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HISTORIC OLD COINS


OLD COIN OF AUSTRIA

Austria 1 Kreuzer 1851The Imperial Coat-of-Arms of Austria is featured on the obverse 1851 Austrian 1 Kruezer.  It was the first time the denomination had been struck since 1816, and was one of the first coins of Emperor Franz-Joseph I,  Franz-Joseph reigned for almost 68 years, until his death in 1916.  During his reign Austria lost its possessions in Italy in the Italian Wars of Independence in 1859 and 1866.  Its defeat in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866 lead to the unification of Germany under Prussia.  After this rocky beginning of his reign,  a forty-eight year period of peace then prevailed in Austria until the start of World War I in 1914.  The reverse of the 23mm copper coin features the denomination and date. 
Item AT-1KR AUSTRIA 1 KREUZER 1851 KM2185 VF $3.00


NEWPOLITICAL INTRIGUE IN THE MIDDLE AGES - BAVARIAN PFENNIG OF OTTO II

Bavaria silver Pfennig of Duke Otto II and Bishop Siegfried of Regensburg, 1231-40This silver pfennig was a joint issue of Duke Otto II of Bavaria, also known as Otto the Illustrious, who ruled from 1231 to 1253 and Bishop Siegfried of Regensburg.  It was a period of intense political intrigue.  The Duke, the Bishop and the Burghers were all vying for control of Regensburg while Holy Roman Emperor Fredrick II and Pope were vying for supremacy over Europe.  In 1227 newly elected Pope Gregory IX appointed Siegfried as Bishop of Regensburg. The appointment was supported by Frederick, but opposed by the Duke Ludwig of Bavaria who supported another candidate.  The following year Frederick and Pope Gregory had a falling out over control over Frederick's imperial power in Italy and Frederick's failure to honor his pledge to go on a crusade to the Holy Land. The Pope supported Frederick's son, Henry in his effort to gain control of his father's territories in Italy and Germany. Siegfried persuaded Frederick to grant a charter of rights to the burghers of Regensburg, in an effort to limit the power of the Duke Ludwig who was a supporter of Henry.  In 1231 Ludwig as murdered under unclear circumstances and his son Otto became Duke of Bavaria.  The pope and Fredrick briefly made peace before he again excommunicated Fredrick.  Pope Gregory went so far as to declare Frederick to be the Anti-Christ. The pope sought support by requesting Duke Otto to summon a council in which the bishops would be ordered to support a Papal ban against Frederick.  Many bishops, including Sigismund defied the summons and openly prayed for Gregory.  In response Albrecht, the Papal Legate excommunicated Bishop Siegfried.   Those attempting to post or proclaim the papal bans were attacked and many papal supporters fled Regensburg.  The Papal Legate then placed the entire city under interdict.  Duke Otto ended his disputes Fredrick and joined Siegfried in supporting the emperor.  Pope Gregory died in 1241 but the conflict between the Papacy and Frederick continued under his successor, Innocent IV.  In 1245 the pope stripped him of his Fredrick of his titles and crowns and began an active campaign to undermine him by and replacing his supporters in the clergy.  Mendicant friars were sent into the marketplaces to preach against the emperor.  In 1246 Bishop Siegfried switched his support from Fredrick to the Pope.  The burghers then forced the bishop into exile. Fredrick issued a document revoking the bishop's authority over public affairs of the city, handing it over to the burghers.  Siegfried responded by placing the city again under interdict, forbidding clergy from holding services and stirring up dissension.   Clergy loyal to the emperor in Regensburg continued religious services while clergy loyal to the pope were harassed and humiliated.  Duke Otto gave his daughter in marriage to Fredrick's son King Conrad.  In response the Pope excommunicated Otto.  In 1250 the new bishop of Regensburg persuaded Bohemian king Ottocar III to intervene.  His troops devastated the region and city almost fell, until rescued by the troops of Duke Otto and King Conrad.  Fredrick died in December 1250, bringing to an end to his conflict with the Pope.  This silver Pfennig was issued Duke Otto II and Bishop Siegfried between 1231 and 1240 in Regensburg. The 20mm coin has a lion on one side and an eagle on the other, but is so poorly struck it is hard to make out much of the design. It is an inexpensive historic coin from a period of turmoil between the church and state in high medieval Europe.
Item BAV-OTTO BAVARIA SILVER PFENNIG, DUKE OTTO II & BISHOP SIEGFRIED, REGENSBURG 1231-1240 CRUDE $12.50
Item BAV-OTTOx5 5 of the above BAVARIA SILVER PFENNIG, 1231-1240 CRUDE $48.00
Item BAV-OTTOx25 25 of the above BAVARIA SILVER PFENNIG, 1231-1240 CRUDE $175.00



FRIEDRICH THE IRONTOOTH OF BRANDENBURG

Brandenburg, Fredrick II, the Iron, silver bracteate hohlpfennig 1440-1470 Saurma 4675This silver Bracteate Hohlpfennig was issued by Friedrich II (Frederick II) who was the Prince-Elector of the Margravate of Brandenburg from 1440 to 1470. It is believed that he was nicknamed "The Irontooth" or "The Iron" due to his great strength and power.  Friedrich strengthened Brandenburg forming the basis of what was to become Prussia and the German Empire.  The rights of the towns and nobility were curtailed and he regained Neumark (East Brandenburg) from the Teutonic Knights.  The citizens of Berlin revolted when he attempted to build a palace on Colin island in the Spree river.  Friedrich prevailed, built the castle that became the Stadtschloss (Berlin Palace), and the rights of the city were greatly curtailed. The Stadtschloss was torn down by East Germany in the 1950's and is now being rebuilt.  The silver Bracteate Hohlpfennig is an extremely thin and single sided coin wtih a raised rim.  The design is embossed from the reverse.  This coin is approximately 16mm in diameter and features an eagle with outstretched wings.  Because the coins are so thin and fragile, few survive today.
Item BRAND BRANDENBURG SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-1470, Saurma 4675 F-VF $39.00



MEDIEVAL CITY COINS OF THE MARGARVIATE OF BRANDENBURG

Brandenburg, City of Stendal, silver Hohlpfennig, Friedrich II 1440-1480, Bahrfeldt 19  Brandenburg, City of Stendal, silver Hohlpfennig, Friedrich II 1440-1480, Bahrfeldt 19
These medieval city Hohlpfennigs were issued during the reign of Friedrich II Irontooth, who was Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1440 to 1470.  A Hohlpfennig is a thin silver coin, about 16mm in diameter with a raised rim. The coin design is embossed on one side and incuse on the other. They were widely used in Northern Germany in the late Middle Ages.  The coins depict the arms of the city in which they were struck. The coin from Stendal depicts half an eagle on the left and four diamonds on the right.  Stendal is located about 78 miles (125km) west of Berlin. It the joined Hanseatic League in 1358 and purchased the privilege of minting from the Brandenburg margraves in 1369.  In 1456 Friedrich II founded a convent for Augustinian nuns in the city, which today is a museum.  The Hohlpfennig from Frankfurt an der Oder features a plumed knight's helmet. Frankfurt (Oder) is located about 50 miles (80km.) east of Berlin on the Oder river on what is now the German-Polish border.  It was founded as a Polish town.  In 1249 it became part of the Margraviate of Brandenburg,  The knight's helmet design makes this one of the more interesting Hohlpfennigs.
Item STENDAL STENDAL SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-70, Bahrfeldt 19 VF-crude $29.50
Item FRANK-O FRANKFURT (ODER) SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-70, Bahrfeldt 16 VF-crude $33.50



EARLY DATED SILVER COIN OF POLAND-LITHUANIA

Poland - Lithuania silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) of Sigismund II AugustusUntil the 1600's most nations did not put dates on coins. These silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) coins of Sigismund II Augustus from the 1500's are some of the earliest affordable coins bearing an AD date.  Sigismund was both the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.  In 1569 he formally united the two countries with the Treaty of Lublin to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.  His coins reflect this dual nationality.  One side features his titles as Grand Duke of Lithuania, and Vytas, the White Knight, which is the national symbol of Lithuania.  Below Vytas is the date.  The other side features the Polish Eagle and his titles as King of Poland.  The 19mm silver coins date from 1547 to 1572.  In 1572 Sigsmund died childless, despite having three wives (two of which were first cousins) and carrying on affairs with "two of the most beautiful of his countrywomen".  He was the last of the powerful Jagiellonian dynasty controlled much of central Europe for almost 200 years.
Item PL-LT POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS, SIGISMUND II AUGUSTUS 1547-1572 F-VF $29.75
Item PL-LTx5 5 DIFFERENT DATES OF POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS 1547-1572 F-VF $129.75



SCARCE COIN OF DEMAK SULTANATE

Demak Sultanate tin Pitas Raden Patah 1475-1518The Demak Sultanate was founded about 1475 by Sultan Pangeran al Patah, also known as Raden Patah. He was of Javanese nobility and his mother may have been a Chinese princess who had been exiled from China.  His Sultanate was the first Muslim state in Java.  He quickly expanded his Sultanate to include most of the northern coast of Java and southern Sumatra.  This was an important step in bringing Islam to what is now Indonesia. The Sultan ruled until his death in 1518.  The Sultanate lasted about another 30 years, until it collapsed in a dynastic feud. The Sultanate prospered through trade in spices, rice and its control over Javanese trading ports.   This Pitis of Sultan Pangeran al Patah is one of the few affordable coins of the Demak Sultanate.  The uniface tin coin is approximately 19mm to 20mm in diameter and grades Very Fine.
Item DEMAK DEMAK SULTANATE, TIN PITIS, PANGERAN AL PATAH 1475-1518 VF $19.50


TIN PITIS FROM THE SULTANATE OF PALEMBANG  Restocked

Palembang tin Pitis 1710-1778AD, Millies 202Palembang is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia.  It is located on the Musi river on the island of Sumatra.  The Sultanate of Palembang was established in the early 17th century by Javanese nobles fleeing from dynastic intrigues after the collapse of the Sultanate of Demak.  It soon became the one of the greatest agricultural and trade centers in the Malay area.  This undated tin Pitis was issued by the Sultanate of Palembang between 1710 and 1778.  The uniface coin has crude Malay-Arabic inscriptions around a center hole.
Item PALEMBANG PALEMBANG TIN PITIS 1710-1778 (Millies 202) Fine-VF $5.00



OLD UNCIRCULATED COIN FROM THE KINGDOM OF BULGARIA Restocked

Bulgaria 1 Stotinka 1912 KM22This 1912 Uncirculated Bronze 1 Stotinka of the Kingdom of Bulgaria was part of a hoard found in the basement of a church in Sophia, Bulgaria. The coins were probably hidden there at the beginning of World War I, then forgotten.  One side of the coin has the arms of the Kingdom of Bulgaria, the other has the denomination and date.  The coin was struck to the standards of the Latin Monetary Union, it is 15mm and weighs just 1 gram.  Even after over 100 years the coin still retains much of its original red luster.
Item BG-1ST BULGARIA 1 STOTINKA 1912 KM22 UNC. $7.00


OLD COINS OF FRANCE

France 1 Centimecoin KM840These French 1 Centime coins were struck to the standards of the Latin Monetary Union. The Latin Monetary Union was a 19th-century system that unified many European currencies into a single currency that could be used in all the member states, similar to the Euro.  It collapsed during World War I.  The bronze 1 Centime is 15mm in diameter and weighs just 1 gram.  The obverse depicts the head of Marianne, the national symbol of France. The denomination and date are on the reverse.  The coins still retain some of their original red luster despite being over 100 years old.
Item FR-1C-02 FRANCE 1 CENTIME 1902 KM840 AU-UNC. $10.00
Item FR-1C-12 FRANCE 1 CENTIME 1912 KM840 AU-UNC. $7.00



FIRST COINS OF UNIFIED ITALY IN UNCIRCULATED CONDITION  

Italy 1 & 2 Centesimi 1861 Milan KM1.1 & KM1.2The Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed on March 17, 1861.  Victor Emmanuel II, the king of Sardinia was declared King.  Prior to that time Italy was a collection of independent nations.  The first coins of unified Italy were issued later that year, including the copper 1 and 2 Centesimi.  King Victor Emmanuel is portrayed on the obverse.  The denomination and date within a wreath are on the reverse.  The 1 Centesimo is 15mm and the 2 Centesimi is 20.2mm.  Both coins were struck in Milan and have the “M” mintmark at the bottom of the reverse.  Amazingly both coins are in Uncirculated condition and still retain most of their original mint luster!  It is an historic set in top condition.
Item IT-SET2 ITALY 1 & 2 CENTESIMI 1861-M KM1.1 & 2.1 UNC.  $40.00

Also see:
Click HereSILVER COINS OF THE KINGDOM OF ITALY:

Click HereATTRACTIVE COINS OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC

Click HereFAMOUS ITALIANS ON BEAUTIFUL BANKNOTES

Click HereITALY EURO COIN SET



EARLY DATED SILVER COIN OF POLAND-LITHUANIA

Poland - Lithuania silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) of Sigismund II AugustusUntil the 1600's most nations did not put dates on coins. These silver 1/2 Grossus (Groschen) coins of Sigismund II Augustus from the 1500's are some of the earliest affordable coins bearing an AD date.  Sigismund was both the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.  In 1569 he formally united the two countries with the Treaty of Lublin to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.  His coins reflect this dual nationality.  One side features his titles as Grand Duke of Lithuania, and Vytas, the White Knight, which is the national symbol of Lithuania.  Below Vytas is the date.  The other side features the Polish Eagle and his titles as King of Poland.  The 19mm silver coins date from 1547 to 1572.  In 1572 Sigsmund died childless, despite having three wives (two of which were first cousins) and carrying on affairs with "two of the most beautiful of his countrywomen".  He was the last of the powerful Jagiellonian dynasty controlled much of central Europe for almost 200 years.
Item PL-LT POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS, SIGISMUND II AUGUSTUS 1547-1572 F-VF $29.75
Item PL-LTx5  5 DIFFERENT DATES OF POLAND-LITHUANIA 1/2 GROSSUS 1547-1572 F-VF $129.75


COIN OF RIGA FOR THE UNCONVENTIONAL QUEEN CHRISTINA

Riga, Solidus of Christina, 1634-1654Queen Christina of Sweden was one of the most educated, wittiest, unorthodox and unconventional women of the 17th century.  She succeeded her father on the throne of Sweden in 1632 when she was only six years old.  She took a deep interest in philosophy, religion, art, mathematics and science.   She was fond of books, paintings and had a collection of over 33,000 coins and medals. She frequently dressed as a man. She knew at least nine languages - and could out-cuss a soldier. She was headstrong and often in conflict with her own Chancellor.  In 1638 the first Swedish settlement in the New World was established and named after her: Fort Christina, which is now Wilmington, Delaware.  She founded Sweden's first newspaper. Her efforts helped bring about the Peace of Westphalia, ending the Thirty Years' War. She had an intimate relationship with her handmaiden and in 1649 she announced that she decided not to marry.  In 1654 she abdicated her throne and left Sweden in order to convert to Catholicism.   She was warmly received by Pope Alexander VII and for a time was given her own wing inside the Vatican.  Though often running short of money, she was a major patron of the theater and the arts.  She gave much occasion for gossip as she did not follow the norms for women of that era and freely socialized with men.  She used her position to protect the Jews of Rome.  Missing politics, she attempted to regain the throne of Sweden and gain the thrones of Naples and Poland, all without success.  She died in 1689, and is one of only three women buried within St. Peter's Basilica. This Solidus of Queen Christina was issued for Riga between 1634 and 1654.  Riga, now the capital of Latvia, was under Swedish control from 1621 to 1721.  It was given considerable autonomy, including the right to issue its own coins.  The copper or silver-washed Solidus of Riga have Queen Christina's royal monogram on one side and the arms of Riga on the other.  The crudely made coins are 15mm in diameter, typically are struck somewhat off center without a date.
Item RIGA-CHR RIGA SOLIDUS OF CHRISTINA (1634-1654)Fine-VF-Crude $10.00




KINGDOM OF SARDINIA COIN FROM THE NAPOLEONIC WARS

Sardinia 10 Soldi coin, 1794-1796 KM92This 10 Soldi, (1/2 Lira) was struck for Victor Amadeus III (Vittorio Amedeo III) who was the King of Sardinia and Duke of Savoy.  His territory included the island of Sardinia and the region around his capital of Turin including Piedmont and Savoy. This coin was issued for use in Piedmont and Savoy.  Victor Amadeus joined the War of the First Coalition against the newly formed French Republic in 1792.  He was defeated by Napoleon in 1796 and forced to cede Savoy and Nice to France, abandon the Coalition and allow the French Army free passage through his territory.  He died shortly thereafter.  The 22mm coin is struck in billon (low fineness silver) and tends to be weakly struck. It depicts Victor Amadeus on one side and the national arms on the other.  The coin was struck for only three years: 1794, 1795 and 1796. It represents a violent and transitional period of French and Italian history.
Item SARD-10S SARDINIA 10 SOLDI 1794-1796, date my choice KM92 VG-F $17.50
Item SARD-X3 ALL 3 DATES OF THE ABOVE SARDINIA 10 SOLDI 1794, 1795 & 1796 VG-F $49.50



NEWSILVER DENAR OF TRANSYLVANIA

Transylvania silver 1 Denar of Gabriel Bethlen 1621 KM120This silver Dener of Transylvania was struck for Gabriel Bethlen. Bethlen became the Prince Transylvania in 1613 with support from the Ottoman Empire.  His reign marked the start of a golden age for Transylvania.  He developed mines and industry, founded a college and supported the arts. He nationalized much of the foreign trade, profits of which helped support his many programs.  He was Calvinist, and waged three wars against the Catholic Hapsburgs.  In 1620 he was elected King of Hungary.  After a string of military defeats by Hapsburg forces, he renounced the title in 1621 in return for guarantees of religious freedom for Hungarian Protestants..  The obverse depicts the Madonna and Child.   The reverse has the arms of Hungary.  The slightly irregular coin is approximately 13mm.  The coins dated 1620 or 1621 were struck at  struck at the Kremnica Mint (KB) and show virtually no wear. 
Item TRANSY-1620 TRANSYLVANIA 1 DENAR 1620 KM120 XF-AU $75.00
Item TRANSY-1621 TRANSYLVANIA 1 DENAR 1621 KM120 XF-AU $75.00
Item TRANSY-1626 TRANSYLVANIA 1 DENAR 1626 KM162 VF $65.00


FOR MORE HISTORICAL OLD COINS, PLEASE SEE:

Click HereAFGHANISTAN COINS
Click HereCOINS OF INDIA and PAKISTAN
Click HereCOINS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
Click Here2400 YEARS OF CHINESE COINS and CURRENCY
Click HereCOINS OF DEAD NATIONS


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