Joel Anderson, Interesting World Coins


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ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL COINS


WIDOW'S MITE FROM THE TIME OF CHRIST 

Typical ancient Judean Widow's MitesThe story of the Widow's Mite can be found in the Bible in Mark 12:41-44.  For Jesus, the widow's small offering of her only two small coins was worth far more than the large contributions of the rich who gave only a small portion of what they had.  The mite, also known as the lepton, was the smallest denomination struck in ancient Judea.  The coin was first struck during the reign of Alexander Janeaus, and continued to be used during the time of Christ.  Most display an ancient anchor on one side and a wheel on the other, though other designs were used as well. Minters were paid by how many pieces they produced, not how well they produced them.  As a result the coins tend to be crude or off center, and every coin is different.   This historic coin of the Bible is over 2000 years old and comes with a Certificate of Authenticity.
Item MITE ANCIENT JUDEAN WIDOW'S MITE FROM TIME OF CHRIST VG-CRUDE  $29.95


NEWCOIN OF PONTIUS PILATE

Judea Certified Pontius Pilate Prutah 30-32ADJudea - Pontius Pilate, bronze PrutahThis small bronze Prutah was struck for Pontius Pilate in Jerusalem between about 30 and 32 AD.  It was during this period that Jesus was condemned by Pilate (Matthew 27:11-26).   One side of the coin depicts a lituus, which is a curved wooden ceremonial staff.  The other side features a laurel wreath. The coin comes certified in a NGC (Numismatic Guarantee Corporation) "slab" holder.  The crudely made coin is extremely popular due to its close connection with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
Item PILATE-NGC ANCIENT JUDEAN PRUTAH OF PONTIUS PILATE (30-32AD) in NGC holder VG-crude $99.75


NEWCOIN OF ROMAN EMPEROR NERO

Nero, 54-68AD Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt depicting Nero / EagleThough it is probably apocryphal that Nero “fiddled while Rome burned”, we do know he was a lover of the arts and sports; and he was famous for his debaucheries, political murders, and the persecution of Christians. He became Emperor at age 17 in 54AD upon the poisoning death of Emperor Claudius. It is believed that he poisoned his step-brother Brittanicus, had his mother Agrippina murdered, executed his first wife Claudia after divorcing her, and kicked his second wife Poppea to death.  He carried on an affair with Statilia Messalina, and then forced her husband to commit suicide so he could marry her.  He ordered a young man named Sporus to be castrated, so he could marry him as well.  He is rumored to have Christians dipped in oil and set on fire to provide light in his garden at night. Many others, including Saint Peter, were crucified.  As his reign progressed, the treasury became depleted due to his excessive spending on palaces and public buildings. Executions increased and Nero devoted more and more of his time to sports, music festivals and orgies.  The Senate and the leader of the Praetorian Guard turned eventually against him and his excesses.  Hearing that the Senate condemned him to be beaten to death, he committed suicide in 68AD.  Nero is pictured on this debased silver tetradrachm struck in Alexandria, Egypt.  At the time Egypt was under Roman control. The coin is approximately 24mm in diameter.  It is an important artifact of one of Rome’s most infamous emperors.
Item NERO ROMAN EGYPT, TETRADRACHM OF NERO 54-68AD F-VF $150.00


ANCIENT ROMAN COIN OF CONSTANTIUS II

Ancient Roman bronze coin of Constantius II 337-361ADUpon the death of Constantine the Great in 337AD, his three surviving sons Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans divided the Roman Empire between them, then killed nearly every relative that might assert a claim to the throne.  They soon began warring with themselves.  Constantine II was killed by the forces of Constans in 340AD, and Constans was killed by one of his generals in 350AD, leaving Constantius II as sole ruler.  He was successful in defeating the Germanic tribes and various usurpers to the throne.  In 351AD, he elevated his cousin Constantius Gallus to the subordinate rank of Caesar, but had him executed three years later. In 355, Constantius promoted his last surviving cousin, Julian, to the Rank of Caesar.  In 360AD Julian proclaimed himself Augustus, leading to a potential war between Constantius and Julian, however Constantius died of illness in 361AD.  This bronze coin is between 16mm and 20mm in diameter and features the bust of Constantius II.
Item ROME-CON2 BRONZE COIN OF CONSTANTIUS II, 337-361AD F-VF $10.00


NEWCOINS OF THE KIDARITES

Kidarite copper coins, circa 350-500ADThe Kidarites were nomadic Huns that conquered the Kushano-Sassanians sometime around 350AD.  They are sometime referred to as the “Red Huns”.  Very little is known about them.  They controlled an area that now is made up of parts of northern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, as well as parts of TajikistanUzbekistan and Turkmenistan. . They ruled the region until about 500AD. The Kidarites appear to have been a confederacy of warlords, many of whom issued coins.  Not having had a tradition of coinage, they copied the basic designs and fabric of the coins they found in circulation without an apparent understanding of the meaning of the designs. Some of the coins are modeled on Sassanian or Kushano-Sassanian coins depicting the bust of the king and a fire altar.  Other coins are modeled after Kushan or other Indian coins and feature various deities or a standing king. There is a wide variety of extremely crude and primitive Kidarite copper coins.  These scarce, crude Kidarite copper coins are unusual pieces from a little know Hunnic tribe.
Item KIDARx1 KIDARITE COPPER UNIT, circa 350-500AD, CRUDE  $5.00
Item KIDARx5 5 of the above KIDARITE COPPER UNIT, circa 350-500AD, CRUDE  $18.00
Item KIDARx100 100 of the above KIDARITE COPPER UNIT, circa 350-500AD, CRUDE  $195.00



NEWMUSLIM COIN WITH A CHRISTIAN SYMBOL

Arab-Byzantine copper follis, circa 635-700ADAfter the death of the Prophet Mohammed, the forces of Islam burst out of Arabia, quickly conquering the Sasanian Empire and most of the Byzantine Empire. The two had exhausted themselves fighting each other, and were unable to defeat this new military force.  The Arabians did not have a much of a tradition of coinage so initially adopted the style of coins of their conquered lands.  In the formerly Byzantine areas of Syria, Palestine and Egypt their coins imitated the Christian Byzantine coins found in circulation.  We recently acquired a group of these scarce and little known Arab-Byzantine coins.  Most depict the Byzantine Emperor, wearing a crown with a cross on the obverse.  The reverse has the letter “M” indicating the denomination was a Follis.  The copper coins are about 21mm and were made from about 635 to 700AD.
Item ARAB-BYZ ARAB-BYZANTINE COPPER FOLLIS, circa 635-700AD VG-F $29.50



NEWLAST COIN OF THE GHAZNAVID EMPIRE

Ghaznavids, Khusrau Malik, 1160-1186AD Jita, Lahore Mint, Tye 119The Ghaznavid Empire was founded in 975AD by Turkish slave soldiers.  At its peak it ruled an area that now consists of parts of Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan and north-west India. It grew wealthy due to its trading position on the Silk Road and regular raids into India.  By the time Sultan Khusrau Malik came to power in 1160 it was in serious decline. It lost its territory in Central Asia and Iran and eventually lost its capital city of Ghazi to Turkish and Ghorid invaders.  Khusrau Malik then moved the capital to Lahore.  Lahore was initially spared from the Ghorid invaders when Khusrau Malik paid them bypass the city, however the Ghorids eventually laid siege to the city.  In 1186 he was captured by the Ghorids on a ruse.  They promised to release his son who had earlier been taken hostage.  Instead they captured him as soon as he left the safety of his fort; bringing an end to Ghaznavid rule.  The 15mm bronze Jital was minted for Khusrau Malik in Lahore.  One side features an extremely crude line drawing of a Brahma bull.  The other side has inscriptions.  This inexpensive coin is the sad end of a once rich and glorious empire.
Item GAHZ-KH GHAZNAVID, KHUSRAU MALIK, 1160-86AD JITAL Tye 119 F-VF $5.00
Item GAHZ-KHx10 10 of the above GHAZNAVID, KHUSRAU MALIK JITALS F-VF $25.00
Item GAHZ-KHx100 100 of the above GHAZNAVID, KHUSRAU MALIK JITALS F-VF $195.00


SILVER COINS OF RICHARD THE LION-HEART

Silver Denier of Richard the Lionheart, 1172-1199ADSilver 1/2 Denier of Richard the Lion heart 1172-1199AD
Richard the Lionheart was the King of England, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Poitou, and Duke of Normandy and had many other titles as well.  His knightly prowess made him a popular king and the subject of legends. By age of 16, Richard had taken command of his own army, putting down rebellions in Poitou against his father, Henry II.  He helped lead the Third Crusade to recapture Jerusalem from Saladin, however ineptness and in-fighting between the various Crusader forces prevented them from obtaining their goal.  On his return from the Holy Land he was captured by Henry VI, the Holy Roman Emperor and held for a huge ransom, most of which was paid by England.  He disliked England and spent less than six months there throughout his entire reign!  He died in 1199 after being wounded while laying siege to a castle in an effort to get a hoard of gold that had been found by a peasant.  Richard’s coins from England are very scarce, expensive and do not have his name on the coin.  His coins from what is now France are much more reasonable and bear his name, though not his portrait. This silver Denier of Richard the Lionheart is from Poitou (Poitiers) in western France.  The coins have a simple design.  One side of the 18mm silver coin features a cross and the legend in a crude script "+RICARDVS REX".  The other side has the legend  "PICTAVIENSIS" (Latin for Poitou) in three lines. The coin is crudely engraved, weakly struck and has seen considerable circulation in the last 800 years.  It is an historic coin from an extraordinary monarch.
Item RICH-DEN RICHARD THE LIONHEART 1189-1199 SILVER DENIER VG $99.75
Item RICH-OBOL RICHARD THE LIONHEART 1189-1199 SILVER OBOL AG-Crude $75.00


NEWCOIN OF THE CRUSADERS

Frankish Greece, silver Denier, circa 1300ADThe Fourth Crusade was supposed to retake Muslim controlled Jerusalem.  Instead it ended up sacking the city of Constantinople, the capital of the Christian-controlled Byzantine Empire in 1204.  It never made it to the Holy Land. The Byzantine lands were divided into a number of Crusader kingdoms, most ruled by French noblemen. This silver Denier is from French Crusader kingdoms in Greece.  The dime-sized coin features a crudely rendered castle on one side and a cross on the other.  It dates from about 1300AD.
Item CRUS-GREEK FRANKISH GREECE CRUSADER SILVER DENIER, circa 1300AD VF $49.75



ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL COIN SPECIAL  Restocked

A selection of three different identified ancient and medieval coins, including one silver coin.   The coins are primarily from India and central Asia.  This was one of my best sellers for almost 40 years, however  I had to discontinue it due to the lack of affordable ancients. Due to a very fortunate recent purchase, we can again offer this special deal.   Each coin is identified in its own envelope.  Coins grade Good to Very Fine.
Item 3A&M 3 IDENTIFIED ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS INCLUDING SILVER $9.75




ALSO SEE:

Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF AFGHANISTAN
Click HereANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL COINS OF INDIA and PAKISTAN
MEDIEVAL COINS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL CHINESE COINS



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