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ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL COINS


BACTRIAN SILVER DRACHM OF MENANDER

Bactrian silver drachm of Menander, 160-145BCBactria was an Indo-Greek kingdom that descended from Alexander the Great's conquest of the area some two centuries earlier. Menander was born in the Caucasus.  He became King of Bactria about 160BC and greatly expanded his kingdom, conquering much of Northern India.  He later converted to Buddhism, and according to some sources, handed his kingdom over to his son, then retired from the world.  His coins follow the Indo-Greek tradition of a Greek style coin with Greek legends.  This silver Drachm of Menander depicts the bust of Menander on the obverse.  Athena standing, holding a shield, is on the reverse.  We have a number of coins of Menander with several different styles of the portrait, so it may not be the same as the coin pictured.
Item MENDR BACTRIA SILVER DRACHM OF MENANDER, 160-145BC, VG-F $59.95



LAST OF THE INDO-GREEK KINGS

Indo-Greek Hermaios, 40-1BC silver DrachmThe Indo-Greek kingdoms descended from Alexander the Greats conquest of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern India in 327BC.  Though they were cut-off from Greece for some 300 years, they continued many Greek traditions, including aspects of the Greek religion, language and Greek style coinage.   One of the last of the Indo-Greek kings was Hermaios (Hermaeus).  The exact dates of his reign are unknown, though numismatic sources list it as 40BC to 1BC.  Some Biblical scholars believe that he may be one of the Three Kings from the East who visited Jesus’s birth.   He was defeated by the Kushan ruler Kujala Kadphises, though his coins continued to be struck after his death.   This silver Drachm features the diademed bust of Hermaios on one side and Zeus seated on the other.  
Item HERMAIOS HERMAIOS, 40-1BC, SILVER DRACHM, Sear 7740 VG-F $49.95



WIDOW'S MITE FROM THE TIME OF CHRIST 

Typical ancient Judean Widow's MitesThe story of the Widow's Mite can be found in the Bible in Mark 12:41-44.  For Jesus, the widow's small offering of her only two small coins was worth far more than the large contributions of the rich who gave only a small portion of what they had.  The mite, also known as the lepton, was the smallest denomination struck in ancient Judea.  The coin was first struck during the reign of Alexander Janeaus, and continued to be used during the time of Christ.  Most display an ancient anchor on one side and a wheel on the other, though other designs were used as well. Minters were paid by how many pieces they produced, not how well they produced them.  As a result the coins tend to be crude or off center, and every coin is different.   This historic coin of the Bible is over 2000 years old and comes with a Certificate of Authenticity.
Item MITE ANCIENT JUDEAN WIDOW'S MITE FROM TIME OF CHRIST VG-CRUDE  $29.95


ANCIENT COIN OF ELYMAIS

Indo-Greek King Hermaios silver drachm circa 40BC - 1 BCElymais was a semi-independent kingdom located at the head of the Persian Gulf in what is now Iran.  Little is known about the kingdom. Its people are believed to have decended from the ancient Elamites, who are mentioned in the Bible.  They were reported to be great archers.  This bronze Drachm was issued by Orodes II, who ruled Elymais from about 50 to 70AD.  One side depicts the bearded king, a trident, and the star and crescent moon - a symbol later adopted by Islam.  The reverse features a series of dots and lines, which may be an Elamite script.  Ancient Elamite was a cuneiform script that was written on clay tablets. The coin is approximately 14mm in diameter and grades Fine to Very Fine.  It is an interesting and attractive ancient coin.
Item ELAM ELYMAIS BRONZE DRACHM, ORODES II, ca.50-70AD GIC5905 F-VF $19.50



ROMAN COIN OF CONSTANTINE THE GREAT 

Constantine the Great Bronze coinConstantine the Great was the first Christian Emperor of Rome.  In his quest to reunite the divided Roman Empire he married the stepdaughter of the Emperor, then proceeded to kill his  father-in-law.  He converted to Christianity after receiving "a sign from God" which gave him a victory in a battle against his brother-in-law in the Battle of Milvian Bridge.  Though a Christian, he continued to honor the Roman sun god Sol. He made Sunday, the day of Sol, the official day of rest for the Roman Empire; a practice that continues today in much of the world.  Constantine called and presided over the First Council of Nicaea which established many of the tenants of Christianity.  He founded Constantinople (now Istanbul) as the new capital for the reunited Roman Empire.  The city remained the capital of the Roman and Byzantine Empires for the next 1100 years.  This 16mm to 21mm bronze coin shows a clear bust of Constantine. It was struck between 310 and 337AD,  grades Fine or better, and comes with a Certificate of Authenticity.
Item ROME-CONST BRONZE COIN OF CONSTANTINE THE GREAT 310-337AD F-VF $29.95


NEWTHE LAST GREAT ROMAN EMPERORS: VALENTINIAN I & VALENS

Rome Valentinian I bronze coin 364-375ADRome Valens bronze coin 364-378AD                                       Winged goddess of Victory on reverse of Roman Bronze coinEmperor dragging barbarian captive on reverse of Roman bronze coin
In 364AD Roman Emperor Jovian was assassinated and Valentinian I was proclaimed Emperor by the Roman Army.  Valentinian, sometimes called Valentinian the Great, was a rough, brave man with little education and with a short temper, but was a devout Christian.  He appointed his younger brother, Valens, to be Emperor of the eastern portion of the Roman Empire while Valentinian ruled the western portion of the Roman Empire.  In 367 Valentinian moved his court to Trier in order to supervise the construction of fortifications along the German frontier.  In 375 he died of a stroke brought on by a tirade over the impudence of the barbarian ambassadors.   In the east, Valens successfully repelled attacks by the Persians and put down rebellions.  Finding his army stretched thin, he invited certain Gothic tribes to settle in Roman territory in exchange for their military services.  Without enough Roman troops to guard the border, they were quickly followed by many more Gothic and other barbarian tribes.  What was started out as a controlled resettlement turned into a massive influx of barbarians settlers. After being mistreated by Roman officials, the Goths turned against Valens.  In 378AD a combined army of the barbarian tribes decisively defeated the Roman army in the Battle of Adrianople.  Two thirds of the Roman forces, Valens, and most of his top officers were killed.  This marked a major step in the downfall of the Roman Empire.  The bronze coins of Emperors Valentinian and Valens are approximately 16 to 18mm in diameter and depict the bust of the Emperor on the obverse.  The reverse depicts either the winged Goddess of Victory or the Emperor dragging a barbarian captive.
Item ROME-VALT ROME VALENTINIAN I 364-375AD BRONZE COIN F-VF $13.00
Item ROME-VALENS ROME VALENS 364-378AD BRONZE COIN F-VF $11.00


A GOOD BOOK ON COINS IN THE GOOD BOOK


Book: Money of the Bible, by Kenneth Bressett MONEY OF THE BIBLE, by Kenneth Bressett. 2nd. Edition.   An attractive, oversized (approx. 10" x 12") coffee table book on money and the Bible.  It covers a range of topics, from pre-monetary commerce in the Bible, coins mentioned in the Bible and coins associated with those in the Bible and early Christianity. A well illustrated book that is recommended for anyone with a casual interest in Biblical numismatics, coins or the Bible.  120 pages, hard cover.
Item BK-BIBLE MONEY OF THE BIBLE Book by Kenneth Bressett $29.75
 



RICHARD THE FEARLESS OF NORMANDY

Normandie silver Denier of Richard the Fearless and Archbishop Hugh of Rouen, (joint issue) 947-989ADThis medieval silver Denier is an unusual joint issue of Duke Richard I (the Fearless) of Normandy and the Archbishop Hugh III of Rouen.  Richard was the grandson of Viking chieftain Rollo who founded the Norman Duchy.  He was the son of William I Longsword and Sprota, a concubine captured in war.  In 942AD, when Richard was about 10, his father was murdered at a peace conference.  Louis IV of France had Richard confined, however with the help of Viking and Norman allies he escaped and regained control of Normandy by 947.  Rather than expanding his realm, he strengthened it, making alliances, expanding feudalism and building a strong relationship with the church.  Upon the death of Archbishop Hugh III 989, Richard had his son Robert appointed Archbishop of Rouen.  His daughter, Emma went on to marry two famous English kings Aethelred the Unready and Cnut the Great.  Through his son, Richard II, he was the great-grandfather of William the Conqueror.  One side depicts a short cross with pellets in each quadrant.  The other side has the monogram of Archbishop Hugh.  The coin was minted in Rouen.  It grades Very Fine or better though the lettering is crudely engraved,k as is typical of medieval coins. It is an attractive and historic medieval coin.
Item NORMAN NORMANDY RICHARD THE FEARLESS & ARCHBISHOP HUGH III OF ROUEN SILVER DENIER 947-989AD VF $295.00


SILVER TRAM OF MEDIEVAL ARMENIA

Armenia, silver Tram of Levon I, 1198-1219About 1198 Levon I (Leo II) was crowned as the first king of Cilcian Armenia, located along what is now south-east Turkey.  He issued the first Armenian coins since ancient times.  He established a powerful Christian state and was a strong supporter of the Third Crusade.  He joined Richard the Lion Heart in the conquest of Cyprus and was actively involved in the numerous political plots and intrigues of the Crusader kingdoms and neighboring kingdoms.  These crude silver Trams are approximately 22mm in diameter.  One side pictures picture King Levon seated upon his throne.  The reverse shows a lion and leopard with a cross.  It is an historic Armenian coin with a connection to the Crusades. 
Item AM-LEVON ARMENIA SILVER TRAM OF LEVON I 1198-1219 F-crude $65.00



HERAT HORSE JITAL OF KHWARIZM SHAH MUHAMMAD 

Khwarizm Shah, Muhammad II, 1200-1220AD, Horse Jital struck in HeratAla ad-Din Muhammad II assumed the throne of the small central Asian province of Khwarizm upon the death of his father in 1200AD.  He soon vastly expanded his empire, conquering all of Persia, creating an empire that reached from the Aral and Caspian Seas to the Persian Gulf.  When the Caliph of Baghdad rejected Muhammad's claim for formal recognition, Muhammad proclaimed one of his nobles as Caliph.  He then attempted to conquer Baghdad, only to have his army decimated in a blizzard while on the way to Baghdad.  Shortly thereafter Ghenghiz Khan sent his emissaries to establish trade. They were badly mistreated and in retaliation Ghenghis marched into the Khwarizm Empire with an army of some 200,000 bent on total destruction and annihilation. Entire cities were sacked and destroyed and the population killed.  Urganj, the capital, was completely wiped off the face of the earth.  Muhammad fled ahead of the advancing Mongol hoards, only to die of pleurisy on an island in the Caspian Sea in 1220AD.  This billon Jital was made in Herat sometime after Muhammad conquered the city in 1204AD. The coin is approximately 12mm in diameter and is struck in heavily debased silver.  It depicts a horseman on one side and has legends on the other.   Herat was a rich trading town until it was destroyed by Ghenghiz Khan in 1221AD.  It is now in Afghanistan and serves as the gateway to Iran.
Item KHWZ KHWARIZM, MUHAMMAD II 1200-20AD HORSE JITAL OF HERAT, Tye 221, A1734.1  VG $9.75

Also see:
Click HereA RAT FROM HERAT

ALSO SEE:

Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF AFGHANISTAN
Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF INDIA and PAKISTAN
MEDIEVAL COINS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL CHINESE COINS



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