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GERMAN COINS AND CURRENCY

Including coins and notes of the German Empire, Weimar Republic Inflationary period, Third Reich and East Germany


THE MAN WHO SPARKED THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION

Duchy of Prussia, Albrecht von Brandenburg, silver Groschen, 1532-1545Albrecht von Brandenburg, coming from the powerful ruling Prussian family, was appointed the archbishop of Magdeburg and administrator of the Diocese of Halberstadt in 1513, at the young age of 23.  The following year he also became the Archbishop of Mainz.  That position carried considerable temporal power as Archbishop of Mainz was one of the seven Electors of the Holy Roman Empire, making him only second in rank to the Emperor.  His appointment to these positions was contrary to Church law as he had not yet reached the canonical age of 27 and one person could not hold more than a single diocese. However Albrecht was granted dispensations from Pope Leo X after he made a large contribution to the Pope to help pay for the rebuilding of St. Peter’s in Rome.  Albrecht had borrowed the funds from Jakob Fugger.  In order to repay Fugger, he was granted permission by Pope Leo to sell indulgences, as long as half proceeds went to the Pope.  All this was too much for a German monk named Martin Luther who driven to write his famous 95 Theses, which he nailed to the doors of the Wittenberg Castle Church, thus sparking the Protestant Reformation.  This silver Groschen of Albrecht was minted by the Duchy of Prussia, which at that time was a vassal state of the Kingdom of Poland.  One side depicts Albrecht along with the date and legends.  The other side features and Eagle with an “S” on its chest, signifying Sigismund I, King of Poland, along with Albrecht’s abbreviated name and titles.  The 23mm silver coin is dated between 1532 and 1545.
Item ALBRECHT PRUSSIA SILVER GROSCHEN, ALBRECHT 1532-1545 VF $95.00



ST. PETER ON SILVER COINS OF THE ARCHBISHOPSS OF TRIER

Trier silver Petermenger KM176The Archbishopric of Trier was one of the most powerful in Germany.  The position held special privileges as it was one of only seven electors who chose the Holy Roman Emperor  and controlled the territory between France and the Rhine. This silver 3 Albus coin of Trier is called a Petermenger.  One side of the coin depicts St. Peter in the clouds holding a key.  The other side has the arms of the Archbishop.  The coin is approximately 23mm in diameter.  Johann Hugo von Orsbeck was Archbishop  Trier from 1675 until his death in 1711. He helped chose Joseph I as the successor to Leopold the Hogmouth as Holy Roman Emperor.   He ruled during  a difficult period of time for Trier.   France, under Louis XIV, repeatedly invaded and occupied Trier.  Johann Hugo issued silver Petermengers from 1691 to 1695 with the date on the front, and again from 1706 to 1709 with the date on the back.
Item TRIER-JOHANN TRIER SILVER PETERMENGER 1691-1709 JOHANN HUGO F $32.00



PRUSSIA COMMEMORATES 200th ANNIVERSARY Restocked

Prussia silver 2 Mark 1901, 200th Anniversary of Kingdom, KM525In 1901 Prussia marked the 200th anniversary of the founding of the Kingdom of Prussia with a commemorative 2 Mark depicting Frederich I, the first King of Prussia, and Wilhelm II, who was to be the last king of Prussia.  Wilhelm is wearing a wonderful German helmet topped with a large eagle.  The reverse of the coin features the crowned imperial German eagle with a shield on its breast. The 2 Mark is 28mm in diameter and contains .321 troy ounces of silver.
Item PRUS-200ANNV PRUSSIA 2 MARK 1901 200th ANNV. OF PRUSSIA, KM525 XF $30.00



NEWPRUSSIAN 25th ANNIVERSARY OF REIGN OF KAISER WILHELM II COMMEMORATIVE

Prussia silver 3 Mark 1913 25th Anniversary of reign of King William II, KM535Prussia issued this silver 3 Mark in 1913 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the reign of Kaiser Wilhelm II.  Wilhelm was both the King of Prussia and the Emperor of Germany.  It was one of the last commemorative coins to be issued by Prussia.   The coin depicts Wilhelm II in military uniform. Beneath the bust is an olive branch with the dates 1888, 1913 and the Berlin "A" mintmark in tiny letters.  The reverse depicts the crowned German imperial Eagle.  The coin is 33mm in diameter and contains .4792 troy ounces of silver and has a a lettered edge "GOTT MIT UNS" (God with us).  It is an historic coins from the twilight years of the once powerful Prussia.
Item PRUS-535 PRUSSIA 3 MARK 1913 25th ANNIVERSARY OF KAISER WILHELM II REIGN, KM535 XF $35.00


SILVER 3 & 5 MARK FROM FREE AND HANSEATIC CITY OF HAMBURG  Restocked

Hamburg silver 3 Mark KM620Reverse of German state 3 Mark coinsHamburg’s official name, “Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg” reflects the cities long history as a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire and as one of the last members of the Hanseatic League.  The Hanseatic League was a powerful guild that for hundreds of years controlled trade in the Baltic and North Sea areas. The name Hamburg comes from a castle constructed by Charlemagne on the site in 808AD. Burg means castle or fort.  In 1871 Hamburg became part of the German Empire, though retained its right to strike its own coins.  The obverse of their coins feature the city’s arms which portrays a three towered castle. The Hamburg mint’s “J” mintmark is below the arms. The reverses depict the crowned German imperia eagle.    The silver Hamburg 3 Mark was struck from 1908 to 1914 is 33mm and contains 16.67 grams of .900 fine silver.   The 5 Mark was struck from 1891 to 1913, is 38mm in diameter and contains 27.78 grams of .900 fine silver.  Both coins have a lettered edge reading "GOTT MIT UNS" (God with us).
Item DE-HAMB-3M HAMBURG 3 MARK 1908-1914 KM620 VF-XF $35.00
Item DE-HAMB-5M HAMBURG 5 MARK 1891-1913 KM610 VF $45.00



GERMAN EMPIRE COIN SET INCLUDES SILVER  Restocked

German Empire 6 coin set: 1 Pfennig - 1 Mark 1874-1919In 1871 Otto Von Bismark united the German States under Prussian King Wilhelm I, forming the Second Reich, also known as the German Empire. The Empire disintegrated as a result of World War I.  This six-coin set includes the silver 1 Mark, which was minted from 1873 until 1916; the silver 1/2 Mark, minted from 1905 to 1919; the copper-nickel 5 and 10 Pfennig and the copper 1 and 2 Pfennig, which were minted from 1874 to 1916.  All six coins feature the Imperial German Eagle on the reverse and the denomination on the obverse.  The coins grade Fine or Extra Fine. 
Item DE-EMP-SET6 GERMANY EMPIRE 6 COIN SET 1 PFENNIG - 1 MARK 1874-1919 F-XF $24.00



GERMAN WORLD WAR I ERA COIN SET Restocked

Germany 1 Pfennig aluminum, 5 Pfennig iron, 10 Pfennig iron, 10 Pfennig zinc 1915-1922Because of the difficulty in obtaining nickel and copper needed for coins due to World War I, Germany made a number of changes in their coinage.  In 1917 the copper 1 Pfennig was switched to aluminum and shrunk in size.  It was discontinued shortly after that.  The copper 2 Pfennig was discontinued due to the war.  The copper-nickel 5 Pfennig was changed to iron in 1915 and continued to be produced until 1922.   The copper-nickel 10 Pfennig was produced in two metals: iron, starting in 1916, and zinc starting in 1917.  Both continued to be struck until 1922.  All the coins had the denomination on one side and the imperial German Eagle on the other.   This World War I era four coin set includes the aluminum 1 Pfennig, iron 5 Pfennig and both the iron and zinc 10 Pfennig in Very Fine of better condition.
Item DE-WWISET GERMANY 4 COIN SET, 1 - 10 PFENNIG 1915-1922 VF $6.50



NEWMAGNIFICENT GERMAN EMPIRE & WEIMAR REPUBLIC NOTES OF GERMANY

Germany 100 Mark 1908 P34 Green Seal
Germany 1000 Mark P44 Red Seal
These large, beautiful German notes were issued before, during and after World War I by both the German Empire and the Weimar Republic.  The blue 100 Mark is dated 1908 and the brown 1000 Mark is dated 1910.  Regardless of when the notes were actually printed, they always carried the original date. The notes issued by the German Empire have a red seal and serial numbers.  The Weimar Republic continued to issue the notes with the same date and designs from 1918 to 1922, but with a green seal and serial number.  The 100 Mark note features the crowned imperial German eagle on one side.  The other side features two women holding a large portrait of a woman's head. The note measures 160x105mm.  The 1000 Mark notes features the allegorical figures of navigation and agriculture flanking the imperial German arms. The over-sized note is 187mm x 110mm (7.3” x 4.3”) and is printed in on special ridged hemp paper containing blue silk threads. When first issued in 1910 the note was worth about $238 (which had the buying power of about $6000 today!).  By the end of 1922 it was worth less than 2 cents.  These unusual "multi-government" notes are impressive pieces of historical currency.
Item PM-DE-100M-EMP GERMAN EMPIRE 100 MARK 1908 RED SEAL P33 F-VF $7.00
Item PM-DE-100M-REP GERMAN REPUBLIC 100 MARK 1908 (1918-1922) GREEN SEAL P34 F-VF $6.00
Item PM-DE-1000M-EMP GERMAN EMPIRE 1000 MARK 1908 RED SEAL P44 AU-UNC. $7.00
Item PM-DE-1000M-REP GERMAN REPUBLIC 1000 MARK 1908 (1918-1922) GREEN SEAL P45 XF-AU $7.00



NEWWORLD WAR I BANKNOTES OF GERMANY

Germany 1 Mark banknote 12.8.1914 P51Germany 50 Mark banknote 5.8.1914 P49Germany 20 Mark banknote4.11.1915 P63Germany 20 Mark banknote 20.2.1918 P57
This set includes four attractive and historic banknotes issued by Germany during World War I. The war caused a major strain on Germany's monetary system.  People hoarded coins and large sums were needed to pay for the war effort.  Though the Reichsbank continued to issue some notes that were supposedly back by gold, they were insufficient to keep with the demand for money needed for the war effort.  A new series of notes without any backing, called Darlehnskassenschein was released.  The notes were technically an interest-free loan to the government.  The two types of notes circulated together at par.  The 1 and 50 Mark Darlehnskassenschein notes are dated August 1914, just a few months after the war had started.  The small 1 Mark note issued to replace the silver Mark coins that were disappearing from circulation due to hoarding. It measures 95x60mm and has an unusual embossed seal.  The 50 Mark note measures 150x100mm.  The front has underprints of a sword and crown on the left and the imperial German arms on the right.  The Reichsbank issued a 20 Mark note dated November 4, 1915.  It was one of the few Reichsbank issues dated during World War I.  The front of the handsome blue note features two men pouring coins from cornucopias. (Perhaps it is a hint at the upcoming German monetary policy and the resulting inflation).  The back depicts a man rolling up his sleeves for work during the day and a woman sleeping at night. The note measures 140 x 90mm.  The dark brown 20 Mark note dated February 20 1918 was the last Darlehnskassenschein note issued during World War I. The front depicts the heads of Minerva at the left and Mercury at the right.  The back features a knight in armor and an allegorical woman. The note measures 140x90mm. 
Item PM-DE-WWISET4 SET OF 4 WORLD WAR I GERMAN BANKNOTES, Fine $19.75




GERMAN WEIMAR REPUBLIC BANKNOTE

Germany 100 Mark note, 1920 The Weimar Republic was formed after the defeat of the German Empire in World War I.  Its early years were a tumultuous period of uprisings, riots and massive inflation.  It is named after the city where the new German constitution was written and adopted in August, 1919, and lasted until the rise of the Nazis in 1933.    The 100 Mark note features two images of the head of the “Bamberg Horseman”.  The horseman is an impressive 13th century sculpture in the Bamberg Cathedral.  The note is dated November 1, 1920 and includes the red Weimar crest. 
Item PM-DE-100M-20 GERMANY-WEIMAR 100 MARK NOTE, 1920 P69 Fine $3.00

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INFLATION COINS OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC

Germany aluminum 200 Mark 1923 KM35Germany aluminum 500 Mark 1923 KM36
During 1923 Germany suffered from some of the worst inflation the world had ever seen.  In order to keep up with rapidly increasing prices, two new high denomination coins were introduced at the beginning of the year, the 200 Mark and 500 Mark. Both coins were struck in aluminum and had similar designs.  One side featured the denomination. The other featured the German Eagle.  At the beginning of the year the two coins (700 Mark) would buy a loaf of bread.  By mid November a loaf of  bread cost 80 Billion Mark!  The coins bear the unofficial motto of Germany "EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT" (UNITY AND JUSTICE AND FREEDOM).   The motto is first line of what was then the third stanza of the German anthem.  The coins are Uncirculated.
Item DE-200M GERMANY 200 MARK 1923 KM35 UNC. $5.00
Item DE-500M GERMANY 500 MARK 1923 KM36 BU $15.00



GERMAN NOTGELD COINS, PAPER AND PORCELAIN

Notgeld means "emergency money" in German, and generally refers to an extensive series of locally issued coins and currency produced during and following World War I.  Notgeld was issued in paper, metal and even porcelain and other materials.  Below is a selection of this fascinating but little known collectible.

METAL GERMAN NOTGELD COINS

Germany World War I era notgeld coinsNotgeld coins were struck for over 600 communities and companies in Germany between 1916 and 1922, though many are not dated.  Most are in denominated from 5 to 50 Pfennig. Typically the city arms or landmark is on one side and the denomination is on the other.  They were usually struck zinc or iron, both of which corrode easily, so the coins often are spotted or rusted.
Item DE-METNOTx1 1 GERMAN METAL NOTGELD COIN, F-VF-spots$3.00



WORLD WAR I GERMAN MILITARY LEADERS ON BANKNOTE   

Bad Kruznach 50 Pfennig note 1917-1918The German town of Bad Kreuznach is noted for its radon inhalation and radon spas. For many years radon was used for reducing pain of rheumatism and treatment of many other ailments. Today it is known for being a major cause of cancer.  During the winter of 1917-1918 Kaiser Wilhelm moved the German High Command to Bad Kreuznach in order to take advantage of the spas.  One side of this crudely printed Bad Kreuznach 50 Pfennig note depicts the three leaders of the German High Command: Kaiser Wilhelm II, Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff.  The note bears the dates "1917 1918" and the city’s coat-of-arms.  The other side has a picture of a bridge and a spa. The Uncirculated note measures approximately 100mm x 75mm (4” x 3”).
Item PM-KREUZNACH BAD KREUZNACH 50 PFENNIG NOTE, 1917-1918 UNC. $6.00


NEWCARDBOARD MONEY OF PASSAU

Passau 1 Pfennig thin cardboard circa 1920Passau is a city in Bavaria, Germany located on the border of Austria.  Shortly after World War I, Germany suffered a serious shortage of small change.  The Passau responded by issuing thin cardboard 1 Pfennig notes that could be used within the city.  The red or brown notes are about 20.5mm square.  They have same design on both sides, with just the denomination and name of the city.
Item PASSAU PASSAU 1 PFENNIG THIN CARDBOARD, circa 1920 AU-UNC. $3.00



BANKNOTE FROM THE CITY OF GOTHA

Gotha 100 Mark banknote 1922
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Because of the severe inflation that followed World War I, prices were rising faster than the German government could print money.  Many towns and companies resorted to printing their own currency.  This 100 Mark note was issued by the City of Gotha, Germany.  It is dated September 30, 1922.  It is a simple, uniface note that pictures a bishop from the town’s arms. 
Item PM-GOTHA GOTHA, GERMANY 100 MARK NOTE, 1922 VF $3.00



1923 GERMAN INFLATION CURRENCY SETS

German Reichsbank Inflation notes, August and September 1923                        
NOTES DISPLAYED AT 50% OF ACTUAL SIZE

In 1923, Germany experienced some of the world’s worst inflation. Prices increased hourly and people needed a suitcase of full of money just to make modest purchases.  Some companies printed their own currency to meet payroll and pay for supplies. We are pleased to offer you the following two sets of notes from the 1923 German Hyperinflation: From the German Reichsbank (German government bank) we offer a set of eight inflation notes with denominations from 1 Million Mark to 500 Million Mark.  The notes are dated between August 9, 1923 and September 1, 1923. Included are the 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 Million Mark notes.  In order to produce the notes quickly in order to keep up with inflation, the notes had simple designs and were printed only on one side. The notes are in original Uncirculated condition, however some notes may have received minor damage in storage over the years, so we will call the set AU-UNC.

All the notes are roughly 5.5” x 3.5” (140 x 90mm). According to their inscriptions they were valid only for a short period of time, ranging from about 3 weeks to about 3 months from the notes issue date.  This may have been done in an attempt to control inflation by trying to "extinguish" part of the money supply, however I suspect it only encouraged people to spend their money faster, thus increasing the velocity of money and furthering inflationary pressures.

This fascinating currency set serves as a warning of what happens when a nations monetary policy gets out of control.
Item PM-DE-INFLAT8 GERMANY SET OF 8 INFLATION BANKNOTES, 1 MILLION - 500 MILLION MARK, 1923 P102-110, AU-UNC. $45.00


Click Here CLICK HERE to see our exhibit on the coins and notes of the German Hyperinflation

GERMAN INFLATION POSTAGE STAMPS

Germany inflation era postage stamps: 10 Pfennig - 5 Million Mark
Germany’s post World War I inflation is reflected in their postage stamps.  This set includes 27 different German postage stamps issued between 1918 to 1923, with values ranging from 10 Pfennig (cost of a domestic letter in 1918) to 5 Million Mark (a domestic letter cost 4 Million Mark on Oct. 20, 1923).    In order to try to keep up with the soaring rates some stamps were overprinted with new values.  The stamps in this collection are all original unused stamps however some may be slightly torn or damaged.
Item STMP-DE-INFL27 27 DIFFERENT UNUSED GERMAN POSTAGE STAMPS 1918-1923 $12.00


NEWGERMAN WEIMAR CONSTITUTION SILVER 3 MARK

Germany silver 3 Mark 10th Anniversary of Weimar Constitution 1929 KM29In 1929 Germany commemorated the 10th anniversary of the Weimar constitution on this silver 3 Mark coin.  The constitution was created by assembly in the city of Weimar after Germany’s defeat in World War I and was signed on August 11, 1919.  It made German a parliamentary democracy. Economic woes and political extremism of both the left and the right led to its eventual demise and the rise of Adolf Hitler.  The obverse of the coin depicts President Paul von Hindenburg.   The reverse features the two fingered Schwurhand salute, which was used in Germany when swearing allegiance. Above is the legend “TREU DER VERFASSUNG” (Faithful to the constitution).  Below are the dates “1919 1929  / 11 AUGUST”.  The coin has a lettered edge  "EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT" (UNITY AND JUSTICE AND FREEDOM), which is the unofficial motto of Germany.  The 30mm coin is struck in .500 fine silver.  Four years after the coin was issued Hitler seized power and brought the republic to an end.
Item DE-WEIMAR10 GERMANY 3 MARK 1929 10th ANNV. WEIMAR CONSTITUTION KM63 VF-XF $55.00


FIRST NAZI GERMAN COIN  

Nazi Germany 1 Reichsmark coin KM78This nickel 1 Reichsmark was the first new coin introduced by the Nazi government after they assumed power in 1933.   One side bears the Weimar eagle, while the other has the date and denomination.  The coin was struck in nickel and was minted from 1933 until 1939.  The coins were recalled and melted after the start of World War II as the nickel was needed for the war effort.  Today it is one of the hardest to find of all the regular issue Nazi German coins.
Item DE-1RMK NAZI GERMANY NICKEL 1 REICHSMARK 1933-39 KM78 VF-XF $12.00



GERMANY CELEBRATES 1st ANNIVERSARY OF NAZI RULE  

Nazi Germany 2 Reichsmark Church with date KM81Nazi Germany celebrated the first anniversary of Nazi rule with this silver commemorative 2 Reichsmark coins dated 1934.   The reverse portrays the Potsdam Garrison Church and the date 21 March, 1933.   It was at this church on that date that Hitler ceremonially opened the first Reichstag of the Third Reich, officially ushering in Nazi control of Germany. The obverse depicts the German Eagle and two small swastikas. The 25mm coin is struck in .625 fine silver and contains .1607+  troy oz. of silver. 
Item DE-81 GERMANY SILVER 2 REICHSMARK 1934, 1st. ANNIVERSARY OF NAZI RULE KM81 VF $19.50



NAZI GERMANY SILVER COINS

NAZI GERMANY SILVER 2 REICHSMARK

Nazi Germany silver 2 Reichsmark Hindenburg/SwastikaThis historic silver 2 Reichsmark was struck by Nazi Germany from 1936 until production was halted by the start of World War II in 1939. One side depicts a Nazi Eagle holding a swastika with the legend "Deutsches Reich", along with the date and denomination. The other side pictures Paul Von Hindenburg, who turned Germany over to Hitler. Hitler honored him by putting him on this coin. The coin is approximately the size of a quarter and has an unusual lettered edge. The coin contains .1607 troy ounces of silver and grades Very Fine or better. It is an historic coin of the failed Third Reich.
Item DE-93 NAZI GERMANY SILVER 2 REICHSMARK HINDENBURG/SWASTIKA 1936-39 KM93 VF $13.00

HINDENBURG & SWASTIKA ON NAZI GERMAN 5 REICHSMARK

Nazi Germany silver 5 Reichsmark with Eagle holding SwastikaIn mid-1936 Nazi Germany revised the reverse of their 5 Reichsmark, replacing the Germanic Eagle with a Nazi Eagle holding a Swastika. The obverse, featuring the Paul von Hindenburg was left unchanged. The silver 2 Reichsmark coin bearing the same design of Hindenburg and the Nazi Eagle holding the Swastika was introduced at the same time. The coin continued to be minted until 1939, when it was discontinued due to the war effort. The coin is approximately the size of a Half Dollar and has an unusual lettered edge. It is struck in .900 fine silver, which was the same as was used for United States coins. It contains .4016 troy ounces of silver. The coin serves as a reminder of the brief but destructive "1000 Year Reich".
Item DE-94 5 REICHSMARK HINDENBURG/SWASTIKA 1936-39 KM94 VF $26.00



NAZI GERMAN 8 COIN SET

Nazi Germany 8 coin set: 1 - 50 Reichspfennigs This set consists of the eight lower denominations of Nazi German coins each showing the eagle and swastika. The 1936-1939 issues include the 1, 2, 5 and 10 Reichspfennig made from bronze or aluminum-bronze alloys. In 1939 an aluminum 50 Reichspfennig with the Eagle and Swastika was introduced, and was produced until 1944. In 1940 the 1, 5 and 10 Reichspfennig were switched to zinc and the 2 Reichspfennig was discontinued due to the war. All eight coins grade VF or better, though the zinc coins may show some spots as zinc spots very easily. The coins all feature the denomination on one side and an eagle holding a swastika on the other.
Item DE-NAZISET8 NAZI GERMAN 8 COIN SET 1- 50 REICHSPFENNIG, 1936-1944 $20.00



NAZI GERMAN 14 COIN SET

Nazi Germany 14 coin set
This 14 coin set includes the regular issue coins of Nazi Germany listed above. Included are the following coins: The bronze 1 and 2 Reichspfennig issued from 1936 to 1940 with an eagle and swastika. The aluminum-bronze (brass) 5 and 10 Reichspfennig issued from 1936 to 1939 with an eagle and swastika. The aluminum 50 Reichspfennig picturing an eagle, which was dated only one year, 1935. The nickel 1 Reichsmark with an eagle which was issued from 1933 to 1939. Because nickel was a critical war material, most were melted during the War. The silver 5 Reichmark issued in 1934 and 1935 pictures the Potsdam Garrison Church where Hitler was sworn into office on one side and an eagle and two small swastikas on the other. Paul von Hindenburg and an Eagle are on the silver 5 Reichsmark dated 1935 and 1936. The silver 2 Reichsmark and 5 Reichsmark dating from 1936 to 1939 pictures Hindenburg on one side and an eagle holding a swastika during the other. Because of World War II, the only coins issued after 1940 were the zinc 1, 5 and 10 Reichspfennig, and the aluminum 50 Reichspfennig, which depict an eagle holding a swastika. The coins grade Very Fine or better, though the zinc coins may have some spots. Because of the difficulty in obtaining all 14 coins at one time, I rarely am able to offer this historic set. (Note: this set includes the coins from Nazi set of 4 silver coins and the Nazi 8 coin set listed above, plus the aluminum 1935 50 Reichspfennig which was issued that single year, and the scarce nickel 1 Reichsmark)
Item DE-NAZISET14 NAZI GERMAN 14 COIN SET 1 REICHSPFENNIG - 5 REICHSMARK 1934-44 $110.00


NAZI GERMAN CURRENCY

The following notes were used in Nazi Germany throughout World War II and remained legal tender until 1948.  The notes bear two dates: the date the note was first authorized, and the date the issuing bank was authorized to issue currency. Unlike coins, the date is not the year the note was printed.  These Reichsbank notes were supposedly backed by gold.  

Germany 100 Reichsmark note 1935 P183
The 1935 100 Reichsmark features a large swastika underprint at the center. To the right is Justus von Liebig, a 19th century German chemist who is "Father of the Fertilizer Industry" for his discovery of nitrogen as an essential plant nutrient.  The back depicts allegorical figures.
 Item PM-DE-NAZI100RMK  GERMANY 100 REICHSMARK 1935 P183 Fine-VF $20.00


Germany 50 Reichsmark note 1933 P182
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The 50 Reichsmark features the portrait and watermark of 19th century Prussian politician and banker David Hansemann.  The back features a portrait of Mercury and two small children.  The design does not include a swastika.  The note is dated March 30, 1933, which is one week after Hitler assumed control over Germany. 
Item PM-DE-NAZI50RMK GERMANY 50 REICHSMARK 1933 P182 VG-VF $10.00

Germany 20 Reichmark note 1929 P181
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The 20 Reichsmark note dated 1929 portrays Ernst Werner Siemens, the 19th century German industralist and inventor who founded the Siemens A.G. which has expanded into a multi-national company producing a wide range products. The back features children holding tools and a worker carrying a hammer.  It has a watermark of Siemans at the left and an embosed seal near the lower left corner.  The note continued in circulation throughout World War II.
Item PM-DE-NAZI20RMK-29 GERMANY 20 REICHSMARK 1929 P181 VG-VF $7.00

Germany 20 Reichmark note 1939 P185
In 1939 a new 20 Reichsmark note was introduced, with a design taken from an unissued Austrian note.  Austria had been forcibly incorporated into the Third Reich the previous year.  The front depicts a young woman holding edelweiss,  There is also a small eagle and swastika and a large swastika underprint.  The back pictures an alpine lake.  Both 20 Reichsmark notes continued to circulate throughout the war years. 
Item PM-DE-NAZI20RMK-39 GERMANY 20 REICHSMARK 1939 P185 Fine-VF $29.00


Germany 10 Reichmark note 1929 P180
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The 10 Reichsmark depicts Albrecht Thaer, a 19th Century German agriculturalist who applied scientific principles to agriculture and set up one of the first agricultural colleges.  The back features two children and a woman carrying a sickle.  The note is dated January 22, 1929.  It has a watermark of Thaer at the right and an embosed seal near the lower left corner.
Item PM-DE-NAZI10RMK GERMANY 10 REICHSMARK 1929 P180 VG-VF $5.00

NAZI GERMAN 5 REICHMARK NOTE FEATURES HITLER YOUTH  

Germany 5 Reichsmark note, 1942 P186
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Nazi Germany introduced this 5 Reichmark note in 1942 to replace the silver 5 Reichsmark coins which were disappearing from circulation due to hoarding.  The front of the note features a German young man, along with a small eagle and swastika. The back depicts a woman with a sickle and a man with a wood plane, representing farming and industry.   Between them is a vignette of the Brunswick Cathedral and the Brunswick Lion statue.  The Lion was commissioned by Henry the Lion about 1166AD.  The statue is the oldest, preserved large sculpture from the Middle Ages north of the Alps. The note measures 140x70mm and is brown.  The left side features a watermark of the numeral "5".
Item PM-DE-5RMK NAZI GERMANY 5 REICSHMARK NOTE, 1942 P186 VG-VF $12.00

BUY THE SET AND SAVE!

Set of all six of the above Nazi German Reichsbank notes: 5, 10, both 20 Reichsmark notes, 50 and 100 Reichsmark.  In the over 40 years we have been selling coins and notes, this is the first time we have been able to assemble sets of all six of these notes. These are the notes used by Germans througout the war years: farmers, mechants, workers, soldiers and politicians.  It is an historic and hard to find set.
 Item PM-DE-NAZISET6 NAZI GERMANY SET OF ABOVE 6 NOTES: 5 – 100 REICHSMARKS $69.50



NAZI GERMAN 1 RENTENMARK NOTE

Germany 1 Rentenmark note, 1937 P173
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In 1937 Nazi Germany introduced a 1 Rentenmark note, in order to replace the nickel 1 Reichsmark coin. The coin was to be withdrawn so that the nickel could be used in the upcoming war efforts.  The Rentenmark was equivalent to the Reichsmark, however it was issued by the Rentenbank rather than the Reichsbank and the currency was theoretically backed by land rather than by gold. The note has the embossed seal of the Rentenbank at the lower right hand corner. The note is technically Uncirculated, but may have had slight mishandling over the past 80 or so years, so we call it AU-UNC.
Item PM-DE-1RNTMKU NAZI GERMANY 1 RENTENMARK NOTE 1937 P173 AU-UNC. $15.00


WORLD WAR II GERMAN MILITARY CURRENCY 

German Wehrmacht military currency, 1 Reichsmark 1944 PM38
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This Wehrmacht military scrip note was used by Nazi Germany to pay its troops during the final months of World War II.  The green 1 Reichsmark is dated September 15, 1944. Soldiers were paid in military scrip while in transit. When a soldier arrived at his post the notes could be converted to the local currency or occupation notes. The front includes an Eagle holding a Swastika and the inscription "Deuteche Wehrmacht".  The back of the note includes regulations and instructions on how to use the notes. It is an interesting and historic piece of World War II  military history.
Item PM-DE-MILIT1 GERMAN MILITARY 1 REICHSMARK NOTE 1944 PM38 UNC. $13.00


NAZI GERMAN STAMPS

Nazi German stamps picture Hitler and othersThough Hitler did not appear on German coins or notes, he did appear on many of their stamps.  This set includes 10 different original postage and official stamps used in Nazi Germany and Nazi occupied territories. Most stamps portray Hitler, though other designs will be included as well. It is a nice mix and every lot is different; however, there is much duplication between lots.  Most stamps are mint. 
Item STMP-DE-NAZI10 10 DIFFERENT NAZI GERMAN STAMPS $5.00



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ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY FOR OCCUPIED GERMANY

Germany, Allied Military Currency 20 Mark 1944 P195dGermany, Allied Military Currency 50 Mark 1944 P196d
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The Allied Military currency for Germany was created by the United States for use in Germany after the defeat of the Nazis. The notes are dated 1944 and have a simple design, w    ith the denomination and legends in German on the front and a large letter “M” for  Mark, on the back.  As the Soviet Union participated in the occupation of Germany, they demanded that they too print a portion of the notes.  After great debate, the United States gave into the Soviet demand, and provided them with glass plates, inks, paper and specimen notes.  The Soviets then proceeded to print vast quantities of the notes, without regard to the wishes of the other allies, fueling inflation in the war-torn country.  There are however a few very minor differences that distinguish the United States issues and the Soviet issues.  The United States issues were printed by Forbes Lithograph Manufacturing Company (Forbes Printing) in Massachusetts, and contain secret mark:  a tiny letter “F” hidden in the scrollwork. The exact location varied by denomination.  The plates provided to the Soviets did not have that “F”, so it is lacking on the Soviet issues.  The Soviets did not have serial numbering equipment capable to print nine-digit number, so they combined a three digit and a six-digit block for their printings, which causes a slight gap between the third and forth digits.  Forbes used a dash for the first digit to signify a replacement note.  The samples provided the Soviets were replacement notes, so initially all the Soviet issues had a dash for the first digit of the serial number – until they printed so many notes that they needed all 9 digits.  In 1948 the Allied Military Currency was withdrawn and replaced with the currency of West Germany and East Germany. 
   We are pleased to offer the following the following selection historic Allied Military Currency notes used in the occupation of Germany.
Item PM-DE-194d GERMANY 10 MARK ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY Soviet issue 1944 P194d Fine $8.00
Item PM-DE-195d GERMANY 20 MARK ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY Soviet issue 1944 P195d F-VF $12.00
Item PM-DE-196d GERMANY 50 MARK ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY Soviet issue 1944 P196d F-VF $15.00
Item PM-DE-197d GERMANY 100 MARK ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY Soviet issue 1944 P196d Fine-spot $15.00


COMPLETE SET OF SCARCE SAARLAND COINS

Saarland 4 coin set, 10 - 100 Franken 1954-1955 KM1-4Saar is an important center for coal mining and heavy industry located in Germany along the French border.  Most of its citizens are of German ancestry.  Following World War II, France occupied the region and tried to establish Saarland as a separate nation in an effort to cripple Germany's industrial base.  France assumed control of its foreign affairs and even issued coins for Saarland.  The coins were struck at the Paris mint and were the same size and composition as the contemporary French coins. Soon after the coins were issued, Saarland voted to reunite with Germany, bringing an end to brief coin issue. We are pleased to offer a complete set of the only four coins ever issued by Saarland.  The set includes the 1954 aluminum-bronze 10, 20 and 50 Franken and the 1955 copper-nickel 100 Franken.  The aluminum-bronze 10, 20 and 50 Franken feature a stylized factory spewing out pollution and the Saarland arms on the obverse.  The copper-nickel 100 Franken has the arms within a circle.  The reverses of all the coins have the denomination in German and the date.  Perhaps it should have been a clue to the French when they had to put the legends in German that Saarland would not remain under French control.
Item SAAR-SET4 SAARLAND 4 COIN SET 10-100 FRANKEN 1954-55 XF $75.00



FIRST COINS OF EAST GERMANY

First coins of East GermanyEast Germany cold war era coin set
East Germany issued its first coins in 1948 while it was still under the occupation of the Soviet Army.  The coins consisted of the aluminum 1, 5 and 10 Pfennig.  The coins featured an ear of grain and a cogwheel, which symbolized a communist "Workers' and Farmers' state".  The denomination was on the other side.  In 1950 an aluminum-bronze 50 Pfennig was also minted.  It pictured smoky factories spewing out pollution and an old plow. In 1952 a new series of aluminum 1, 5 and 10 Pfennig coins was introduced.  The obverse showing the denomination was basically unchanged, however the new reverse designs featured a compass, hammer and two ears of grain.  The compass represented the intelligentsia, who were supposed to be leading the workers (hammer) and farmers (grain). The new designs were issued only two years: 1952 and 1953.  After the reunification of Germany, the East German coins were withdrawn from circulation and melted.
Item EGER-SET4 EAST GERMANY 4 COIN SET 1 - 50 PFENNIG 1948-50 VF $7.00
Item EGER-SET3 EAST GERMANY 3 COIN SET 1 - 10 PFENNIG 1952-53 VF-XF $5.00



EAST GERMANY HONORS FIRST PRIME MINISTER

East Germany (DDR) 20 Mark 1973 Otto Grotewohl KM47Otto Grotewohl is depicted on this circulating commemorative East German (German Democratic Republic, or DDR) 1973 20 Mark coin.   He was East Germany's first Prime Minister, serving from 1949 until his death in 1964.  The reverse of the 33mm copper-nickel coin includes the emblem of East Germany.  The coin has a lettered edge showing the denomination. 17 years after the coin was issued East Germany collapsed.
Item EGER-GROTE EAST GERMANY 20 MARK 1973 OTTO GROTEWOHL KM47 XF-AU $7.00



EAST GERMAN MILITARY MEDALS

These medals were awarded to members of the East Germany’s armed forces or border patrol.  These 35mm medals come suspended on a pin-back five sided cloth ribbon.  The medals all utilize the same reverse which feature the insignia of the East Germany’s National People’s Army.  The insignia includes the emblem of East Germany surrounded by the legend "FÜR DEN SCHUTZ DER ARBEITER UND BAUERN MACHT" (For the protection of the workers’ and peasants’ power)  Bronze, silver and gold medals were awarded.  The gold and silver medals are plated. These medals show virtually no usage. Below is a selection of these rarely seen military awards.  As a bonus, each medal also includes the corresponding ribbon bar.

German Democratic Republic (DDR) National People's Army Bronze Distinguished Service MedalGerman Democratic Republic (DDR) National People's Army Gold Distinguished Service MedalDISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL

The Distinguished Service Medals depict the busts of 1950’s era East German sailor, airman and soldier surrounded by the words "FÜR HERVORRAGENDE VERDIENSTE" (FOR OUTSTANDING MERIT) and  "NATIONALE VOLKSARMEE" (NATIONAL PEOPLE'S ARMY).  It was awarded for "Outstanding merit and personal readiness in support of the increase of combat capability and combat readiness"
Item EGER-MED-DS-B EAST GERMANY BRONZE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL $15.00
Item EGER-MED-DS-G EAST GERMANY "GOLD" DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL $25.00


German Democratic Republic (DDR) National People's Army Bronze 5 Years of Faithful Service MedalGerman Democratic Republic (DDR) National People's Army Silver Years of Faithful Service MedalGerman Democratic Republic (DDR) National People's Army Gold 20 Years of Faithful Service MedalFAITHFUL SERVICE MEDAL

The Faithful Service Medals depict the flag the German Democratic Republic atop the red communist party flag with the legends "FÜR TREUE DIENSTE IN DER NATIONALEN VOLKSARMEE" (For Faithful Service in the National People’s Army)  The bronze medal was awarded for five years of military service, the silver medal was awarded for ten years of military service, a gold medal was awarded for 15 years of military service, a gold medal with colored flags and the Roman numerals XX on the ribbon was awarded for 20 years of military service.
Item EGER-MED-5SVC EAST GERMANY BRONZE 5 YEARS OF FAITHFUL SERVICE MEDAL $12.00
Item EGER-MED-10SVC EAST GERMANY "SILVER" 10 YEARS OF FAITHFUL SERVICE MEDAL $18.00
Item EGER-MED-20SVC EAST GERMANY "GOLD" 20 YEARS OF FAITHFUL SERVICE MEDAL $25.00

German Democratic Republic (DDR) Bronze Border Guard Medal of MeritGerman Democratic Republic (DDR) Silver Border Guard Medal of MeritBORDER GUARD MEDAL OF MERIT

The Border Guard Medals of Merit features a border post and an AK-47 (perhaps to shoot those trying to escape from East Germany) surrounded by the legend "FÜR HERVORRAGENDE VERDENSTE  GRENZTRUPPEN DER DDR" (For outstanding merit   East German Border Guard)
Item EGER-MED-BORD-B EAST GERMANY BRONZE BORDER GUARD MEDAL $20.00
Item EGER-MED-BORD-S EAST GERMANY "SILVER" BORDER GUARD MEDAL $25.00

SPECIAL - BUY THE SET AND SAVE!

Item EGER-MED-SET7 ALL 7 OF THE EAST GERMAN MILITARY MEDALS LISTED ABOVE, Buy the set and save! $75.00


GERMANY CELEBRATES 25th ANNIVERSARY OF UNIFICATION 

GERMANY 2 Euros 2015 25th ANNIVERSARY OF UNIFICATIONGermany commemorated the 25th anniversary of the unification of East and West Germany with this circulating 2015 bi-metallic 2 Euro coin.  The obverse shows celebrating the unification in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin and the legend "WIR SIND EIN VOLK" (We are one people) repeated three times.  The standard 2 Euro design featuring a map of Europe is used on the reverse. The edge includes the inscription translating as "Unity and law and freedom".  The coin was produced by all five of Germany’s mints:  (Berlin=A, Munich= D, Stuttgart = F, Karlsruhe = G, Hamburg = J)  The mintmark is found near the feet of the people. It is probably the most significant commemorative issued by Germany in recent years.
Item DE-2E15UNIFY-ANY GERMANY 2 EUROS 2015 25th Anniversary of Unification, Mint of Joel's choice $6.00
Item DE-2E15UNIFY-A GERMANY 2 EUROS 2015 25th Anniversary of Unification, A-Berlin Mint, UNC. $7.00
Item DE-2E15UNIFY-D GERMANY 2 EUROS 2015 25th Anniversary of Unification, D-Munich Mint, UNC. $7.00
Item DE-2E15UNIFY-F GERMANY 2 EUROS 2015 25th Anniversary of Unification, F-Stuttgart Mint, UNC. $7.00
Item DE-2E15UNIFY-G GERMANY 2 EUROS 2015 25th Anniversary of Unification, F-Karlsruhe Mint, UNC. $7.00
Item DE-2E15UNIFY-J GERMANY 2 EUROS 2015 25th Anniversary of Unification, J-Hamburg Mint, UNC. $7.00
Item DE-2E15UNIFY-ALL GERMANY 2 EUROS 2015 25th Anniversary of Unification, ALL 5 MINTS UNC. $29.50


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