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ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL COINS


NEWALEXANDER THE GREAT SILVER TETRADRACHM

Silver Tetradrachm of Alexander the Great, 336-323BCAs a youth, Alexander was taught by Aristotle. Upon the assassination of his father in 336BC, Alexander became the King of Macedonia at age 20. His army quickly conquered the Greek states and he then set off across Asia. With brilliant military and political tactics he soon conquered Egypt and the Persian Empire. He continued conquering all in his path. In 326BC he reached India. There his army, weary from the endless fighting, tropical rains and from being away from home, mutinied, refusing to go any further. Alexander was forced to return to Susa, the capital of the former Persian Empire. He died three years later, after a prolonged banquet and drinking binge. Until his reign, Greek coins did not show mortals. But Alexander sought to proclaim himself as a God. On his coins Alexander portrayed himself as Hercules, dressed in a lion's skin. The reverse of this silver tetradrachm depicts Zeus seated.  The high-relief coin is approximately 26mm in diameter.
Item MAC-ALEX    ALEXANDER THE GREAT TETRADRACHM 336-323BC VF $395.00



NEWHIGH-GRADE ANCIENT BYZANTINE COIN OF MANUEL I

Byzantine Empire Aspron Trachy Scyphate of Manuel I 1143-1150ADManuel I ruled the Byzantine Empire from 1143 to 1150AD.   He attempted to restore the boundaries of Roman Empire and reunite the Eastern and Western Christian churches. Though he expanded the boundaries and influence of the Byzantine Empire he also suffered major defeats at the hands of the Normans and Seljuq Turks. His aggressive foreign policy overextended the resources of the Empire, causing it to collapse in the years following his death.  This billon Aspron Trachy coin of Manuel I was probably made early in his reign. The high-grade coin still shows silvering.  The Aspron Trachy is an unusual “cup-shaped” coin called a scyphate.  The convex side of the coin depicts the Virgin Mary.  The concave side pictures Manuel. The coin is approximately 31mm in diameter.  Though the coin is crudely struck, the details are sharp and there is little evidence of wear.
Item BYZ-MANI BYZANTINE ASPRON TRACHY, MANUEL I 1143-1150AD XF $75.00




LAST OF THE INDO-GREEK KINGS

Indo-Greek Hermaios, 40-1BC silver DrachmThe Indo-Greek kingdoms descended from Alexander the Great's conquest of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern India in 327BC.  Though they were cut-off from Greece for some 300 years, they continued many Greek traditions, including aspects of the Greek religion, language and Greek style coinage.   One of the last of the Indo-Greek kings was Hermaios (Hermaeus).  The exact dates of his reign are unknown, though numismatic sources list it as 40BC to 1BC.  Some Biblical scholars believe that he may be one of the Three Kings from the East who visited Jesus’s birth.   He was defeated by the Kushan ruler Kujala Kadphises, though his coins continued to be struck after his death.   This silver Drachm features the diademed bust of Hermaios on one side and Zeus seated on the other.
Item HERMAIOS HERMAIOS, 40-1BC, SILVER DRACHM, Sear 7740 VG-F $49.95



ROMAN COIN OF CONSTANTINE THE GREAT 

Constantine the Great Bronze coinConstantine the Great was the first Christian Emperor of Rome.  In his quest to reunite the divided Roman Empire he married the stepdaughter of the Emperor, then proceeded to kill his  father-in-law.  He converted to Christianity after receiving "a sign from God" which gave him a victory in a battle against his brother-in-law in the Battle of Milvian Bridge.  Though a Christian, he continued to honor the Roman sun god Sol. He made Sunday, the day of Sol, the official day of rest for the Roman Empire; a practice that continues today in much of the world.  Constantine called and presided over the First Council of Nicaea which established many of the tenants of Christianity.  He founded Constantinople (now Istanbul) as the new capital for the reunited Roman Empire.  The city remained the capital of the Roman and Byzantine Empires for the next 1100 years.  This 16mm to 21mm bronze coin shows a clear bust of Constantine. It was struck between 310 and 337AD and  grades Fine or better.
Item ROME-CONST BRONZE COIN OF CONSTANTINE THE GREAT 310-337AD F-VF $29.95

Also see:
Click HereCOIN OF THE EMPIRE OF TREBIZOND HONORS CONSTANTINE THE GREAT'S VICTORY

ANCIENT ROMAN COIN OF CONSTANTIUS II

Ancient Roman bronze coin of Constantius II 337-361ADUpon the death of Constantine the Great in 337AD, his three surviving sons Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans divided the Roman Empire between them, then killed nearly every relative that might assert a claim to the throne.  They soon began warring with themselves.  Constantine II was killed by the forces of Constans in 340AD, and Constans was killed by one of his generals in 350AD, leaving Constantius II as sole ruler.  He was successful in defeating the Germanic tribes and various usurpers to the throne.  In 351AD, he elevated his cousin Constantius Gallus to the subordinate rank of Caesar, but had him executed three years later. In 355, Constantius promoted his last surviving cousin, Julian, to the Rank of Caesar.  In 360AD Julian proclaimed himself Augustus, leading to a potential war between Constantius and Julian, however Constantius died of illness in 361AD.  This bronze coin is between 16mm and 20mm in diameter and features the bust of Constantius II.
Item ROME-CON2 BRONZE COIN OF CONSTANTIUS II, 337-361AD F-VF $10.00


RICHARD THE FEARLESS OF NORMANDY

Normandie silver Denier of Richard the Fearless and Archbishop Hugh of Rouen, (joint issue) 947-989ADThis medieval silver Denier is an unusual joint issue of Duke Richard I (the Fearless) of Normandy and the Archbishop Hugh III of Rouen.  Richard was the grandson of Viking chieftain Rollo who founded the Norman Duchy.  He was the son of William I Longsword and Sprota, a concubine captured in war.  In 942AD, when Richard was about 10, his father was murdered at a peace conference.  Louis IV of France had Richard confined, however with the help of Viking and Norman allies he escaped and regained control of Normandy by 947.  Rather than expanding his realm, he strengthened it, making alliances, expanding feudalism and building a strong relationship with the church.  Upon the death of Archbishop Hugh III 989, Richard had his son Robert appointed Archbishop of Rouen.  His daughter, Emma went on to marry two famous English kings Aethelred the Unready and Cnut the Great.  Through his son, Richard II, he was the great-grandfather of William the Conqueror.  One side depicts a short cross with pellets in each quadrant.  The other side has the monogram of Archbishop Hugh.  The coin was minted in Rouen.  It grades Very Fine or better though the lettering is crudely engraved,k as is typical of medieval coins. It is an attractive and historic medieval coin.
Item NORMAN NORMANDY RICHARD THE FEARLESS & ARCHBISHOP HUGH III OF ROUEN SILVER DENIER 947-989AD VF $295.00


NEWSILVER COINS OF RICHARD THE LION-HEART

Silver 1/2 Denier of Richard the Lion heart 1189-1199ADSilver Denier of Richart the Lion heart, 1189-1199AD
Richard the Lion-hearted was the Duke of Aquitaine, King of England and Duke of Normandy.  His knightly prowess made him a popular king and the subject of legends.  He helped lead the Third Crusade to recapture Jerusalem from Saladin, however ineptness and in-fighting between the various Crusader forces prevented them from obtaining their goal.  On his return from the Holy Land he was captured by Henry VI, the Holy Roman Emperor and held for a huge ransom, most of which was paid by England.  He disliked England and spent less than six months there throughout his entire reign!  He died in 1199 after being wounded while laying siege to a castle in an effort to get a hoard of gold that had been found by a peasant.  Richard’s coins from England are very scarce and pricy.  His coins from Aquitaine (France) are much more reasonable. We have available both the Denier and Obol (1/2 Denier) of Richard the Lionheart minted in Aquitaine.  The Obol is approximately 13mm in diameter.  The Denier is approximately 18mm in diameter. The coins has a simple design. One side has his name on it “RICA / DIUS” while the other has a cross and the legend “AGVITAINE”.  The coins are crudely engraved, weakly struck and have seen considerable circulation in the last 800 years.
Item RICH-OBOL RICHARD THE LIONHEART 1189-1199 SILVER OBOL AG-Crude $75.00
Item RICH-DEN RICHARD THE LIONHEART 1189-1199 SILVER DENIER G-Crude, spots $99.00


SILVER TRAM OF MEDIEVAL ARMENIA

Armenia, silver Tram of Levon I, 1198-1219About 1198 Levon I (Leo II) was crowned as the first king of Cilcian Armenia, located along what is now south-east Turkey.  He issued the first Armenian coins since ancient times.  He established a powerful Christian state and was a strong supporter of the Third Crusade.  He joined Richard the Lion Heart in the conquest of Cyprus and was actively involved in the numerous political plots and intrigues of the Crusader kingdoms and neighboring kingdoms.  These crude silver Trams are approximately 22mm in diameter.  One side pictures picture King Levon seated upon his throne.  The reverse shows a lion and leopard with a cross.  It is an historic Armenian coin with a connection to the Crusades. 
Item AM-LEVON ARMENIA SILVER TRAM OF LEVON I 1198-1219 F-crude $65.00



HERAT HORSE JITAL OF KHWARIZM SHAH MUHAMMAD 

Khwarizm Shah, Muhammad II, 1200-1220AD, Horse Jital struck in HeratAla ad-Din Muhammad II assumed the throne of the small central Asian province of Khwarizm upon the death of his father in 1200AD.  He soon vastly expanded his empire, conquering all of Persia, creating an empire that reached from the Aral and Caspian Seas to the Persian Gulf.  When the Caliph of Baghdad rejected Muhammad's claim for formal recognition, Muhammad proclaimed one of his nobles as Caliph.  He then attempted to conquer Baghdad, only to have his army decimated in a blizzard while on the way to Baghdad.  Shortly thereafter Ghenghiz Khan sent his emissaries to establish trade. They were badly mistreated and in retaliation Ghenghis marched into the Khwarizm Empire with an army of some 200,000 bent on total destruction and annihilation. Entire cities were sacked and destroyed and the population killed.  Urganj, the capital, was completely wiped off the face of the earth.  Muhammad fled ahead of the advancing Mongol hoards, only to die of pleurisy on an island in the Caspian Sea in 1220AD.  This billon Jital was made in Herat sometime after Muhammad conquered the city in 1204AD. The coin is approximately 12mm in diameter and is struck in heavily debased silver.  It depicts a horseman on one side and has legends on the other.   Herat was a rich trading town until it was destroyed by Ghenghiz Khan in 1221AD.  It is now in Afghanistan and serves as the gateway to Iran.
Item KHWZ KHWARIZM, MUHAMMAD II 1200-20AD HORSE JITAL OF HERAT, Tye 221, A1734.1  VG $9.75

Also see:
Click HereA RAT FROM HERAT

ALSO SEE:

Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF AFGHANISTAN
Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF INDIA and PAKISTAN
MEDIEVAL COINS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL CHINESE COINS



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