Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins

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THE MIDDLE EAST

Coins and currency from this region that is so frequently in the news.
For other coins of this region, also check out the following pages:
Click Here AFGHANISTAN COIN & CURRENCY PAGE
Click Here IRAQ COINS & CURRENCY



BEAUTIFUL ANCIENT SILVER COIN OF THE HIMYARITE KINGS OF ARABIA

Himyarite Kings of Arabia silver 1/2 Denarius, circa 100-200ADThe Himyarite Kingdoms was centered in what is now Yemen.  It grew wealthy exporting frankincense and myrrh and trading ivory, which they exported from Africa and sold to the Roman Empire.  About 380AD the kingdom converted from polytheism to Judaism.  These 15mm convex silver half denarius depict a male's head facing right, with a monogram and a trident behind.  The reverse features a smaller head, an ornamented scepter and inscriptions.  The coins minted from about 100 to 200AD.  Though struck in high relief, the coins show only minimal wear.  It is a scarce and attractive coin from a little-known ancient kingdom.
Item HIMYARITE HIMYARITE KINGS OF ARABIA SILVER 1/2 DENARIUS ca.100-200AD XF $135.00




ANCIENT THEMES ON MODERN EGYPTIAN NOTES

Egypt 5 Piastres banknote P188Egypt 10 Piastres banknote P189
Egypt’s ancient heritage is portrayed on these modern Egyptian banknotes.  The statue of Nefertiti is on the 5 Piastres note.  The front of the 10 Piastres note depicts the Sphinx and pyramids and the Mohammad Ali (Alabaster) Mosque in Cairo on the back.  Both notes have watermarks of King Tut.  Because of their minimal buying power, the undated notes no longer circulate.
Item PM-EG-SET2 EGYPT 5 & 10 PIASTRES NOTES P188 & P189 UNC. $3.00



EGYPT COMMEMORATES NEW CAPITAL CITY Restocked

Egypt 1 Pound 2019 New Capital City
Egypt issued this bi-metallic 1 pound coin to commemorate their new capital city.   A huge new administrative capital is being constructed in the desert some 30 miles (45km) east of Cairo in order to relieve congestion in the Cairo.  The new city is being built and will be run by the army and will include numerous smart sensors and cameras in order to keep its citizens safe (and under the watchful eye of the government). The first bureaucrats are already being moved into the city.  Though the new capital is sure to be impressive - it still does not have a name.   The coin has  the standard Egyptian reverse that include the denomination and AD and AH date in Arabic numerals.
Item EG-CAPITAL EGYPT 1 POUND NEW CAPITAL 2019 UNC. $4.00


MYSTERIOUS OLD EGYPTIAN CAFE TOKEN FROM ALEXANDERIA

Café Espérance, Alexandrie TokenThis mysterious, old cafe token was issued by G. Petros for the Café Espérance in Alexanderia, Egypt, probably sometime between World War I and World War II.  At the time Alexandria was a major cosmopolitan center, attracting traders, businessmen, and spies from throughout Europe, Africa and the Middle East. The brass token has a scalloped edge and is denominated as "1",  but no-one is quite sure what the "1" signifies..  It could be one cup of coffee or tea.  If issued during the 1920’s might be 1 Millieme, which would have been useful to make change for small purchases.  On the other hand it is similar in size and shape to the 1 Piastre (10 Milliemes) coins of the 1930’s.  Either way, it is a scarce and interesting token from an intriguing location.
Item EG-CAFE CAFE ESPERANCE, ALEXANDERIA, EGYPT TOKEN, VF $19.75



SCARCE FANTASY COIN OF HEJAZ

Hejaz silver 10 Ghirsh or 1/2 Riyal fantasy coin, AH1334, Yr. 8, MeccaThis scarce fantasy silver Hejaz 10 Ghirsh or ˝ Riyal was made to appear to be an early coin of Hejaz.  It is dated AH1334, Year 8 (1923) and bears the legends that was struck in Mecca (“Makkaal-Mukarrama”).  In reality it was struck in some years ago in the United States.  The coins is technically Uncirculated, however was given an "antiqued" finish.  The 27.8mm coin has a reeded edge.  It is a scarce, low mintage coin.
Item HEJAZ-10P HEJAZ 10 PIASTRES Br.X2 ANTIQUED UNC. $95.00



NEWANCIENT PERSIAN SILVER SIGLOS

Persia silver siglos 546-330BCThe ancient Persian Empire stretched through the Fertile Crescent, covering much of modern-day Iran, Iraq and Turkey.  The Persian silver Siglos was first introduced about 546BC, during the reign of Cyrus the Great.  The silver Siglos continued to be issued during the reigns of Darius and Xerxes.  It was practically the only coin of issued by the Persian Empire until the it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 330BC. The coins show the king kneeling holding a bow and carrying a spear or a dagger.   The reverse side has a crude incuse punch mark that was formed when the coin was struck.  It is an important historic coin that was used in much of the ancient world. 
Item SIGLOS PERSIA SILVER SIGLOS 546-330BC VG-F-crude $149.00




CONTROVERSIAL FIRST COINS OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN  

Iran 20 Rials 1979 KM1244 Iran 1 Rial KM1245
Shortly after coming into power in 1979, the revolutionary Islamic government of Iran issued circulating commemorative coins which caused a bit of a stir in some diplomatic circles.  The 31mm copper-nickel 20 Rials commemorates the 1400th anniversary (based on the Muslim lunar calendar) of the Prophet Mohammad’s flight from Mecca to Medina in 622AD.  The event, known as The Hijra, marks the start of the Muslim calendar.  The coin is dated using both the Muslim lunar and Muslim solar calendars: AH1400 and SH1358, which corresponds to (AD1979).  The 20mm aluminum-bronze clad steel 1 Rial coin commemorates World Jerusalem Day (Quds Day).  The day was initiated in 1979 by the Islamic Republic 1979 to express solidarity with Palestine and oppose Zionism and Israel’s control of Jerusalem.  The coin pictures the Dome of the Rock - which is located in Jerusalem, Israel.  The Dome of the Rock or Qubbet el-Sakhra is one of the holiest sites to Jews, Muslims and Christians.  It is the site of the original Jewish Temple, where Jesus preached.   The Foundation Stone or Rock at the center of the dome was where many Jews believe that Abraham offered to sacrifice his son Isaac. Muslims believe that it is the spot where the Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven.  The coin is dated SH1359 (AD1980).   The reverses of all the coins have the denomination within a wreath.
Item IR-20R IRAN 20 RIALS 1979 1400th ANNIVERSARY OF HIJRA KM1244 BU $5.00
Item IR-1R IRAN 1 RIAL 1980 DOME OF THE ROCK KM1245 UNC. $3.00



ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN COINS FEATURES TOMBS AND SHRINES

 Iran 5 coin set, 5 - 250 Rials 1992-1995 KM1259-1263 
The Islamic Republic of Iran was founded by Ayatollah Khomeini after the overthrow of the Shah.  In keeping with Islamic traditions which discourage the use of human figures, the coins honor heroes by showing their tombs and shrines rather than their portraits.   The 5 Rials shows the Tomb of Hafez, the 10 Rials shows the Tomb of Ferdowsi, the 50 Rials shows the Shrine of Hazrat Masumah and the 100 Rials shows the Shrine of Imam Reza.  The bimetal 250 Rials shows a stylized flower.  The five coins date from 1992 to 1995 and are Uncirculated.   The obverse of each coin has the denomination and, date and country name in Persian. All coins are Uncirculated.
Item S-IR-SET92 IRAN 5 COIN SET 1-250 RIALS 1992-95 KM1259-1263 UNC. $8.50



ATTRACTIVE BI-METALLIC COIN OF ISLAMIC IRAN

Iran 500 Rials coin SH1383=2004AD KM1269One side of the bi-metallic 500 Rials of the Islamic Republic of Iran shows a traditional Persian design featuring a stylized bird and flower.  The other side has the denomination and date in Persian within a traditional floral pattern.   The coin is dated SH1383 which corresponds to 2004AD.  When it was minted it was the highest denomination in circulation, but because of inflation the coin soon became virtually valueless and disappeared from circulation.
Item IR-500R IRAN 500 RIALS SH1383=2004AD KM1269 UNC $4.00




NORTH AFRICAN HANUKKAH LAMP ON ISRAELI COIN

Israel 1 Lira 1963 North African Hanukkah Lamp KM42
The Israel 1963 Hanukkah 1 Lira displays an 18th century North African Hanukkah lamp. It has a mintage of 9928 pieces in Unc. and just 5412 in Proof.  The Proof issues have the tiny Hebrew character "mem" below the date.  The coins are all 32mm copper-nickel.  They are attractive and historic coins at a very reasonable price considering their limited mintage.
Item IL-AFRICA-PF ISRAEL 1 LIRA 1963 NORTH AFRICAN HANUKKAH LAMP KM42 PROOF $15.00


JERUSALEM & FRENCH HANUKKA LAMPS ON  ISRAELI COINS

Israel 10 Lirot 1977 Jerusalem Hanukkah Lamp KM 91.1Israel 25 Lirot French Hanukkah Lamp, KM94.1 BUMem on Proof Israel commemoratitve coin Star on Uncirculated Israel commemoratitve coin
For many years Israel’s annual Hanukka coins were popular gift items and popular with collectors. The 1977 Hanukka coin was the last commemorative 10 Lirot coin issued by Israel.  The 34mm copper-nickel coin features the Jerusalem Hanukka Lamp.  The lamp dates from the early 20th century and is now in the Ethnographic and Folklore Museum in Ramat Aviv.  The coin has a mintage of 46,106 in Brilliant Uncirculated and 29,516 Proof. Two versions of the Proof coin were issued, one with an "open" Mem, the other with a "closed" Mem.  The 1978 issue was Israel's only 25 Lirot Hanukka coin. The 34mm copper-nickel coin featured a 14th Century French Hanukka lamp.  It has a mintage of 36,200 in Brilliant uncirculated and 22,300 in Proof.  Both coins were struck at the Jerusalem mint.  The Brilliant Uncirculated versions have a Star of David "mintmark" and a plain edge.  The Proof versions have the Hebrew character "mem" in place of the mintmark and have a reeded edged.
Item IL-10L-77BU ISRAEL 10 LIROT 1977 JERUSALEM HANUKKA LAMP KM91.1  BU $5.00
Item IL-10L-77PF-O ISRAEL 10 LIROT 1977 JERUSALEM HANUKKA KM91.2 OPEN MEM PROOF out
Item IL-10L-77PF-C ISRAEL 10 LIROT 1977 JERUSALEM HANUKKA KM91.3 CLOSED MEM PROOF $7.50
Item IL-25L-78BU ISRAEL 25 LIROT 1978 FRENCH HANUKKA LAMP KM94.1 BU $6.00
Item IL-25L-78PF ISRAEL 25 LIROT 1978 FRENCH HANUKKA LAMP  KM94.2 PROOF out



ISRAEL TELEPHONE TOKEN 

Israel Telepone Token (1966)For many years, Israel required tokens to operate their public telephones.  The tokens made it easy to raise prices and helped cut down on slugs beings.  This Israeli telephone token, called an Asimon, was issued by the Israel Post.  One side is dated 1966 in Hebrew and has the world “telephone” in Hebrew and Arabic.  A deep slot and a center hole is incorporated into the token to prevent regular coins or slugs from being used in the telephone.  The other side features a telephone dial.
Item IL-PHONE ISRAEL TELEPHONE TOKEN 1966 VF $3.00



LEBANESE LOLLAR SATIRE NOTES

Lebanon Lollar satire currency set: 1 to 100 LollarIn May 2022 a Lebanese group called “The Lebanese Transparency Association – No Corruption” released a series of six satire notes protesting the corruption and incompetence of the Lebanese government. The notes are all labeled “The Currency of Corruption” in English and Arabic.   Lebanon used to be called the “Switzerland of the Middle East”.  It was the place to do business in the Middle East and had a lively culture and night life.  Elected officials, more interested in their political party than their country have destroyed the country, which is now near collapse.
Lollar is a term used to described U.S. dollars that were deposited in Lebanese banks but now can only be withdrawn in Lebanese Livres at highly unfavorable rates.  Advertising agency Leo Burnett partnered with acclaimed British artist Tom Young to create the notes. The notes were available at special ATMs in various locations in Beirut.  
The notes are approximately the size of United States currency.  The backs of all the notes depict a modified rendering of the Central Bank building, showing it in ruins and labeled “The Lollar Bank”. 
The 1 Lollar note depicts a rusted train at the Tripoli Mina station.  The once prosperous rail system that linked Lebanon to Europe has been inoperable since 1989 and left to rot, but the government still spends millions to pay the wages of 300 employees of the railway administration department.  The 5 Lollar note protests the fuel cartels.  It depicts the endless queues at gas stations that have blocked streets nationwide since 2021.   The 10 Lollar notes depicts the garbage crisis.   Garbage has been piling up in the streets in Beirut and elsewhere creating an environmental disaster.  The government signed sweetheart contracts with politically connected companies to collect garbage.  Some companies just dumped the garbage into the ocean, others disappeared, those that remained reduced or stopped collection when the government could no longer afford to pay them.  The 20 Lollar depicts a burning cedar forest.  The country spent millions of firefighting equipment, but did not maintain it, so fires rage out of control.  Neighboring countries have stepped in to help the Lebanese army put out fires.  The 50 Lollar note protests power shortages. Despite large government expenditures electricity is only available a few hours a day if at all from the power grid.  Local cartels which obtain fuel under questionable circumstances operate generators selling electricity at exorbitant rates.  The 100 Lollar note depicts the 2020 Beirut port explosion which killed over 200, left over 300,000 homeless and exposed the corruption and incompetence of port officials.   The set of six satire notes are not real money, but are a real protest against of corruption of the Lebanese government. 
Item PM-LOLLAR LEBANON SET OF 6 SATIRE NOTES, 1 - 100 LOLLAR UNC. $5.00
Item PM-LOLLARx10 10 SETS OF THE ABOVE LEBANON SET OF 6 SATIRE NOTES, 1-100 LOLLAR UNC. $25.00



LEBANON BANKNOTE & COIN SETS

Set of 7 Lebanon banknotes 1 - 250 Livres 1980-1986Set of 3 Lebanon banknotes 1000 - 10,000 Livres 2014-2016LEBANON 3 COIN SET 25, 50 & 100 LIVRES, 1996-2009
Lebanon was once one of the most prosperous nations in the Middle East.  In recent years entrenched politicians, caring more for their political party than their nation, drove the country to ruin.  In 2020 a massive ex-plosion caused by improperly stored am-monium nitrate killed over 200, left over 300,000 homeless and destroyed major portions of Beirut. 
The beautiful 7-note set includes the 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 & 250 Livres dating from 1980 to 1986. The notes feature natural and historical sites throughout Lebanon.  The newer 3-note set shows the corrosive effects of inflation.  It includes the 1000, 5000 and 10,000 Livres dating from 2014 to 2016.  The colorful notes feature geometric designs, a Lebanese Cedar (few of which survive) and the denomination in large Arabic numerals on the front.  The 3-coin set from Lebanon includes the 2002 25 Livres, the eight-sided 1996 50 Livres and the 2009 100 Livres.  The 25 and 50 Livres were struck only a single year. The coins all feature a Lebanese Cedar.  Lebanon was under French control from the end of World War I until after World War II so the notes and coins have legends in Arabic on the front and in French on the back.  Also available is the full set of all six notes currently in circulation: 1000, 5000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000 and 100,000 Livres dated from 2016 to 2022 in Uncirculated condition.  At the official exchange rates the notes are worth well over $100.  We obtained these at black market rates so can offer them for far less than their official face value.
Item PM-LB-SET7 LEBANON 7 NOTE SET 1-250 LIVRES 1980-86 UNC. $15.00
Item PM-LB-SET3 LEBANON 3 NOTE SET 1000-10,000 LIVRES 2014-16 UNC. $7.50
Item S-LB-SET3 LEBANON 3 COIN SET 25, 50 & 100 LIVRES 1996-2009 UNC. $3.50
Item PM-LB-NEW6 LEBANON CURRENT 6 NOTE SET 1000-100,000 LIVRES 2016-22 UNC. $39.50
Item PM-LB-NEW6x5 5 of the above LEBANON 6 NOTE SETS 1000-100,000 LIVRES 2016-22 UNC. $120.00




2015 OMAN COIN SET

Oman 45th Oman National Day coin setOman released new 2015 dated coins for circulation to commemorate the 45th Oman National Day.    The set includes the 5, 10, 25 and 50 Baisa, all with the same design.  The obverses depict the name and title of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said; national emblem, name of the Central Bank of Oman, year of minting, and denomination in Arabic and English. The reverses feature the 45th National Day Logo.  The coins are Brilliant Uncirculated.
Item S-OM-SET4 OMAN 4 COIN SET 5-50 BAISA, 2015 BU $8.00



TRI-LINGUAL COIN OF BRITISH PALESTINE

Palestine 1 Mil KM1Great Britain gained control of Palestine from the Ottoman Empire after World War I.  It did not issue issue its first coins for Palestine until 1927.   In order to satisfy the Jews and Arabs in the territory, as well as their British rulers, the bronze 1 Mil coins have their legends in three different languages, Arabic, English and Hebrew and the date in both the AD and AH calendar.  An olive branch, representing peace, is on the reverse.  In 1948 the British Mandate of Palestine was dissolved and most of the territory became the newly declared State of Israel.  Britain only sporadically minted the 1 Mil coin for Palestine: 1927, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1940 (rare), 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946 and 1947 (very rare - all but 5 melted).  We are pleased to offer the 1939 1 Mil, minted the year World War II started in Europe and Palestine was being flooded with Jewish refugees fleeing the Holocaust in Europe.  We also offer a set of nine different dates of Palestine 1 Mils: 1927, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944 & 1946,  no 1940 or 1947. 
Item PS-1M-39 PALESTINE 1 MIL 1939 KM1 VF-XF $4.00
Item PS-1M-SET SET OF 9 PALESTINE 1 MIL 1927-1946 KM1 VF-XF $29.75



UNCIRCULATED 1927 PALESTINE COINS

Palestine 1 & 2 Mils bronze cons 1927 KM1 & KM2This set includes the first coins issued by the British Mandate of Palestine in Uncirculated condition.  Great Britain gained control of Palestine from the Ottoman Empire after World War I.  It issued its first coins for Palestine in 1927, including these 1 and 2 Mils coins. Both coins are bronze and have similar designs.  In order to satisfy the Jews and Arabs in the territory, as well as their British rulers, the coins have their legends in three different languages, Arabic, English and Hebrew and the date in both the AD and AH calendar.  An olive branch, representing peace, is on the reverses of both coins.  In 1948 the Mandate was dissolved with most of the territory going to the newly declared State of Israel.  The 1 Mil is 21mm and the 2 Mils is 28mm.  Both coins still retain most of their original bright mint luster.
Item PS-SET2U PALESTINE 1 & 2 MILS 1927 KM1 & 2 UNC. $55.00

 


SCARCE SAUDI HALALA 

Saudi Arabia bronze 1 Halala AH1383 (1963AD) KM44In 1963 Saudi Arabia introduced a new denomination; the 1 Halala, as part of a monetary reform.  Because the new coin had no direct equivalent in the previous monetary system and had minimal value, it was poorly accepted.  The obverse of the 19mm bronze coin features a palm tree and crossed swords.  The reverse has the denomination and date in Arabic. 
Item SA-1H SAUDI ARABIA 1 HALALA AH1383=AD1963 KM44, AU-UNC. $3.00



SCARCE SAUDI ARABIAN COIN   

Saudi Arabia 100 Halala AH1397 AD1977 KM59 royal mint sample coinThe British Royal Mint struck a small quantity of copper-nickel 100 Halala coins for Saudi Arabia dated AD1977 and AH 1397 as samples. Actual production of the coins commenced the following year, with the coins dated AD 1978 and AH1398.  A few of the sample coins somehow escaped into circulation.  The coins were to be part of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization coin program. The program encourages farmers to grow more food and helps raise money for Agricultural projects through the sale of the coins. 
Item SA-59-77 SAUDI ARABIA 100 HALALA 1977 KM59 UNC. $45.00


SAUDI ARABIAN BI-METALLIC COINS 

Saudi Arabia 100 Halala 1999: 100th Anniversary and regular issueSaudi Arabia issued two bi-metallic 100 Halala coins in 1999 (AH1419).  The regular issue features a palm tree and a pair of crossed swords.  The commemorative issue honors the 100th anniversary of the Saudi Kingdom.  Saudi Arabia dates it's founding to a night in 1902 when Abdul Aziz ibn Saud and 40 of his followers did a daring midnight raid, capturing the Ottoman fort at Riyadh.  With the support of the conservative Islamic Wahhabi clergy,  Abdul Aziz declared a Jihad, or holy war against the Ottomans and other rulers who controlled the Arabian Peninsula.   After the defeat of the Ottoman's in World War I by Allied forces, Abdul Aziz conquered neighboring Hejaz, and consolidated his kingdom into what is today Saudi Arabia. The design of the coin features extensive calligraphy as well as a stylized representation of a palm tree, and the fort.    The 100 years from 1902 to 1999 is based on the lunar Hegira calendar, which has slightly shorter years than a solar calendar.
Item SA-66 SAUDI ARABIA 100 HALALA REGULAR ISSUE, KM66 UNC. $5.00
Item SA-67 SAUDI ARABIA 100 HALALA 100TH ANNIVERSARY, KM67 UNC. OUT



CONTROVERSIAL SAUDI NOTE

Saudi Arabia 20 Rials G-20 Presidency 2020 noteDetail of conterversial map on back of 2020 Saudi 20 Rial note showing Kashmir as an independent nation
In October 2020 Saudi Arabia released a circulating commemorative banknote to mark the Saudi presidency of the G20 summit. The G20 (or Group of 20) is a forum of government leaders and central bank governors from 19 countries and the European Union to discuss international financial issues.  The G20 members account for around 90% of the Gross World Product and 80% of world trade. The summit was scheduled to be held in Riyad in November 2020 but due to COVID it was held virtually.   The front depicts the G20 logo and King Salman.  The back of the note features a map of the world with the G20 members in a darker color.  Controversially the regions of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh, which are administered by India, are shown as an independent entity.  Pakistan also complained as the parts of Kashmir that are administered by Pakistan are included in that entity.  Because of strong diplomatic protests by both India and Pakistan it is reported that Saudi Arabia is withdrawing the note from circulation. 
Item PM-SA-20R SAUDI ARABIA 20 RIALS 2020 G-20 PRESIDENCY UNC. $24.00

Also see:
Click HereOLD COPPER COIN OF MUSLIM KASHMIR - AE KASERAH FATH SHAH 1486-1517

Click HereJAMMU & KASHMIR COIN DEPICTS KASHMIR DEER: 200 RUPEES 2020 PROOF




SYRIA COIN SET INCLUDES DAMAGED HISTORIC SITES

Syria 6 coin set, 1 to 50 Pounds 1995-2018Since 2011 Syria has been caught up in a multi-sided civil war. This attractive set includes the most recent issues of all six denominations minted for Syria from 1996 to 2018, from 1 to 50 Pounds. The obverses of all the coins include the Syrian coat of arms and the AD and AH date, in Arabic.  The reverse of the 2018 nickel-plated steel 50 Pounds depicts the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Damascus.  The 2003 bi-metallic 25 Pounds depicts the Central Bank of Syria (CBS) building and a latent image that changes from "25" to "CBS" as the coin is shifted.  The 2003 nickel-brass 10 Pounds depicts the ancient colonnade and monumental arch in Palmyra.  There is a latent image within the arch.  The arch was destroyed during the civil war.  The 2003 nickel-clad steel 5 Pounds depicts the Citadel of Aleppo within a pentagram. The Citadel is one of the oldest and largest castles in the world, having been in use since the 3rd millennium BC.  It too was damaged during the civil war. The coin has a latent image that changes from "5" to "CBS".  The 1996 nickel-clad steel 2 Pounds features the Roman Theatre at Bosra.  The stainless steel 1996 1 Pound features the denomination within traditional Syrian ornamentation.  It is an historic set depicting historic sites from a war-torn nation.
Item S-SY-SET6 SYRIA 6 COIN SET 1-50 POUNDS 1996-2018 UNC. $15.00




SILVER COINS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

The Ottoman Empire was a vast, rich, powerful empire that at its peak spanned three continents, including much of southern Europe, western Asia and north Africa. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in what is now Turkey, and lasted until 1922. Its early coinage consisted primarily of small, poorly struck silver coins.  We are pleased to offer some of the coins of some of the Ottoman's most important early Sultans. Because the coins were produced in large quantities and have not been widely collected, they are still quite reasonably priced.   

Ottoman, Suleyman I the Magnificent, Silver Medini AH925 = 1520ADSuleiman the Magnificent (Suleyman I) ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566.  During his long reign he greatly expanded his empire, conquering much of the Middle East, North Africa, most of Hungary and laid siege to Vienna twice.  He instituted major reforms in education, taxation and criminal law.  He was an accomplished poet, goldsmith and patron of the arts.    This silver Medini (3 Akces) of Suleiman was struck at the Amid mint, in what is now Diyabakir in Turkey. Diyabakir, located on the Tigris River is considered the "un-proclaimed capital of so-called Turkish Kurdistan".  The silver coin is approximately 13mm in diameter and is dated AH926 (1520AD).  It is an historic coin of an historic monarch.
Item TR-SUL OTTOMAN, SULEIMAN THE MAGNIFICENT SILVER MEDINI AH926=1520AD, AMID MINT VG-crude $6.00

NEWOttoman Turkey 1 Para, Mahmud II, 1832-1838 Constantimople mint KM594Mahmud II ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until 1839.  In 1808 Mahmud II's predecessor and half-brother, Ottoman Sultan Mustafa IV ordered his execution along with his cousin, the deposed Sultan Selim III.  Selim III was killed, but Mahmud was safely hidden by his mother and was placed on the throne of the Ottoman Empire after rebels deposed Mustafa IV. Mahmud carried out many reforms to modernize his country, including abolishing the elite Janissary corps, reforming the justice system to prevent governors from arbitrarily sentencing people to death, modernized the taxation system to prevent abuses by tax collectors, made sweeping reforms of the bureaucracy in order to reestablish royal authority and raised salaries in an attempt to limit bribery.  He was less successful  militarily, loosing the Greek war of Independence, losing Algeria to the French and losing territory in two wars against Russia.  This small, thin Para of Mahmud II was struck in Constantinople between 1832 and 1838.  The coin is struck in .170 fine silver.  Though the coin shows little wear, it is weakly struck and is so thin that the design on one side shows through to the other side of the coin.  It is remarkably inexpensive for an historic silver coin that is almost 200 years old.
Item TR-MAHM2 OTTOMAN EMPIRE,  MAHMUD II 1 PARA 1832-38 KM594 VF-XF-CRUDE $4.00
Item TR-MAHM2x10 10 of the above OTTOMAN MAHMUD II 1 PARA 1832-38 KM594 VF-XF-CRUDE $25.00
Item TR-MAHM2x100 100 of the above OTTOMAN MAHMUD II 1 PARA 1832-38 KM594 VF-XF-CRUDE $125.00




BI-METALLIC COINS TURKISH COINS DEPICT WILDLIFE

Turkey 2015 1 Lira bimetallic animal coins: Mouflin and Desert LizardObverse of Turkey 2011 bimetal coins
Turkey issues an annual series of two bimetallic 1 Lira coins, each depicting an animal.  The coins are all 26.15mm in diameter and have the denomination and date on the obverse.  The 2015 issues depict an Anatolian Wild Sheep or Mouflon on one coin and a desert lizard on the other.  The 2015 issues have a mintage of only 50,000 each.
Item TR-ZOO-15 TURKEY SET OF 2 BIMETAL 1 LIRA MOUFLON & LIZARD 2015 BU $12.00


I LOVE UAE

United Arab Emirates 1 Dirham "I LOVE UAE" (2009) KM99The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven emirates that was formed in 1971.  It has undergone rapid development and now a major commercial and transportation hub. It is host to the tallest building in the world: the Burj Khalifa.  Over 80% of its inhabitants are citizens of other countries.  The “I Love UAE” program was started to promote a stronger national unity among the diverse population.  The program included this circulating commemorative 1 Dirham that was released in 2009.  The reverse features a heart shaped ribbon surrounding a map of the United Arab Emirates with the legend “I LOVE UAE” in Arabic and English.  The standard 1 Dirham obverse is on the other side. The 23.8mm coin is struck in copper-nickel. The coin is undated (must mean it is dateless love). 
Item UAE-LOVE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 1 DIRHAM "I LOVE UAE" KM99  BU $4.00



SCARCE SILVER COIN OF THE KATHIRI STATE OF SEIYUN AND TARIM

Kathiri State of Seiyun & Tarim 12 Khumsi AH1315=1897AD KM216The Kathiri Sultans controlled the towns of Seiyun and Tarim in what is now Yemen. After losing much of their territory to rival tribes they agreed to become a British Protectorate. Seiyun was the capital, and Tarim is a major center of Islamic learning.  In 1897 they had this silver 12 Khumsi coins struck at the Heaton Mint for their territory.  The coin is all in Arabic, except for the Heaton mintmark and are dated AH1315.   12 Khumsi was equivalent to 1/10 Riyal. The coin is 18mm in diameter. It is a rarely seen coin from a now forgotten nation.
Item SEIYUN-12K KATHIRI STATE OF SEIYUN & TARIM 12 KHUMSI AH1315=1897AD KM216 F-VF $45.00



LOBSTER ON COIN OF SHORT-LIVED PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF YEMEN

Yemen Democratic Republic 5 Fils 1973 depicting lobster, KM4The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, also known as South Yemen or Democratic Yemen, gained independence from Great Britain after the withdrawal of the British and the collapse of the Federation of South Arabia in 1967. Over the years its relations with the Yemen Arab Republic, or North Yemen fluctuated between war and peace.  The two nations fought a war in 1972, but were peacefully united in 1990 after Democratic Yemen lost support from communist nations due to the collapse of the Soviet Union. Peace was not lasting however, a civil war between factions from the north and south broke out again in 1994.  Peace was temporarily achieved with an election in 1999, however the country continued to suffer from instability as various tribal factions. Since 2012 Yemen has been engaged in another ongoing civil war, with factions in the South supported by Saudi Arabia and factions in the north supported by Iran.  This 23mm aluminum 5 Fils coin of Democratic Yemen features a spiny Lobster.  The coins is dated in Arabic numerals 1973AD and AH1373. 
Item YEMDR-5F YEMEN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC 5 FILS 1973 KM4 LOBSTER UNC. $3.00


YEMEN REPUBLIC COIN SET 

Yemen 4 coin set: 1 - 20 Rials, 1993-2006This four coin set features the most recent circulating coins of the Yemen Republic. Since 2015 the country has been torn apart by civil war.  The set includes the 2006 20 Rials that features the  rare and endangered Dragon's Blood Tree. The tree is found on the island of Sokotra (Sucotra, Sogotra), located approximately 200 miles (340km) off the coast of Yemen in the Indian Ocean.  The sap of the tree has been harvested for medicine since ancient times.   The 10 Rials features the famous 17th century Shaharah stone bridge.  The 32 meter limestone bridge links two mountaintop villages seperated by a gorge.  The Central Bank of Yemen building is on the 5 Rials.  A stylized eagle is on the 1 Riyal. All four coins are Uncirculated.
Item S-YE-SET4 YEMEN 1, 5, 10 & 20 RIALS SET KM 25-29a 1993-2006 UNC. $9.00





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