Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins

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WORLD PAPER MONEY
BY COUNTRY A to H

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BANKNOTES FROM SOVIET OCCUPIED & TALIBAN AFGHANISTAN  

Afghanistan 50, 100, 500 & 1000 Afghani notes, (1978 - 1991)
This set of 4 attractive Afghanistan banknotes were introduced in 1978 during the Soviets occupation of Afghanistan.  The notes continued to be printed until about 1991 for the Taliban and various warlords.  The set includes the 50, 100 and 500 and 1000 Afghani notes in crisp uncirculated condition.  The 50 Afghani pictures the Dar-al-Aman palace in Kabul.  The 100 Afghani depicts a farmer and the Naghlu hydroelectric dam on the Kabul river.  The 500 Afghani pictures a group of horsemen playing Buzkashi. Buzkashi is the national sport of Afghanistan.  It is somewhat similar to polo, but is played with goat or calf carcass and has few, if any, rules. The 1000 Afghani depicts a flock of birds at the Mazar-e-Sharif Mosque (Noble shrine) on one side.  The other side pictures the monument to fallen soldiers and the Victory Arch in Paghman Gardens near Kabul.  They were built to commemorate Afghan victory over the British in 1919, heavily damaged during the Soviet-Afghanistan war in the 1980's and have since been restored. The notes all bear the seal of the Afghanistan bank on the front. The seal includes an image of an ancient Greco-Bactrian Tetradrachm minted circa 171-179BC, two cornucopias spilling out coins and the year the bank was founded (1939).  The notes are a reminder of the recent troubled and violent history of Afghanistan.
Item PM-AF-SET4 AFGHANISTAN 4 NOTE SET 50 - 1000 AFGHANI (1978-1991) UNC. $6.00



BANKNOTES FROM AMERICAN OCCUPIED AFGHANISTAN

Afghanistan 1 2 & 10 Afghani banknotes (2002 2004) P64, P65 & P67
New banknotes were introduced in Afghanistan in 2002 after the American invasion.  The new notes largely recycled designs from previous issues. The front of 1 and 2 Afghani notes feature the emblem of the Afghanistan Bank which incorporates an ancient Greco-Bactrian Tetradrachm and two cornucopias spilling out coins.  The back of the 1 Afghani depicts the Mazar-e-Sharif Mosque (Noble shrine) which was on the front of the previous 1000 Afghani note.  The back of the 2 Afghani has the Victory Arch that was on the back of the previous Afghani note.  The front of the 10 Afghani note has the Mirwais Khan Hotkaki Mausoleum in Kandahar on the front.  The back has the monument to fallen soldiers and the Victory Arch from the back of the previous 1000 Afghani note.
Item PM-AF-SET3 AFGHANISTAN 2 NOTE SET 1 - 10 AFGHANI (2002-04) UNC. $4.50



HISTORIC AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES 

Austrian local emergency money, circa 1920Reduced size image
With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following World War I, hundreds of local communities briefly issued their own emergency currency, known as notgeld, for use within the town.  These notes are denominated in Heller and usually depict scenes of the issuing community.  They are an inexpensive, interesting and historic collectable. Most of the notes are dated 1920 and most are Uncirculated.  Every lot is different, with few duplicates between lots.
Item PM-AT-NOTx10 10 DIFFERENT AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES $8.00
Item PM-AT-NOTx25 25 DIFFERENT AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES $15.00




BANKNOTE OF UPPER AUSTRIA

Upper Austria 50 Heller 1921 PS120 After the collapse and dismemberment of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following its defeat in World War I, coins disappeared from circulation. The state of Upper Austria issued small, low denomination notes to help alleviate the coin shortage. One side of the orange 50 Heller note features the arms of Upper Austria.  The other side is blank.     Both notes are dated 1921 and were issued in Linz, the capital of Upper Austria.
Item PM-UPAT-50 UPPER AUSTRIA 50 HELLER 1921 PS121 UNC. $3.00



Bermuda 2 Dollar banknote 2009 P98BLUEBIRD ON BEAUTIFUL BERMUDA BILL

The Bermuda 2 Dollar note features a colorful Eastern Bluebird surrounded by red frangipani flowers on the front.  Sailboats and a butterfly are above the bird and a stature of Queen Elizabeth II is beneath the bird.  The back includes the Royal Navy Dockyard Clock Tower and the statue of Neptune at the Bermuda Maritime Museum.   A thick Optiks security thread featuring a map of Bermuda runs through the note.  The attractive vertical note is dated 2009 and measures 136 x 69mm.
Item PM-BM-2D BERMUDA 2 DOLLAR BANKNOTE 2009 P57 UNC. $9.75






NewSCARCE BANKNOTE FROM SHORT-LIVED BIAFRA

Biafra 1 Pound banknote, P5a
After years of persecution by the Muslim majority who controlled Nigeria, the oil-rich and heavily Christian south-eastern portion of the country declared itself the independent Republic of Biafra in May, 1967. The independence was to be short-lived however. After over two years of bloody civil war, in which as many as two million people died, Biafra was forced to surrender to Nigeria in January of 1970.  In 1968 Biafra contracted to have banknotes printed by Casa de Moeda in Portugal.  The undated 1 Pound note is green and features a small palm tree on the front and the Biafran arms on the back.
Item PM-BIA-1P BIAFRA 1 POUND NOTE (1968-69) P5a UNC.  $3.00
Item PM-BIA-1Px10 10 of the above BIAFRA 1 POUND NOTE (1968-69)P5a UNC.  $15.00
Item PM-BIA-1Px100 Pack of 100 of the above BIAFRA 1 POUND NOTE (1968-69)P5a UNC.  $95.00






THE BANK OF CHINA'S CURSED BUILDING


China, Bank of China, 5 & 10 Yuan 1937 P80 & P81
The Bank of China is the oldest and one of the largest banks in China.  It was founded in 1905 and was named Bank of China in 1912. It was one of four major note issuing banks for the Republic of China.  In 1930 The Bank of China began to construct a new 34-story headquarters on the Bund in Shanghai.  It was built on property that had been confiscated from the Germans during World War I. Perhaps a departing German cursed the property.   It was to be the highest building in the Far East. However, Britisher Victor Sassoon, the owner of the Sassoon House (now Fairmont Peace Hotel) located next door, demanded that no building be higher than his.  The municipal government, under British control, limited the height of the bank building giving it a chopped off appearance.  In 1937 the building was topped out at a height of 15 stories and the bank issued new banknotes to mark the occasion.  The back of the notes depict the Bank of China building along with a partial image of the Sasson House on the left and the Yokohama Specie Bank the right.. The front depicts Sun Yat Sen and have a watermark of the Temple of Heaven.  Unfortunately, the war with Japan broke out the same year which delayed the completion and move into the building.  The bank was not able to move into the building until 1946. In 1949 the bank was nationalized by the Chinese communists. The notes were printed by Thomas De La Rue in London.
Item PM-CN-BOC37 BANK OF CHINA 5 & 10 YUAN NOTES 1937 P80 & P81 XF $5.00




JAPANESE MILITARY CURRENCY FOR CHINA

5 YEN JAPANESE MILITARY NOTE FOR CHINA OVERPRINTED ON MODIFIED JAPANESE NOTE PM25
Japan  issued Military Currency starting in 1938 for use in the areas of China that they occupied. Because civilians were forced to accept the Military Yen, which was not backed and could not be exchanged into Japanese Yen, it cost the Japanese government virtually nothing to purchase whatever they wanted.  This 5 Yen note used a modified version of the homeland 5 Yen note.  The note lacked the text that translated as "Bank of Japan Convertible Silver Note".  Instead it had a bright red 4 character overprint that translates as "Military Note".
Item PM-CN-5Y-OVPT2 5 YEN JAPANESE MILITARY NOTE FOR CHINA ON MODIFIED JAPANESE NOTE PM25 F-worm holes $3.00




MULTI-LINGUAL NOTE OF CHINA FEATURES POTALA PALACE IN TIBET

 China 50 Yuan banknote, 2005 P906 Chairman Mao / Potala Palace
Mao Zedong is featured on the front of this 2005 dated 50 Yuan note from China. The 170 x 50m note also includes a watermark of Mao.  The back depicts the Potala Palace in Lhasa in Tibet. It was the winter palace of the Dalai Lamas and the seat of the Tibet government from 1649 to 1959. It has been a museum since then and is a World Heritage Site.  The 13-story building contains over 1000 rooms, 10,000 shrines and about 200,000 statues.  Also on the back is the denomination written out in Mandarin Pinyin, Mongol, Tibetan, Uighur and Zhuang as well as English. 
Item PM-CN-50Y CHINA 50 YUAN NOTE 2005 P906 UNC. $15.00



MUSEUM OF GOLD ON COLOMBIA 20 GOLD PESOS NOTE

Colombia 20 Pesos Oro note, 1983 P409d
The back of this Colombia 1983 20 Pesos Oro (Gold Pesos) note depicts golden objects from the Museum of Gold in Bogata.  The museum houses the world's largest collection of pre-Colombian gold relics.  The front depicts Francisco José de Caldas, a Colombian lawyer, scientist, military engineer and inventor who was killed by the Spanish in 1816 during Colombia's war for independence. Though the note is denominated in Gold Pesos, the note was not was not backed by gold and within a few years was virtually worthless. The note measures 140x70mm.
Item PM-CO-20P COLOMBIA 20 PESOS NOTE 1983 P409d UNC. $3.50



CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA $10 NOTE

Confederate States of America 10 Dollars 1864 P68
This Confederate 10 Dollar note dated February 17, 1864 were part of the seventh and final series of notes issued by the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.  According to the legend they were "Payable two years after the ratification of a peace treaty between the Confederate States and the United States of America".  With the defeat of the Confederacy in 1865 they were never paid.  The 10 Dollar note depicts horsemen pulling a large cannon, with fighting going on in the background.  Also pictured is Robert M.T. Hunter who served as the Confederate Secretary of State and later as a Confederate Senator.  The back features the denomination in words and numerals.  It is approximately 7" x 3" (180 x 80mm). The notes are hand signed and hand numbered.
Item PM-CSA-10D CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA 10 DOLLARS 1864 P68 XF-AU $70.00




SERBIAN KRAJINA & CROATIA AT WAR 


Serbian Krajina (Croatia) 5,000,000 Dinara 1993 P24

Croatia 50,000 & 100,000 Dinara 1993 P26 & P27
With the collapse of Yugoslavia, the Serbian portions of Croatia declared independence from Croatia, even before Croatia declared itself independent from Yugoslavia.  The Serbs formed the Republic of Serbian Krajina and had their capital at Knin.  A brutal war broke out, and both Croatia (Republika Hrvatska) and Serbian Krajina suffered from severe inflation as they tried to finance themselves by printing money.  Krajina was defeated in 1995 and reincorporated into Croatia.  From Serbian Kranina we have the 5,000,000 Dinara note dated 1993.   The note features the Knin fortress on a hill on one side, and the Serbian arms on the other.  The Croatian 50,000 Dinara and 100,000 Dinara are dated 1993.  Both feature Croatian astronomer, physicist, mathematician, and philosopher Roger Joseph Boscovich.  Boscovich is famous for his atomic theory.  In 1753 he discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon.  The reverse of the notes have the Statue of  "Glagolica Mother Croatia", a marble statue created in 1932 by artist Ivan Mestrovic. The sculpture is of a mother holding on her lap a stone tablet with “History of Croatians” engraved in the old Croatian script.  The original sculpture has been in a "temporary exhibition" in Belgrade, Serbia since 1934.  Serbia has refused to return the statue to Croatia.  A bronze copy is at Zagreb University in Croatia
Item PM-KRAJ-5M SERBIAN KRAJINA 5 MILLION DINARA NOTE 1993 PR24 UNC $3.00
Item PM-HR-SET2 CROATIA 50,000 & 100,000 DINARA NOTES 1993 P26 & 27 UNC. $4.00




DJIBOUTI 40 FRANCS NOTE CELEBRATES 40 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE

Djibouti 40 Francs, 2017 40th Anniversary note
Djibouti recently released this colorful 40 Franc note to celebrate their 40 years of independence from France. The attractive note won multiple awards for its distinctive and attractive design.  Djibouti is a small nation at the mouth of the Red Sea.  Due to its strategic location, the United States, France, China and Saudi Arabia all have military bases in Djibouti.  The front of the colorful note depicts a Whale Shark swimming through a coral garden. The Whale Shark is the largest species of fish and can weigh up to 47,000 pounds (21,000 kg).  Other fish and shells are visible only when the note it tilted.  The back depicts containerships and cranes.  The note has a watermark of the arms of Djibouti.  The note is 152 x 69mm.
Item PM-DJ-40F DJIBOUTI 40 FRANCS NOTE, 2017 P46 UNC. $6.00



ATTRACTIVE OLD PRIVATE BANK NOTE FROM ECUADOR

Ecuador: El Banco Sur Americano 1 Peso unissued banknote PS251r
Prior to 1926 all of Ecuador's banknotes were issued by privately owned banks.  This  attractive, Uncirculated 1 Peso note dated January 2, 1920 was printed for El Banco Sur Americano in Quito, but was never issued.  It lacks serial numbers and signatures.  The front of the note features a Condor with the Andes in the background.  The back depicts three sailing ships.  A watermark of the bank's name is in the bottom panel of the note and the denomination in the upper corners. 
Item PM-EC-1P ECUADOR EL BANCO SUR AMERICANO 1 PESO BANKNOTE, PS151r UNISSUED, UNC. $7.00




EGYPT'S ANCIENT & ISLAMIC HERITAGE ON BANKNOTE SET

Egypt 6 note set, 5 Piastres - 5 Pounds, 2002-2020
Egypt celebrates both its ancient and its Islamic heritage on its banknotes.  The statue of Nefertiti is on the 5 Piastres note.  The front of the 10 Piastres note depicts the Sphinx and pyramids and the Mohammad Ali (Alabaster) Mosque in Cairo on the back.  The 25 Piastres depicts the Al-Sayida Aisha mosque in Cairo on the front and the arms of Egypt on the back.  The 50 Piastres features the Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo and the statue of Pharaoh Ramses III.  The 1 Pound note depicts the Sultan Qaitbay mosque and the statues at the Abu Simbel Temple.  The Ahmed Ibn Toulon mosque and an ancient Pharaonic wall inscription is on 5 Pound note.  The notes feature a watermark of King Tut and were issued between 2002 and 2020. 
Item PM-EG-SET6 EGYPT 6 NOTE SET, 5 PIASTRES - 5 POUNDS, UNC. $7.50


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GERMAN EMPIRE COIN & CURRENCY SETS

German Empire 5 coin set: 1 Pfennig - silver 1/2 Mark 1874-1918
German Empire 20, 100 & 1000 Mark banknotes 1908-1914
In 1871 Otto Von Bismarck united the 26 independent German States under Prussian King Wilhelm I, forming the Second Reich, also known as the German Empire. During its 47 years of existence, the German Empire became the industrial, technological, and scientific giant of Europe and the world's third largest economy.  It created a colonial empire and possesed the world strongest army.  The Empire disintegrated as a result of Germany's defeat in World War I.  This five-coin set includes the silver 1/2 Mark, minted from 1905 to 1919; the copper-nickel 5 and 10 Pfennig and the copper 1 and 2 Pfennig, which were minted from 1874 to 1916.  All five coins feature the Imperial German Eagle on the reverse and the denomination on the obverse.  The coins grade Fine or Extra Fine.   The set of 3 banknotes consist of the 20 Mark, 100 Mark and 1000 Mark notes dated between 1908 and 1914. The blue 20 Mark featured a crowned imperial German Eagle at the upper right and measures 136x90mm.  The blue 100 Mark includes a large crowned imperal German Eagle on the front  The back features two women holding a large medallion depicting  a woman's head. The large note measures 160 x105mm (6.3" x 4.1"). The brown 1000 Mark note features two allegorical women representing seafaring and agriculture flanking the imperial German arms. The over-sized note is 187mm x 110mm (7.3” x 4.3”). It is printed on special ridged hemp paper containing blue silk threads.  When first issued the three notes could be redeemed for over 12 ounces of gold on demand!   After the start of World War I Germany halted the redemption of banknotes for gold - but kept on printing banknotes.  By 1922 the notes were virtually worthless due to inflation.  It is an impressive and historic currency set.
Item DE-EMP-SET5 GERMAN EMPIRE 5 COIN SET 1 PFENNIG - 1/2 MARK 1874-1918 F-XF $12.00
Item PM-DE-SET3 GERMAN EMPIRE 20, 100 & 1000 MARK BANKNOTES 1908-1914 F-VF $6.00
Item PM-DE-SET3x10 10 OF THE ABOVE GERMAN EMPIRE 3 NOTE SETS  $39.00
Item PM-DE-SET3x100 100 OF THE ABOVE GERMAN EMPIRE 3 NOTE SETS  $195.00





LAST BANKNOTE OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE  Restocked

Germany 50 Mark banknote 1919 P66This attractive 50 Mark note is the last note of the German Empire. It is dated June 23, 1919, some seven months after Germany's defeat in World War I and less than 7 weeks before the signing of the new constitution in Weimar which formally ended the German Empire and ushered in the weak and chaotic Weimar Republic. The large, green note measures 153x102mm and features an allegorical figure of a woman against a starry background.
Item PM-DE-50M-19 GERMANY 50 MARK NOTE 1919 P66 Fine $3.00


HIGH-GRADE WEIMAR GERMAN BANKNOTE

Germany 1 Mark banknote, March 1, 1920, P58Germany 2 Mark banknote, March 1, 1920, P60
These 1 and 2 Mark notes dated March 1, 1920 were some of the first notes issued by Germany's Weimar government after World War I. They were needed to help relieve the serious coin shortage that developed in Germany during and after World War I.  The notes were technically were not legal tender but a non-interest-bearing loan to the government. that did not stop people from accepting them as the low denomination notes were needed to purchase essential goods.  When first issued the 1 Mark note could buy about a pound of flour or half a dozen eggs.  The notes include an embossed seal and are printed on watermarked paper. They are quite reasonably priced for historic high-grade notes that are a century old.
Item PM-DE-1+2M GERMANY 1 & 2 MARK NOTES 1920 P58 & P59& UNC. $5.00
Item PM-DE-1+2Mx5 5 SETS OF GERMANY 1 & 2 MARK NOTES 1920 P58 & P59& UNC. $15.00



NEWLOW AND HIGH DENOMINATION GERMAN MUNICIPAL NOTES

Frankfurt, Germany 25 Pfennig note 1919Frankfurt, Germany 100 Million Mark note, September 28 1923
Marburg, Germany 50 Pfennig note 1918Marburg, Germany 20 Millarden (Billion) Mark uniface note October 27, 1923
Germany’s hyperinflation is clearly demonstrated in these municipal emergency banknotes.  The low denomination notes issued around the end of World War I were needed because of a shortage of small change. The second issue, done just a few years later in 1923 was needed because inflation was so bad that cities printed their own money to pay their workers.  From the City of Frankfurt is a 25 Pfennig dated November 1, 1919. It would buy about 1 loaf of bread.  A view of the city is on the back.  The Frankfurt 100 million Mark note is dated September 28, 1923.  It would buy about 2 loaves of bread.  The back of the note depicts the Imperial Cathedral of Saint Bartholomew on the left and St. Paul’s Church on the right.  Both were severely damaged in World War II.  From the City of Marburg is a 50 Pfennig note dated July 5, 1918, shortly before the end of World War I.  It depicts the Town Hall and St. George’s Column (now a fountain) on the front and the city emblem on the back. The Marburg 20 Milliarden Mark (20 Billion Mark) note is dated October 27, 1923.  It pictures St. Elizabeth’s Church and a monument on the front and is blank on the back.  They are fascinating historical symbols of Germany’s hyperinflation.
Item PM-FRANK-25PF FRANKFURT, GERMANY 25 PFENNIG NOTE 1919 XF $3.00
Item PM-FRANK100MM FRANKFURT, GERMANY 100 MILLION MARK NOTE 1923 XF-AU Out
Item PM-MARB-50PF MARBURG, GERMANY 50 PFENIG NOTE 1918 VF $3.00
Item PM-MARB-20BM MARBURG, GERMANY 20 MILLARDEN (BILLION) MARK 1923 VF out



NEWGRAPE HARVEST ON NOTE FROM SCHWEICH, GERMANY

Schweich Association for Trade an Commerce emergency 50 Pfennig note 1920The Association for Trade and Commerce in the German town of Schweich issued this emergency (notgeld) 50 Pfennig note dated January 10, 1920.  The town, located on the Mosel River in western Germany, is noted for its wine.  The front of the note includes vignettes of a man carrying a basket of grapes on his back and a woman picking grapes.  The back shows the grapes being dumped into barrels on wagons.  The note is 58mm x 85mm.  Unlike many later made for collector notgeld notes, this circulated extensively within the community due to a shortage of coins.
Item PM-SCHWEICH SCHWEICH, GERMANY 50 PFENNIG NOTE, 1920 Fine $3.00


 ST. MARTIN'S  EVE FEAST NOTE FROM NORDHAUSEN

Nordhausen Germany 25 Pfennig note, 1921 features St. Martin's Eve FeastSt. Martin's Day, also called Old Halloween, takes place November 11.  It marked the end of the harvest season and beginning of winter.  In Germany it was celebrated with feasting, bonfires, processions and small gifts for children. The back of this 1921 dated 25 Pfennig note from the German city of Nordhausen depicts three men drinking and feasting on a traditional St. Martin's Goose along with two St. Martin candles, a cooked goose and fish on platters. Below is a poem which roughly translates as "With a sip of Korn (a strong liquor produced in Nordhausen), A slice of meat, That’s the way the Nordhauser people celebrate with a St. Martin's goose feast".  The front of the note features the Nordhausen coat of arms.  The colorful note is 84x55mm.
Item PM-NORHAUSEN NORDHAUSEN, GERMANY 25 PFNNIG NOTE 1921 UNC. $3.00




ATTRACTIVE AND COLORFUL GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES

Germany small municipal notgeld notes
These attractive, colorful small (most less than 4 inches - 90cm long) were issued by communities throughout Germany during and after World War I.  They quickly became a popular with collectors and by 1921 many thousand different types were produced.  They have a wide variety of themes, including fairy tales, local history, monuments, and political satire.  Every lot is different, however there may be duplication between lots.  They are a fun and fascinating collectible and remarkably inexpensive considering they are over 100 years old!
Item PM-DE-NOTx25 25 DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES, UNC. $22.50
Item PM-DE-NOTx10 10 DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTE UNC.  $10.00
Item PM-DE-NOTx30C 30 DIFFERENT CIRCULATED. GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES VG-XF $15.00




GERMAN WEIMAR REPUBLIC 100 MARK BANKNOTE

Germany 100 Mark note, 1920The Weimar Republic was formed after the defeat of the German Empire in World War I.  Its early years were a tumultuous period of uprisings, riots and massive inflation.  It is named after the city where the new German constitution was written and adopted in August, 1919, and lasted until the rise of the Nazis in 1933.    The 100 Mark note features two images of the head of the “Bamberg Horseman”. The horseman is an impressive 13th century sculpture in the Bamberg Cathedral.  The Bamberg Horsman depicts a famous king, however which king it is is a matter of debate. The note is dated November 1, 1920, measures 162x108mm and includes the red Weimar Republic crest.
Item PM-DE-100M-20-C GERMANY-WEIMAR 100 MARK NOTE, 1920 P69 Fine $3.00
Item PM-DE-100M-20x10 10 OF THE ABOVE GERMAN 100 MARK NOTES, 1920 P69 VG-F $15.00
Item PM-DE-100M-20x100 PACK OF 100 OF THE ABOVE GERMAN 100 MARK NOTES, 1920 P69 VG-F $85.00
Item PM-DE-100M-20-U GERMANY-WEIMAR 100 MARK NOTE, 1920 P69b AU-UNC. $10.00


EMERGENCY BANKNOTE FROM THE CITY OF GOTHA Restocked

Gotha 100 Mark banknote 1922
Reduced size image
Because of the severe inflation that followed World War I, prices were rising faster than the German government could print money.  Many towns and companies resorted to printing their own currency.  This 100 Mark note was issued by the City of Gotha, Germany.  It is dated September 30, 1922.  It is a simple, uniface note that pictures a bishop from the town’s arms. 
Item PM-GOTHA GOTHA, GERMANY 100 MARK NOTE, 1922 VF $3.00



THE FAMOUS GERMAN "VAMPIRE NOTE" Restocked

Germany 10000 Mark 1922 Vampire Note P72  Vampire on German 10,000 Mark note
This large ( 180 x 100mm - approx. 8” x 5”) 10,000 Mark note dated January 19, 1922 is often called the "Vampire Note"  If you turn the note sideways and look carefully (and have a good imagination) you will see a vampire on the neck of the German.  The nose of the vampire is pointed towards the neck of the man.  This was an allusion that the heavy reparations that Germany had to pay France following World War I. It France represented sucking the lifeblood out of Germany. 
Item PM-DE-VAMP-C GERMANY 10,000 MARK "VAMPIRE NOTE" 1922  VF $7.00



POPULAR GERMAN 100,000 MARK INFLATION NOTE

Germany 100,000 Mark note 1922 P83
This 100,000 Mark note dated February 1, 1922 is one of the most popular of the German inflation notes.  The large (190 x 115mm) note features a cut from Hans Holbein the Younger's portrait "The Merchant Georg Gisze".  At the time the painting was done in 1532 Georg Gisze was a prominent Hanseatic merchant who managed his family's trading office in London. Some sources indicate the portrait was done for his betrothed who lived in Danzig (Gdansk), as they probably had never met.  German painter Han Holbein the Younger had a successful career in London, with commissions from Sir Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell, Anne Boleyn and as a court painter of Henry VIII.  The painting is now in the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin.  The back of the brown, black and lilac note features the denomination within guilloche patterns.  It is an historic note from the beginning of the German hyperinflationary period. 
Item PM-DE-100,000M-C GERMANY 100,000 MARK NOTE, 1922 P83a VF $5.00



GERMAN SET OF 9 GERMAN NOTES 1 MARK - 2 MILION MARK 1920-1923INFLATION ERA NOTE SET

Set of 9 German inflation era notes: 1 Mark - 2 Million Mark, 1920-1923This set of nine banknotes issued by the German government vividly illustrates the 1920-1923 hyperinflation.  This set includes the 1 and 2 Mark dated March 1, 1920. The notes were needed because all silver 1 Mark coins had disappeared from circulation.  The large-size (162 x 108mm) 100 Mark note is dated November 1, 1920 and depicts the head of the Bamberg Horseman.  It was worth about $1.50 when first issued.  Also included is the 500 Mark dated July 7, 1922;  1000 Mark dated September 15, 1922; 5000 Mark dated December 2, 1922 and 20,000 Mark dated February 20, 1923. The magnificent, large 100,000 Mark is dated February 1, 1923, features a cut from Hans Holbein the Younger's portrait "The Merchant Georg Gisze".  The last note in the collection is the 2 Million Mark note dated August 9, 1923.  It was worth less than a dollar when introduced and would be virtually worthless in less than a month.
The notes grade Fine to Almost Uncirculated.  It is an impressive and historic collection showing what happens when government spending gets out of control.
Item PM-DE-SET9 SET OF 9 DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTES 1 MARK - 2 MILION MARK 1920-1923 F-AU $29.75

Item PM-DE-LOT50 LOT OF OF 50 MIXED GERMAN NOTES 1 MARK - 50 MILION MARK 1908-1923 VG-AU $69.75




NEWGERMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY CURRENCY

German National Railways (Deutsche Reichsbahn), Berlin 10 Million Mark note, September 2, 1923. PS1014
In 1923, Germany experienced what was then the world’s worst inflation. Prices increased hourly and the government could not print currency fast enough to meet the demand.  In order to pay employees and suppliers, the Deutsche Reichsbahn (the German National Railways) printed its own currency.  Unlike many of the issues of the period, the notes were accepted throughout most of Germany. These notes were issued from the company's Berlin headquarters. In German Milliarden is 1 Billion in English, German 1 Billion is 1 Trillion in English. That is a LOT of  Marks. Many notes are printed only on one side.  Most are available in only very limited quantities.
Item PM-DERB-1MM DEUTSCHE REICHBAHN 1 MILLION MARK NOTE, Berlin, August 12, 1923 PS1011 AU $9.00
Item PM-DERB-2MM DEUTSCHE REICHBAHN 2 MILLION MARK NOTE Berlin, August 20, 1923 PS1012 VF-XF $7.00
Item PM-DERB-20MM DEUTSCHE REICHBAHN 20 MILLION MARK NOTE Berlin, Sept. 18, 1923 PS1015 AU-UNC $10.00
Item PM-DERB-100MM DEUTSCHE REICHBAHN 100 MILLION MARK NOTE Berlin, Sept. 25, 1923 PS1017 VF-XF $8.00


Germany - Cassel Railroad Office 1 Billion (Trillion) Mark note

As inflation continued notes were also issued from the Regional Railroad Offices called Reichsbahn Direktion

Item PM-RD-CASSEL-1BM CASSEL RAILROAD OFFICE 1 BILLION (TRILLION) MARK NOTE Oct. 24, 1923 PS1068 AU-advertisment on back PS1031 AU-UNC $20.00
Item PM-RD-FRANKFURT-1BM FRANKFURT RAILROAD OFFICE 1 BILLION (TRILLION) MARK NOTE Nov. 2, 1923 PS1226 UNC.  $35.00



10 MILLION MARK!

Germany 10 Million Mark note, August 23, 1923 P106This Uncirculated German 10 Million Mark note is dated August 22, 1923.  This was during the height of Germany's Post-World War I hyperinflation.  When first issued it could buy a few eggs.  By November it was virtually worthless.  The note is printed on watermarked paper.  In order to speed up production of notes, it is printed on one side only.  It is a reminder of what happens when government does not control its spending.
Item PM-DE-10MM GERMANY 10 MILLION MARK NOTE 1923 P106 AU-UNC. $5.00



A HIGHLY REVALUED GERMAN NOTE

Germany 1 Milliarde (Billion) overprinted on 1000 Mark 1922nbanknote P113
This German banknote was originally authorized in December 1922 as a 1000 Mark note.  Because of Germany's inflation, it was virtually worthless when was ready to be released and few actually went into circulation.  By autumn of 1923 Germany's inflation was totally out of control.  The government could not issue new notes fast enough to keep up with rising prices.  The unissued 1000 Mark notes were overprinted in September 1923 as 1 Billion Mark notes (Milliarde in German translates as 1 Billion in English).  The front of the note has the portrait of Jörg Herz who was the Mintmaster of Nuremberg in the early 16th century.  The back has gulloche patterns and the denomination.  The note is 140x90mm.   They make a fascinating lesson about inflation.
Item PM-DE-BILLOVPT-C GERMANY 1 BILLION (MILLARDE) MARK OVERPRINTED ON 1000 MARK 1922 NOTE P113 VF $7.00


Click HereCLICK HERE to see our exhibit on the coins and notes of the German Hyperinflation



NAZI GERMAN CURRENCY

The following notes were used in Nazi Germany throughout World War II and remained legal tender until 1948. The notes bear two dates: the date the note was first authorized, and the date the issuing bank was authorized to issue currency. The Reichsbank was first authorized to issue cufrrency on August 20, 1924.  Unlike coins, the date is not the year the note was printed. These Reichsbank notes were supposedly backed by gold, but could not be redeemed for gold.


100 REICHSMARK NOTE FEATURES SWASTIKA 


Germany 100 Reichsmark note 1935 P183
The first Nazi German note to feature a swastika was the 1935 100 Reichsmark.  A large swastika underprint at the center of the front of the note.  To the right is Justus von Liebig, a 19th century German chemist who is called the "Father of the Fertilizer Industry" for his discovery of nitrogen as an essential plant nutrient. The back depicts allegorical figures. The note was about half a month's pay for a skilled laborer.  The note is 180 x 90mm
Item PM-DE-NAZI100RMK GERMANY 100 REICHSMARK NOTE 1935 P183 Fine-VF $20.00 


FIRST BANKNOTE ISSUED BY NAZI GERMANY   

Germany 50 Reichsmark 1935
Reduced size images
The 50 Reichsmark dated March 30, 1933 was the first banknote issued under the Nazi regime.  It  features the portrait and watermark of 19th century Prussian politician and banker David Hansemann.  The back features a portrait of Mercury in a medallion flanked by two small children.  The design does not include a swastika.  The note is 170 x 85mm
Item PM-DE-50RMK NAZI GERMANY 50 REICHSMARK NOTE 1933 P182 Fine-VF $10.00


Germany 20 Reichmark note 1929 P181
Reduced size images
The 20 Reichsmark note dated 1929 portrays Ernst Werner Siemens, the 19th century German industralist and inventor who founded the Siemens A.G. which has expanded into a multi-national company producing a wide range products. The back features children holding tools and a worker carrying a hammer. It has a watermark of Siemans at the left and an embosed seal near the lower left corner. The note continued in circulation throughout World War II.
Item PM-DE-NAZI20RMK-29C GERMANY 20 REICHSMARK NOTE 1929 P181 Fine-VF $3.00


NAZI GERMAN 20 REICHSMARK NOTE FEATURES AUSTRIAN MAIDEN

Germany 20 Reichmark note 1939 P185
In 1939 a new 20 Reichsmark note was introduced, with a design adopted from an unissued Austrian note.  Austria had been forcibly incorporated into the Third Reich the previous year.  The front depicts a young woman holding edelweiss.  There is also a small eagle and swastika and a large swastika underprint.  The back pictures the Dachstein Glacier on Lake Gosausee in Austria.  To the left is a man holding an ax.  To the right is a man sowing seeds.  The watermark depicts the young maiden.
Item PM-DE-NAZI20RMK-39U GERMANY 20 REICHSMARK NOTE 1939 P185 AU-UNC. $55.00



Germany 10 Reichmark note 1929 P180
Reduced size images
The 10 Reichsmark depicts Albrecht Thaer, a 19th Century German agriculturalist who applied scientific principles to agriculture and set up one of the first agricultural colleges. The back features two children and a woman carrying a sickle. The note is dated January 22, 1929 and was issued until 1945.  It has a watermark of Thaer at the right and an embosed seal near the lower left corner.
Item PM-DE-NAZI10RMKC GERMANY 10 REICHSMARK NOTE 1929 P180 F-VF $4.00

NAZI GERMAN 1 & 2 RENTENMARK NOTES  

Germany 1 Rentenmark note, 1937 P173Germany 2 Rentenmark note, 1937 P175

In 1937 Nazi Germany introduced a 1 Rentenmark note, in order to replace the nickel 1 Reichsmark coin. The coin was to be withdrawn so that the nickel could be used in the upcoming war efforts.  The Rentenmark was equivalent to the Reichsmark, however it was issued by the Rentenbank rather than the Reichsbank and the currency was theoretically backed by land rather than by gold. The note has the embossed seal of the Rentenbank at the lower right hand corner.  A 1937 2 Rentenmark with a similar design was also issued and was widely used after the minting of silver 2 Reichmark was discontinued after the start of  World War II in 1939.
Item PM-DE-1RNTMK NAZI GERMANY 1 RENTENMARK NOTE 1937 P173 F-VF $5.00
Item PM-DE-2RNTMK NAZI GERMANY 2 RENTENMARK NOTE 1937 P174 XF $7.00


NAZI GERMAN CONVERSION FUND NOTES USED TO PAY JEWS

German 5 Reichsmark Conversion Fund Note used to pay Jews for confiscated property, 1933 P199German 10 Reichsmark Conversion Fund Note used to pay Jews for confiscated property, 1934 P208
Jewish and other refugees fleeing Nazi Germany would sometimes be paid for their confiscated property with these Conversion Fund Notes, (called Konversionskasse fur Deutsche Auslandsschulden.) The notes were not legal tender nor were they transferable. Redemption of the notes was difficult, if not impossible.  In most cases their owners found them to be eventually worthless. The original issue is dated 1933.  The 1934 has two red guilloches overprinted on the left side of the 1933 notes, with the lower guilloche containing the date 1934. The large sized notes measure 200 x 115mm.  The notes are Uncirculated and perforated "ENTWERTET" (CANCELLED). They are historic and rarely seen items.
Item PM-DE-5M33 GERMANY 5 REICHSMARK CONVERSION FUND NOTE 1933 CANCELLED P199 UNC. $60.00
Item PM-DE-10M34 GERMANY 10 REICHSMARK CONVERSION FUND NOTE 1934 CANCELLED P208 UNC. $65.00



WORLD WAR II GERMAN MILITARY CURRENCY

German Wehrmacht military currency, 10 Reichsmark 1944 PM40
Wehrmacht military currency was used by Nazi Germany to pay its troops during the final months of World War II. The notes are dated September 15, 1944. Soldiers were paid in military scrip while in transit. When a soldier arrived at his post the notes could be converted to the local currency or occupation notes. The notes all have similar designs. The front includes a small Eagle holding a Swastika and the inscription "VERRECHNUNGSSEN FUR DIE DEUTSCHE WEHRMACHT" (Clearing notes for German Armed Forces) The back of the note includes regulations and instructions on how to use the notes. They are interesting and historic pieces of World War II military history.
Item PM-DE-MILIT10M GERMAN MILITARY 10 REICHSMARK NOTE 1944 PM40 AU-UNC. $20.00


BETHEL FOUNDATION CURRENCY FROM GERMANY

Bethel Foundation, Germany: 4 Note set, 50 Pfennig, 2, 5 & 20 MarkThe Bethel Foundation (Bodelschwinghsche Stiftungen Bethel) was founded in 1867 in Prussia to care for epileptics.  Its mission has expanded to care for mentally ill and other challenged people.  It is headquartered in the Bethel district of Bielefeld and has facilities in eight German states serving 200,000 people per year.  It issued its first currency in 1908.  After World War II it was the only private institution in West Germany authorized to issue its own currency.  The notes are accepted at Bethel facilities and selected merchants.   This four-note set of Bethel currency includes the 50 Pfennig, 2, 5 and 20 Mark notes dated from 1957 to 1973.  In 2002 the notes were replaced with Euro denominated currency. 
Item PM-BETHEL BETHEL FOUNDATION, GERMANY: 4 NOTE SET, 50 Pfennig - 20 Mark 1957-1973 UNC. $15.00



NewLAST CIRCULATING NOTES OF EAST GERMANY

East Germany 5 note set 5-100 Mark 1971-1975 P27-31
These five notes were the last notes issued for circulation by East Germany.  The notes feature communist and German heroes.  The 100 Mark depicts Karl Marx on the front and a street scene in front of the Palace of the Republic in Berlin on the back.  The 50 Mark features Frederick Engels and an oil refinery.  Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and children leaving school are on the 20 Mark.  The 10 Mark features women’s rights advocate Clara Zetkin on the front and a woman at a control panel of the Rheinsberg nuclear power plant on the back.  The 5 Mark features radical theologian Thomas Muntzer who was a leader of the German Peasant’s war of 1525.  Combines in a wheat field are on the back.  All the notes have watermarks of the person pictured on the note.   The notes are dated 1971 to 1975 and remained in use until the reunification of Germany in 1990.  The notes are all Uncirculated.
Item PM-EGER-SET5 EAST GERMANY 5 NOTE SET 5-100 MARK 1971-75 P27-31 UNC. $59.75




SCARCE, UNRELEASED BANKNOTES OF EAST GERMANY

East Germany 200 Mark note, 1985 P32
East Germany 500 Mark note, 1985 P33
These scarce 200 and 500 Mark East German notes are rarely seen in any collections. They are the highest denominations ever printed by East Germany and were some of the last banknotes ever printed by East Germany. The notes were dated 1985, however the East German government collapsed before the notes were released into circulation. After the collapse of East Germany the notes were put into storage in old Nazi bunkers. A very limited number of notes were "liberated" from a bunker by teenagers who found a hidden entrance to the bunker, before the German government destroyed all of the remaining notes. The front of 200 Mark note features a family standing in front of a government apartment complex. The back pictures a group of young school children and their teacher.  The 500 Mark pictures the East German Arms and the Staatsrat building in Berlin. 
Item PM-EGER-SET2 EAST GERMANY 200 & 500 MARK NOTES, 1985 P32 & P33, AU-UNC. $48.00



GOLDBACK NOTES

1 Goldback Aurum gold notes for South Dakota, Wyoming, New Hampshire, Nevada and Utah
Goldback Aurum notes are a voluntary local currency made of 24 karat gold! Each wafer-thin note is coated with a protective plastic coating so it can be circulated without the gold tearing. They are issued in increments of 1/1000 troy ounce of gold in order to allow for small purchases. Each 1 Goldback note contains 1/1000 troy ounce of gold and measures 66x117mm.  The notes are printed on one side only, with intricate multi-color allegorical 19th century style designs.  In 2023 South Dakota became the fifth state to have a Goldback note. The 2023 South Dakota note depicts Pax or Peace as a Lakota Sioux woman in traditional regalia performing the hoop dance.  Also in the design is Bear Butte, a sacred mountain also known as Mato Paha, an eagle, buffalo, wolf, a traditional Cancega drum and a Prairie Crocus.   Also available are the 2023 issues from Wyoming, New Hampshire, Utah and Nevada  and a few prior year issues.  The designs for each state are unchanged year to year.
Item SD-1GOLD23 SOUTH DAKOTA 1 GOLDBACK NOTE 2023 UNC. $7.00
Item WY-1GOLD23 WYOMING 1 GOLDBACK NOTE 2023 UNC. OUT
Item NH-1GOLD23 NEW HAMPSHSIRE 1 GOLDBACK NOTE 2023 UNC. $7.00
Item NH-1GOLD21 NEW HAMPSHSIRE 1 GOLDBACK NOTE 2021 UNC. $7.00
Item NV-1GOLD23 NEVADA 1 GOLDBACK NOTE 2023 UNC. $7.00
Item NV-1GOLD21 NEVADA 1 GOLDBACK NOTE 2021 UNC. $7.00
Item UT-1GOLD23 UTAH 1 GOLDBACK NOTE, 2023 UNC. $7.00
Item UT-1GOLD22 UTAH 1 GOLDBACK NOTE, 2022 UNC. $7.00



BRITISH ARMED FORCES CURRENCY

Great Britain Military Currency 1 Pound Notes

To try to control black market activities and currency speculation where British troops were stationed overseas Great Britain paid troops with a special currency called British Armed Forces Special Vouchers. The notes were only to be used in military canteens.  They were first issued for use in occupied Germany following World War II.   The set of three 1 Pound notes, consisting of the Second Series 1 Pound note which was introduced in Germany in 1948, the Third Series 1 Pound note which was briefly used during the Suez Crisis in 1956 and the Fourth Series1 Pound note, which printed in 1962 at the height of the Cold War. 
Item PM-BAF-3x1P BRITISH ARMED FORCES SET OF THREE 1 POUND NOTES PM22, PM29 & PM36 NOTES UNC. $9.75



NEWANCIENT GREEK COIN ON UNCIRCULATED OLD GREEK BANKNOTE

Greece 10 Drachmai banknote 1940 depicting coin P314
This 10 Drachmai note of the Kingdom of Greece is dated April 6, 1940, exactly one year before Nazi German troops invaded Greece and Yugoslavia.  The front of the features an ancient Greek coin depicting Demeter, the goddess of harvest and grains. The note replaced the 1930 silver 10 Drachmai coin that depicted the same design. The back depicts the main building of the Academy of Athens, Greece’s top university. The neoclassical building was started in 1859 but not competed until 1887.  For many years it housed the national numismatic collection before being turned over the newly formed Academy of Athens in 1926.  The note was printed by Giesecke & Devrient in Germany and is 83mm x 53mm.
Item PM-GR-10D GREECE 10 DRACHMAI BANKNOTE 1940 P314 UNC. 6.00



HELL BANK NOTES

Hell Bank Notes
Hell Bank notes, also called "Spirit Money" are used in funeral ceremonies in many far-eastern countries to provide money and goods in the afterlife for the dead person. The term "hell" just designates the place where the dead go, and does not carry the negative connotations that it does in the Christian world. A wide variety of notes have been produced, and make an interesting and inexpensive area to collect. We assembled a collection of 8 different Hell Bank Notes from China and Vietnam. It includes both traditional style notes exchangeable for goods in the afterlife and modern, multi-color currency style notes.
Item PM-HELL8 COLLECTION OF 8 DIFFERENT HELL BANK NOTES $4.00

For further information about Hell Bank Notes visit
Satan's Own Bankers: Chinese Hell Money



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