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AFGHANISTAN COINS & BANKNOTES

A numismatic review of a troubled land.

For coins of India, please visit Click Here2200 YEARS OF COINS OF INDIA
For coins of Iraq,  please visit Click Here1800 YEARS OF IRAQ COINS & CURRENCY
For coins of other countries of the Middle East, please visit our Click HereMIDDLE EAST COINS PAGE



NEWAFFORDABLE EARLY ANCIENT SILVER COIN

Gandahara Janapada (Taxila) 1/2 Santamana circa 600-327BCThis is one of the most affordable early ancient silver coins available.  It was struck from about 600BC to 327BC in the area of northern Pakistan and north-eastern Afghanistan.  Some references attribute the coin to the region of Gandhara Janapada, while others attribute it to Taxila, which was the major city in that region.  One side of the slightly concave coin has the six petaled Taxila "flower" design that was used on most coins of the region at that time.  The other side is blank.  The coin is approximately 12 to 14mm in diameter. It is likely the coins were first struck shortly before the region was invaded by Persian emperor Darius the Great in 518BC.  The coins continued to be issued under Persian rule, probably until Alexander the Great conquered the region in 327BC.  The coin is denominated as 1/8 Santamanas. 
Item GANDHARA GANDHARA JANAPADA 1/8 SANTAMANA circa 600-327BC Fine-crude $35.00



HISTORIC HERAT COIN

Herat, Afghanistan 1 Falus 1826-1833 KM-A45.1Afghanistan has long been a graveyard for foreign nations that tried to impose their will on this unruly nation.  Persia, Great Britain, Russia and most recently the United States tried, and failed. This crude copper 1 Falus was issued by the city of Herat in Afghanistan between 1826 and 1833.  Herat was independent during this period due to a civil in Afghanistan between the Durrani and Barakzai dynasties.  In 1837 the Persians, supported by the Russians attempted to besiege the city, which was supported by the British.  After a nine-month brutal and bloody siege the Persians gave up and withdrew.  The day after the Persians left the British began to assemble their Indian Army for an invasion of Afghanistan in in order to install the British supported Durrani claimant of the Afghan throne and remove the Russian supported Barakzai claimant.  The British conquered Kabul in 1839 and installed their claimant to the throne. After enduring harsh winters, the British forces, their families and camp followers were almost completely annihilated during their retreat from Kabul in 1842.  The Barakazi's then reclaimed the throne of Afghanistan.
Item HERAT-1F HERAT, AFGHANISTAN 1 FALUS KMA45.1 1826-33 VG-Fine-crude $7.50



BANKNOTES FROM SOVIET OCCUPIED & TALIBAN AFGHANISTAN  Restocked

Afghanistan 50, 100, 500 & 1000 Afghani notes, (1978 - 1991)
In 1979 Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan and overthrew the government.  Despite their superior technology and air power the Soviets were only able to secure urban areas and some major transportation corridors.  Some 80% of the country remained under the control of guerilla and tribal bands.   For the next nine years the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan took an increasing toll on both Afghanistan and the Soviet Union.   In 1989 the Soviet Union pulled the last of their troops out of Afghanistan and the Taliban quickly took over the country, creating a breeding ground for terrorism, the rise of Osama bin Laden and the creation of Al Qaeda. In 2001, in response to Al Qaeda's September 11 attacks in the United States, United States troops invaded Afghanistan and overthrew the Taliban government.  Despite their superior technology and air power the United States was unable to gain control over much of the country.  After 20 years, in 2021 the United States announced it was pulling out the last of their troops.  Even before the last of the American troops left, the Taliban claimed to control some 85% of the country.   It seems history is repeating itself.  This set of four attractive Afghanistan banknotes were introduced shortly after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.  They continued to be printed for the Taliban government until about 1991. The set includes the 50, 100 and 500 and 1000 Afghani notes in crisp uncirculated condition.  The 50 Afghani pictures the Dar-al-Aman palace in Kabul.  The 100 Afghani depicts a farmer and the Naghlu hydroelectric dam on the Kabul river.  The 500 Afghani pictures a group of horsemen playing Buzkashi. Buzkashi is the national sport of Afghanistan.  It is somewhat similar to polo, but is played with goat or calf carcass and has few, if any, rules. The 1000 Afghani depicts a flock of birds at the Mazar-e-Sharif Mosque (Noble shrine) on one side.  The other side pictures the monument to fallen soldiers and the Victory Arch in Paghman Gardens near Kabul.  They were built to commemorate Afghan victory over the British in 1919, heavily damaged during the Soviet-Afghanistan war in the 1980's and have since been restored. The notes all bear the seal of the Afghanistan bank on the front. The seal includes an image of an ancient Greco-Bactrian Tetradrachm minted circa 171-179BC, two cornucopias spilling out coins and the year the bank was founded (1939).  The notes are a reminder of the recent troubled and violent history of Afghanistan.
Item PM-AF-SET4 AFGHANISTAN 4 NOTE SET 50 - 1000 AFGHANI (1978-1991) UNC. $6.00



NEWBANKNOTES FROM AMERICAN OCCUPIED AFGHANISTAN

Afghanistan 1 2 & 10 Afghani banknotes (2002 2004) P64, P65 & P67
New banknotes were introduced in Afghanistan in 2002 after the American invasion.  The new notes largely recycled designs from previous issues. The front of 1 and 2 Afghani notes feature the emblem of the Afghanistan Bank which incorporates an ancient Greco-Bactrian Tetradrachm and two cornucopias spilling out coins.  The back of the 1 Afghani depicts the Mazar-e-Sharif Mosque (Noble shrine) which was on the front of the previous 1000 Afghani note.  The back of the 2 Afghani has the Victory Arch that was on the back of the previous Afghani note.  The front of the 10 Afghani note has the Mirwais Khan Hotkaki Mausoleum in Kandahar on the front.  The back has the monument to fallen soldiers and the Victory Arch from the back of the previous 1000 Afghani note.
Item PM-AF-SET3 AFGHANISTAN 3 NOTE SET 1 - 10 AFGHANI (2002-04) UNC. $4.50




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Joel Anderson
PO Box 365
Grover Beach, CA 93483-0365
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