Leke.  The 1 Lek depicts a Dalmatian Pelican.  The reverses of all the coins have the denomination within a wreath or branches.  The coins date from 2000 to 2013. 
Item S-AL-SET6 ALBANIA 6 COIN SET 1 - 100 LEK 2000-2013 KM75-80 BU $8.00



COIN OF THE NAZI PUPPET STATE OF BOHEMIA & MORAVIA

Bohemia & Moravia 1 Korun zinc 1941-44 KM4
Nazi Germany invaded Czechoslovakia in 1938, splitting the country in three.  In one portion they created a puppet state called the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.  Coins were minted only from 1941 to 1944. The coins all feature the Bohemian Lion on the obverse.  The 1 Korun has the denomination and linden branches on the reverse.   The coins were minted in the Lysa nad Labem Metal Furniture Factory. The coins are zinc, so may have some white spots.  It is an historic set from a nation that existed briefly during World War II.
Item BOH-1K BOHEMIA & MORAVIA 1 KORUN COIN, 1941-44 KM4 VF $6.00



COINS OF BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA   Restocked   Price Reduced

Bosnia-Herzegovina 7 coin set
This seven coin set features the 5, 10, 20, 50 Fenig, 1 and 2 Konvertible Marka. The Konvertible Marka was originally tied directly to the German Mark, and could be converted into German Marks. The German Mark is no longer used, however Bosnia-Herzegovina continues to issue Konvertible Marka coins and notes, which are now tied to the Euro. The lower three denominations features a map of Bosnia. The 1 Marka shows the Bosnia-Herzegovina arms. the bimetallic 2 and 5 Marka coins feature doves holding an olive branch, plea for peace in what was for many years a war-torn country. All coins are Uncirculated
Item S-BA-SET7 BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA 7 COIN SET 5 Fenig - 5 K.Marka, 1997-2013 KM115-121 UNC. $15.00



CHRIST FEATURED ON SILVER GROSH OF THE LAST MEDIEVAL KING OF BULGARIA

Bulgaria silver Grosch, Ivan Stratsimir 1356-1396Ivan Sratsimir was the last king of the medieval Bulgarian Kingdom.  He reigned from Vidin from 1356 until he was captured and killed by the Ottoman Turks in 1396.   One side of this 16mm silver Grosch depicts the bust of Christ, blessing with his right hand and holding the Gospel in his left.  To his right and left is the Christogram "IC – XC".  The other side depicts the king seated on his throne holding a scepter in his right hand.  The coin shows little if any wear, but is rather crudely struck. 
Item BG-SRATSIMIR BULGARIA SILVER GROSH OF IVAN SRATSIMIR 1356-96 VF-crude $85.00



OLD UNCIRCULATED COIN FROM THE KINGDOM OF BULGARIA Restocked

Bulgaria 1 Stotinka 1912 KM22This 1912 Uncirculated Bronze 1 Stotinka of the Kingdom of Bulgaria was part of a hoard found in the basement of a church in Sophia, Bulgaria. The coins were probably hidden there at the beginning of World War I, then forgotten.  One side of the coin has the arms of the Kingdom of Bulgaria, the other has the denomination and date.  The coin was struck to the standards of the Latin Monetary Union, it is 15mm and weighs just 1 gram.  Even after over 100 years the coin still retains much of its original red luster.
Item BG-1ST BULGARIA 1 STOTINKA 1912 KM22 UNC. $7.00


FIRST COINS OF COMMUNIST BULGARIA 

Bulgaria 7 coin set 1 - 50 Stotiniki 1951-59, KM50-KM56These seven coins are the first coins issued by Bulgaria following the bloody communist takeover at the end of World War II. Included are the 1951 dated 1, 3, 5, 10 and 25 Stotinki, the 1954 20 Stotinki and the 1959 50 Stotinki in Uncirculated condition. The coins show the denomination alongside a sprig of grain on one side and the Bulgarian arms on the other. With the exception of the 20 Stotinki, each of the coins were produced for only a single year
Item S-BG-SET51 BULGARIA 7 COIN SET 1 - 50 STOTINIKI, 1951-59, KM50-56 UNC. $6.00



SERBIAN KRAJINA & CROATIA AT WAR 

Serbian Krajina (Croatia) 500,000 Dinara 1993 P23
Serbian Krajina (Croatia) 5,000,000 Dinara 1993 P24

Croatia 50,000 & 100,000 Dinara 1993 P26 & P27
With the collapse of Yugoslavia, the Serbian portions of Croatia declared independence from Croatia, even before Croatia declared itself independent from Yugoslavia.  The Serbs formed the Republic of Serbian Krajina and had their capital at Knin.  A brutal war broke out, and both Croatia (Republika Hrvatska) and Serbian Krajina suffered from severe inflation as they tried to finance themselves by printing money.  Krajina was defeated in 1995 and reincorporated into Croatia.  From Serbian Kranina we have the 500,000 Dinara and 500,000,000 Dinara notes dated 1993.  Both notes have similar designs.   The notes feature the Knin fortress on a hill on one side, and the Serbian arms on the other.  The Croatia 50,000 Dinara and 100,000 Dinara are dated 1993.  Both feature Croatian astronomer, physicist, mathematician, and philosopher Roger Joseph Boscovich.  Boscovich is famous for his atomic theory.  In 1753 he discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon.  The reverse of the notes have the Statue of  "Glagolica Mother Croatia", a marble statue created in 1932 by artist Ivan Mestrovic. The sculpture is of a mother holding on her lap a stone tablet with “History of Croatians” engraved in the old Croatian script.  The original sculpture has been in a "temporary exhibition" in Belgrade, Serbia since 1934.  Serbia has refused to return the statue to Croatia.  A bronze copy is at Zagreb University in Croatia
Item PM-KRAJ-500K SERBIAN KRAJINA 500 THOUSAND DINARA NOTE 1993 PR23 AU-UNC  $3.00
Item PM-KRAJ-5M SERBIAN KRAJINA 5 MILLION DINARA NOTE 1993 PR24 UNC $3.00
Item PM-HR-SET2 CROATIA 50,000 & 100,000 DINARA NOTES 1993 P26 & 27 UNC. $4.00



CROATIAN ASSOCIATION OF TECHNICAL CULTURE 75th ANNIVERSARY Restocked

Croatia 25 Kuna 2021 Croatian Associatin of Technical CultureCroatia commemorated the 75th anniversary of the Croatian Association of Technical Culture  (CATC) with this 2021 dated 12-sided bimetallic 25 Kuna coin.  The CATC is an association of technical, technical-hobbyist and local associations throughout Croatia with over 60,00 members. Member associations cover a wide range of endeavors including amateur radio, aeronautics, astronomy, canoeing, diving, photography, rocketry, ship modeling, sailing and many more.  It supports numerous science and technology related activities for youth.  One side of the coin depicts a cube from the CATC emblem superimposed on a printed circuit board and the dates 1946 2021.  The other side features the denomination with an image of a marten superimposed in the "25".   The denomination Kuna is derived from an old Croatian term for a marten pelt, which was used as money during medieval times.  The 32mm coin has a mintage of only 50,000 pieces. 
Item HR-25K21-TECH CROATIA 25 KUNA 2021 CROATIAN ASSOCIATION OF TECHNICAL CULTURE UNC. $12.00



CROATIA 2021 CHILDREN'S DAY COIN

Croatia 25 Kuna 2021 Children's Day 12-sided bi-metallic coinCroatia celebrated International Children's Day, November 20, 2021 with this 32mm, 12-sided bi-metallic 25 Kuna coin.  The design is done in with child-like art and lettering.  The obverse includes a marten and the arms of Croatia.  The denomination Kuna is derived from the term for a marten pelt, which was used as money in medieval times. The reverse features a circle of children connected together around the outer rim, symbolizing their cooperation and togetherness.  The center includes the date, a house, an apple, the sun, a butterfly and flowers, symbolizing some of the needs of the child: a safe home, food and playing freely in the nature.   It is one of the few coins that is dated the exact day of issue.   It has a mintage of only 50,000 pieces.
Item HR-25K21-CHILD CROATIA 25 KUNA 2021 CHILDREN'S DAY UNC. $12.00



NEWATTRACTIVE OLD HUNGARIAN BANK NOTE 

Hungary 100 Pengo note, 1930 P112
Reduced size image
This attractive, old, Hungarian 100 Pengo banknote is dated 1930 and continued to be used throughout World War II.. The front depicts King Matthias Corvinus.  Matthias had an eventful life. He grew up in Transylvania and was married and widowed by age 12, though he never consummated the marriage.  After the death of his father, a struggle broke out between the Hungarian barons and the Hapsburg King and Matthias was sentenced to be be-headed. He was spared on account of his youth.  In 1458, at age 15, he was elected to be King of Hungary by the Hungarian Parliament.  He spent most of his life at war, both to protect his throne from other claimants, protect his country from other powers and to expand his kingdom.  He regained Bosnia from the Ottomans.   Through the skillful use of arms and diplomacy he was crowned King of Bohemia in 1469.  He imprisoned his vassal, Vlad III the Impaler, (also known as Dracula).  He eventually allowed Vlad to marry Matthias's cousin and released him so he could fight the Ottomans.  Matthias died in 1490, leaving no legitimate heir and his empire collapsed.  His reign is considered one of the most glorious in Hungary’s long history and he became a popular hero of Hungarian folk lore. The back of the note has a picture of the famed Buda Castle as it looked in the 1930's, before being damaged in World War II and modernized by the communists that followed.
Item PM-HU-100P HUNGARY 100 PENGO NOTE 1930 P112 VF $3.00


HUNGARIAN BI-METALLIC 200 FORINT FEATURES CHAIN BRIDGE  

Hungary 200 Forint 2009 bi-metallic coin picturing the Chain BridgeHungary introduced this new bimetallic 200 Forint coin in 2009 in order to replace the 200 Forint banknote in circulation.  The banknote will cease to be legal tender.  The coin pictures the famed Széchenyi Chain Bridge one one side and has the date and denomination on the other.  The chain suspension bridge, completed in 1849, was the first permanent bridge across the Danube to join Buda with Pest. In 1873 the two cities were united to form the Hungarian capital of Budapest. At the time the bridge was built, its center span of 202 meters (663 feet) was one of the largest in the world and was considered by some to be a "Wonder of the World".
Item HU-200FT-09 HUNGARY 200 FORINT 2009 BIMETALLIC COIN KM826 BU $4.50



HUNGARY COMMEMORATES THEIR CURRENCY

Hungary 50 Forint commemorative coin 2016Hungary issued this circulating commemorative 50 Forint coin dated 2016 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Hungarian Forint.  The Forint was introduced August 1, 1946 to replace the massively inflated Pengo at a rate of 1 forint = 4×1029 Pengo,  The name Forint dates back to the gold Florin of Florence that was introduced in 1252AD and circulated in Hungary in the 14th Century.  The obverse of the 27.4mm copper-nickel coin features the traditional arms of Hungary depicting the Royal Crown of Hungary.  The denomination is on the reverse.
Item HU-50FT-16FORINT HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2016, 70 YEARS OF THE FORINT UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2017 FINA AQUATICS COMPETITION

Hungary 50 Forint commemorative coin 2017Hungary commemorated the 17th FINA (Fédération internationale de natation or International Swimming Federation) World Aquatics Championships held in Budapest July 14-30, 2017 on their 2017 commemorative 50 Forint.  The event brought 2000 swimmers and divers from throughout the world together for over two weeks of competitions in 75 events.  The 27.4mm copper-nickel coin depicts the FINA-Budapest logo on one side and the denomination on the other.
Item HU-50FT-17FINA HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2017, FINA AQUATICS COMPETITION UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2018 ICE HOCKEY CHAMPIONSHIPS

Hungary 50 Forint 2018 IIHF World Ice Hockey Championship coinHungary honored the 2018 International Ice Hockey Federation Division I Group A World Championship games held in Budapest April 22 to 28 on this 2018 circulating commemorative 50 Forint.  The reverse of the 27.4mm copper-nickel coin features a player taking a shot on the goal and the emblem of the Hungarian Ice Hockey Association.  The obverse features the denomination and the Budapest mintnmark.
Item HU-50FT-18HOCKEY HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2018, ICE HOCKEY UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY 2018 YEAR OF THE FAMILY 50 FORINT

Hungary 50 Forint 2018 Year of the Family coinIn January 2018 Hungarian Prime Minister declared 2018 to be Hungary's Year of the Family in order to encourage more and larger families because the nations birthrate is too low. (Wasn't it just a few years ago the world was facing a "population bomb" and everyone was supposed to have fewer children?)  The reverse of the 27.4mm copper-nickel coin includes the Year of the Family logo which features a stylized family and the "Year of the Family" in Hungarian. The obverse features the denomination and the Budapest mintnmark.
Item HU-50FT-18FAMILY HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2018, YEAR OF THE FAMILY UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY 2018 WORLD WRESTLING CHAMPIONSHIPS

Hungary 50 Forint 2018 World Wrestling ChampionshipsHungary commemorated the 2018 World Wrestling Championships held in Budapest from October 20 to 28, 2018. The event included Men and women's freestyle and Men's Greco-Roman wrestling. Russia was the clear winner with 10 gold medals. The 27.4mm copper-nickel 50 Forint depicts one wrestler throwing the other. The denomination is on the obverse
Item HU-50FT-18WREST HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2018 WRESTLING UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY HONORS THE "HEROES OF THE PANDEMIC"

HUNGARY 10 & 20 FORINT COINS 2020 HEROES OF THE PANDEMICHungary recently released 2020 dated circulating 10 and 20 Forint commemorative coins honoring the "Heroes of the Pandemic".   Hungary's COVID-19 cases and death rates were well below that of neighboring European nations, though recently there has been a spike in the number of cases.  Both coins have similar designs. The obverses depict the images of those that contributed to control the pandemic formed into the shape of a heart.  The coins have the same reverses as the regular issues which depict the denomination and the Budapest mint mark. 
Item HU-COVID HUNGARY 10 & 20 FORINT 2020 HEROES OF THE PANDEMIC UNC. $5.00



HUNGARY OPENS NEW MONEY MUSEUM

Hungary 100 Forint 2022 Money Museum bi-metallic coinHungary commemorated their new Money Museum, which opened in March 2022 on this bi-metallic 100 Forint.  The museum, operated by the Hungarian National Bank is designed to focus attention on financial literacy and includes many interactive exhibits oriented towards children.  The coin depicts four stylized coins (the Anjou lily, in a reference to Hungarian gold florins from the Middle Ages, the iconic digit 1 of the 1-forint coin introduced in 1946, a globe, and a pair of scales), the old Postal Palace which now houses the museum and an upward pointing graph.  The 2022 dated bi-metallic coin is 23.8mm.
Item HU-100F22 HUNGARY 100 FORINT 2022 MONEY MUSEUM, UNC. $6.00



RARE KOSOVO BANKNOTES


Kosovo 10 Dinare banknote 1999Kosovo 50 Dinare 1999 regular overprint issue
Kosovo regular overprint notes
Kosovo 50 Dinare note with overprint errorKosovo 50 Dinare note with overprint error
Kosovo overprint error notes

Kosovo was a province of Serbia that is made up of primarily Muslim ethnic Albanians.  In 1998 fighting broke out between Serb armed forces and ethnic Albanian militias that supported independence or unification with Albania.  Atrocities were committed by both sides.  United States and NATO forces finally stepped in to stop the fighting.  It was during all this chaos these unusual banknotes were issued.  The notes were printed on obsolete 1992 Macedonian banknotes.  The notes dated April 1, 1999 were issued by the Provisional Bank of the Republic of Kosovo.  The 25, 50 and 100 Dinare notes have a black Albanian double-headed eagle printed on the front.   The 10 Dinare does not have an overprint on the front.  The backs of all the notes have legends in both of the main Albania dialects; Gheg, which is used by the ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, and Tosk, which is the "official" dialect of Albania.  The notes were sold to collectors as fundraisers for humanitarian efforts in Kosovo.  They are the only notes of Kosovo as Kosovo has not yet issued any coins or notes for circulation. They use Euros or Serbian Dinars.  Also available are a very limited number of notes with various overprint errors (crooked, off-center, parially printed, etc.)
Item PM-KOS-10D KOSOVO 10 DINARE NOTE 1999 UNC. $4.00
Item PM-KOS-25D KOSOVO 25 DINARE NOTE 1999 UNC. OUT
Item PM-KOS-50D KOSOVO 50 DINARE NOTE 1999 UNC. OUT
Item PM-KOS-100DERR KOSOVO 100 DINARE OVERPRINT ERROR NOTE 1999 UNC. $16.00
Item PM-KOS-500DERR KOSOVO 500 DINARE OVERPRINT ERROR NOTE 1999 UNC. $25.00


ATTRACTIVE MACEDONIAN COIN SET INCLUDES WILDLIFE

Macedonia 6 coin set: 50 Deni - 50 Denari This six coin set from Macedonia includes the 50 Deni to the 50 Denari.  The 50 Denari portrays the head of Archangel Gabriel..  The 10 Denari has the peacock.  Both coins are copper-nickel.  The lower four denominations all feature animals and are struck in brass. A lynx is on the 5 Denari. An Ochrid Trout is on the 2 Denari.  A Yugoslav Shepherd Dog (Sarplaninac) is on the 1 Denar.  The 50 Deni features a seagull in flight.  The reverses of the coins feature the denomination and a 16-ray sun symbol that was used by Alexander the Great. All six coins are Brilliant Uncirculated
Item S-MK-SET6 MACEDONIA 6 COIN SET 50 DENI-50 DENARI, 1993-2008 BU $9.75



NEWFIRST COIN OF NORTH MACEDONIA FEATURES A DOG

North Macedonia 1 Dinar coin 2020 depicts Shar Planina Shepherd dogIn 1991 the Republic of Macedonia gained independence in the breakup of Yugoslavia.  Greece, however objected to the name Macedonia, which they saw as part of their ancient Greek heritage and was a region of Greece.  Greece blocked Macedonia's membership to the European Union and NATO.  The countries finally came to an agreement and in 2019 the Macedonia was renamed the Republic of North Macedonia.  This 2020 1 Dinar is the first coin released by the country bearing the new name of the nation.  Other than the revised name, the design and the specifications of the coin are the same as the previous Macedonian issue.  The obverse depicts a Shar Planina Shepherd dog (also called Illyrian or Yugoslavian Shepherd).  The reverse of the 23.8mm brass-plated steel coin depicts 16 sun rays, which are derived from a symbol of ancient Macedonia.
Item MK-1D-20 NORTH MADEDONIA 1 DINAR 2020 UNC. $3.00




NEWFIRST BANKNOTE OF NORTH MACEDONIA

North Macedonia 10 Denars 2020 poymer banknote depicting peacock
In 1991 the Republic of Macedonia gained independence in the breakup of Yugoslavia.  Greece, however objected to the name Macedonia, which they saw as part of their ancient Greek heritage and was a region of Greece.  Greece blocked Macedonia's membership to the European Union and NATO.  The countries finally came to an agreement and in 2019 the Macedonia was renamed the Republic of North Macedonia.  The first banknotes issued under the new name were released in 2020, including this beautiful polymer 10 Denars note. The design was similar to previous issues. The front includes a crescent-shaped gold filigree earring from the 4th century BC and an ancient alabaster statue of the Egyptian Goddess Isidia which was discovered in the city of Ohrid.  In the lower left corner is a 2nd Century AD marble bust of Titus Flavius Philoxenia, the high priest of the city of Heraclea Lyncestis (Bitola).  The reverse features a mosaic of a peacock from the 4th-5th century baptistry of the Episcopal Basilica in Stobi.  The peacock motif is repeated in the see-through window on the right. Peacocks symbolized resurrection, immortality, and eternal life.  
Item PM-MK-10D NORTH MACEDONIA 10 DENARS BANKNOTE 2020 UNC. $3.00



EARLY DATED SILVER COIN OF POLAND-LITHUANIA

Poland - Lithuania silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) of Sigismund II AugustusUntil the 1600's most nations did not put dates on coins. These silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) coins of Sigismund II Augustus from the 1500's are some of the earliest affordable coins bearing an AD date.  Sigismund was both the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.  In 1569 he formally united the two countries with the Treaty of Lublin to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.  His coins reflect this dual nationality.  One side features his titles as Grand Duke of Lithuania, and Vytas, the White Knight, which is the national symbol of Lithuania.  Below Vytas is the date.  The other side features the Polish Eagle and his titles as King of Poland.  The 19mm silver coins date from 1547 to 1572.  In 1572 Sigsmund died childless, despite having three wives (two of which were first cousins) and carrying on affairs with "two of the most beautiful of his countrywomen".  He was the last of the powerful Jagiellonian dynasty controlled much of central Europe for almost 200 years.
Item PL-LT POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS, SIGISMUND II AUGUSTUS 1547-1572 F-VF $29.75
Item PL-LTx5 5 DIFFERENT DATES OF POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS 1547-1572 F-VF $129.75



POLAND HONORS THE LIFE OF THEIR POPE

Poland 2 Zlote 2005 Pope John Paul II Poland issued this 2 Zlote coin in 2005 shortly after the death of Pope John Paul II.  The Polish born Pope was the first the first non-Italian Pope since 1523.  One side depicts the Pope ith an outline of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome in the background.  The other side features a stylized Polish Eagle.  The 27mm coin is struck in a brass alloy called "Nordic Gold".
Item PL-2Z-POPE05 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2005 POPE JOHN PAUL II,  KM525 BU $4.00



POPULAR POLAND WILDLIFE COINS

Poland 2 Zlote 2014 Konik Horse KM896 Poland 2 Zlote 2013 European Bison KM878Poland 2 Zlote 2011 European BadgerPoland 2 Zlote 2010 Lesser Horseshoe BatPoland 2 Zlote 2008 Peregrine Falcon

Poland regularly issues  a 27mm "Nordic gold" (brass alloy) 2 Zlote honoring native endangered wildlife.  The attractive coins are always popular with collectors.The 2014 issue features the Konik Horse. The Konik Horse is a small, hardy, semi-feral horse that originated in Poland.  The European Bison (Zubr)  is on the 2013 issue. The European Bison was hunted to extinction in the wild in the early 20th Century.  Since then it has been reintroduced from captivity.  In the past, especially during the Middle Ages, it was commonly killed for its hide, and to produce drinking horns.  No wildlife coins were issued for 2012.  The 2011 issues featurew the European Badger.  The 2010 issues feature the Lesser Horse-shoe Bat.  It is one of the world’s smallest bats, weighing only 5 to 9 grams (less than a third of an ounce) and is less than a 44mm long (under 2 inches).  The 2008 issue honors the Peregrine Falcon.
Item PL-2Z14-HORSE POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2014 KONIK HORSE, Y896 UNC. $3.00
Item PL-2Z13-BISON POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2013 EUROPEAN BISON, Y878 UNC. $3.00
Item PL-2Z11-BADGER POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2011 BADGER Y762 UNC. $3.00
Item PL-2ZBAT10 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2010 HORSESHOE BAT Y723 BU $3.00
Item PL-2ZFALCON08 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2008 PEREGRINE FALCON Y627 BU $3.00


POLAND 2 ZLOTE COMMEMORATIVE SETS

Poland 2012 2 Zlote coin set Poland 2 Zlote 
Each year Poland produces a number of attractive commemorative 2 Zlote coins covering a wide variety of topics, including endangered wildlife, historic cities, famous Poles, sporting events, etc.  The coins are struck in an aluminum-bronze alloy called Nordic Gold.  The issues are reasonably priced and popular with collectors, however collecting them can be difficult due to the large number of issues.   Luckily we found someone that assembled complete sets of these popular and attractive 2 Zlote coins from original mint bags.   The 2005 series consists of 19 issues.  The 2006 and 2007 sets  each contain 23 coins.  The 2008 set contains 16 coins.  The 2009 set has 18 coins.  The 2010 set has 20 coins.  The 2011 set has 21 coins.  The 2012 set has 15 coins.  These sets are not packaged.
Item BK-PL-SET05 SET OF ALL 19 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2005 UNC. $65.00
Item BK-PL-SET09 SET OF ALL 18 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2009 UNC. $59.50
Item BK-PL-SET10 SET OF ALL 20 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2010 UNC. $67.00
Item BK-PL-SET11 SET OF ALL 21 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2011 UNC. $69.50
Item BK-PL-SET12 SET OF ALL 15 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2012 UNC. $49.50


RECENT BI-METALLIC COINS FROM POLAND

Poland 5 Zlotych 2015 Pozan Town HallPoland 5 Zlotych 2016 Priest's Mill, LodzPoland recently introduced a series of circulating bi-metallic 5 Zlotych coins with the theme "Discover Poland".  Each coin features  historic, but often not well known places.  The 24.5mm coins have a copper-nickel ring around an aluminum-bronze center. The arms of Poland are on the obverse.    Poland honored the Poznan Town Hall (Ratusz) on this 2015 bi-metallic 5 Zlotych.  The mannerist style building was completed in 1560 and served as the seat of local government until 1939.  Today it houses a museum.  Each day at noon two mechanical goats come out from the clock tower and butt heads.   The coin depicts the town hall.  The two goats can be seen in the shaded are next to the town hall.  The 2016 5 Zlotych features The Priest's Mill (KSIĘŻY MŁYN) in Lodz.  The mill is a vast housing and industrial complex built in the 1870's on land which originally belonged to the Rector of the Parish of Lodz. The almost completely preserved complex includes a spinning mill, factory buildings, shops, two hospitals, a school, workers housing and owners and directors estates covering over 1200 acres (500 ha).   Today it is a monument to 19th century industrial designs and company towns.    
Item PL-5Z-15POZAN  2015 POZNAN TOWN HALL BU $6.00
Item PL-5Z-16LODZ POLAND 5 ZLOTYCH 2016 PRIEST'S MILL, LODZ, BU $6.00



COIN OF RIGA FOR THE UNCONVENTIONAL QUEEN CHRISTINA

Riga, Solidus of Christina, 1634-1654Queen Christina of Sweden was one of the most educated, wittiest, unorthodox and unconventional women of the 17th century.  She succeeded her father on the throne of Sweden in 1632 when she was only six years old.  She took a deep interest in philosophy, religion, art, mathematics and science.   She was fond of books, paintings and had a collection of over 33,000 coins and medals. She frequently dressed as a man. She knew at least nine languages - and could out-cuss a soldier. She was headstrong and often in conflict with her own Chancellor.  In 1638 the first Swedish settlement in the New World was established and named after her: Fort Christina, which is now Wilmington, Delaware.  She founded Sweden's first newspaper. Her efforts helped bring about the Peace of Westphalia, ending the Thirty Years' War. She had an intimate relationship with her handmaiden and in 1649 she announced that she decided not to marry.  In 1654 she abdicated her throne and left Sweden in order to convert to Catholicism.   She was warmly received by Pope Alexander VII and for a time was given her own wing inside the Vatican.  Though often running short of money, she was a major patron of the theater and the arts.  She gave much occasion for gossip as she did not follow the norms for women of that era and freely socialized with men.  She used her position to protect the Jews of Rome.  Missing politics, she attempted to regain the throne of Sweden and gain the thrones of Naples and Poland, all without success.  She died in 1689, and is one of only three women buried within St. Peter's Basilica. This Solidus of Queen Christina was issued for Riga between 1634 and 1654.  Riga, now the capital of Latvia, was under Swedish control from 1621 to 1721.  It was given considerable autonomy, including the right to issue its own coins.  The copper or silver-washed Solidus of Riga have Queen Christina's royal monogram on one side and the arms of Riga on the other.  The crudely made coins are 15mm in diameter, typically are struck somewhat off center without a date.
Item RIGA-CHR RIGA SOLIDUS OF CHRISTINA (1634-1654)  Fine-VF-Crude $10.00



LAST COIN OF THE KINGDOM OF ROMANIA

Romania 50 Bani 1947 KM72This 1947 brass 50 Bani was one of the last coins of the Kingdom of Romania. The denomination is on one side of this 16mm coin, and the Steel Crown of Romania is on the other.  Unlike most countries, Romania’s royal crown was not made from gold, but from steel from cannon captured from the Ottomans during its war of independence.  On August 15, 1947, with no warning, Romania introduced new coins and currency, replacing their previous, badly inflated currency. Citizens were allowed to exchange only a very limited amount of money, effectively wiping out the assets of the middle and upper classes. 1 On December 30, 1947, the communists forced King Michael (Mihai) to resign at gun point, bringing an end to the Kingdom of Romania and to this short-lived coinage.    The coin is Uncirculated, though has some spots.
Item RO-50B KINGDOM OF ROMANIA 50 BANI, 1947 KM72 UNC.-spots $10.00


POLYMER ROMANIAN BANKNOTE COMMEMORATES ECLIPSE

Romania 2000 Lei banknote, 1999 Total Solar Eclipse commemorative P111
Reduced size images
Romania issued this colorful polymer 2000 Lei banknote to commemorate the Total Solar Eclipse on August 11, 1999.  It was their first, and so far, only commemorative banknote. One side has a fanciful map of the Solar System.  The other features the Romanian flag within a map of Romania and the path of the eclipse. The Uncirculated note has two transparent windows and is 143x63mm.
Item PM-RO-ECLIPSE ROMANIA 2000 LEI NOTE, 1999 ECLIPSE P111 UNC. $3.00



FIRST BANKNOTE OF NAZI OCCUPIED SERBIA 

German occupied Serbia 100 Dinar banknote 1941 P23
The first banknotes issued by the Germans after invaiding Serbia were made by overprinting Yugoslavian banknotes they found in the vaults of the central bank. Perhaps it is telling that the Nazi's would put their ugly brown overprint on what was then one of the world's prettiest banknotes. This 100 Dinar note dated May 1, 1941, less than a month after the Nazi invasion began. It is overprinted on the 1929 Yugoslavia 100 Dinar banknotes. The front depicts young woman holding a sword. The back features a young man with a large garland of fruit.
Item PM-RS-OVPT-100D NAZI SERBIA 100 DINARA 1941 OVERPRINTED NOTE P23 Fine $5.00



ATTRACTIVE BANKNOTE OF NAZI GERMAN OCCUPIED SERBIA 

Nazi German occupied Serbia 500 Dinara note 1941 P27
On April 6, 1941 Axis Forces under Nazi Germany invaded Yugoslavia.  They promptly conquered and divided the nation along ethnic lines.  Serbia was placed under the control of the German military.   Serbia issued some beautiful, multi-color banknotes while under Nazi German control. The notes were printed by the Serbian Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes and Coins in Belgrade. The 500 Dinar dated November 11, 1941 depicts a woman with gold coin jewelry on the front and a bricklayer on the back.  They are impressive, large size, colorful notes from a time when Serbia was under Nazi German occupation.
Item PM-RS-500D-41 NAZI SERBIA 500 DINARA BANKNOTE 1941 P27 Fine $5.00



SERBIA HONORS TESLA ON SILVER COINS

Serbia 1 troy ounce silver Tesla 100 Dinara coins - 2019 Remote Control, 2020 X-Rays, 2021 Wardenclyffe Tower-Free Energy, 2022 Ozone Generator
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, physicist, and futurist.  He is said to have over 300 patents covering a wide range of technologies including alternating current, electric motors, remote control, television, radio, x-rays, cell phones, robotics, lasers, turbine engines, magnetic propulsion, drones, solar power, weather manipulation, particle beams and electromagnetic energy (the Tesla coil). He was a brilliant inventor, but a poor businessman.  Despite his many important and revolutionary inventions, he died alone and penniless in New York in 1943.
   Serbia instituted an annual series of silver 100 Dinara coins honoring Tesla and his many inventions.  The 40.25mm coins each contain 1 troy ounce of .999 silver  and are struck by the Serbian Mint.  The Serbian arms, weight, purity, silver content, date, denomination and one or more of his inventions are on the reverses.  
   The 2019 coin commemorated the 120th anniversary of his invention of remote control and wireless transmission.  In 1898 Tesla demonstrated the technology with a radio-controlled four-foot long stealth boat, which is depicted on the coin.   He expected the technology to be picked up by the United States Navy, but the Navy brass would have none of it.  Ironically, less than two decades later the German navy used remotely controlled boats loaded with explosives to attack Allied ships during World War I.  Only recently has the United States Navy started serious work with remote control ships.   The coin has a mintage of 20,059 pieces in BU.
    The 2020 coin honored Tesla's early work with X-rays.  Nikola Tesla was one of the early discoverers of X-rays.  His first X-ray images, which he called shadowgraphs, were done in 1894, a year before Wilhelm Rontgen published his discovery of X-rays in 1895. He was one of the first to recognize some of the benefits of X-rays, such as the finding of foreign objects within a body and the detection of lung diseases.  He was also one of the first to recognize the hazards of X-ray radiation. Unfortunately, most of his work was lost when his laboratory burned down in 1895.  The coin has a mintage of 19,812 in BU.
   The 2021 issue depicts his famed Wardenclyffe Tower.  The 187 foot (57m) tall tower on Long Island was supposed be able to distribute free energy to all.  Foreshadowing the Internet, it would allow one to call any telephone in the world and allow one to hear music or speeches delivered anywhere.  The ambitious project failed on two counts:  Tesla could not figure out how to recover the costs of the project if everything was free, and the technology did not work. 
   The 2022 issue depicts his Ozone Generator.  Ozone is a reactive form of oxygen.  It differs from normal oxygen in that it has three oxygen in its molecule rather than the normal two atoms.  Because it is highly reactive, Tesla and many others believed it has natural healing benefits including anti-inflammatory, anti-pathogenic, cell detoxification properties and the ability to enhance the immune system.  However, breathing ozone can cause lung irritation, coughing, decrease lung function and aggravate asthma, so the Environmental Protection Agency recommends to avoid breathing ozone.
Item RS-19TESLA-REMOTE SERBIA 100 DINARA 2019 TESLA-REMOTE CONTROL BU OUT
Item RS-20TESLA-XRAY SERBIA 100 DINARA 2020 TESLA-X-RAYS BU $47.00
Item RS-21TESLA-TOWER SERBIA 100 DINARA 2021 TESLA-FREE ENERGY-WARDENCLYFFE TOWER BU $46.00
Item RS-22TESLA-OZONE SERBIA 100 DINARA 2022 TESLA-OZONE GENERATOR BU $38.00



NATIVE WILDLIFE ON OBSOLETE COINS OF SLOVENIA

Slovenia 6 coin set set features animals, birds and fish.
With the introduction of the Euro, Slovenia's attractive wildlife coins are now obsolete and have been withdrawn from circulation. All six of the Tolar denominated coins feature native wildlife. The 10 Stotinov pictures an Olm salamander, an unusual blind aquatic salamander found in the caves of Slovenia. A barn owl is on the 20 Stotinov. A bee is on the 50 Stotinov. The 1 Tolar features salmon, the 2 Tolar shows a swallow in flight, and  an ibex is on the 5 Tolar.  The lower three denominations are aluminum, the top three are brass.  It is an attractive animal coin set. The coins date from 1992 to 2002 and are Uncirculated.
Item S-SI-SET6 SLOVENIA 6 COIN ANIMAL SET 10 STOTINOV - 5 TOLAR, 1992-2002 KM3-7  UNC $4.50


SLOVENIA EURO COIN SET

Slovenia Euro coins
In 2007 Slovenia, once the northernmost part of Yugoslavia, became the first of the former east European nations to adopt the Euro as their currency.  It replaced the Slovenian Tolar.  Because of the expansion of European Union the common side of the Euro coins have been redesigned to show the expanded European Union.  The Slovenian Euro coins are the first to use the new design.  The national side of the coins highlight Slovenian history culture.  The bi-metallic 2 Euro coin features national poet France Prešeren and the first line of the Slovenian national anthem which was written by him.  The bi-metallic 1 Euro pictures Primož Trubar, a 16th century Protestant reformer, superintendent of the Protestant Church of Slovenia and the author of the first book printed in Slovenian.  Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest mountain and the constellation of cancer is featured on the 50 euro cent coin.   Two Lipizzaner horses are on the 20 euro cent coin. The 10 euro cent coin features the "Katedrala Svobode" (Cathedral of Freedom), a national parliament building that has never been built!  A man sowing stars and seeds is featured on the 5 euro cent coin.  The design is based on Ivan Grohar painting  "The Sower".  The 2 euro cent shows the Prince's Stone.  The stone was the base of an ancient Roman column. It was used to install the medieval prince's of Karatania.  A stork is on the 1 euro cent. Every coin has 12 stars around edge interspersed with letters spelling “SLOVENIJA”. The coins are the first of what will be a major expansion of the Euro coin series.
Item SI-EUSET SLOVENIA 8 COIN EURO SET, EUROCENT - 2 EUROS, 2007-09 UNC. $15.00


SLOVENIA WORLD BOOK CAPITAL BI-METALLIC 3 EURO 

Slovenia bi-metallic 3 Euros 2010 Ljubljana World Book Capita coin l
Slovenia regularly issues circulating bi-metallic 3 Euro commemorative coins.  The 32mm coins have a brass outer ring, a copper-nickel center and a reeded edge.  They are legal tender within Slovenia and available at their face value.  The 2010  issue commemorates Slovenia's capital,  Ljubljana, as the UNESCO's World Book Capital 2010.  It features the facade of Plecnik’s National Library and the outline of a scroll and a book. 
Item SI-3E10 SLOVENIA 3 EUROS 2010 LJUBLJANA WORLD BOOK CAPITAL, KM95 UNC. $9.95


NewSLOVENIA 2022 2 EURO HONORS ARCHITECT JOZE PLECNIK

Slovenia 2 Euro 2022 Joze PlecnikThe 150th anniversary of Slovenian architect Jose Plecnik is commemorated on this bi-metallic 2022 2 Euro coin from Slovenia. He had major impact on the modern architecture of Vienna, Prague and Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, giving that city much of its modern identity.  He was associated with the Vienna Secession style of architecture, a type of Art Nouveau.  The design features the large reading room window in the National and University Library in Ljubljana, with a column in front of it. The letters A R H. P L E C N I K are built into the window space and is a metaphor for the architect’s signature.
Item SI-2E22-PLECNIK SLOVENIA 2 EURO 2022 JOZE PLECNIK UNC. $6.00



SILVER DENAR OF TRANSYLVANIA

Transylvania silver 1 Denar of Gabriel Bethlen 1621 KM120This silver Dener of Transylvania was struck for Gabriel Bethlen. Bethlen became the Prince Transylvania in 1613 with support from the Ottoman Empire.  His reign marked the start of a golden age for Transylvania.  He developed mines and industry, founded a college and supported the arts. He nationalized much of the foreign trade, profits of which helped support his many programs.  He was Calvinist, and waged three wars against the Catholic Hapsburgs.  In 1620 he was elected King of Hungary.  After a string of military defeats by Hapsburg forces, he renounced the title in 1621 in return for guarantees of religious freedom for Hungarian Protestants..  The obverse depicts the Madonna and Child.   The reverse has the arms of Hungary.  The slightly irregular coin is approximately 13mm.  The 1621 dated coin was struck at  the Kremnica Mint (KB) and show virtually no wear.  
Item TRANSY-1621 TRANSYLVANIA 1 DENAR 1621 KM120 XF-AU $75.00
Item TRANSY-1626 TRANSYLVANIA 1 DENAR 1626 KM162 VF $55.00


LAST COIN OF THE KINGDOM OF YUGOSLAVIA

Yugoslavia 10 Dinara 1938 KM22This 1938 10 Dinara is one of the last coins of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The obverse of the 23mm nickel coin depicts the head of young King Peter II. The reverse has the royal crown, denomination and date within a wreath. Peter became king in 1934 at age 11 upon the assassination of his father, King Alexander I. Though he was opposed to Nazi Germany, his regent signed a pact that allied Yugoslavia with the Nazis in 1941. Two days later a British supported coup overthrew the regency and proclaimed the 17 year old Peter to be of age and in control of Yugoslavia. Hitler responded by attacking and quickly conquering Yugoslavia.  Peter escaped by climbing down a drainpipe. Hitler's attack of Yugoslavia diverted the German army and  delayed Operation Barbarossa, the Nazi invasion of Russia by six weeks. The delay contributed to Germany's defeat due to the harsh Russian winter.  Peter was never able to return to his homeland. He made his way to London, then after the war lived in the United States, eventually working in a Los Angeles Savings and Loan before he died in Denver in 1970.
Item YU-10D38 YUGOSLAVIA 10 DINARA 1938 KM22 XF-AU $4.00


TESLA HONORED ON YUGOSLAVIAN BANKNOTE

Nikola Tesla pictured on Yugoslavia 5000 Dinara 1993 currency
Nikola Tesla was one of the great pioneers in electricity. His inventions in electrical generation and power transmission give us the alternating current electricity we use today. He was a man of many nations. He was born in Croatia to Serbian parents, studied in Austria and Czechoslovakia then went to the United States where he did most of his inventing. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia honored him with this this 1993 5000 Dinara banknote. The reverse pictures the Tesla Museum in Belgrade. The  note circulated only briefly due to Yugoslavia's severe inflation at the time.
Item PM-YU-TESLA YUGOSLAVIA 5000 DINARA BANKNOTE 1993 P128 VF $3.00

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