Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins

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COINS & CURRENCY OF
EAST EUROPE

A selection of historic coins and banknotes from pre-communist, communist and post-communist Eastern Europe.




SILVER COIN FROM THE ITALIAN OCCUPATION OF ALBANIA

Albania silver 5 Lek 1939 KM33After Hitler annexed Austria and invaded Czechoslovakia, Mussolini wanted to show the Italy could also conquer nations, so he invaded Albania in April 1939.  His force of some 100,000 men, 137 ships and 600 airplanes quickly overwhelmed the Albania.. Italian King Victor Emmanuel III was proclaimed King of Albania and a puppet government under Italian control was created.  This 1939 silver 5 Lek was struck to help mark the occasion.  The bust of Victor Emmanuel is on the obverse.  The reverse features the traditional Albanian Eagle flanked by a pair of fasces.  The coin was struck only a for single year. The 23.1mm coin weighs 5 grams, and is struck .835 fine silver.
Item AL-5L ALBANIA-ITALIAN OCCUPATION: SILVER 5 LEK 1939 KM33 XF $27.00

Also see:

Click HereBEAUTIFUL ITALIAN SILVER 2 LIRE OF VICTOR EMMANUEL III



COINS OF BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA   

Bosnia-Herzegovina 7 coin set
This seven coin set features the 5, 10, 20, 50 Fenig, 1 and 2 Konvertible Marka. The Konvertible Marka was originally tied directly to the German Mark, and could be converted into German Marks. The German Mark is no longer used, however Bosnia-Herzegovina continues to issue Konvertible Marka coins and notes, which are now tied to the Euro. The lower three denominations features a map of Bosnia. The 1 Marka shows the Bosnia-Herzegovina arms. the bimetallic 2 and 5 Marka coins feature doves holding an olive branch, plea for peace in what was for many years a war-torn country. All coins are Uncirculated
Item S-BA-SET7 BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA 7 COIN SET 5 Fenig - 5 K.Marka, 1997-2013 KM115-121 UNC. $20.00




MEDIEVAL HORSEMAN ROCK CARVING ON 1930 BULGARIAN COINS

Bulgaria 5 Leva 1930 KM39Bulgaria 19 Leva 1930 KM40
The Madara Horseman is an impressive life size rock carving, located some 75 feet (23m) from the ground on a high cliff near the village of Madara in Bulgaria.  The carving dates from the early 8th Century, during First Bulgarian Empire. The carving features a horseman spearing a lion.  A dog follows at the horse’s feet.   Exactly who or what it represents is a matter of debate.  The enigmatic carving is featured on the 1930 Bulgarian 5 and 10 Leva coins. Both coins feature the same image.  The inscription on the coins attributes the carving to Krum the Fearsome, who ruled from 803 to 814AD, though that attribution has been rejected by most modern scholars.  The copper-nickel coins have the denomination and date within a wreath on the obverse. The 5 Leva is 26.1mm, the 10 Leva is 30mm.

Item BG-HORSEMAN BULGARIA 5 & 10 LEVA 1930 MADARA HORSEMAN KM39 & KM40 F-VF $5.00



WORLD WAR II COIN OF BULGARIA

Bulgaria 50 Leva 1940 KM48Boris III became Czar of Bulgaria in 1918 after his father was forced to abdicate following Bulgaria's defeat in World War I. During his reign he faced multiple assassination attempts and military coups before successfully asserting his power in 1935.  Bulgaria initially declared neutrality in World War II, however it joined the Axis in March 1941 on Hitler's promise to restore territories lost in World War I.  Hitler used Bulgaria as a base to attack Greece and Yugoslavia the following month.  Boris never fully supported Hitler, refusing to send troops to fight against the Soviet Union and repeatedly delaying the deportation of Jews. Boris died of an apparent heart attack in August 1943, shortly after a stormy meeting with Adolf Hitler.  Some claim he may have been poisoned for his refusal to cooperate.  Shortly there-after the Soviet Union declared war on Bulgaria and entered the country unopposed. This 1940 copper-nickel 50 Leva features Boris’s head is on one side and the denomination within a wreath is on the other.  The 27mm coin was struck in Berlin and has the "A" Berlin mintmark below Boris's head.
Item BG-50L BULGARIA 50 LEVA 1940 KM4 VF $3.00


FIRST COINS OF COMMUNIST BULGARIA 

Bulgaria 7 coin set 1 - 50 Stotiniki 1951-59, KM50-KM56These seven coins are the first coins issued by Bulgaria following the bloody communist takeover at the end of World War II. Included are the 1951 dated 1, 3, 5, 10 and 25 Stotinki, the 1954 20 Stotinki and the 1959 50 Stotinki in Uncirculated condition. The coins show the denomination alongside a sprig of grain on one side and the Bulgarian arms on the other. With the exception of the 20 Stotinki, each of the coins were produced for only a single year
Item BG-SET51 BULGARIA 7 COIN SET 1 - 50 STOTINIKI, 1951-59, KM50-56 UNC. $6.00



BEAUTIFUL OLD BANKNOTES OF COMMUNIST BULGARIA  Restocked

Bulgaria 7 note set: 3 - 200 Leva 1951
Reduced size images
This seven beautiful, old, multi-colored, Uncirculated banknotes from communist Bulgaria is dated 1951.  The 3 and 5 Leva notes feature an upraised hammer and sickle.  A farmer and tractor is on the 10 Leva. A railroad construction crew is on the 25 Leva.  A peasant woman with a basket of roses is on the 50 Leva, A woman picking grapes is on the 100 Leva and farmers picking tobacco are on the 200 Leva.   The backs of the higher denomination notes picture Georgi Dimitrov, the first communist leader of Bulgaria. The value of the note corresponds with its size, thus the 3 Leva is 120mm x 60mm while the 200 Leva is an impressive 175mm x 90mm. All seven attractive notes feature watermarks.  
Item PM-BG-SET7 BULGARIA 7 NOTE SET 3 to 200 LEVA 1951 P81-87 AU-UNC. $8.50


BANKNOTE OF NAZI OCCUPIED CROATIA

Croatia 1000 Kuna banknote 1943 P12
On April 6, 1941 Axis Forces under Nazi Germany invaded Yugoslavia.  They promptly conquered and divided the nation along ethnic lines, creating the puppet governments for Croatia and Serbia.   Other bits of Yugoslavia were divided between Germany's allies. Croatia was nominally ruled by an Italian prince who never set foot in the country.. From the Nazi puppet state of Croatia we have the 1943 1000 Kuna note. The note has an ancient frieze on the front and two Croatian women in fancy native costumes.  It was  printed in Germany by Giesecke & Devrient, a private company which is still printing banknotes.   
Item PM-HR-1000K NAZI CROATIA 1000 KUNA 1943 P12 AU-UNC. $5.00



SERBIAN KRAJINA & CROATIA AT WAR 

Serbian Krajina (Croatia) 500,000 Dinara 1993 P23
Serbian Krajina (Croatia) 5,000,000 Dinara 1993 P24
Serbian Krajina (Croatia) 500,000,000 Dinara 1993 P26
Croatia 50,000 & 100,000 Dinara 1993 P26 & P27
With the collapse of Yugoslavia, the Serbian portions of Croatia declared independence from Croatia, even before Croatia declared itself independent from Yugoslavia.  The Serbs formed the Republic of Serbian Krajina and had their capital at Knin.  A brutal war broke out, and both Croatia (Republika Hrvatska) and Serbian Krajina suffered from severe inflation as they tried to finance themselves by printing money.  Krajina was defeated in 1995 and reincorporated into Croatia.  From Serbian Kranina we have the 500,000 Dinara and 500,000,000 Dinara notes dated 1993.  Both notes have similar designs.   The notes feature the Knin fortress on a hill on one side, and the Serbian arms on the other.  The Croatia 50,000 Dinara and 100,000 Dinara are dated 1993.  Both feature Croatian astronomer, physicist, mathematician, and philosopher Roger Joseph Boscovich.  Boscovich is famous for his atomic theory.  In 1753 he discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon.  The reverse of the notes have the Statue of  "Glagolica Mother Croatia", a marble statue created in 1932 by artist Ivan Mestrovic. The sculpture is of a mother holding on her lap a stone tablet with “History of Croatians” engraved in the old Croatian script.  The original sculpture has been in a "temporary exhibition" in Belgrade, Serbia since 1934.  Serbia has refused to return the statue to Croatia.  A bronze copy is at Zagreb University in Croatia
Item PM-KRAJ-500K SERBIAN KRAJINA 500 THOUSAND DINARA NOTE 1993 PR23 AU-UNC  $3.00
Item PM-KRAJ-5M SERBIAN KRAJINA 5 MILLION DINARA NOTE 1993 PR24 UNC $3.00
Item PM-KRAJ-500M SERBIAN KRAJINA 500 MILLION DINARA NOTE 1993  PR26 AU-UNC $3.00
Item PM-HR-SET2 CROATIA 50,000 & 100,000 DINARA NOTES 1993 P26 & 27 UNC. $4.00


CROATIA BIMETALLIC COMMEMORATES TREATY TO JOIN THE EUROPEAN UNION  Price Reduced

Croatia 25 Kuna 2011, Acceptance to join European Union commemorativeCroatia issued this 2011 dated 12-sided bimetallic 25 Kuna coin to commemorate the signing of the treaty allowing Croatia to join the European Union.  Croatia is expected to join in 2013.  The reverse features a beehive of 27 cells, representing the 27 member nations, and a square, representing Croatia, about to join the hive.  The other side is the standard obverse featuring a partially incuse design that includes the Croatian arms and a Pine Marten. The denomination Kuna is derived from an old Croatian term for a marten pelt.  The 32mm coin is Uncirculated, though the obverse is poorly struck.
Item HR-25K11 CROATIA 25 KUNA 2011 EUROPEAN UNION TREATY, UNC. $10.00




NewCROATIA CELEBRATES ZAGREB UNIVERSITY WITH MULTI-SIDED BI-METALLIC

Croatia 25 Kuna 2019 Zagreb UniversityCroatia commemorated the 350th anniversary of the founding of the University of Zagreb with this 2019 12-sided bimetallic 25 Kuna coin.  The University was founded in 1669 by Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I.  It was initially called the Jesuit Academy of the Royal Free City of Zagreb.  Today the University has an academic staff of almost 8000 serving over 72,000 students. The obverse features the Rectorate and the Faculty of Law of building as it appears on the University's emblem.  Below are the dates "1669-2019" and the arms of the City of Zagreb.  The coin has the standard 25 Kuna reverse which features the numeral "25", a marten, the Croatian arms, an oak branch and a laurel branch. The word Kuna is derived from an old Croatian word for a marten pelt, which was widely used as trade in Croatia during medieval times.
Item HR-25K-UNIV CROATIA 25 KUNA 2019 ZAGREB UNIVERSITY, UNC. $10.00



CZECH REPUBLIC COIN SET

Czech coin set
This set of seven Uncirculated coins from the Czech Republic date from 1997 to 2016 and feature a crowned Czech lion on one side of the coins.The bi-metallic 50 Korun depicts a view of Prague with the famed Charles Bridge in the foreground.  The 27.5mm coin features a copper ring around an aluminum-bronze center.  St. Wenceslas on horseback is on the brass-plated steel 20 Korun. The attractive copper plated steel 10 Korun shows the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul in Brno. The 5 Korun shows the 13th century Charles Bridge in Prague. The bridge has been shown on coins of Czechoslovakia since the 1920's. A piece of medieval Moravian jewelry that features a stylized bird is on the 2 Korun. The Crown of St. Wenceslas is on the 1 Korun. Also included in the set is the aluminum 10, 20 and 50 Haleru. Due to inflation the 10 and 20 have been withdrawn from circulation, thus making them difficult to obtain.  The reverse of the coins all feature the Bohemian Lion that appears on the Czech coat-of-arms.
Item S-CZ-SET9 CZECH REPUBLIC 9 COIN SET 10 HALERU - 10 KORUN, KM1-9 UNC.  $15.00


NEWEARLY DATED MADONNA & CHRIST CHILD DENARS OF HUNGARY

Hungary silver Denar of Ferdinand I 1526-64 These early dated, silver Denars of Hungary feature the Madonna and Christ Child on the obverse and the Hungarian arms on the reverse. They were struck for Ferdinand I who was the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary.  He reigned from 1526 to 1564. Unlike most coins of the period, they carry a date. Ferdinand I was noted for making peace with the invading Ottoman Turks, and temporarily settling the religious wars in Europe with the Peace of Augsburg in 1555, which let the monarch of a territory decide the religion of its inhabitants.   The coin is approximately 15mm in diameter.
Item HU-FERD HUNGARY SILVER DENAR OF FERDINAND 1526-64 F-VF  $15.00


SILVER COIN OF LEOPOLD THE HOGMOUTH  

Leopold the Hogmouth silver 15 Kreuzer (1660-1696)Leopold the Hogmouth 15 Kreuzer, Hungary reverse with Madonna and ChildLeopold I was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1658 to 1705.  He had a rather pronounced lower lip, possibly brought on by his father’s marriage to his cousin.  He was described as a cultivated man of extreme ugliness, hence the name "The Hogmouth".  As Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (which was neither Holy, Roman, nor an Empire) he ruled a vast territory including Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, as well as parts of Germany. He claimed the throne of Spain, leading to The War of Spanish The Succession.  Leopold fought a number of wars against the Turks and France.  The engravers made no attempt to hide his ugliness on the coins, hence his protruding Hapsburg jaw is plainly visible on the coin.  His coins tend to have a slight curvature that was caused by the minting process which used "roller dies" rather than the coin being struck flat.  We offer a silver 15 Kreuzer coins of Leopold from Hungary featuring the Madonna and Child on the reverse and a wonderfully ugly portrait of Leopold on the obverse.   The coin is date between 1660 and 1696 and are approximately 30mm in diameter. 
Item HU-LEO-15K HUNGARY SILVER 15 KREUZER LEOPOLD THE HOGMOUTH 1660-1696 VG-F $59.75



WWI HUNGARIAN WAR BOND

Kingdom of Hungary 50 Crowns (Krona) 1917 war bondThis large (15.75" x 9.75", 25 x 40cm) bearer bond was issued by the Royal Hungarian Ministry of Finance on May 12, 1917 for 50 Crowns (Krona). The bond is written in four languages: Hungarian, German, French and English. At the time Hungary, as part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was engaged in World War I and needed funds to continue its war effort. Only about 5% of the cost of Hungary's war effort was covered by regular government revenue (taxes, etc.) Most of the rest came from issuing bonds or borrowings from the Central Bank. All citizens and soldiers were expected to purchase bonds to support the war effort. The bond paid 6% annual interest, tax and duty free. Included with the bond was a sheet of semi-annual coupons.  The bond had no maturity, but was callable any time after August 1, 1922.  That never happened.  With the defeat and breakup of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in November 1918 and the enormous level of debt accumulated during the war the value of the currency - and the bonds collapsed.  It is an historic World War I bond that has never been redeemed.
Item BND-HU-50KR HUNGARY 50 CROWNS (KRONA) 1917 WAR BOND VF $10.00



HUNGARIAN BI-METALLIC 200 FORINT FEATURES CHAIN BRIDGE  

Hungary 200 Forint 2009 bi-metallic coin picturing the Chain BridgeHungary introduced this new bimetallic 200 Forint coin in 2009 in order to replace the 200 Forint banknote in circulation.  The banknote will cease to be legal tender.  The coin pictures the famed Széchenyi Chain Bridge one one side and has the date and denomination on the other.  The chain suspension bridge, completed in 1849, was the first permanent bridge across the Danube to join Buda with Pest. In 1873 the two cities were united to form the Hungarian capital of Budapest. At the time the bridge was built, its center span of 202 meters (663 feet) was one of the largest in the world and was considered by some to be a "Wonder of the World".
Item HU-200FT-09 HUNGARY 200 FORINT 2009 BIMETALLIC COIN KM826 BU $4.50



HUNGARY COMMEMORATES THEIR CURRENCY

Hungary 50 Forint commemorative coin 2016Hungary issued this circulating commemorative 50 Forint coin dated 2016 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Hungarian Forint.  The Forint was introduced August 1, 1946 to replace the massively inflated Pengo at a rate of 1 forint = 4×1029 Pengo,  The name Forint dates back to the gold Florin of Florence that was introduced in 1252AD and circulated in Hungary in the 14th Century.  The obverse of the 27.4mm copper-nickel coin features the traditional arms of Hungary depicting the Royal Crown of Hungary.  The denomination is on the reverse.
Item HU-50FT-16FORINT HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2016, 70 YEARS OF THE FORINT UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2017 FINA AQUATICS COMPETITION

Hungary 50 Forint commemorative coin 2017Hungary commemorated the 17th FINA (Fédération internationale de natation or International Swimming Federation) World Aquatics Championships held in Budapest July 14-30, 2017 on their 2017 commemorative 50 Forint.  The event brought 2000 swimmers and divers from throughout the world together for over two weeks of competitions in 75 events.  The 27.4mm copper-nickel coin depicts the FINA-Budapest logo on one side and the denomination on the other.
Item HU-50FT-17FINA HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2017, FINA AQUATICS COMPETITION UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2018 ICE HOCKEY CHAMPIONSHIPS

Hungary 50 Forint 2018 IIHF World Ice Hockey Championship coinHungary honored the 2018 International Ice Hockey Federation Division I Group A World Championship games held in Budapest April 22 to 28 on this 2018 circulating commemorative 50 Forint.  The reverse of the 27.4mm copper-nickel coin features a player taking a shot on the goal and the emblem of the Hungarian Ice Hockey Association.  The obverse features the denomination and the Budapest mintnmark.
Item HU-50FT-18HOCKEY HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2018, ICE HOCKEY UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY 2018 YEAR OF THE FAMILY 50 FORINT

Hungary 50 Forint 2018 Year of the Family coinIn January 2018 Hungarian Prime Minister declared 2018 to be Hungary's Year of the Family in order to encourage more and larger families because the nations birthrate is too low. (Wasn't it just a few years ago the world was facing a "population bomb" and everyone was supposed to have fewer children?)  The reverse of the 27.4mm copper-nickel coin includes the Year of the Family logo which features a stylized family and the "Year of the Family" in Hungarian. The obverse features the denomination and the Budapest mintnmark.
Item HU-50FT-18FAMILY HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2018, YEAR OF THE FAMILY UNC. $3.00



HUNGARY 2018 WORLD WRESTLING CHAMPIONSHIPS

Hungary 50 Forint 2018 World Wrestling ChampionshipsHungary commemorated the 2018 World Wrestling Championships held in Budapest from October 20 to 28, 2018. The event included Men and women's freestyle and Men's Greco-Roman wrestling. Russia was the clear winner with 10 gold medals. The 27.4mm copper-nickel 50 Forint depicts one wrestler throwing the other. The denomination is on the obverse
Item HU-50FT-18WREST HUNGARY 50 FORINT 2018 WRESTLING UNC. $3.00



MACEDONIA WILDLIFE COIN SET 

Macedonia 4 coin set: 50 Deni - 5 Denari
This attractive four coin set from Macedonia features wildlife. The 1993 50 Deni features a seagull in flight. The 1997 1 Dinar shows a Yugoslavian sheep dog. A leaping trout is on the 2001 2 Denari and a lynx is on the 2001 5 Denari. The reverse of the coins feature the denomination and a 16-ray sun symbol that supposedly was used by Alexander the Great. All four coins are struck in brass and are Brilliant Uncirculated.
Item S-MK-SET4 MACEDONIA 4 COIN SET, 50 Deni - 5 Denari 1993-2001 KM1-4 UNC. $6.00


EARLY DATED SILVER COIN OF POLAND-LITHUANIA

Poland - Lithuania silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) of Sigismund II AugustusUntil the 1600's most nations did not put dates on coins. These silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) coins of Sigismund II Augustus from the 1500's are some of the earliest affordable coins bearing an AD date.  Sigismund was both the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.  In 1569 he formally united the two countries with the Treaty of Lublin to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.  His coins reflect this dual nationality.  One side features his titles as Grand Duke of Lithuania, and Vytas, the White Knight, which is the national symbol of Lithuania.  Below Vytas is the date.  The other side features the Polish Eagle and his titles as King of Poland.  The 19mm silver coins date from 1547 to 1572.  In 1572 Sigsmund died childless, despite having three wives (two of which were first cousins) and carrying on affairs with "two of the most beautiful of his countrywomen".  He was the last of the powerful Jagiellonian dynasty controlled much of central Europe for almost 200 years.
Item PL-LT POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS, SIGISMUND II AUGUSTUS 1547-1572 F-VF $29.75
Item PL-LTx5 5 DIFFERENT DATES OF POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS 1547-1572 F-VF $129.75


OLD POLISH SILVER COIN OF SIGISMUND III

Poland 3 Polker (1/24 Thaler) KM41 1620-1628This silver 3 Polker coins of Poland  issued by king Sigismund III Vasa is dated between about 1620 to 1628. Sigismund became king of Poland and Lithuania in 1587.  He was also king of Sweden from 1592 until he was deposed in 1599.  His efforts to unite Poland and Sweden caused sixty years of war between the two.  He invaded Russia in 1605, taking advantage of their Time of Troubles.  Despite occupying Moscow and proclaiming himself to be Czar, he was unable to control the country. His war in Russia continued until a peace treaty was finally signed in 1618.  It was during the later part of his reign that the 30 Years War started. The war was one of the most destructive conflicts in human history.   One side of the coin has the crowned arms of united Poland and Lithuania.  The other side features the number 24 within an orb, indicating the coin was worth 1/24th of a Thaler. On either side of the cross and orb are the last two digits of the date.  Sigismund did not feel it necessary to include the first two digits.
Item PL-3POLK POLAND 3 POLKER 1620-28 KM41 VG-Fine $12.00



POLAND HONORS THE LIFE OF THEIR POPE

Poland 2 Zlote 2005 Pope John Paul II Poland issued this 2 Zlote coin in 2005 shortly after the death of Pope John Paul II.  The Polish born Pope was the first the first non-Italian Pope since 1523.  One side depicts the Pope ith an outline of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome in the background.  The other side features a stylized Polish Eagle.  The 27mm coin is struck in a brass alloy called "Nordic Gold".
Item PL-2Z-POPE05 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2005 POPE JOHN PAUL II,  KM525 BU $4.00


POPULAR POLAND WILDLIFE COINS

Poland 2 Zlote 2014 Konik Horse KM896 Poland 2 Zlote 2013 European Bison KM878Poland 2 Zlote 2011 European BadgerPoland 2 Zlote 2010 Lesser Horseshoe BatPoland 2 Zlote 2008 Peregrine Falcon

Poland regularly issues  a 27mm “Nordic gold” (brass alloy) 2 Zlote honoring native endangered wildlife.  The attractive coins are always popular with collectors.The 2014 issue features the Konik Horse. The Konik Horse is a small, hardy, semi-feral horse that originated in Poland.  The European Bison (Zubr)  is on the 2013 issue. The European Bison was hunted to extinction in the wild in the early 20th Century.  Since then it has been reintroduced from captivity.  In the past, especially during the Middle Ages, it was commonly killed for its hide, and to produce drinking horns.  No wildlife coins were issued for 2012.  The 2011 issues featurew the European Badger.  The 2010 issues feature the Lesser Horse-shoe Bat.  It is one of the world’s smallest bats, weighing only 5 to 9 grams (less than a third of an ounce) and is less than a 44mm long (under 2 inches).  The 2008 issue honors the Peregrine Falcon.
Item PL-2Z14-HORSE POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2014 KONIK HORSE, Y896 UNC. $3.00
Item PL-2Z13-BISON POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2013 EUROPEAN BISON, Y878 UNC. $3.00
Item PL-2Z11-BADGER POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2011 BADGER Y762 UNC. $3.00
Item PL-2ZBAT10 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2010 HORSESHOE BAT Y723 BU $3.00
Item PL-2ZFALCON08 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2008 PEREGRINE FALCON Y627 BU $3.00


POLAND HONORS HER NAVY

Poland recently started a series 2 Zlote coins honoring famous shops of the Polish Navy.   The 27mm "Nordic Gold" (aluminum-bronze) coins depict the Polish arms on one side and the ship on the other.

Poland 2 Zlote 2013 ORP Generał Kazimierz PulaskiThe guided-missile frigate ORP Generał Kazimierz Pulaski is the latest Polish Naval vessel to be featured on a 2 Zlote coin of Poland.  The ship was commissioned by the United States Navy as the USS Clark in 1980.  In 2000 she was transferred to Poland, who renamed her after the hero of both Poland’s and the United States’ independence.  General Pulaski was one of the leading military commanders of the Bar Confederation that fought against Russian domination of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.  He was a brilliant and heroic commander, however he often acted independently, disobeying or ignoring orders.  Following the defeat of the Confederation in 1772 he ended up in debtors’ prison in France.  In 1777 he was recruited by the Marquis de Lafayette and Benjamin Franklin for service in the American Revolutionary War.  In the Battle of Brandywine his cavalry actions most likely saved George Washington’s life and saved the Continental Army from annihilation.  He was awarded the rank of Brigadier General and set about to reform the Calvary.  He became known as "father of the American cavalry". He used his own funds in order to assure his forces had proper equipment and to assure their personal safety.  In 1779 he died from wounds received during a Calvary charge during the Siege of Savannah. 
Item PL-PULASKI  POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2013 FRIGATE GENERAL PULASKI BU $3.50


POLAND 2 ZLOTE COMMEMORATIVE SETS

Poland 2012 2 Zlote coin set Poland 2 Zlote 
Each year Poland produces a number of attractive commemorative 2 Zlote coins covering a wide variety of topics, including endangered wildlife, historic cities, famous Poles, sporting events, etc.  The coins are struck in an aluminum-bronze alloy called Nordic Gold.  The issues are reasonably priced and popular with collectors, however collecting them can be difficult due to the large number of issues.   Luckily we found someone that assembled complete sets of these popular and attractive 2 Zlote coins from original mint bags.   The 2005 series consists of 19 issues.  The 2006 and 2007 sets  each contain 23 coins.  The 2008 set contains 16 coins.  The 2009 set has 18 coins.  The 2010 set has 20 coins.  The 2011 set has 21 coins.  The 2012 set has 15 coins.  These sets are not packaged.
Item BK-PL-SET05 SET OF ALL 19 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2005 UNC. $65.00
Item BK-PL-SET06 SET OF ALL 23 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2006 UNC. $79.00
Item BK-PL-SET07 SET OF ALL 23 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2007 UNC. $79.00
Item BK-PL-SET09 SET OF ALL 18 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2009 UNC. $59.50
Item BK-PL-SET10 SET OF ALL 20 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2010 UNC. $67.00
Item BK-PL-SET11 SET OF ALL 21 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2011 UNC. $69.50
Item BK-PL-SET12 SET OF ALL 15 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2012 UNC. $49.50


RECENT BI-METALLIC COINS FROM POLAND

Poland 5 Zlotych 2015 Pozan Town HallPoland 5 Zlotych 2016 Priest's Mill, LodzPoland recently introduced a series of circulating bi-metallic 5 Zlotych coins with the theme "Discover Poland".  Each coin features  historic, but often not well known places.  The 24.5mm coins have a copper-nickel ring around an aluminum-bronze center. The arms of Poland are on the obverse.    Poland honored the Poznan Town Hall (Ratusz) on this 2015 bi-metallic 5 Zlotych.  The mannerist style building was completed in 1560 and served as the seat of local government until 1939.  Today it houses a museum.  Each day at noon two mechanical goats come out from the clock tower and butt heads.   The coin depicts the town hall.  The two goats can be seen in the shaded are next to the town hall.  The 2016 5 Zlotych features The Priest's Mill (KSIĘŻY MŁYN) in Lodz.  The mill is a vast housing and industrial complex built in the 1870's on land which originally belonged to the Rector of the Parish of Lodz. The almost completely preserved complex includes a spinning mill, factory buildings, shops, two hospitals, a school, workers housing and owners and directors estates covering over 1200 acres (500 ha).   Today it is a monument to 19th century industrial designs and company towns.    
Item PL-5Z-15POZAN  2015 POZNAN TOWN HALL BU $6.00
Item PL-5Z-16LODZ POLAND 5 ZLOTYCH 2016 PRIEST'S MILL, LODZ, BU $6.00



COIN OF RIGA FOR THE UNCONVENTIONAL QUEEN CHRISTINA

Riga, Solidus of Christina, 1634-1654Queen Christina of Sweden was one of the most educated, wittiest, unorthodox and unconventional women of the 17th century.  She succeeded her father on the throne of Sweden in 1632 when she was only six years old.  She took a deep interest in philosophy, religion, art, mathematics and science.   She was fond of books, paintings and had a collection of over 33,000 coins and medals. She frequently dressed as a man. She knew at least nine languages - and could out-cuss a soldier. She was headstrong and often in conflict with her own Chancellor.  In 1638 the first Swedish settlement in the New World was established and named after her: Fort Christina, which is now Wilmington, Delaware.  She founded Sweden's first newspaper. Her efforts helped bring about the Peace of Westphalia, ending the Thirty Years' War. She had an intimate relationship with her handmaiden and in 1649 she announced that she decided not to marry.  In 1654 she abdicated her throne and left Sweden in order to convert to Catholicism.   She was warmly received by Pope Alexander VII and for a time was given her own wing inside the Vatican.  Though often running short of money, she was a major patron of the theater and the arts.  She gave much occasion for gossip as she did not follow the norms for women of that era and freely socialized with men.  She used her position to protect the Jews of Rome.  Missing politics, she attempted to regain the throne of Sweden and gain the thrones of Naples and Poland, all without success.  She died in 1689, and is one of only three women buried within St. Peter's Basilica. This Solidus of Queen Christina was issued for Riga between 1634 and 1654.  Riga, now the capital of Latvia, was under Swedish control from 1621 to 1721.  It was given considerable autonomy, including the right to issue its own coins.  The copper or silver-washed Solidus of Riga have Queen Christina's royal monogram on one side and the arms of Riga on the other.  The crudely made coins are 15mm in diameter, typically are struck somewhat off center without a date.
Item RIGA-CHR RIGA SOLIDUS OF CHRISTINA (1634-1654)  Fine-VF-Crude $10.00


LAST COIN OF THE KINGDOM OF ROMANIA

Romania 50 Bani 1947 KM72This 1947 brass 50 Bani was one of the last coins of the Kingdom of Romania. The denomination is on one side of this 16mm coin, and the Steel Crown of Romania is on the other.  Unlike most countries, Romania’s royal crown was not made from gold, but from steel from cannon captured from the Ottomans during its war of independence.  On August 15, 1947, with no warning, Romania introduced new coins and currency, replacing their previous, badly inflated currency. Citizens were allowed to exchange only a very limited amount of money, effectively wiping out the assets of the middle and upper classes. 1 On December 30, 1947, the communists forced King Michael (Mihai) to resign at gun point, bringing an end to the Kingdom of Romania and to this short-lived coinage.    The coin is Uncirculated, though has some spots.
Item RO-50B KINGDOM OF ROMANIA 50 BANI, 1947 KM72 UNC.-spots $10.00


POLYMER ROMANIAN BANKNOTE COMMEMORATES ECLIPSE

Romania 2000 Lei banknote, 1999 Total Solar Eclipse commemorative P111
Reduced size images
Romania issued this colorful polymer 2000 Lei banknote to commemorate the Total Solar Eclipse on August 11, 1999.  It was their first, and so far, only commemorative banknote. One side has a fanciful map of the Solar System.  The other features the Romanian flag within a map of Romania and the path of the eclipse. The Uncirculated note has two transparent windows and is 143x63mm.
Item PM-RO-ECLIPSE ROMANIA 2000 LEI NOTE, 1999 ECLIPSE P111 UNC. $3.00



NEWROMANIA 50 BANI CIRCULATING COMMEMORATIVE COINS

These attractive circulating 50 Bani coins commemorate major events in the history of Romania. All the coins are 23.75mm, struck in a gold-colored nickel-brass alloy and have a lettered edge.


Romania 50 Bani 2019 Papal VisitCommemorated in 2019 was Pope Francis's historic visit to Romania from May 31 to June 2, 2019.  One side of the coin depicts images of the churches where celebrations were held and names of the cities in which they are located: St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Bucharest, Marian Shrine in Sumuleu-Ciuc, Holy Trinity Cathedral in Blaj and, Our Lady Queen of Iasi Cathedral in Iasi.  The Pope, his Papal Arms and the dates of the visit are on the other side. 
Item RO-POPE ROMANIA 50 BANI 2019 PAPAL VISIT, BU $3.00


Romania 50 Bani 2018 100th Anniversary of The Great UnionIn 2018 Romani commemorated the 100th Anniversary of The Great Union of December 1, 1918 in which Romani was formally unified with Transylvania, Bessarabia, and Bukovina.  The anniversary is a national holiday in Romania. One side depicts prominent individuals who helped accomplish the union: Stefan Cicio-Pop, Gheorghe Pop de Băsești, Iuliu Maniu, Vasile Goldiș and Iuliu Hossu.  The other depicts the national assembly in Alba Iulia where the Union was decreed, and the arms of Romania.
Item RO-UNION ROMANIA 50 BANI 2018 100th ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT UNION, BU $3.00


Romania 50 Bani 2016 John HunyadiIn 2016 Romania commemorated the 575th Anniversary of John Hunyadi becoming the Voivode of Transylvania, a position he held from 1441 until his death in 1456. The Voivode was the highest ranking official in Transylvania, which was under Hungarian control. John Hunyadi was a brilliant military strategist and eminent statesmen that inflicted considerable defeats against the Ottomans.  In 1447 his forces killed Vlad Dracul, the Voivode of Wallachia. Vlad's son, Vlad Dracula, also known as Vlad the Impaler, later became Voivode of Wallachia.
Item RO-HUNYADI ROMANIA 50 BANI 2016 JOHN HUNYADI OF TRANSYLVANIA, BU $3.00


Romania 50 Bani 2015 10th Anniversary of the Redenomination of the LeuIn 2015 Romania commemorated the 10th anniversary of Redenomination of the Leu.  In 2005 Romania did an 10,000 to 1 revaluation of their currency. The coin depicts the National Bank of Romania building.   All the coins are 23.75mm, struck in a gold-colored nickel-brass alloy and have a lettered edge.
Item RO-LEU ROMANIA 50 BANI 2015 REDENOMINATION OF THE LEU, BU $3.00



SERBIA HONORS TESLA ON NEW SILVER COINS

Serbia Silver Tesla coins - 2018 Alternating Current, Induction Motor, 2019 Remote Control
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, physicist, and futurist.  He is said to have over 300 patents covering a wide range of technologies including alternating current, electric motors, remote control, television, radio, x-rays, cell phones, robotics, lasers, turbine engines, magnetic propulsion, drones, solar power, weather manipulation, particle beams and electromagnetic energy (the Tesla coil).  Recently Serbia instituted a series of  100 Dinara coins honoring Tesla and his many inventions.  The 39mm coins each contain 1 troy ounce of .999 fine silver and are struck by the Serbian Mint.  The obverses of the coins depict Tesla.   The Serbian arms, weight, purity, silver content, date, denomination and one or more of his inventions are on the reverses.  I expect the series to be popular due to Tesla's fame and the automobile named in his honor. 
 The first issue in the series is a 2019 coin honoring his contributions to the design of the alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.  The coin features one of Nikola Tesla’s greatest inventions: the Induction Motor.  Only 50,000 pieces were struck in Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) and 3327 pieces in Proof. The Proof issue comes in a case with a numbered Certificate of Authenticity.
   The second coin in the series is a 2019 dated coin commemorating the 120th anniversary of his invention of remote control and wireless transmission.  In 1898 Tesla demonstrated the technology with a radio-controlled four-foot long stealth boat, which is depicted on the coin.   He expected the technology to be picked up by the United States Navy, but the Navy brass would have none of it.  Ironically, less than two decades later the German navy used remotely controlled boats loaded with explosives to attack Allied ships during World War I.  Only recently has the United States Navy started serious work with remote control ships.   The coin has a mintage of 75,000 pieces in Brilliant Uncirculated.  We have not yet received examples of the coin in Proof.
Item RS-TESLA-AC-BU SERBIA 100 DINARA 2018 TESLA-ALTERNATING CURRENT-MOTOR BU $34.00
NEW Item RS-TESLA-AC18-PF SERBIA 100 DINARA 2018 TESLA-ALTERNATING CURRENT-MOTOR PROOF $49.95
NEW Item RS-TESLA-REMOTE-BU SERBIA 100 DINARA 2019 TESLA-REMOTE CONTROL BU $29.95




SLOVAK REPUBLIC EURO COIN SET   Restocked

Slovak Republic Euro coin set
On January 1, 2009, The Slovak Republic, also known as Slovakia, officially adopted the Euro. Like the other Euro coins, it utilizes the standard Euro design on one side and its own designs on the other.   The bi-metallic 1 and 2 Euro coins show the Slovak arms, which feature a double cross or Patriarchal cross, on a stylized three-peaked mountain. The double cross is a symbol of Christian religion that dates back to the Byzantine Empire whose missionaries brought Christianity to the region.  The hills represent the three symbolic Slovak mountain ranges: Tatra, Fatra, Matra (though last one is actually in Hungary). The 10, 20 and 50 Eurocent picture the famed Bratislava Castle.  The 1, 2 and 5 Eurocent pictures Krivan, a peak in the Tatra mountains that has long symbolized the Slovak nation.  The peak is accessible to hikers and provides magnificent views. 
Item SK-EUSET SLOVAK 8 COIN EURO SET 1 EUROCENT - 2 EUROS, 2009 KM95-102  UNC. $14.00





NEWSLOVAK REPUBLIC 2 EURO COMMEMORATES MILAN RASTISLAV STEFANIK

SLOVAK REPUBLIC 2 EUROS 2019 MILAN RASTISLAV STEFANIKThe Slovak Republic commemorated the 100th Anniversary of the death of Milan Rastislav Štefánik on this 2019 2 Euros coin.  He was a quite an accomplished gentleman.  He was an accomplished astronomer, aviator, meteorologist, diplomat and politician who helped bring about the independence of Czechoslovakia after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I.  During the war he was concurrently both a general in the French Army and Minister of War for Czechoslovakia.  In 1917 he was made a Grand Officier of the French Legion of Honour. He died in 1919 at age 38 as a passenger in mysterious airplane crash while returning from Italy to his beloved Czechoslovakia.  The 2 Euros standard map of Europe is on the reverse.
Item SK-2E19-STEFANIK SLOVAKIA 2 EUROS 2019 MILAN RASTISLAV STEFANIK UNC. $6.00



SLOVENIA EURO COIN SET

Slovenia Euro coins
In 2007 Slovenia, once the northernmost part of Yugoslavia, became the first of the former east European nations to adopt the Euro as their currency.  It replaced the Slovenian Tolar.  Because of the expansion of European Union the common side of the Euro coins have been redesigned to show the expanded European Union.  The Slovenian Euro coins are the first to use the new design.  The national side of the coins highlight Slovenian history culture.  The bi-metallic 2 Euro coin features national poet France Prešeren and the first line of the Slovenian national anthem which was written by him.  The bi-metallic 1 Euro pictures Primož Trubar, a 16th century Protestant reformer, superintendent of the Protestant Church of Slovenia and the author of the first book printed in Slovenian.  Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest mountain and the constellation of cancer is featured on the 50 euro cent coin.   Two Lipizzaner horses are on the 20 euro cent coin. The 10 euro cent coin features the "Katedrala Svobode" (Cathedral of Freedom), a national parliament building that has never been built!  A man sowing stars and seeds is featured on the 5 euro cent coin.  The design is based on Ivan Grohar painting  "The Sower".  The 2 euro cent shows the Prince's Stone.  The stone was the base of an ancient Roman column. It was used to install the medieval prince's of Karatania.  A stork is on the 1 euro cent. Every coin has 12 stars around edge interspersed with letters spelling “SLOVENIJA”. The coins are the first of what will be a major expansion of the Euro coin series.
Item SI-EUSET SLOVENIA 8 COIN EURO SET, 1 EUROCENT - 2 EUROS, 2007-09 UNC. $15.00


SLOVENIA WORLD BOOK CAPITAL BI-METALLIC 3 EURO 

Slovenia bi-metallic 3 Euros 2010 Ljubljana World Book Capita coin l
Slovenia regularly issues circulating bi-metallic 3 Euro commemorative coins.  The 32mm coins have a brass outer ring, a copper-nickel center and a reeded edge.  They are legal tender within Slovenia and available at their face value.  The 2010  issue commemorates Slovenia's capital,  Ljubljana, as the UNESCO's World Book Capital 2010.  It features the facade of Plecnik’s National Library and the outline of a scroll and a book. 
Item SI-3E10 SLOVENIA 3 EUROS 2010 LJUBLJANA WORLD BOOK CAPITAL, KM95 UNC. $9.95



NEWSLOVENIA CELEBRATES UNIFICATION

Slovenia 3 Euros 2019 unification with PrekmurieSlovenia's 2019 3 Euro coin celebrates the Centenary of Prekmurje region rejoining its homeland.  Though largely ethnically Slovenian, the region was part of Hungary for some eight hundred years.  In 1919, following World War I, the region was united with the rest of Slovenia as part of what was to become Yugoslavia.  Slovenia achieved full independence in 1991.  August 17, the date of the official unification is celebrated as a national holiday in Slovenia.  The 32mm bi-metallic coin has a mintage of just 50,000 pieces.  Slovenia's 3 Euro coins are circulating legal tender issues; however, they are rarely actually encountered in circulation.
Item SI-3E19 SLOVENIA 3 EUROS 2019 UNIFICATIONWITH PREKMURIE, UNC. $8.75


BEAUTIFUL OLD BANKNOTES OF THE KINGDOM OF YUGOSLAVIA

Yugoslavia 100 Dinara banknote, 1929 P27b
Between World War I and World War II the Kingdom of Yugoslavia issued some impressive, large and beautiful multi-colored banknotes.   The front of the 1929 100 Dinara depicts a seated woman holding a sword, overlooking a village on a bay with boats on the water.  The back includes three sailboats and a young man with fruit leaning on the arms of Yugoslavia. The note is 168 x 101mm Both notes have a watermark of Alexander I, who was king at the time.
Item PM-YU-100D YUGOSLAVIA 100 DINARA BANKNOTE 1929 P27b VF-XF 8.00


LASTCOIN OF THE KINGDOM OF YUGOSLAVIA

Yugoslavia 10 Dinara 1938 KM22This 1938 10 Dinara is one of the last coins of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.  The obverse of the 23mm nickel coin depicts the head of young King Peter II.  The reverse has the royal crown, denomination and date within a wreath.  Peter became king in 1934 at age 11 upon the assassination of his father, King Alexander I.  Though he was opposed to Nazi Germany, his regent signed a pact that allied Yugoslavia with the Nazis in 1941.  Two days later a British supported coup overthrew the regency and proclaimed the 17 year old Peter to be of age and in control of Yugoslavia.  Hitler responded by attacking and quickly conquering Yugoslavia.  Peter escaped by climbing down a drainpipe.  He never returned to his homeland. He made his way to London, then after the war lived in the United States, eventually working in a Los Angeles Savings and Loan before he died in 1970.  
Item YU-10D38 YUGOSLAVIA 10 DINARA 1938 KM22 XF-AU $3.50




FEDERAL PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA 

Yugoslavia coin setFollowing World War II, Yugoslavia changed its name to The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia.  The communist nation, under the control of Josip Tito, steered an independent course from the Soviet Union.  It issued one series of coins before changing its name to the Socialist Federal Republic in 1963.  Starting in 1991 the country completely collapsed into the independent nations of Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Montenegro. The coins include the aluminum 50 Para, 1, 2 and 5 Dinars dated 1953 and the attractive aluminum-bronze 10, 20 and 50 Dinars dated 1955.  The coin features the emblem of Yugoslavia on the obverse of each coin.  All coins are Uncirculated.
Item YUGO-SET55 YUGOSLAVIA 7 COIN SET, 50 PARA- 50 DINARS, 1953-1955, UNC. $6.00


COINS FROM YUGOSLAVIA'S HYPER-INFLATION

Yugoslavia 1,2,5,10, 50 & 100 Dinara coins, 1993 KM154 - KM159
In the 1990's Yugoslavia underwent a complete collapse as the country broke into five separate nations and inflation soared. Prices sometimes more than doubled within a day!  To keep up with inflation Yugoslavia had to keep introducing new coins and currency.  In early 1993 more new coins and currency were introduced, with 1 new Dinara equal to 1 Million 1992 Dinara.  The new coins featured the national emblem on one side and the denomination on the other. 1, 2, 50, 10, 50 and 100 Dinara coins were issued, however they circulated only briefly. Due to raging inflation they were soon virtually worthless. 
Item YU-SET93 YUGOSLAVIA 6 COIN SET, 1 - 100 DINARA 1993 KM154-159 BU $5.00


TESLA HONORED ON YUGOSLAVIAN BANKNOTE

Nikola Tesla pictured on Yugoslavia 5000 Dinara 1993 currency
Nikola Tesla was one of the great pioneers in electricity. His inventions in electrical generation and power transmission give us the alternating current electricity we use today. He was a man of many nations. He was born in Croatia to Serbian parents, studied in Austria and Czechoslovakia then went to the United States where he did most of his inventing. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia honored him with this this 1993 5000 Dinara banknote. The reverse pictures the Tesla Museum in Belgrade. The  note circulated only briefly due to Yugoslavia's severe inflation at the time.
Item PM-YU-TESLA YUGOSLAVIA 5000 DINARA BANKNOTE 1993 P128 VF $2.00

ALSO SEE:

Click HereSERBIA 100 DINARA 2019 TESLA - REMOTE CONTROL, 1 troy ounce .999 fine

Click HereSERBIA 100 DINARA 2018 TESLA - ALTERNATING CURRENT - MOTOR, 1 troy ounce .999 fine



ALSO SEE:

Click HereCOINS & CURRENCY OF EAST GERMANY



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