Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins

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COINS & CURRENCY OF
EAST EUROPE

A selection of historic coins and banknotes from pre-communist, communist and post-communist Eastern Europe.


NEWWORLD WAR II COIN OF BULGARIA

Bulgaria 50 Leva coin of Czar Boris III, 1943 KM48aBoris III became Czar of Bulgaria in 1918 after his father was forced to abdicate following Bulgaria's defeat in World War I. During his reign he faced multiple assassination attempts and military coups before successfully asserting his power in 1935.  Bulgaria initially declared neutrality in World War II, however it joined the Axis in March 1941 on Hitler's promise to restore territories lost in World War I.  Hitler used Bulgaria as a base to attack Greece and Yugoslavia.  Boris never fully supported Hitler, refusing to send troops to fight against the Soviet Union and repeatedly delaying the deportation of Jews. Boris died of an apparent heart attack in August 1943, shortly after a stormy meeting with Adolf Hitler.  Some claim he may have been poisoned for his refusal to cooperate.  Shortly there after the Soviet Union declared war on Bulgaria and entered the country unopposed. This 1943 50 Leva was one of the last coins of Boris III.  The head of Boris is on one side and the denomination within a wreath is on the other.  The 27mm nickel-plated steel coin was struck in Berlin and has the "A" Berlin mintmark below Boris's head.
Item BG-50L BULGARIA 50 LEVA 1943 KM48a  VF $3.00




Bulgaria 1 Lev 2002BULGARIA HONORS PATRON SAINT ON BIMETALLIC COIN 

Bulgaria honored their patron Saint, Ivan (John) of Rila (Rilski) on this 2002 bimetallic 1 Lev coin.  Ivan was a hermit who founded the first Christian monastery The 24mm coin pictures the Saint on one side and the date and denomination on the other. The bimetal coin has a brass ring around a copper-nickel center.
Item BG-IVAN BULGARIA 1 LEV 2002 ST. IVAN OF RILA BIMETAL KM254 BU $3.75


NEWBANKNOTES OF NAZI OCCUPIED CROATIA

Croatia - Nazi puppet state 10 Kuna note, 1941 P5Croatia 1000 Kuna banknote 1943 P12Croatia 5000 Kuna banknote 1943 P13
On April 6, 1941 Axis Forces under Nazi Germany invaded Yugoslavia.  They promptly conquered and divided the nation along ethnic lines, creating the puppet governments for Croatia and Serbia.   Other bits of Yugoslavia were divided between Germany's allies. Croatia was nominally ruled by an Italian prince who never set foot in the country.. From the Nazi puppet state of Croatia we have the 1941 10 Kuna note and the 1943 1000 and 5000 Kuna notes.  The 10 Kuna note includes the arms of Croatia on the front.  The 1000 Kuna has an ancient frieze on the front and two Croatian women in fancy native costumes.  The 5000 Kuna has a baptismal font on the front and a couple in traditional wedding clothing on the back. The notes were printed in Germany by Giesecke & Devrient, a private company which is still in business.   
Item PM-HR-10K NAZI CROATIA 10 KUNA 1941 P5 F-VF $4.00
Item PM-HR-1000K NAZI CROATIA 1000 KUNA 1943 P12 AU-UNC. $4.00
Item PM-HR-5000K NAZI CROATIA 5000 KUNA 1943 P13 XF-AU $6.00

SERBIAN KRAJINA & CROATIA AT WAR 

Serbian Krajina (Croatia) 500,000 Dinara 1993 P23
Serbian Krajina (Croatia) 500,000,000 Dinara 1993 P26
Croatia 50,000 & 100,000 Dinara 1993 P26 & P27
With the collapse of Yugoslavia, the Serbian portions of Croatia declared independence from Croatia, even before Croatia declared itself independent from Yugoslavia.  The Serbs formed the Republic of Serbian Krajina and had their capital at Knin.  A brutal war broke out, and both Croatia (Republika Hrvatska) and Serbian Krajina suffered from severe inflation as they tried to finance themselves by printing money.  Krajina was defeated in 1995 and reincorporated into Croatia.  From Serbian Kranina we have the 500,000 Dinara and 500,000,000 Dinara notes dated 1993.  Both notes have similar designs.   The notes feature the Knin fortress on a hill on one side, and the Serbian arms on the other.  The Croatia 50,000 Dinara and 100,000 Dinara are dated 1993.  Both feature Croatian astronomer, physicist, mathematician, and philosopher Roger Joseph Boscovich.  Boscovich is famous for his atomic theory.  In 1753 he discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon.  The reverse of the notes have the Statue of  "Glagolica Mother Croatia", a marble statue created in 1932 by artist Ivan Mestrovic. The sculpture is of a mother holding on her lap a stone tablet with “History of Croatians” engraved in the old Croatian script.  The original sculpture has been in a "temporary exhibition" in Belgrade, Serbia since 1934.  Serbia has refused to return the statue to Croatia.  A bronze copy is at Zagreb University in Croatia
NEWItem PM-KRAJ-500K SERBIAN KRAJINA 500 THOUSAND DINARA 1993 PR23 AU-UNC  $3.00
NEWItem PM-KRAJ-500M SERBIAN KRAJINA 500 MILLION DINARA 1993 PR26 AU-UNC $3.00
Item PM-HR-SET2 CROATIA 50,000 & 100,000 DINARA 1993 P26 & 27 UNC. $4.00


CROATIA BIMETALLIC COMMEMORATES TREATY TO JOIN THE EUROPEAN UNION

Croatia 25 Kuna 2011, Acceptance to join European Union commemorativeCroatia issued this 2011 dated 12-sided bimetallic 25 Kuna coin to commemorate the signing of the treaty allowing Croatia to join the European Union.  Croatia is expected to join in 2013.  The reverse features a beehive of 27 cells, representing the 27 member nations, and a square, representing Croatia, about to join the hive.  The other side is the standard obverse featuring a partially incuse design that includes the Croatian arms and a Pine Marten. The denomination Kuna is derived from an old Croatian term for a marten pelt.  The 32mm coin is Uncirculated, though the obverse is poorly struck.
Item HR-25K11 CROATIA 25 KUNA 2011 EUROPEAN UNION TREATY, UNC. $12.00




 CZECHOSLOVAKIA COIN SET

Czechoslovakia 4 coin set: 5 - 50 HaleruCzechoslovakia was formed after World War I by joining together the formerly Austrian Hapsburg lands of Bohemia, Slovakia and other territories.  In World War II, Nazi Germany took some of its territory, and divided the rest into two seperate nations:  Slovakia and the Protectorate of Bohemia & Moravia. Following World War II was reunited and  fell under the control of the Soviet Union. It December 1989 it threw off the Soviet sponsored government. Tensions between the Czech and Slovaks increased and on December 31, 1992 the country was again divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.  We offer a four coin set of some of the last coins issued by Czechoslovakia: the 5, 10, 20 and 50 Haleru dating from 1977 to 1990.  The coins have the denomination on one side and the arms of communist Czechoslovakia on the other.  
Item CZECH-SET4 CZECHOSLOVAKIA 4 COIN SET 5 - 50 HALERU 1977-90 AU-UNC. $4.00



CZECH REPUBLIC COIN SET

Czech coin set
This set of seven Uncirculated coins from the Czech Republic date from 1997 to 2016 and feature a crowned Czech lion on one side of the coins.The bi-metallic 50 Korun depicts a view of Prague with the famed Charles Bridge in the foreground.  The 27.5mm coin features a copper ring around an aluminum-bronze center.  St. Wenceslas on horseback is on the brass-plated steel 20 Korun. The attractive copper plated steel 10 Korun shows the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul in Brno. The 5 Korun shows the 13th century Charles Bridge in Prague. The bridge has been shown on coins of Czechoslovakia since the 1920's. A piece of medieval Moravian jewelry that features a stylized bird is on the 2 Korun. The Crown of St. Wenceslas is on the 1 Korun. Also included in the set is the aluminum 10, 20 and 50 Haleru. Due to inflation the 10 and 20 have been withdrawn from circulation, thus making them difficult to obtain.  The reverse of the coins all feature the Bohemian Lion that appears on the Czech coat-of-arms.
Item S-CZ-SET9 CZECH REPUBLIC 9 COIN SET 10 HALERU - 10 KORUN, KM1-9 UNC.  $15.00


THE WOMAN WHO WAS A KING…AND A PAWN

Hungary Silver Denar of Maria, 1383-1385, H.569Mary, also known as Maria, was the daughter of Louis the Great, King of Hungary and Poland and Elizabeth of Bosnia.   Born in 1371, she was promised in marriage to Sigismund of Luxembourg when she was less than a year old.  Louis died when she was about eleven years old. Her parents arranged for her to be the “King” of Hungary, with Elizabeth acting as her regent.  The idea of a female king was unpopular with the Hungarian nobles and there was open rebellion. The nobles invited Mary’s distant cousin Charles III of Naples, to take the throne.  To strengthen Mary’s political position, Elizabeth then arranged for her to be engaged Louis, the brother of Charles VI of France.  In 1385 Charles III of Naples invaded Hungary from the south to claim his throne, and Sigismund invaded from the north to claim his bride.  Sigismund arrived in the capital of Buda and was married to Mary in October 1385, however he was not proclaimed king or given royal titles.  He quickly departed Buda, then mortgaged a large portion of the country.  Charles of Naples arrived in Buda in December 1385.  Mary, fearing for her life, resigned the throne and Charles was crowned King of Hungary.  In February 1386 Elizabeth had Charles murdered.   Mary was again proclaimed King with Elizabeth still in control.  In July 1386 Mary and Elizabeth were captured by supporters of Ladislaus, the son of the murdered Charles III.  Mary’s close confidants, who were traveling with them, were beheaded and their heads thrown into the royal carriage holding Mary and Elizabeth.  Mary and Elizabeth were held in captivity where Elizabeth was strangled in Mary’s presence. The nobility had Sigismund crowned King of Hungary on March 31, 1387.  One of Sigismund’s supporters, with the help of the Venetian fleet, freed Mary.  Mary was reunited with her husband and though co-ruler, had little influence on government.  In May 1395 Mary, although pregnant, ventured out alone on a hunt.  Her horse fell and landed on top of her, which induced labor.  She gave birth prematurely to a son.  Not having any assistance, Mary and her son died alone.  This attractive silver Denar of Mary issued between 1383 and 1385.  One side of the 13mm silver coin features a crown; the other side has a patriarchal cross.  It is an historic coin from a woman whose life sounds like something from the "Game of Thrones".
Item HU-MARY HUNGARY SILVER DENAR OF KING MARY, 1383-1385, H.569 VF $17.00




SILVER COIN OF LEOPOLD THE HOGMOUTH  

Leopold the Hogmouth silver 15 Kreuzer (1660-1696)Leopold the Hogmouth 15 Kreuzer, Hungary reverse with Madonna and ChildLeopold I was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1658 to 1705.  He had a rather pronounced lower lip, possibly brought on by his father’s marriage to his cousin.  He was described as a cultivated man of extreme ugliness, hence the name "The Hogmouth".  As Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (which was neither Holy, Roman, nor an Empire) he ruled a vast territory including Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, as well as parts of Germany. He claimed the throne of Spain, leading to The War of Spanish The Succession.  Leopold fought a number of wars against the Turks and France.  The engravers made no attempt to hide his ugliness on the coins, hence his protruding Hapsburg jaw is plainly visible on the coin.  His coins tend to have a slight curvature that was caused by the minting process which used "roller dies" rather than the coin being struck flat.  We offer a silver 15 Kreuzer coins of Leopold from Hungary featuring the Madonna and Child on the reverse and a wonderfully ugly portrait of Leopold on the obverse.   The coin is date between 1660 and 1696 and are approximately 30mm in diameter. 
Item HU-LEO-15K HUNGARY SILVER 15 KREUZER LEOPOLD THE HOGMOUTH 1660-1696 F-VF $59.75


ATTRACTIVE OLD HUNGARIAN BANK NOTE Restocked

Hungary 100 Pengo note, 1930 P112
Reduced size image
This attractive, old, Hungarian 100 Pengo banknote is dated 1930 and continued to be used throughout World War II.. The front depicts King Matthias Corvinus.  Matthias had an eventful life. He grew up in Transylvania and was married and widowed by age 12, though he never consummated the marriage.  After the death of his father, a struggle broke out between the Hungarian barons and the Hapsburg King and Matthias was sentenced to be be-headed. He was spared on account of his youth.  In 1458, at age 15, he was elected to be King of Hungary by the Hungarian Parliament.  He spent most of his life at war, both to protect his throne from other claimants, protect his country from other powers and to expand his kingdom.  He regained Bosnia from the Ottomans.   Through the skillful use of arms and diplomacy he was crowned King of Bohemia in 1469.  He imprisoned his vassal, Vlad III the Impaler, (also known as Dracula).  He eventually allowed Vlad to marry Matthias's cousin and released him so he could fight the Ottomans.  Matthias died in 1490, leaving no legitimate heir and his empire collapsed.  His reign is considered one of the most glorious in Hungary’s long history and he became a popular hero of Hungarian folk lore. The back of the note has a picture of the famed Buda Castle as it looked in the 1930's, before being damaged in World War II and modernized by the communists that followed.
Item PM-HU-100P HUNGARY 100 PENGO NOTE 1930 P112 VF $3.00

HUNGARIAN INFLATION CURRENCY

Hungary 500,000 Adopengo 1946 banknote
At the end of World War II, Hungary found its infrastructure and economy totally ruined retreating the Nazi and invading Soviet troops. The government issued vast amounts of unbacked currency, resulting in some of the worst hyperinflation ever recorded.  In order to cut down on the number of zeros on the banknotes and allow for simpler calculations, Hungary kept renaming their currency.  In May 1946 Hungary introduced a new currency called Adopengo, or Tax Pengo.  It was originally intended  as accounting unit that would retain its value.  It was later allowed to be used as legal tender and soon it also suffered from hyperinflation.  By end of July 1946  1 Adopengo was valued at 2×1021 of the original Pengo.   Finally on August 1, 1946 Hungary introduced a totally new currency called the Forint, with one Forint equal to 400,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 or 4×1029 Pengo.  We offer a set of three Adopengo notes: the 10,000, 100,000 and 500,000 Adopengo notes dated May, 1946.  Due to their rapid introduction into circulation and quickly depreciating value, the Adopengo notes have a simple design consiting primarily of words. The notes are a reminder of what happens when government creates too much money.
Item PM-HU-ADO3 SET OF 3 HUNGARIAN ADOPENGO NOTES 1946 F-VF $15.00



HUNGARIAN BI-METALLIC 200 FORINT FEATURES CHAIN BRIDGE  

Hungary 200 Forint 2009 bi-metallic coin picturing the Chain BridgeHungary introduced this new bimetallic 200 Forint coin in 2009 in order to replace the 200 Forint banknote in circulation.  The banknote will cease to be legal tender.  The coin pictures the famed Széchenyi Chain Bridge one one side and has the date and denomination on the other.  The chain suspension bridge, completed in 1849, was the first permanent bridge across the Danube to join Buda with Pest. In 1873 the two cities were united to form the Hungarian capital of Budapest. At the time the bridge was built, its center span of 202 meters (663 feet) was one of the largest in the world and was considered by some to be a "Wonder of the World".
Item HU-200FT-09 HUNGARY 200 FORINT 2009 BIMETALLIC COIN KM826 BU $4.50


ATTRACTIVE MACEDONIAN BANKNOTES AND COINS

Current Macedonian 10, 50 & 100 Denari banknotesMacedonia 6 coin set: 50 Deni - 50 Denari
Macedonia is one of the few countries that uses some of the same design elements on the coins and banknotes of the same denomination.  The three banknote set includes the 10 Denari dated 2011, 50 Denari dated 2007 and the 100 Denari dated 2009.  The colorful notes are beautifully designed, featuring elements of the nation’s culture.  The 10 Denari features an 5th-6th century mosaic peacock from the baptistery of the Basilica in Stobi on the front.  The back pictures the torso of the Egyptian Goddess Isida dating from 3rd Century BC and an ancient gold filigree earring.  A magnificent 12th century fresco of the Archangel Gabriel from the church of St. Ghiorghi in Kurbinovo is on the front of the 50 Denari.  The back features a Follis of Byzantine Justin II beneath a decorative frame from the medieval church of St.Panteleimon in Gorno Nerezi.  The front of the 100 Denari depicts a scene of the capital city of Skopje as seen through a window taken from an engraving done in 1594.   The back portrays an ornate baroque carved wood ceiling.   The notes are quite colorful and include numerous sophisicated anti-counterfeiting devices, including  metallic ink, watermarks, front-back registration, reflective materials and ultra-violet marks.  All three notes are Uncirculated.
   The six coin set includes the 50 Deni to the 50 Denari.  The 50 Denari portrays the head of Archangel Gabriel taken from the 50 Denari note.  The 10 Denari has the peacock from the 10 Denari note.  Both coins are copper-nickel.  The lower four denominations all feature animals and are struck in brass. A lynx is on the 5 Denari. An Ochrid Trout is on the 2 Denari.  A Yugoslav Shepherd Dog (Sarplaninac) is on the 1 Denar.  The 50 Deni features a seagull in flight.  The 50 Deni is dated 1993, the only year the coin was issued.  The others are dated 2008.  The reverses of the coins feature the denomination and a 16-ray sun symbol that was used by Alexander the Great. All six coins are Brilliant Uncirculated
Item PM-MK-SET3 MACEDONIA 3 NOTE SET 10 - 100 DENARI, P14-16 UNC. $10.00
Item S-MK-SET6 MACEDONIA 6 COIN SET 50 DENI-50 DENARI, BU $10.00


POLAND HONORS THE LIFE OF THEIR POPE

Poland 2 Zlote 2005 Pope John Paul II Poland issued this 2 Zlote coin in 2005 shortly after the death of Pope John Paul II.  The Polish born Pope was the first the first non-Italian Pope since 1523.  One side depicts the Pope ith an outline of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome in the background.  The other side features a stylized Polish Eagle.  The 27mm coin is struck in a brass alloy called "Nordic Gold".
Item PL-2Z-POPE05 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2005 POPE JOHN PAUL II,  KM525 BU $4.00



POLAND COMMEMORATES THE BATTLE OF GRUNWALD 

Poland 2 Zlote 2010 Battle of Grunwald Poland issued this 2 Zlote coin in 2010 to commemorate the 600th anniversary of it victory in the Battle of Grunward.   It was the last great battle involving knights in Europe and signaled the ascendency of Poland as a major European power in the 15th century.  The combined forces of Poland and Lithuania defeated the forces of the Teutonic Knights, who attempted to conquer both countries under the guise of converting them to Christianity, even though their leaders had already became Christians.   The attractive coin features two knights in armor carrying the shields bearing the arms of Poland and Lithuania.  Above them is a shifting image. As the coin is moved from side to side the dates 1410 and 2010 appears.  The obverse features the Polish Eagle.  The 27mm coin is struck in a brass alloy called "Nordic Gold".
Item PL-GRUNWALD POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2010 BATTLE OF GRUNWALD, KM732 BU $3.50


POPULAR POLAND WILDLIFE COINS

Poland 2 Zlote 2014 Konik Horse KM896 Poland 2 Zlote 2013 European Bison KM878Poland 2 Zlote 2011 European BadgerPoland 2 Zlote 2010 Lesser Horseshoe BatPoland 2 Zlote 2009 Green Lizard

Poland regularly issues  a 27mm “Nordic gold” (brass alloy) 2 Zlote honoring native endangered wildlife.  The attractive coins are always popular with collectors.The 2014 issue features the Konik Horse. The Konik Horse is a small, hardy, semi-feral horse that originated in Poland.  The European Bison (Zubr)  is on the 2013 issue. . The European Bison was hunted to extinction in the wild in the early 20th Century.  Since then it has been reintroduced from captivity.  In the past, especially during the Middle Ages, it was commonly killed for its hide, and to produce drinking horns.  No wildlife coins were issued for 2012.  The 2011 issues featurew the European Badger.  The 2010 issues feature the Lesser Horse-shoe Bat.  It is one of the world’s smallest bats, weighing only 5 to 9 grams (less than a third of an ounce) and is less than a 44mm long (under 2 inches). Both the coins picture the bat in flight.   The 2009 issues feature the Green Lizard. The arms of Poland featuring a stylized crowned eagle is on the obverse of each coin.
 Item PL-2Z14-HORSE POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2014 KONIK HORSE, KM896 UNC. $3.00
Item PL-2Z13-BISON POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2013 EUROPEAN BISON, KM878 UNC. out
Item PL-2ZBADG11 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2011  BADGER Y762 BU $3.00
Item PL-2ZBAT10 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2010 HORSESHOE BAT Y723 BU $3.00
Item PL-2ZLIZ09 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2009 GREEN LIZARD Y678 BU $3.00

POLAND HONORS HER NAVY

Poland recently started a series 2 Zlote coins honoring famous shops of the Polish Navy.   The 27mm "Nordic Gold" (aluminum-bronze) coins depict the Polish arms on one side and the ship on the other.

Poland 2 Zlote 2013 ORP Generał Kazimierz PulaskiThe guided-missile frigate ORP Generał Kazimierz Pulaski is the latest Polish Naval vessel to be featured on a 2 Zlote coin of Poland.  The ship was commissioned by the United States Navy as the USS Clark in 1980.  In 2000 she was transferred to Poland, who renamed her after the hero of both Poland’s and the United States’ independence.  General Pulaski was one of the leading military commanders of the Bar Confederation that fought against Russian domination of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.  He was a brilliant and heroic commander, however he often acted independently, disobeying or ignoring orders.  Following the defeat of the Confederation in 1772 he ended up in debtors’ prison in France.  In 1777 he was recruited by the Marquis de Lafayette and Benjamin Franklin for service in the American Revolutionary War.  In the Battle of Brandywine his cavalry actions most likely saved George Washington’s life and saved the Continental Army from annihilation.  He was awarded the rank of Brigadier General and set about to reform the Calvary.  He became known as "father of the American cavalry". He used his own funds in order to assure his forces had proper equipment and to assure their personal safety.  In 1779 he died from wounds received during a Calvary charge during the Siege of Savannah. 
Item PL-PULASKI  POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2013 FRIGATE GENERAL PULASKI BU $3.50


POLAND 2 ZLOTE COMMEMORATIVE SETS

Poland 2012 2 Zlote coin set Poland 2 Zlote 
Each year Poland produces a number of attractive commemorative 2 Zlote coins covering a wide variety of topics, including endangered wildlife, historic cities, famous Poles, sporting events, etc.  The coins are struck in an aluminum-bronze alloy called Nordic Gold.  The issues are reasonably priced and popular with collectors, however collecting them can be difficult due to the large number of issues.   Luckily we found someone that assembled complete sets of these popular and attractive 2 Zlote coins from original mint bags.  The 2004 series consists of 24 coins.  The 2005 series consists of 19 issues.  The 2006 and 2007 sets  each contain 23 coins.  The 2008 set contains 16 coins.  The 2009 set has 18 coins.  The 2010 set has 20 coins.  The 2011 set has 21 coins.  The 2012 set has 15 coins.  These sets are not packaged.
Item BK-PL-SET04 SET OF ALL 24 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2004 UNC $85.00
Item BK-PL-SET05 SET OF ALL 19 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2005 UNC. $65.00
Item BK-PL-SET06 SET OF ALL 23 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2006 UNC. $79.00
Item BK-PL-SET07 SET OF ALL 23 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2007 UNC. $79.00
Item BK-PL-SET08 SET OF ALL 16 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2008 UNC. $55.00
Item BK-PL-SET09 SET OF ALL 18 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2009 UNC. $59.50
Item BK-PL-SET10 SET OF ALL 20 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2010 UNC. $67.00
Item BK-PL-SET11 SET OF ALL 21 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2011 UNC. $69.50
Item BK-PL-SET12 SET OF ALL 15 POLAND 2 ZLOTE 2012 UNC. $49.50


RECENT BI-METALLIC COINS FROM POLAND

Poland 5 Zlotych 2014, 25 Years of Freedom, KM904Poland 5 Zlotych 2014 Royal Castle in Warsaw KM913Poland 5 Zlotych 2015 Bydgoszcz CanalPoland 5 Zlotych 2015 Pozan Town HallPoland 5 Zlotych 2016 Priest's Mill, LodzPoland recently introduced a series of circulating bi-metallic 5 Zlotych commemorative coins.  The 24.5mm coins have a copper-nickel ring around an aluminum-bronze center. The first coin in the series, introduced in 2014, commemorates the 25th anniversary of Poland’s overthrow of communism.  It features the peace or victory hand sign over a stylized map of Poland.  During the Solidarity movement in Poland protesters showed the V sign meaning they would defeat Communism.  The legend translates as “25 YEARS OF FREEDOM”.   The second issue for 2014 has a modernistic design featuring the Royal Castle in Warsaw. The castle dates back to the middle ages.  It served as the Royal residence until the partitions of Poland in the 16th century. It was almost completely destroyed in World War II.  Since then it has been rebuilt and today is a national museum.  The first 2015 5 Zlotych commemorates the Bydgoszcz Canal.   The 24.7km (15.3 mile) canal connects Vistula river with Oder river through their tributaries.  It was built by Prussian King Frederick II between 1772 and 1775, after annexation of western Poland by Prussia in First Partition of Poland.  Some 8000 Germans were brought in to construct the canal.  Some 2000 people died during its construction.  It was a major technological masterpiece of the 18th century.   The canal was expanded, rerouted and modernized during the early 20th century, though it received relatively little use, except during the Nazi occupation in War II.   In recent years the areas around the canal have been turned into parks and it is used primarily for recreational purposes.   Poland honored the Poznan Town Hall (Ratusz) on the second 2015 bi-metallic 5 Zlotych.  The mannerist style building was completed in 1560 and served as the seat of local government until 1939.  Today it houses a museum.  Each day at noon two mechanical goats come out from the clock tower and butt heads.   The coin depicts the town hall.  The two goats can be seen in the shaded are next to the town hall.  The 2016 5 Zlotych features The Priest's Mill (KSIĘŻY MŁYN) in Lodz.  The mill is a vast housing and industrial complex built in the 1870's on land which originally belonged to the Rector of the Parish of Lodz. The almost completely preserved complex includes a spinning mill, factory buildings, shops, two hospitals, a school, workers housing and owners and directors estates covering over 1200 acres (500 ha).   Today it is a monument to 19th century industrial designs and company towns. 
Item PL-5Z-14FREE POLAND 5 ZLOTYCH 2014 25 YEARS OF FREEDOM, KM904 BU $6.00
Item PL-5Z-14CASTLE POLAND 5 ZLOTYCH 2014 ROYAL CASTLE BU $6.00
Item PL-5Z-15CANAL POLAND 5 ZLOTYCH 2015 BYDGOSZCZ CANAL BU  out
Item PL-5Z-15POZAN  2015 POZNAN TOWN HALL BU $6.00
Item PL-5Z-16LODZ POLAND 5 ZLOTYCH 2016 PRIEST'S MILL, LODZ, BU $6.00



COIN OF RIGA FOR THE UNCONVENTIONAL QUEEN CHRISTINA

Riga, Solidus of Christina, 1634-1654Queen Christina of Sweden was one of the most educated, wittiest, unorthodox and unconventional women of the 17th century.  She succeeded her father on the throne of Sweden in 1632 when she was only six years old.  She took a deep interest in philosophy, religion, art, mathematics and science.   She was fond of books, paintings and had a collection of over 33,000 coins and medals. She frequently dressed as a man. She knew at least nine languages - and could out-cuss a soldier. She was headstrong and often in conflict with her own Chancellor.  In 1638 the first Swedish settlement in the New World was established and named after her: Fort Christina, which is now Wilmington, Delaware.  She founded Sweden's first newspaper. Her efforts helped bring about the Peace of Westphalia, ending the Thirty Years' War. She had an intimate relationship with her handmaiden and in 1649 she announced that she decided not to marry.  In 1654 she abdicated her throne and left Sweden in order to convert to Catholicism.   She was warmly received by Pope Alexander VII and for a time was given her own wing inside the Vatican.  Though often running short of money, she was a major patron of the theater and the arts.  She gave much occasion for gossip as she did not follow the norms for women of that era and freely socialized with men.  She used her position to protect the Jews of Rome.  Missing politics, she attempted to regain the throne of Sweden and gain the thrones of Naples and Poland, all without success.  She died in 1689, and is one of only three women buried within St. Peter's Basilica. This Solidus of Queen Christina was issued for Riga between 1634 and 1654.  Riga, now the capital of Latvia, was under Swedish control from 1621 to 1721.  It was given considerable autonomy, including the right to issue its own coins.  The copper or silver-washed Solidus of Riga have Queen Christina's royal monogram on one side and the arms of Riga on the other.  The crudely made coins are 15mm in diameter, typically are struck somewhat off center without a date.
Item RIGA-CHR RIGA SOLIDUS OF CHRISTINA (1634-1654)  Fine-VF-Crude $10.00


LAST COIN OF THE KINGDOM OF ROMANIA

Romania 50 Bani 1947 KM72This 1947 brass 50 Bani was one of the last coins of the Kingdom of Romania. The denomination is on one side of this 16mm coin, and the Steel Crown of Romania is on the other.  Unlike most countries, Romania’s royal crown was not made from gold, but from steel from cannon captured from the Ottomans during its war of independence.  On August 15, 1947, with no warning, Romania introduced new coins and currency, replacing their previous, badly inflated currency. Citizens were allowed to exchange only a very limited amount of money, effectively wiping out the assets of the middle and upper classes. 1 On December 30, 1947, the communists forced King Michael (Mihai) to resign at gun point, bringing an end to the Kingdom of Romania and to this short-lived coinage.    The coin is Uncirculated, though has some spots.
Item RO-50B KINGDOM OF ROMANIA 50 BANI, 1947 KM72 UNC.-spots $10.00


2008 SERBIAN COIN SET FEATURES BUILDINGS DEVOTED TO GOD & MAMMON 

Serbia 2008 three coin setThis 3 coin set from Serbia includes the 1, 2 and 5 Dinara dated 2008. The brass-colored coins feature buildings dedicated to God and Mammon. The 5 Dinara features the Krusedol Monastery, the Gracanica Monastery located in Kosovo is on the 2 Dinara, while the 1 Dinar pictures the National Bank of Serbia. The crowned Serbian arms is on the obverse of each coin.
Item S-RS-SET08 SERBIA 3 COIN SET 1 - 5 DINARA KM38-40 2008 UNC. $4.50

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SLOVENIA LIPA TOKEN COINAGE

Slovenia .02 Lipa 1992In 1989, prior to the breakup of Yugoslavia, Dr Bogdan Oblak set up the Lipa Holding Company in an attempt to create a currency for Slovenia.  This was done both to boost Slovenian nationalism and to avoid the problems with the Yugoslavian Dinar which had recently gone through bouts of severe inflation. Some 80 merchants in Ljubljana agreed to accept the new currency.  The name Lipa, was derived from the Slovenian name for a Linden tree.  Lindens, which grow for hundreds of years, are a symbol of Slovenian nationhood as well as a symbol of friendship and faithful love.   In December 1990 Slovenians overwhelmingly voted for Independence from Yugoslavia and Slovenia declared its independence in June 1991.  A limited number of Lipa denominated coins and notes were produced and saw limited circulation until they were replaced by the issues of the Slovenian government.  In 1992 the government released its own currency, and the first official coins were released in January 1993 (though dated 1992).  This 1992 brass .02 Lipe coin is 18.5mm in diameter.  The obverse pictures a corn crib, while the denomination and date are on the reverse.  It is an interesting example of a short-lived private token coinage.
Item SI-.02L SLOVENIA .02 LIPE 1992 KMTn5, Br.XTn5 UNC. $7.50



WILDLIFE FEATURED ON OBSOLETE COINS OF SLOVENIA

Slovenia 8 coin set set features animals, birds and fish.
With the introduction of the Euro, Slovenia's attractive wildlife coins are now obsolete and are being withdrawn from circulation. All six of the Tolar denominated coins feature native wildlife. The 10 Stotinov pictures an Olm salamander, an unusual blind aquatic salamander found in the caves of Slovenia. A barn owl is on the 20 Stotinov. A bee is on the 50 Stotinov. The 1 Tolar features salmon, the 2 Tolar shows a swallow in flight, an ibex is on the 5 Tolar, the 10 Tolar shows a horse,and  the 20 Tolar pictures a stork.  It is an attractive animal coin set. The coins date from 1992 to 2005 and are Uncirculated.
Item S-SI-SET8 SLOVENIA 8 COIN ANIMAL SET 10 STOTINOV - 20 TOLAR, 1992-2005 UNC.  $8.75



SLOVENIA EURO COIN SET

Slovenia Euro coins
In 2007 Slovenia, once the northernmost part of Yugoslavia, became the first of the former east European nations to adopt the Euro as their currency.  It replaced the Slovenian Tolar.  Because of the expansion of European Union the common side of the Euro coins have been redesigned to show the expanded European Union.  The Slovenian Euro coins are the first to use the new design.  The national side of the coins highlight Slovenian history culture.  The bi-metallic 2 Euro coin features national poet France Prešeren and the first line of the Slovenian national anthem which was written by him.  The bi-metallic 1 Euro pictures Primož Trubar, a 16th century Protestant reformer, superintendent of the Protestant Church of Slovenia and the author of the first book printed in Slovenian.  Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest mountain and the constellation of cancer is featured on the 50 euro cent coin.   Two Lipizzaner horses are on the 20 euro cent coin. The 10 euro cent coin features the "Katedrala Svobode" (Cathedral of Freedom), a national parliament building that has never been built!  A man sowing stars and seeds is featured on the 5 euro cent coin.  The design is based on Ivan Grohar painting  "The Sower".  The 2 euro cent shows the Prince's Stone.  The stone was the base of an ancient Roman column. It was used to install the medieval prince's of Karatania.  A stork is on the 1 euro cent. Every coin has 12 stars around edge interspersed with letters spelling “SLOVENIJA”. The coins are the first of what will be a major expansion of the Euro coin series.
Item SI-EUSET SLOVENIA 8 COIN EURO SET, 2007 UNC. $16.00


SLOVENIA BI-METALLIC 3 EUROS

Slovenia bi-metallic 3 Euros 2010 Ljubljana World Book Capita coin l
Slovenia regularly issues circulating bi-metallic 3 Euro commemorative coins.  The 32mm coins have a brass outer ring, a copper-nickel center and a reeded edge.  They are legal tender within Slovenia and available at their face value.  The 2010  issue commemorates Slovenia's capital,  Ljubljana, as the UNESCO's World Book Capital 2010.  It features the facade of Plecnik’s National Library and the outline of a scroll and a book. 
Item SI-3E10 SLOVENIA 3 EUROS 2010 LJUBLJANA WORLD BOOK CAPITAL, KM95 UNC. $9.95


2017 SLOVENIAN BI-METALLIC 3 EUROS 

Slovenia 3 Euros 2017 100th Anniversary of May DeclarationSlovenia celebrated the 100th Anniversary of the "May Declaration" with this 2017 bi-metallic 3 Euros coin. The political manifesto, made in the Vienna parliament in midst of World War I, declared that the Slovenia, Croatia and Serbian portions of the Austria-Hungarian Empire were an independent state under Hapsburg rule. The Austrian government rejected the declaration, however it helped awaken national consciousness.  With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the end of World War I, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia were united under the Serbian royal house to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.  In 1929 the awkwardly named nation was renamed Yugoslavia.  The unusual design of the coin features a facsimile of the date “ 29/5 17” on the obverse and time “˝ 9h zvečer” (8.30 pm) on the reverse, taken from the original the declaration. The 32mm coin has a mintage of 90,500 pieces.
Item SI-3E17 SLOVENIA 3 EUROS 2017 MAY DECLARATION, BU $10.00



BEAUTIFUL OLD YUGOSLAVIAN NOTE THAT GOT RECYCLED

Yugoslavia 100 Dinara banknote 1929 P27bSerbia 100 Dinara banknote 1941 P23
This beautiful old 1929 100 Dinara note of Yugoslavia depicts a seated woman holding a sword overlooking a village on a bay with boats on the water.  The reverse of the multi-colored note includes three sailboats and a young man with fruit leaning on the arms of Yugoslavia.  The note has the watermark of Alexander I, who was King at the time.   After Nazi Germany invaded and dismembered Yugoslavia in 1941, they found a large quantity of these notes in the vault of the Central Bank.  Needing to quickly issue currency for their newly proclaimed puppet state of Serbia they overprinted the notes, blocking out references to Yugoslavia and the arms of Yugoslavia, replacing it with refrences to Serbia.  Both notes show minimal or no signs of circulation.
Item PM-YU-100D YUGOSLAVIA 100 DINARA NOTE 1929 P27b AU-U $10.00
Item PM-RS-100D NAZI SERBIA 100 DINARA 1941OVER-PRINTED NOTE P23 AU $10.00



LAST COIN OF THE KINGDOM OF YUGOSLAVIA

Yugoslavia 10 Dinara 1938 KM22This 1938 10 Dinara is one of the last coins of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.  The obverse of the 23mm nickel coin depicts the head of young King Peter II.  The reverse has the royal crown, denomination and date within a wreath.  Peter became king in 1934 at age 11 upon the assassination of his father, King Alexander I.  Though he was opposed to Nazi Germany, his regent signed a pact that allied Yugoslavia with the Nazis in 1941.  Two days later a British supported coup overthrew the regency and proclaimed the 17 year old Peter to be of age and in control of Yugoslavia.  Hitler responded by attacking and quickly conquering Yugoslavia.  Peter escaped by climbing down a drainpipe.  He never returned to his homeland. He made his way to London, then after the war lived in the United States, eventually working in a Los Angeles Savings and Loan before he died in 1970.  
Item YU-10D38 YUGOSLAVIA 10 DINARA 1938 KM22 XF-AU $3.50



FEDERAL PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA 

Yugoslavia coin setFollowing World War II, Yugoslavia changed its name to The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia.  The communist nation, under the control of Josip Tito, steered an independent course from the Soviet Union.  It issued one series of coins before changing its name to the Socialist Federal Republic in 1963.  Starting in 1991 the country completely collapsed into the indepedent nations of Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Montenegro. The coins include the aluminum 50 Para, 1, 2 and 5 Dinars dated 1953 and the attractive aluminum-bronze 10, 20 and 50 Dinars dated 1955.  The coin features the emblem of Yugoslavia on the obverse of each coin.  All coins are Uncirculated.
Item YUGO-SET55 YUGOSLAVIA 7 COIN SET, 50 PARA- 50 DINARS, 1953-1955, UNC. $6.00


COINS FROM YUGOSLAVIA'S HYPER-INFLATION

Yugoslavia 1,2,5,10, 50 & 100 Dinara coins, 1993 KM154 - KM159
In the 1990's Yugoslavia underwent a complete collapse as the country broke into five separate nations and inflation soared. Prices sometimes more than doubled within a day!  To keep up with inflation Yugoslavia had to keep introducing new coins and currency.  In early 1993 more new coins and currency were introduced, with 1 new Dinara equal to 1 Million 1992 Dinara.  The new coins featured the national emblem on one side and the denomination on the other. 1, 2, 50, 10, 50 and 100 Dinara coins were issued, however they circulated only briefly. Due to raging inflation they were soon virtually worthless. 
Item YU-SET93 YUGOSLAVIA 6 COIN SET, 1 - 100 DINARA 1993 KM154-159 BU $5.00


TESLA HONORED ON YUGOSLAVIAN BANKNOTE

Nikola Tesla pictured on Yugoslavia 5000 Dinara 1993 currency
Nikola Tesla was one of the great pioneers in electricity. His inventions in electrical generation and power transmission give us the alternating current electricity we use today. He was a man of many nations. He was born in Croatia to Serbian parents, studied in Austria and Czechoslovakia then went to the United States where he did most of his inventing. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia honored him with this this 1993 5000 Dinara banknote. The reverse pictures the Tesla Museum in Belgrade. The  note circulated only briefly due to Yugoslavia's severe inflation at the time.
Item PM-YU-TESLA YUGOSLAVIA 5000 DINARA BANKNOTE 1993 P128 VF $2.00


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