Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins

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ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL COINS

ANCIENT BENT-BAR COIN OF INDIA

India, Kuru & Panchala billon bent bar satamana coin, circa 450-340BCThis unusual bent-bar Satamana is one of the earliest coins of India.  It is believed to have been issued by the Kuru and Panchala realms in north-central India between about 450BC and 350BC.  The thick, slightly bent billon (low grade silver) are approximately 22 to 24mm long, 11 to 14mm wide and about 3mm thick.  A crude seven-armed “taxila” symbol is on either end on the concave side of the bar, the convex side is blank.  The coins are modeled after the silver Taxila and Gandhara bent bar coins used in what is now Pakistan.  It is an interesting and affordable example of a very early coin.
Item IN-BAR KURU & PANCHALA BENT BAR SATAMANA COIN, circa 450-350BC $29.50



NEWANCIENT EGYPTIAN COIN OF PTOLEMY VI PHILOMETOR

Ancient Egypt, Ptolemy VI Philometor bronze coinPtolemy VI was the most powerful man on earth - for 3 days.  He became pharaoh of Egypt upon the death of his father in 180BC at about age six. He ruled jointly with his mother Cleopatra I until her death in 176 BC. Hence his epithet 'Philometor' which translates as "he who loves his mother".   In 173BC he married his sister Cleopatra II who became co-ruler.  Much of his long reign involved wars with the Seleucids who ruled Syria and wars with rival factions within the royal family. In 170BC Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who was Ptolemy's uncle, invaded Egypt, capturing Ptolemy VI and most of Egypt except Alexandria.  Alexandria named Ptolemy VI 's younger brother Ptolemy VIII Physcon (the potbelly) as pharaoh.    Under pressure from Rome Antiochus IV withdrew from Egypt and released Ptolemy VI.  For a while Ptolemy VI, Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VIII jointly ruled Egypt, though palace intrigues were common.  In 164BC, following civil unrest caused by another Seleucid invasion of Egypt, Ptolemy VIII overthrew Ptolemy VI.  Around 150 BC Ptolemy VI recognized Alexander Balas as the Seleucid king by forcing his daughter marry him.  Then in 145BC, while Alexander was putting down rebellion in Cilicia, Ptolemy VI invaded Syria after securing safe passage through Judaea from Alexander's vassal Jonathan Maccabee.  Ptolemy defeated Alexander when his army returned from Cilicia.  For the first time since the death of Alexander the Great, Egypt and Syria were unified under a single ruler.  It was to be short-lived however.  During the battle Ptolemy fell from his horse, fractured his skull, and died three days later. This bronze coin of Ptolemy VI depicts Zeus-Ammon on one side and two eagles on the other.  Zeus-Ammon was a syncretic fusion of Zeus, the most powerful god in the Greek pantheon, and the Egyptian sun god Ammon (Amun-Re). The coin is approximately 20mm in diameter.  Like most Ptolemaic bronze coins of this era there is a small hole in the center which was caused by the minting process.
Item EG-PTOLEMY6 EGYPT PTOLEMY VI 180-145BC 20mm BRONZE G-VG $25.00



INDO-GREEK SILVER DRACHM OF APOLLODOTUS II

Indo-Greek silver Drachm of Apollodotus II, 80-65BCThe Indo-Greeks descended from Alexander the Great, who conquered northern India in 326BC. They were the eastern most part of Hellenistic culture, ruling the area around Afghanistan, Pakistan and north-western India. They maintained Greek culture, religion and language, incorporating it with elements of Indian culture and language. Apollodotus II was one of the greatest Indo-Greek kings.  During his reign, from about 80 to 65BC he re-established much of the glory and territory of the Indo-Greek kingdoms.  After his death the Indo-Greek kingdom fragmented and soon disappeared.  This silver drachm of Apollodotus II reflects both the Greek and Indian culture.  The obverse depicts the bust of the king with a Greek legend that translates as "Of Apollodotus the Great, Savior & Father loving King".  The reverse depicts Athena Alkidemos standing and has the legend in Kharoshthi script that translates "Savior King Appolodotus".  He obviously thought well of himself.  The coin is approximately 17mm in diameter. It is an attractive and historic ancient silver coin from the farthest reaches of Greek culture.
Item IN-APOLLO INDO-GREEK SILVER DRACHM, APOLLODOTUS II ca.80-65BC $45.00



NEWSILVER COIN OF CELTIC GAUL

Celtic Gaul silver Quinarius, circa 80-50BCCeltic Gaul consisted of a number of loosely affiliated tribes centered around what is now France. Their coinage was modeled after that of Greece and Roman coins that found their way into the region, however, lacking skills and literacy, their coins were much cruder and with degraded legends.  These silver Quinarius of Celtic Gaul are about 11 to 14mm in diameter.  One side has a crude depiction of the helmeted head of Roma, that was based on coins of the Roman Republic. The other side has a stylized horse.  The coins date from about 80 to 50BC, shortly before Julius Caesar conquered Gaul. 
Item CELT-GAUL CELTIC GAUL SILVER QUINARIUS, CIRCA 80-50 BC VG-F-Crude $65.00



INDO-SCYTHIAN TETRADRACHM OF APSAVARMA

Indo-Scythian billon tetradrachm of Apsavarma, circa 5-35ADThe Indo-Scythians migrated from central Asia into what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan, taking territory from the Indo-Greeks They adopted many aspects of Greek culture as well as adopting Hindu and Buddhist influences.  This 20mm billon Tetradrachm was issued by Apavarma in the city of Taxila-Sirskuh.  Aspvarma ruled the area around what is now the Pakistan-Afghanistan border from about 5 to 15AD (some sources place it as 15 to 45AD). It is likely he was subjected by Indo-Parthian king Gondophares as he adopted the title strategos (viceroy).  It depicts the king on horseback on one side and Pallas Athena on the other.
Item IN-APSAVA INDO-SCYTHIAN BI-TETRADRACHM, APSAVARMA, ca.5-35AD $32.00



WIDOW'S MITE FROM THE TIME OF CHRIST Restocked

Typical ancient Judean Widow's MitesThe story of the Widow's Mite can be found in the Bible in Mark 12:41-44.  For Jesus, the widow's small offering of her only two small coins was worth far more than the large contributions of the rich who gave only a small portion of what they had.  The mite, also known as the lepton, was the smallest denomination struck in ancient Judea.  The coin was first struck during the reign of Alexander Janeaus, and continued to be used during the time of Christ.  Most display an ancient anchor on one side and a wheel on the other, though other designs were used as well. Minters were paid by how many pieces they produced, not how well they produced them.  As a result the coins tend to be crude or off center, and every coin is different.   This historic coin of the Bible is over 2000 years old and comes in an attractive folder with a Certificate of Authenticity.
Item MITE ANCIENT JUDEAN WIDOW'S MITE FROM TIME OF CHRIST VG-CRUDE $29.95





THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY IN ANCIENT ROME - A SET OF 12 BRONZE COINS Restocked

Set of 12 Ancient Roman coins in folder - The Rise of Christianity
In the 300 years between the death of Jesus and the death of Constantine the Great, Christianity went from being the nascent belief system of a dozen disciples to the official religion of the mighty Roman Empire.  This remarkable collection tells the story in coins.  Gallienus issued the Edict of Toleration, making Christianity legal in the Empire for the first time.  Claudius II Gothicus reversed this decision, persecuting Christians in the realm.  Constantine I was the first Christian emperor.  he and Licinius I issued the Edict of Milan in 313, decreeing that all Christians in Rome must be treated benevolently.  Constantine's sons, Constaintine II, Constantinus II and Constans maintained their father's policy.  Only Julian II, called the Aspotate by the Church, attempted to revert to paganism, but by then it was too late.  By the time Valentinian, Valens and Gratian, Rome was officially Christian; indeed, those three emperors converted barbarians to Christianity.  This set of 12 ancient Roman bronze coins includes coins of Gallienus (253-258), Claudius II Gothicus (268-270), Constantine the Great (307-337), Licinius I (308-324), Constantine II (337-340), Constantinus II (337-361), Constans (337-350),  Donstantintius Gallus (351-34), Julian II the Apostate (360-364), Valentian I the Great (364-378), Valens (364-378) and Gratian (367-383).  After the Fourth Century, Rome was often ruled by more than one emperor at the same time.    The obverse of each coin shows the portrait of the emperor at the time the coins were minted.  The reverse shows pictures and phrases depicting current concerns, history and mythology.  The coins grade Very Good or better.  They are guaranteed genuine and are packaged in an attractive descriptive folder.
Item CHRISTSET12 RISE OF CHRISTIANITY IN ANCIENT ROME: 12 ROMAN BRONZE COINS IN ALBUM $99.75


ELEPHANT ON ANCIENT SATAVAHANA COIN

Satavanahana, Early Satakarni dynasty, potin Karshapana depicting elephant, circa 30-107AD, MAC 4941+An elephant is depicted on obverse of this ancient Karshapana of the Satavahana (Andhra) Empire. At its peak the empire controlled most of central and southern India.  The reverse depicts the Ujjain symbol, also known as the Satavahana symbol. The symbol comprises of four circles attached to the ends of the bars of a cross.  The coin was issued by the early Satakarni dynasty between about 30 AD and 107AD.  The Satavahana Empire ruled most of central and southern India and engaged in trade with the Roman Empire. The coin is struck in a copper and lead alloy called potin.
Item IN-SATAV SATAVAHANA KARSHAPANA, ELEPHANT, circa 30-107AD MAC4941+ Fine $19.50



ANCIENT KUSHANO-SASANIAN COPPER COIN 

Kushano-Sassanian copper coins, Kobad, circa 330-350ADAfter the split of the Kushan Empire around 230AD, the eastern portion became a vassal state of the Sasanian Empire is known as the Kushano-Sassanians.  It controlled parts of what are now Afghanistan and Pakistan. It remained until about 350AD, when the area was conquered by the White Huns (Hephthalites).  These small, crude copper coins, sometimes called a Drachm or a unit, were minted between about 241 and 350AD. They are some of the last coins of the Kushano-Sasanians. They are modeled after the Sasanian silver Drachm, however are smaller, much cruder and made of copper.  One side features the bust of the king, the other features a Zoroastrian fire altar. 
Item KUSHAN-SAS KUSHANO-SASANIAN COPPER DRACHM, ca.241-350AD G-CRUDE $5.00



COINS OF THE KIDARITES

Kidarite copper coins, circa 350-500ADThe Kidarites were nomadic Huns that conquered the Kushano-Sassanians sometime around 350AD.  They are sometime referred to as the “Red Huns”.  Very little is known about them.  They controlled an area that now is made up of parts of northern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, as well as parts of TajikistanUzbekistan and Turkmenistan. . They ruled the region until about 500AD. The Kidarites appear to have been a confederacy of warlords, many of whom issued coins.  Not having had a tradition of coinage, they copied the basic designs and fabric of the coins they found in circulation without an apparent understanding of the meaning of the designs. Some of the coins are modeled on Sassanian or Kushano-Sassanian coins depicting the bust of the king and a fire altar.  Other coins are modeled after Kushan or other Indian coins and feature various deities or a standing king. There is a wide variety of extremely crude and primitive Kidarite copper coins.  These scarce, crude Kidarite copper coins are unusual pieces from a little know Hunnic tribe.
Item KIDARx1 KIDARITE COPPER UNIT, circa 350-500AD, CRUDE  $5.00




SILVER DRACHM OF THE PALAS OF BENGAL

Palas of Bengal silver Drachms, circa 850-950ADThe Pala Dynasty arose in Bengal India in the mid-eighth century after a period of anarchy.  They were astute diplomats, military conquerors and scholars.  They established and promoted universities, built grand temples and monasteries, their missionaries established Buddhism in Tibet, their army was noted for its corps of war elephants and it had an extensive navy.  These silver Drachms of the Palas were struck during a period of dynastic decline between about 850 and 950AD.  The designs of the coins are based on the Sasanian Drachm, which had not been stuck for hundreds of years. Each generation created new coins by copying the designs of the crudely made coins already found in circulation.  One side had the head of the king.  The other side had a fire altar. By the time the Palas came to power the coiners had no concept of what the original coins looked like, resulting in a design that bears little resemblance to the original.  Every coin is different, and every coin is crude.
Item IN-PALA PALAS OF BENGAL, SILVER DRACHM, circa 850-950AD VG-CRUDE $8.00
Item IN-PALAx3 3 DIFFERENT PALAS SILVER DRACHMS, circa 850-950AD VG-CRUDE $19.50




MEDIEVAL SILVER COINS OF THE HABBARID AMIRS OF SINDH 

Sindh silver Damma of Abdullah ca.884-913ADSind silver Dhamma of Ali, circa 973-987AD  Sindh (Sind) is located in what is now the south-eastern portion of Pakistan.  The Habbaris were Arab traders and merchants that settled in Sindh in pre-Islamic times.  Despite living in India for hundreds of years and marrying locals, they maintained their Arab identity, language and customs.  By the mid 9th century AD they were able to assert control over Sindh, paying only nominal allegiance to the Abbasid Caliph. The coinage of the Habbarids of Sind (also known as the Amirs of Sindh) consisted of  small (10 to 11mm) silver Dammas (Dhammas) that feature Arabic inscriptions on both sides.  In 1026 Ghaznavid Sultan Mahmud conquered Sindh.  We are pleased to offer silver Dammas of two of the Habbarid sultans of Sindh.  Abdallah I, who ruled from about 884 to 913AD, and Ali, who ruled from about 973 to 987AD
Item SINDH-ABD  SINDH SILVER DAMMA, ABDALLAH ca.884-913AD VF $8.00
Item SINDH-ALI SINDH SILVER DAMMA, ALI ca. 973-987AD VF $7.00

ANCIENT SILVER COIN OF INDIA WITH A PHALLIC SYMBOL
OR IS IT HEAVEN AND HELL?

Chaluka Gadhiya Paisa (silver drachm) circa 1000ADThere is debate among numismatists concerning the meaning of the design of this unusual coin.  This clear, well-struck silver coin was issued by the Chalukya Empire in Gujarat region of western India around 1000 AD.  The coin is generally referred to a Gadhaiya Paisa or a silver Drachm.  The design appears to be loosely based on the Sasanian Drachm of hundreds of years earlier. The original coin was a thin half-dollar sized coin depicting the king on one side and a fire altar on the other.   Each generation of coin engraver copied designs from coins in circulation, without seeing what the original design or knowing what it was.  Over time the coin evolved into a thick dime sized coin and the design took on new meanings. Some claim that what was the head of the king turned into a phallic symbol (so could you call the king a dick-head?)  Others claim  the coin is a Zoroastrian portrayal of hell and heaven.  Hell is represented shown by the soul suspended head downward, with a spike driven through the eye, surrounded by snakes and demons.  The other side represents heaven. The lines and dots on the other side represent the sun, moon, stars and the Chinwad Bridge which souls must cross to enter heaven.  Either way it is an unusual and reasonably priced ancient silver coin.
Item IN-CHALUKA CHALUKA SILVER DRACHM, circa 1000AD VF $18.00



DEBASED GOLD STATER FROM HINDU KASHMIR

Kashmir base gold stater, Harsha, 1089-1101AD MNI 185 ffThis base gold Stater was issued by Harsha, who was the king of Kashmir from 1089 to 1101AD.  The crude coin is approximately 15mm.  One side has a crude depiction of the Goddess Ardoksho enthroned.  The other depicts the king standing.  A bit of gold is visible but the coin is mostly copper.  Harsha was imprisoned for plotting to kill his father the king, because he felt his allowance was insufficient.  After the death of his father he escaped from prison, overthrew his younger brother who had been given the throne and proclaimed himself king.  He was cultured and handsome but a corrupt and cruel man with extravagant tastes who engaged in incest.  Initially the kingdom did well economically, resulting in a large volume of coinage.  He soon became unpopular due to increasingly heavy taxation to support his indulgent lifestyle and failed military ventures.  Even night soil was taxed!  In 1099 his kingdom was ravaged by famine, plague and widespread lawlessness. He continued to plunder his own subjects and even looted the temples. He was murdered in 1101 when he tried to take control of land from the feudatory landlords
Item KASH-HARSHA KASHMIR BASE GOLD STATER, HARSHA 1089-1101, MNI 185 ff,  VG-CRUDE $19.75




NEWCOIN OF THE CRUSADERS - SILVER DENIER OF LUCCA

Lucca, Italy Denier, Henery III = V (Enrico III -V) 1039-1125ADThe medieval silver Denier of Lucca was widely used by the early Crusaders.  Lucca was a major trading center in Italy that provided supplies and much of the coinage used by the First Crusade to the Holy Land. In order to provide for such a vast quantity of coins, they were hurriedly made, with little concern for quality.  These silver Deniers of Lucca was minted during the reigns of Henry III, IV and V, from about 1039 to 1125, with no change in the design.  The coins are approximately 15mm. The obverse has the letter "H" (though some claim it is a representation of the city's old main gate), with "IMPERATOR" around.  The reverse has "LUCA" in the center, with "ENRICUS" around.  However, the coins are so crude that the legends are generally illegible due to the poor quality of the dies used strike the coins. It is an historic and affordable coin of the early Crusades.
Item LUCCA LUCCA, ITALY SILVER DENIER 1039-1125AD F-VF-CRUDE $15.00



NEWRICHARD THE LIONHEART

Richard the Lionheart, 1169-1199AD silver DenierRichard the Lionheart was the King of England, Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony and Lord of Cyprus. Though he was born in England he disliked the country and spent less than six months there throughout his entire reign.  He regarded it as little more than a source of tax revenue. Most of his reign was spent in France, on Crusade or as a prisoner of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI who held him for ransom while he was attempting to return home from the Third Crusade.  Richard's knightly prowess made him a popular king and the subject of legends. During the Third Crusade he occupied Sicily and captured Cyprus with the aid of Levon of Armenia before arriving in the Holy Land in 1191. He sold Cyprus to the Knights Templar   In 1199 died after being wounded while laying siege to a castle in an effort to get a hoard of gold that had been found by a peasant.  Richard’s coins from England are very scarce and pricy.  This Anglo-Gallic silver Denier of Richard the Lionheart is much more reasonable.  The coin has a simple design. One side has his name on it “RICA / DIUS” while the other has a cross and the name of the mint (Aquitaine or Poitou).  As is typical of coins of that era, it is crudely engraved and weakly struck.
Item LIONHEART RICHARD THE LIONHEART 1169-1199 SILVER DENIER VG-Crude $125.00




NEWCRUSADER COIN OF BOHEMOND THE CHILD

Crusaders of Antioch , Bohemond III silver Denier, 1163-1201Bohemond III of the Crusader Principality of Antioch, also known as Bohemond the Child and Bohemond the Stammerer, ascended to the throne in 1163.  He then exiled his mother who had served as his regent since he was age one. .In 1180 he deserted his wife in favor of Sibyl, who may have been a spy for Saladin  This led to an escalating stuggle with the Church. Bohemond was excommunicated. In retaliation he confiscated the church's property, which led to an Antioch placed under interdict, which then led to armed conflicts.  The conflict was partially solved through mediation and the leaders of the opposition fled to Cilician Armenia.  In 1185 he invited the king Roupen III of Cilician Armenia to a banquet but imprisoned him instead.  He then invaded Cilician Armenia.  A peace treaty was signed which released the Roupen in return for a large ransom, Roupon acknowledging Bohemond's suzerainty and giving Bohemond territory.  Upon his release Roupon promptly recaptured the territory. In 1194 Cilician Armenian King Levon I (Leo)  invited Bohemond to negotiate over a castle Leo had captured, but instead took Bohemond prisoner. Bohemond was released after giving up claims on Armenia.  Bohemond was involved in the disputes over the dynastic succession of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, which led to Saladin's capture of Jerusalem in 1187. In 1188 Saladin captured much of northern Syria, and forced surrender of fortresses of the Knights Templar.  Bohemond pleaded for a truce, which Saladin granted, but left him only with his capital and its port.  The Third Crusade was called in 1189 in an attempt to recapture Jerusalem.  During the Crusade Bohemond twice met with Richard the Lionheart, but did not provide any military assistance to the Crusaders.  Upon Bohemond's death in 1201, a series of wars broke out among his successors over control of his territory. This was not resolved until 1219.  The obverse of this silver Denier of Antioch a crude portrait of Bohemond III wearing a helmet and chain mail.  A crescent moon is to the left and a star to the right. The reverse features a cross and a crescent.   It is an historic coin from what was an important Crusader kingdom.
Item ANTIOCH CRUSADER PRINCIPALITY OF ANTIOCH, BOHEMOND III DENIER 1163-1201 VG-FINE $95.00



NEWFIRST SILVER COIN OF MEDIEVAL ARMENIA

Armenia, silver Tram of Levon I, 1198-1219About 1198 Levon I (also called Leo II, Leon II and Levon the Magnificant) was crowned as the first king of Cilcian Armenia.  He had ruled the territory as Lord of Armenia since 1187, after his brother was captured by Bohemond III of Antioch and retired to a monastery. As king he had the privilege of issuing the first Armenian coins since ancient times.  He established a powerful Christian kingdom and was a strong supporter of the Third Crusade. He had numerous intrigues and conflicts with Bohemond III of Antioch, at one point taking him and his family prisoner after inviting them to castle. He was later involved in the War of the Antiochene Succession after Bohemond's death.  He joined Richard the Lion Heart in the conquest of Cyprus and was actively involved in the numerous political plots and intrigues of the Crusader kingdoms and neighboring kingdoms.  These crude silver Trams are approximately 22mm in diameter.  One side pictures picture King Levon seated upon his throne.  The reverse shows a lion and leopard with a cross.  It is an historic Armenian coin with a close connection to the Crusades. 
Item AM-LEVON ARMENIA SILVER TRAM OF LEVON I 1198-1219 F-VF-crude $65.00




NEWUNUSUAL SILVER CRUSADER COIN WITH STAR OF DAVID

Crusader copy of Ayyubid silver DirhemThis silver Crusader Dirham has something for everyone!  It is a Crusader copy of an Islamic coin that features a Star-of-David.  Though the Christian Crusader States in the Holy Land were engaged in a Holy War against the Muslims, they were pragmatic when it came to money.  The Christian Crusader states simply copied the widely accepted Ayyubid silver Dirham which featured a Star of David on both sides.   The Crusader version however tended to be crude, with blundered legends and fictitious dates. It was minted between about 1171 and 1260AD.  It is an historical silver coin reflecting the major religions during a turbulent period in the still turbulent Middle East.
Item CRUS-1 CRUSADER SILVER DIRHEM, circa 1171-1260AD F-CRUDE $35.00



GHENGHIZ KHAN SIEGE COIN

Kuruzwan bronze Jital issued while under siege by Ghenghiz Khan in June and July 1221AD, Album #1971Ghenghiz Khan assumed command of his Mongolian tribe at age 13. By military tactics and terror his armies soon conquered much of China, Persia, India and Russia.  This bronze Jital was struck in Kuruzwan, a city in Central Asia, during June and July of 1221AD while the city was under siege by Ghenghiz Khan.   The city of Kuruzwan fell to the Mongols after about two months and the remaining inhabitants were slaughtered. As might be expected under such severe circumstances, the coins are crudely struck, with many being partially off-center or unevenly struck. This is one of the few identifiable "siege" coins of the Islamic world and is a scarce and interesting reminder of this violent period in history.  
GHENGHIZ GHENGHIZ KHAN SIEGE OF KURUZWAN, BRONZE JITAL, 1221AD (A1971) VG $49.50



SILVER COIN OF THE GOLDEN HORDE FROM CRIMEA

Golden Horde, Crimea, silver Dirham of Toqtu (1291-1312AD)The Golden Horde was a Mongol state descended from Genghis Khan.  They grew wealthy from trading and raiding.  This crude silver Dirham was struck in Crimea (Qrim) by Toqtu (Tokhtogha) who ruled from about 1291 to 1312.  He consolidated power and territory from rival Khans and by 1310 he controlled some 2.3 million square miles (6 million sq.km.) in what is now Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.  He was the last non-Muslim Khan of the Golden Horde.  The slightly irregular silver coin is approximately 18mm.  Though not heavily worn, the coin is poorly struck with part of the design missing or unclear. 
GOLDHORD GOLDEN HORDE SILVER DIRHAM, TOQTU, 1291-1312, CRIMEA, F-Crude $32.00





NEWTHE HAND OF GOD ON MEDIEVAL SILVER COIN OF HALL

Schwäbisch Hall silver Hand Heller,circa 1300-1400The right hand of God is featured on the obverse of this undated 14th - 15th century silver Heller of the German town of Schwäbisch Hall (Swabian Hall, or Hall as it is more generally known).  The reverse features a cross.  Both images are taken from the town's coat of arms. The coin was widely accepted throughout central Europe and was called a Heller after the town of its origin. Some say the design represented a divine blessing and good luck, which may have increased its popularity. Since then the term Heller has been widely used for a low denomination coin by numerous German states, Austria and the Czech Republic.  For a time the town prospered mining salt and minting coins.  The town would frequently overstrike other coins.  Eventually they began to debase their coins, and it fell out of favor. Today these coins are commonly called "Hand Hellers".  These Hand Hellers are approximately 17mm, struck in good silver, but tend to be poorly struck and frequently overstruck on earlier coins with parts of the original showing through. It is an historic 14th-15th century silver coin whose name continued to be used into the 21st century - and it might even be lucky and provide a blessing.
Item HALL-HAND HALL SILVER HAND HELLER, circa.1300-1400 VG-CRUDE $15.00




NEWBISHOPRIC OF DORPAT

Bishopric of Borpat silver Lubische (Pfennig) 1379-1441The Bishopric of Dorpat (now Tartu) was a prince-bishopric that once controlled much of what is now south-eastern Estonia. It was an important Hanseatic trade center.  This small (about 12mm) silver 1 Lübische (late called 1 Pfennig) was issued by the Bishops of Dorpat between 1379 and 1441.  During this period the Bishopric was in conflict with the Knights of the Livonian Order who controlled adjacent territories. Both sides of the coin depict the arms of the Bishopric which consists of a crossed key and sword.  The Dorpat Cathedral, the seat of the Bishop, was once one of the largest religious structures in Eastern Europe.  It was heavily damaged in the 1520's during the Protestant Reformation and was abandoned after the last Bishop was deported to Russia in 1558.  Ruins of the once grand cathedral are now part of the grounds of the University of Tartu. The coin is a reminder of a once powerful but now extinct Bishopric.
Item DORPAT BISHOPRIC OF DORPAT SILVER LUBISCHE 1379-1441 VG-F-CRUDE $12.00
Item DORPATx5 5 PIECES OF THE ABOVE BISHOPRIC OF DORPAT SILVER LUBISCHE 1379-1441 VG-F-CRUDE $45.00
Item DORPATx25 25 PIECES OF THE ABOVE BISHOPRIC OF DORPAT SILVER LUBISCHE 1379-1441 VG-F-CRUDE $175.00




FRIEDRICH THE IRONTOOTH OF BRANDENBURG

Brandenburg, Fredrick II, the Iron, silver bracteate hohlpfennig 1440-1470 Saurma 4675This silver Bracteate Hohlpfennig was issued by Friedrich II (Frederick II) who was the Prince-Elector of the Margravate of Brandenburg from 1440 to 1470. It is believed that he was nicknamed "The Irontooth" or "The Iron" due to his great strength and power.  Friedrich strengthened Brandenburg forming the basis of what was to become Prussia and the German Empire.  The rights of the towns and nobility were curtailed and he regained Neumark (East Brandenburg) from the Teutonic Knights.  The citizens of Berlin revolted when he attempted to build a palace on Colin island in the Spree river.  Friedrich prevailed, built the castle that became the Stadtschloss (Berlin Palace), and the rights of the city were greatly curtailed. The Stadtschloss was torn down by East Germany in the 1950's and is now being rebuilt.  The silver Bracteate Hohlpfennig is an extremely thin and single sided coin wtih a raised rim.  The design is embossed from the reverse.  This coin is approximately 16mm in diameter and features an eagle with outstretched wings.  Because the coins are so thin and fragile, few survive today.
Item BRAND BRANDENBURG SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-1470, Saurma 4675 F-VF $39.00


MEDIEVAL CITY COINS OF THE MARGARVIATE OF BRANDENBURG

Brandenburg, City of Stendal, silver Hohlpfennig, Friedrich II 1440-1480, Bahrfeldt 19  Brandenburg, City of Stendal, silver Hohlpfennig, Friedrich II 1440-1480, Bahrfeldt 19
These medieval city Hohlpfennigs were issued during the reign of Friedrich II Irontooth, who was Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1440 to 1470.  A Hohlpfennig is a thin silver coin, about 16mm in diameter with a raised rim. The coin design is embossed on one side and incuse on the other. They were widely used in Northern Germany in the late Middle Ages.  The coins depict the arms of the city in which they were struck. The coin from Stendal depicts half an eagle on the left and four diamonds on the right.  Stendal is located about 78 miles (125km) west of Berlin. It the joined Hanseatic League in 1358 and purchased the privilege of minting from the Brandenburg margraves in 1369.  In 1456 Friedrich II founded a convent for Augustinian nuns in the city, which today is a museum.  The Hohlpfennig from Frankfurt an der Oder features a plumed knight's helmet. Frankfurt (Oder) is located about 50 miles (80km.) east of Berlin on the Oder river on what is now the German-Polish border.  It was founded as a Polish town.  In 1249 it became part of the Margraviate of Brandenburg,  The knight's helmet design makes this one of the more interesting Hohlpfennigs.
Item STENDAL STENDAL SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-70, Bahrfeldt 19 VF-crude $29.50
Item FRANK-O FRANKFURT (ODER) SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-70, Bahrfeldt 16 VF-crude $33.50



NEWHUNGARIAN SILVER COIN OF SIGISMUND OF LUXEMBOURG

Hungary silver Parvus, Sigismund of Luxembourg 1387-1437Sigismund was the last male member of the House of Luxembourg and the King of Hungary from 1387 until his death in 1437. He was also Prince-elector of Brandenburg, King of Croatia, King of Bohemia, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor.  He was highly educated, spoke a number of languages.  In 1396 he led the disastrous Crusade of Nicopolis in which the Christian forces from throughout Europe were badly defeated by the Ottoman Turks.  Sigismund managed to escape.  He then founded the Order of the Dragon to fight the Ottoman Turks.  This silver Parvus was struck for Sigismund in Hungary.  One side depicts the Patriarchal Cross of Hungary.  The other depicts arms of Sigismund as King of Hungary.  The undated coin is about 12mm in diameter.
Item HU-SIGISMUND HUNGARY SILVER PARVUS, SIGISMUND 1387-1437 F-CRUDE $15.00



SILVER COINS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

The Ottoman Empire was a vast, rich, powerful empire that at its peak spanned three continents, including much of southern Europe, western Asia and north Africa. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in what is now Turkey, and lasted until 1922. Its early coinage consisted primarily of small, poorly struck silver coins.  We are pleased to offer some of the coins of some of the Ottoman's most important early Sultans. Because the coins were produced in large quantities and have not been widely collected, they are still quite reasonably priced. 
Ottoman, Murad II silver Akce, Serez Mint, AH825 = 1421ADMurad II became Sultan in 1421 at the age of 16 upon the death of his father. He portrayed himself as a simple soldier and did not partake in the royal excesses, which is well as he spent most of his reign at war.  The Byzantines supported pretenders to undermine his regime.  Though he laid siege to Constantinople, he was unable to conquer the city. He later declared war against Venice, Serbia and Hungary.  In the 1430's he gained vast territories in the Balkans.  After defeating the Hungarian, Polish, and Wallachian armies in the Battle of Varma in eastern Bulgaria in 1444 he abdicated the throne in favor of his 12-year old son Mehmet II (Mehmed II).  A palace revolt forced Murad II to return to the throne in 1446.  In 1448 Murad defeated the Christian coalition in the Second Battle of Kosovo.  He then turned east to defeat Timur's son, Shah Rokh and the Karamanids.  In 1450 he led his army into Albania but fell ill and died. This silver Akce of Murad is dated AH825 (1421 AD). It was minted at Serez, which is now Serres in Macedonia. The coin is about 11 to 14mm in diameter.  
Ottoman, Mehmet II silver Akce, Edirne Mint, AH865=1451ADMehmet II, also known as Mehmed the Conqueror again ascended to the throne in 1451.  He strengthened the Ottoman Navy.  He built and strengthened Ottoman fortresses on the Bosporus, first to extract high tolls from passing ships, then to cut off all nautical support to Constantinople.  In 1453, after a massive 57-day siege he Constantinople, bringing an end to what was left of the once mighty Roman Empire.  He encouraged the Greeks and Genoese who had fled the city to return by guaranteeing their safety and returning their houses.  Christians, Jews and Muslims from across the Ottoman Empire were brought in to repopulate the city, which he made the new capital of the Ottoman Empire. Mehmet allowed his subjects a considerable degree of religious freedom, provided they were obedient to his rule. In 1454 he began a conquest of Serbia. Serbia was an Ottoman vassal state but was not been paying tribute and made an alliance with Hungary.  His army advanced as far as Belgrade, but was unable to take the city   In 1459 he attacked Wallachia, which was controlled by Vlad III Dracula, the Impaler, who also refused to pay tribute that was due.  The Ottoman army suffered massive losses to Vlad, who impaled thousands of captured Ottoman troops.  Eventually Vlad was betrayed by one of his best friends, retreated to the mountains and Mehmet was finally able to gain control of Wallachia.  In 1463 Mehmet conquered Bosnia after a dispute over the tribute owed the Ottomans and made it the westernmost province of the Ottoman Empire.  Shortly thereafter the Ottomans started a protracted war with Venice that was instigated when an Albanian slave of the Ottoman commander of Athens stole money, converted to Christianity and fled to a Venetian fortress.  A peace treaty was finally established in 1479 when Ottoman forces reached the outskirts of Venice.  He also successfully engaged in conquests of Moldavia, Albania, Genoese Crimea and the Crimean Khanate (which was one of the last remnants of what had been the Golden Horde).  It is no wonder he earned the title Mehmet The Conqueror.  In 1480 he began a campaign Rhodes, Southern Italy and possibly Egypt, but died, possibly of poisoning in May 1481, much to the relief of all of Europe. This silver Akce of Mehmet II was struck in Edirne in what is now Turkey. The coin is dated AH865 (1451 AD) and is about 10mm in diameter.
Ottoman, Suleyman I the Magnificent, Silver Medini AH925 = 1520ADSuleiman the Magnificent (Suleyman I) ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566.  During his long reign he greatly expanded his empire, conquering much of the Middle East, North Africa, most of Hungary and laid siege to Vienna twice.  He instituted major reforms in education, taxation and criminal law.  He was an accomplished poet, goldsmith and patron of the arts.    This silver Medini (3 Akces) of Suleiman was struck at the Amid mint, in what is now Diyabakir in Turkey. Diyabakir, located on the Tigris River is considered the "un-proclaimed capital of so-called Turkish Kurdistan".  The silver coin is approximately 13mm in diameter and is dated AH926 (1520AD).  It is an historic coin of an historic monarch.
Item TR-MUR2 OTTOMAN, MURAD II SILVER AKCE, AH825=1421AD, SEREZ MINT, F-crude $15.00
Item TR-MEH2 OTTOMAN, MEHMET II SILVER AKCE, AH865=1451AD, EDIRNE MINT, VF $8.00
Item TR-SUL SULEIMAN THE MAGNIFICENT SILVER MEDINI AH926=1520AD, AMID MINT VG-CRUDE $6.00


ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL COIN SPECIAL  

A selection of three different identified ancient and medieval coins, including one silver coin.   The coins are primarily from India and central Asia.  This was one of my best sellers for almost 40 years, however  I had to discontinue it due to the lack of affordable ancients. Due to a very fortunate recent purchase, we can again offer this special deal.   Each coin is identified in its own envelope.  Coins grade Good to Very Fine.  Multiple lots will most likely contain the same coins.
Item 3A&M 3 IDENTIFIED ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS INCLUDING SILVER $9.75


ALSO SEE:

Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF AFGHANISTAN
Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF INDIA and PAKISTAN
MEDIEVAL COINS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL CHINESE COINS



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Email: orders@joelscoins.com

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