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AFGHANISTAN COINS & BANKNOTES

A numismatic review of a troubled land.

For coins of India, please visit Click Here2200 YEARS OF COINS OF INDIA
For coins of Iraq,  please visit Click Here1800 YEARS OF IRAQ COINS & CURRENCY
For coins of other countries of the Middle East, please visit our Click HereMIDDLE EAST COINS PAGE

ALSO SEE:
Click HereTHE BEY BUD TANKA OF TIMURID SULTAN HUSAYN



COINS OF THE KIDARITES

Kidarite copper coins, circa 350-500ADThe Kidarites were nomadic Huns that conquered the Kushano-Sassanians sometime around 350AD.  They are sometime referred to as the “Red Huns”.  Very little is known about them.  They controlled an area that now is made up of parts of northern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, as well as parts of TajikistanUzabkistan and Turkmenistan. . They ruled the region until about 500AD. The Kidarites appear to have been a confederacy of warlords, many of whom issued coins.  Not having had a tradition of coinage, they copied the basic designs and fabric of the coins they found in circulation without an apparent understanding of the meaning of the designs. Some of the coins are modeled on Sassanian or Kushano-Sassanian coins depicting the bust of the king and a fire altar.  Other coins are modeled after Kushan or other Indian coins and feature various deities or a standing king. There is a wide variety of extremely crude and primitive Kidarite copper coins.  These scarce, crude Kidarite copper coins are unusual pieces from a little know Hunnic tribe.
Item KIDARx1 KIDARITE COPPER UNIT, circa 350-500AD, CRUDE  $5.00
Item KIDARx5 5 of the above KIDARITE COPPER UNIT, circa 350-500AD, CRUDE  $18.00
Item KIDARx100 100 of the above KIDARITE COPPER UNIT, circa 350-500AD, CRUDE  $195.00



THE BEY BUD TANKA OF TIMURID SULTAN HUSAYN

Silver Tanka of Timurid Sultan Husayn BayqaraThis silver Tanka was struck by Sultan Husayn Bayqara, the last great Timurid monarch, at his capital in Heart (Afghanistan),  between 1470 and 1506AD. The Timurids were descendents of Tamerlane.  They ruled much of Central Asia from during the 14th and 15th century.   Dynastic battles were common as family members battled for control over the Empire.  During his younger years, Husayn served as a mercenary and guerilla fighter.  After a while he decided to fight for himself.  He eventually conquered Herat, and soon gained control over much of the Timurid territory.   He was a great supporter of the arts and literature and engaged in a major building program.   This silver Tanka of Husayn prominently features the words "beh bud" on the coin.  The Persian phrase "beh bud"  means "it was good", perhaps to assure merchants that the coins were made of good silver or maybe to indicate his reign as a time of prosperity.  However one of Husayn’s chroniclers states "Bih-bud Beg" was one of Husayn’s close male companions before he became Sultan, who gave him such sexual satisfaction that he did him the favor of putting his name and stamp on the coins.  Shortly after Husayn’s death, while his two sons fought for control of the throne, the Uzbeks conquered Herat, effectively bringing an end to the dynasty.
Item TIM-HUSAYN TIMURID SILVER TANKA, HUSAYN 1469-1506AD, A2432.3 VG-F-crude, bent $19.50

SCARCE BANKNOTES OF THE SHORT-LIVED REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTAN

Afghanistan 1000 Afghani note of Mohammad Daoud Khan 1973-1978
In 1973 Muhammad Daud Khan (also known as Mohammad Daoud Khan) overthrew his cousin and brother-in-law, the king of Afghanistan, and declared himself President of Afghanistan.  Though he did not claim the title of the Shah, he retained many of the Shah's powers. He initiated a number of progressive policies, including the expansion of the rights of women.  He suppressed the radical Islamic fundamentalists, whose leaders found refuge in Pakistan and who were supported encouraged by the Pakistan government.  Though initially aligned with the Soviet Union, he began to push for increased relations and trade with other Muslim nations  and the United States.   In 1978, he was assassinated in a coup that was supported by the Soviet Union, which was afraid of losing its influence over Afghanistan.  This six note set of Muhammad Daud Khan includes the 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 Afghani dating between 1973 and 1977. The notes all bear his portrait on the left, and a watermark of him on the right.  The reverses of the notes features various Afghan vignettes.   The 10 Afghanis pictures the Arch at Qila'e Bost.  The 20 Afghanis shows a scene of Kabul featuring a canal.  The 50 Afghani features 3 men riding yaks.   The 100 Afghani features the Friday Mosque in Herat.  The 500 Afghani features a fortified village and is brown.  The 1000 Afghani features the Mosque of Mazar-e Sharif.  The lower denominations are AU- Uncirculated, the higher denominations are VF to AU.  The set catalogs for over $40, however our price is MUCH less.
Item PM-AF-DAUD6 AFGHANISTAN 6 NOTE SET 10-1000 AFGHANIS, 1973-77, ( P47-50,52-53) VF-UNC. $17.50



BANKNOTES FROM SOVIET OCCUPIED & TALIBAN AFGHANISTAN Restocked

Set of 6 colorful Afghanistan notes issued during Soviet Occupation and Talaban rule, 50 to 10,000 Afghani, P57-58, P60-63
This set of 6 attractive Afghanistan banknotes were introduced between 1978 and 1993, during the Soviets occupation of Afghanistan.  The higher denominations continued to be issued by the Taliban until they were finally replaced in 2001 after the United States invasion of Afghanistan.  The set includes the 50, 100 and 500, 1000, 5000 and 10000 Afghani notes in crisp uncirculated condition.  The 50 Afghani pictures the Dar-al-Aman palace in Kabul.  The 100 Afghani depicts a farmer and a hydroelectric dam.  The 500 Afghani pictures a group of horseman.  The 1000 Afghani depicts a flock of birds at the Mazar-e-Sharif Mosque on one side.  The other side pictures the Victory Arch, built to commemorate Afghan victory over the British in 1919.  The 5000 Afghani pictures a mosque on one side and the tomb of King Habdullah on the other.  A pair of minarets and a gateway are on the 10,000 Afghani note.  
Item PM-AF-TAL6 AFGHANISTAN 6 NOTE SET: 50 - 10,000 AFGHANI, 1979-93 (P57-58,60-63) UNC. out


RECENT COINS OF AFGHANISTAN  Restocked Price Reduced

Afghanistan 3 coin set: 1 2 5 Afghani SH1383 (AD2004)In 2004 Afghanistan released its first coins for circulation since 1980.   The set includes a copper-plated steel 1 Afghani, a steel 2 Afghani and an aluminum-bronze (brass) 5 Afghani, dated SH1383, which corresponds to AD2004. Since 2005 no additional coins have  been minted  for circulation. The coins feature the denomination on one side and the traditional arms of Afghanistan on the other.  The coins were minted in Europe, sent by ship to Pakistan, and then trucked to Afghanistan.  Millions of the coins were stolen while they were in transit in Pakistan. The loss was only discovered when sharp-eyed customs official noted that a truck containing the coins was much lighter than it should have been.  The release of the coins was delayed until the stolen coins were recovered. The coins help mark Afghanistan's return to normalcy after years of civil war and Taliban rule.
Item AF-SET3 AFGHANISTAN 3 COIN SET 1, 2 & 5 AFGHANI SH1383 (AD2004) KM1044-1046 UNC. $3.75





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