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GERMAN COINS AND CURRENCY

Including coins and notes of the German Empire, Weimar Republic Inflationary period, Third Reich and East Germany


POLITICAL INTRIGUE IN THE MIDDLE AGES - BAVARIAN PFENNIG OF OTTO II

Bavaria silver Pfennig of Duke Otto II and Bishop Siegfried of Regensburg, 1231-40This silver pfennig was a joint issue of Duke Otto II of Bavaria, also known as Otto the Illustrious, who ruled from 1231 to 1253 and Bishop Siegfried of Regensburg.  It was a period of intense political intrigue.  The Duke, the Bishop and the Burghers were all vying for control of Regensburg while Holy Roman Emperor Fredrick II and Pope were vying for supremacy over Europe.  In 1227 newly elected Pope Gregory IX appointed Siegfried as Bishop of Regensburg. The appointment was supported by Frederick, but opposed by the Duke Ludwig of Bavaria who supported another candidate.  The following year Frederick and Pope Gregory had a falling out over control over Frederick's imperial power in Italy and Frederick's failure to honor his pledge to go on a crusade to the Holy Land. The Pope supported Frederick's son, Henry in his effort to gain control of his father's territories in Italy and Germany. Siegfried persuaded Frederick to grant a charter of rights to the burghers of Regensburg, in an effort to limit the power of the Duke Ludwig who was a supporter of Henry.  In 1231 Ludwig as murdered under unclear circumstances and his son Otto became Duke of Bavaria.  The pope and Fredrick briefly made peace before he again excommunicated Fredrick.  Pope Gregory went so far as to declare Frederick to be the Anti-Christ. The pope sought support by requesting Duke Otto to summon a council in which the bishops would be ordered to support a Papal ban against Frederick.  Many bishops, including Sigismund defied the summons and openly prayed for Gregory.  In response Albrecht, the Papal Legate excommunicated Bishop Siegfried.   Those attempting to post or proclaim the papal bans were attacked and many papal supporters fled Regensburg.  The Papal Legate then placed the entire city under interdict.  Duke Otto ended his disputes Fredrick and joined Siegfried in supporting the emperor.  Pope Gregory died in 1241 but the conflict between the Papacy and Frederick continued under his successor, Innocent IV.  In 1245 the pope stripped him of his Fredrick of his titles and crowns and began an active campaign to undermine him by and replacing his supporters in the clergy.  Mendicant friars were sent into the marketplaces to preach against the emperor.  In 1246 Bishop Siegfried switched his support from Fredrick to the Pope.  The burghers then forced the bishop into exile. Fredrick issued a document revoking the bishop's authority over public affairs of the city, handing it over to the burghers.  Siegfried responded by placing the city again under interdict, forbidding clergy from holding services and stirring up dissension.   Clergy loyal to the emperor in Regensburg continued religious services while clergy loyal to the pope were harassed and humiliated.  Duke Otto gave his daughter in marriage to Fredrick's son King Conrad.  In response the Pope excommunicated Otto.  In 1250 the new bishop of Regensburg persuaded Bohemian king Ottocar III to intervene.  His troops devastated the region and city almost fell, until rescued by the troops of Duke Otto and King Conrad.  Fredrick died in December 1250, bringing to an end to his conflict with the Pope.  This silver Pfennig was issued Duke Otto II and Bishop Siegfried between 1231 and 1240 in Regensburg. The 20mm coin has a lion on one side and an eagle on the other, but is so poorly struck it is hard to make out much of the design. It is an inexpensive historic coin from a period of turmoil between the church and state in high medieval Europe.
Item BAV-OTTO BAVARIA SILVER PFENNIG, DUKE OTTO II & BISHOP SIEGFRIED, REGENSBURG 1231-1240 CRUDE $12.50
Item BAV-OTTOx5 5 of the above BAVARIA SILVER PFENNIG, 1231-1240 CRUDE $48.00
Item BAV-OTTOx25 25 of the above BAVARIA SILVER PFENNIG, 1231-1240 CRUDE $175.00

FRIEDRICH THE IRONTOOTH OF BRANDENBURG

Brandenburg, Fredrick II, the Iron, silver bracteate hohlpfennig 1440-1470 Saurma 4675This silver Bracteate Hohlpfennig was issued by Friedrich II (Frederick II) who was the Prince-Elector of the Margravate of Brandenburg from 1440 to 1470. It is believed that he was nicknamed "The Irontooth" or "The Iron" due to his great strength and power.  Friedrich strengthened Brandenburg forming the basis of what was to become Prussia and the German Empire.  The rights of the towns and nobility were curtailed and he regained Neumark (East Brandenburg) from the Teutonic Knights.  The citizens of Berlin revolted when he attempted to build a palace on Colin island in the Spree river.  Friedrich prevailed, built the castle that became the Stadtschloss (Berlin Palace), and the rights of the city were greatly curtailed. The Stadtschloss was torn down by East Germany in the 1950's and is now being rebuilt.  The silver Bracteate Hohlpfennig is an extremely thin and single sided coin wtih a raised rim.  The design is embossed from the reverse.  This coin is approximately 16mm in diameter and features an eagle with outstretched wings.  Because the coins are so thin and fragile, few survive today.
Item BRAND BRANDENBURG SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-1470, Saurma 4675 F-VF $39.00


MEDIEVAL CITY COINS OF THE MARGARVIATE OF BRANDENBURG

Brandenburg, City of Stendal, silver Hohlpfennig, Friedrich II 1440-1480, Bahrfeldt 19  Brandenburg, Frankfurt (Oder), silver Hohlpfennig, Friedrich II 1440-1480 Bahrfeldt 16
These medieval city Hohlpfennigs were issued during the reign of Friedrich II Irontooth, who was Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1440 to 1470.  A Hohlpfennig is a thin silver coin, about 16mm in diameter with a raised rim. The coin design is embossed on one side and incuse on the other. They were widely used in Northern Germany in the late Middle Ages.  The coins depict the arms of the city in which they were struck. The coin from Stendal depicts half an eagle on the left and four diamonds on the right.  Stendal is located about 78 miles (125km) west of Berlin. It the joined Hanseatic League in 1358 and purchased the privilege of minting from the Brandenburg margraves in 1369.  In 1456 Friedrich II founded a convent for Augustinian nuns in the city, which today is a museum.  The Hohlpfennig from Frankfurt an der Oder features a plumed knight's helmet. Frankfurt (Oder) is located about 50 miles (80km.) east of Berlin on the Oder river on what is now the German-Polish border.  It was founded as a Polish town.  In 1249 it became part of the Margraviate of Brandenburg,  The knight's helmet design makes this one of the more interesting Hohlpfennigs.
Item STENDAL STENDAL SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-70, Bahrfeldt 19 VF-crude $29.50
Item FRANK-O FRANKFURT (ODER) SILVER HOHLPFENNIG, FRIEDRICH II 1440-70, Bahrfeldt 16 VF-crude $33.50



NEWTEUTONIC ORDER COIN FROM THE BANAT OF SEVERIN

Teutonic Order - The Banit of Severin, Obol of Nikolaus van Redwitz 1430-1434By the end of the 14th Century the Ottoman Turks had conquered much of the Balkans and were threatening Hungary.  In 1429, Sigismund, King of Hungary asked the Teutonic Order for help in fighting the Turks.  Teutonic Knights under the command of Komtur Nikolaus von Redwitz came to help defend the Iron Gates, the narrowest part of the Danube.  In exchange the Knights were given land near Severin, a border area between Transylvania and the Ottoman Empire.  The Knights were at first successful and in 1431 Nikolaus von Redwitz was given the titles “Banus of Severin” and “Count of the Mint and Salt Chambers in Transylvania”.   However, the Hungarian nobility prevented the Knights from strengthening their fortifications and denied them help in their fight against the Turks.  Without the needed support, the Knights withdrew and returned to Prussia in 1434.  This small, crude, debased Obol was struck in Severin by Nikolaus von Redwitz between 1430 and 1434.  One side bears a crowned shield with a cross. A standing figure is on the other side.   A small hoard recently came out making this rare Teutonic Order coin from a little-known territory affordable – until the hoard is gone.
Item SEVERIN TEUTONIC KNIGHTS-BANAT OF SEVERIN, NIKOLAUS VON REDWITZ, OBOL 1430-34 CRUDE $24.00



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SCARCE SILVER COINS FROM STATES OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE

Common reverse of German States 5 MarkCommon reverse of German States 2 MarkThe German Empire, also called the Second Reich or the Kaiserreich, lasted from the unification of Germany under Kaiser Wilhelm I in 1871 until the abdication of Wilhelm II in 1918 when Germany was defeated in World War I.  The formerly independent German states were allowed to issue coins in denominations of 2 Marks or higher.  The coins were all struck to the same standards.  The 2 Mark is 28mm and contained .3215 troy ounces of silver, the 3 Mark is 33mm and contained .4823 ounces of silver, the 5 Mark is 38mm and contained .8037 troy ounces of silver.  The coins were all struck in .900 fine silver. Most had a common reverse featuring the crowned imperial German Eagle and a lettered edge "GOTT MIT UNS" (God with us).  The smaller states issued only a few coins, most with low mintages, marking special events.  Many coins were melted during World War I, the German Inflation and World War II, making them scarce today.



BAVARIA COMMEMORATES 90th BIRTHDAY OF PRINCE REGENT LUITPOLD

Bavaria 2, 3 & 5 Mark 1911, 90th Borthday of Prince Regent Luitpold KM997-KM999Bavaria commemorated the 90th birthday of Prince Regent Luitpold with 2, 3 and 5 Mark coins in 1911.  All three coins have the same design featuring the bust of Luitpold.  Luitpold was the regent for Bavarian King Otto.  King Otto who was the younger brother of "The Mad" King Ludwig II.  On June 10, 1886 the Bavarian cabinet declared Ludwig unable to rule and appointed his uncle Luitpold as Regent.  Three days later Ludwig died under mysterious circumstances and Otto became king.  King Otto was never able to rule as he was immediately declared "melancholic" and Luitpold continued as regent.  It is unclear if Otto's problem was Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder from his service in the Franco-Prussian War, the ravages of Syphilis, an inherited disorder or if Luitpold and others just wanted him out of the way.  The King was kept locked up and there was no apparent effort to treat him. In 1912 Luitpold died and his son succeeded him as regent.
Item BAV-5M-LUITPOLD BAVARIA 5 MARK 1911 LUITPOLD 90th BIRTHDAY, KM999 UNC $150.00
Item BAV-3M-LUITPOLD BAVARIA 3 MARK 1911 LUITPOLD 90th BIRTHDAY, KM998 UNC OUT
Item BAV-2M-LUITPOLD BAVARIA 2 MARK 1911 LUITPOLD 90th BIRTHDAY, KM997 UNC. OUT



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FIRST SILVER COINS OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE

Germany 20 Pfennig coin KM5Germany 50 Pfennig coin KM6Germany 1 Mark coin 1873-1887 KM7
For most if its history Germany was little more than a loose collection of independent and semi-independent states.  The country was finally unified in 1871 under Prussian King Wilhelm I as emperor of Germany.  The first three silver coins of the German Empire were the 20 Pfennig, 50 Pfennig and 1 Mark.   The three coins had similar designs, with the denomination and date on the obverse and the crowned imperial German eagle on the reverse. The 20 Pfennig was struck for only five years, 1873 to 1877. Its small size, it was only 16mm, made it unpopular as it was easy to loose.   The 50 Pfennig was struck only three years, from 1875 to 1877.  It was also unpopular as it was easily confused with the copper-nickel 10 Pfennig which had the same reverse design, a similar obverse design, and was only 1mm different in size.  The 1 Mark was struck from 1873 until 1887, after which the reverse was revised with a larger imperial eagle. It was 24mm and contained .1606 troy ounces of silver. All three coins were struck in .900 fine silver. 
Item DE-1M GERMAN EMPIRE 1 MARK 1873-1887 KM7 VG-Fine $8.00
Item DE-50P GERMAN EMPIRE 50 PFENNIG 1875-1877 KM6 Fine  $12.00
Item DE-20P GERMAN EMPIRE 20 PFENNIG 1873-1876 KM5 G-VG out



GERMAN EMPIRE COIN & CURRENCY SETS

German Empire 5 coin set: 1 Pfennig - silver 1/2 Mark 1874-1918
German Empire 20, 100 & 1000 Mark banknotes 1908-1914
In 1871 Otto Von Bismarck united the 26 independent German States under Prussian King Wilhelm I, forming the Second Reich, also known as the German Empire. During its 47 years of existence, the German Empire became the industrial, technological, and scientific giant of Europe and the world's third largest economy.  It created a colonial empire and possessed the world strongest army.  The Empire disintegrated as a result of Germany's defeat in World War I.  This five-coin set includes the silver 1/2 Mark, minted from 1905 to 1919; the copper-nickel 5 and 10 Pfennig and the copper 1 and 2 Pfennig, which were minted from 1874 to 1916.  All five coins feature the Imperial German Eagle on the reverse and the denomination on the obverse.  The coins grade Fine or Extra Fine.   The set of 3 banknotes consist of the 20 Mark, 100 Mark and 1000 Mark notes dated between 1908 and 1914. The blue 20 Mark featured a crowned imperial German Eagle at the upper right and measures 136x90mm.  The blue 100 Mark includes a large crowned imperial German Eagle on the front.  The back features two women holding a large medallion depicting a woman's head. The large note measures 160 x105mm (6.3" x 4.1"). The brown 1000 Mark note features two allegorical women representing seafaring and agriculture flanking the imperial German arms. The over-sized note is 187mm x 110mm (7.3” x 4.3”). It is printed on special ridged hemp paper containing blue silk threads.  When first issued the three notes could be redeemed for over 12 ounces of gold on demand!   After the start of World War I Germany halted the redemption of banknotes for gold - but kept on printing banknotes.  By 1922 the notes were virtually worthless due to inflation.  It is an impressive and historic currency set.
Item DE-EMP-SET5 GERMAN EMPIRE 5 COIN SET 1 PFENNIG - 1/2 MARK 1874-1918 F-XF $12.00
Item PM-DE-SET3 GERMAN EMPIRE 20, 100 & 1000 MARK BANKNOTES 1908-1914 F-VF $6.00
Item PM-DE-SET3x10 10 OF THE ABOVE GERMAN EMPIRE 3 NOTE SETS  $39.00
Item PM-DE-SET3x100 100  OF THE ABOVE GERMAN EMPIRE 3 NOTE SETS  $195.00




HIGH-GRADE WEIMAR GERMAN BANKNOTE

Germany 1 Mark banknote, March 1, 1920, P58Germany 2 Mark banknote, March 1, 1920, P60
These 1 and 2 Mark notes dated March 1, 1920 were some of the first notes issued by Germany's Weimar government after World War I. They were needed to help relieve the serious coin shortage that developed in Germany during and after World War I.  The notes were technically were not legal tender but a non-interest-bearing loan to the government. that did not stop people from accepting them as the low denomination notes were needed to purchase essential goods.  When first issued the 1 Mark note could buy about a pound of flour or half a dozen eggs.  The notes include an embossed seal and are printed on watermarked paper. They are quite reasonably priced for historic high-grade notes that are a century old.
Item PM-DE-1+2M GERMANY 1 & 2 MARK NOTES 1920 P58 & P59& UNC. $5.00
Item PM-DE-1+2Mx5 5 SETS OF GERMANY 1 & 2 MARK NOTES 1920 P58 & P59& UNC. $15.00


WEIMAR REPUBLIC COIN SETS

Set of 4 German inflation coins: 50 Pfennig - 500 MarkSet of 4 German Rentenmark coins: 1, 2, 5 & 10 Rentenpfennig 1923-24Set of 5 Weimar German Reichsmark coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, & 50 Reichspfennig
The Weimar Republic was a turbulent period for Germany between the collapse of the German Empire in World War I in 1918 and the Nazis coming to power in 1933.  We are pleased to offer the three series of coins issued by the Weimar Republic.  The Inflation Era Set includes the following 4 coins. The aluminum 50 Pfennig minted from 1919 until 1922 features a wheatsheaf and a proverb which translates as "hard work pays off".   The aluminum 3 Mark was minted only in 1922 and features the heraldic German eagle.  It commemorates the third anniversary of the Weimar constitution.  In 1923 aluminum 200 and 500 Mark coins were released.  Both coins feature the Germanic eagle. At the beginning of 1923 the two coins (700 Mark) could buy a loaf of bread.  By November bread cost over 80 Billion Mark per loaf!  In November 1923 Germany did a 1 trillion to 1 revaluation of their currency and introduced the Rentenmark.  The Rentenmark was backed by mortgages on German industrial and agricultural property.  The set of 4 Rentenmark coins includes the 1, 2, 5 and 10 Rentenpfennig.  The bronze 1 and 2 Rentenpfennig feature a wheatsheaf, which was the emblem of the Rentenbank. The aluminum-bronze 5 and 10 Rentenpfennig feature ears of grain.  Rentenpfennig coins were struck for circulation only two years: 1923 and 1924.  In 1924 the Reichsmark was introduced.  It was backed by gold and was equal to a Rentenmark.  The 5-coin Reichsmark set includes the 1, 2, 5, 10 and 50 Reichpfennig.  The 1, 2, 5 and 10 Reichpfennig coins utilized the same designs as the Rentenpfennig coins except the legend was changed from Rentenpfennig to Reichpfennig.  The coins were struck from 1924 until 1936.  In 1927 the nickel 50 Reichspfennig coin featuring the Germanic eagle was introduced.  It continued to be struck until 1938.  All of these Weimar coins feature the denomination in large numerals on the obverse. 
Item DE-INFLAT SET OF 4 GERMAN INFLATION COINS: 50 PFENNIG - 500 MARK 1919-1923 VF-AU $10.00
Item DE-RENTEN SET OF 4 GERMAN RENTENPFENNIG COINS: 1 - 10 RENTENPFENNIG 1923-1924 VF $4.00
Item DE-REICH SET OF 5 GERMAN REICHSPFENNIG COINS: 1 - 50 REICHSPFENNIG 1924-1936 VF $7.50



GERMAN WEIMAR REPUBLIC 100 MARK BANKNOTE

Germany 100 Mark note, 1920The Weimar Republic was formed after the defeat of the German Empire in World War I.  Its early years were a tumultuous period of uprisings, riots and massive inflation.  It is named after the city where the new German constitution was written and adopted in August, 1919, and lasted until the rise of the Nazis in 1933.    The 100 Mark note features two images of the head of the “Bamberg Horseman”. The horseman is an impressive 13th century sculpture in the Bamberg Cathedral.  The Bamberg Horsman depicts a famous king, however which king it is is a matter of debate. The note is dated November 1, 1920, measures 162x108mm and includes the red Weimar Republic crest.
Item PM-DE-100M-20-C GERMANY-WEIMAR 100 MARK NOTE, 1920 P69 Fine $3.00
Item PM-DE-100M-20x10 10 OF THE ABOVE GERMAN 100 MARK NOTES, 1920 P69 VG-F $15.00
Item PM-DE-100M-20x100 PACK OF 100 OF THE ABOVE GERMAN 100 MARK NOTES, 1920 P69 VG-F $85.00
Item PM-DE-100M-20-U GERMANY-WEIMAR 100 MARK NOTE, 1920 P69b AU-UNC. $10.00



EMERGENCY BANKNOTE FROM THE CITY OF GOTHA Restocked

Gotha 100 Mark banknote 1922
Reduced size image
Because of the severe inflation that followed World War I, prices were rising faster than the German government could print money.  Many towns and companies resorted to printing their own currency.  This 100 Mark note was issued by the City of Gotha, Germany.  It is dated September 30, 1922.  It is a simple, uniface note that pictures a bishop from the town’s arms. 
Item PM-GOTHA GOTHA, GERMANY 100 MARK NOTE, 1922 VF $3.00





NEWTHE FAMOUS GERMAN “VAMPIRE NOTE” 

Germany 10000 Mark 1922 Vampire Note P71Vampire on German 10,000 Mark note
This large ( 210 x 124mm - approx. 8.25” x 4.9” ) 10,000 Mark note dated January 19, 1922 is often called the “Vampire Note”  If you turn the note sideways and look carefully (and have a good imagination) you can see a vampire on the neck of the German.  The nose of the vampire is pointed towards the neck of the man.  This was an allusion that the heavy reparations that Germany had to pay France following World War I. It represented  France sucking the lifeblood out of Germany. 
Item PM-DE-VAMP-U GERMANY 10,000 MARK "VAMPIRE NOTE" 1922 P71 AU-UNC. $24.00
Item PM-DE-VAMP-C GERMANY 10,000 MARK "VAMPIRE NOTE" 1922 P71 F-VF $7.00




POPULAR GERMAN 100,000 MARK INFLATION NOTE

Germany 100,000 Mark note 1922 P83
This 100,000 Mark note dated February 1, 1922 is one of the most popular of the German inflation notes.  The large (190 x 115mm) note features a cut from Hans Holbein the Younger's portrait "The Merchant Georg Gisze".  At the time the painting was done in 1532 Georg Gisze was a prominent Hanseatic merchant who managed his family's trading office in London. Some sources indicate the portrait was done for his betrothed who lived in Danzig (Gdansk), as they probably had never met.  German painter Han Holbein the Younger had a successful career in London, with commissions from Sir Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell, Anne Boleyn and as a court painter of Henry VIII.  The painting is now in the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin.  The back of the brown, black and lilac note features the denomination within guilloche patterns.  It is an historic note from the beginning of the German hyperinflationary period.  We offer this popular note in both circulated and Uncirculated condition.
Item PM-DE-100,000M-C GERMANY 100,000 MARK NOTE, 1922 P83a VF $5.00
Item PM-DE-100,000M-U GERMANY 100,000 MARK NOTE, 1922 P83a UNC. $18.00



GERMAN 100 MILLION MARK NOTE!

Germany 100 Million Mark banknote, August 22, 1923 P109This German 100 Million Mark note is dated August 22, 1923.  It was issued at the height of Germany's hyperinflation.  When issued it was the highest denomination issued by the German government and was worth about 10 Dollars.  Within less than three months it was worth only a tiny fraction of a cent.  In order to run the presses faster, it was printed on only one side.
Item PM-DE-100MM GERMANY 100 MILLION MARK 1923 P107 VF-XF $5.00



GERMAN INFLATION BANKNOTE SET

German banknote set: 1 - 50 Million Mark, 1908-1923Germany's post World War I hyperinflation destroyed the economy and helped bring Hitler to power.  This set includes 10 different antique German banknotes, ranging from 1 Mark to 50 Million Mark and dating from 1908 to 1923.  Included is the 1914 20 Mark note which was redeemable for almost 1/4 ounce of gold on demand - until World War I started later that year. It is an impressive set which demonstrates what happens when governments issue unbacked paper money. 
Item PM-DE-SET10 10 DIFFERENT GERMAN BANKNOTES, 1-50 MILLION MARK 1908-1923 F-XF $29.00




WEIMAR REPUBLIC COMMEMORATES 3rd ANNIVERSARY WITH 3 MARK

Germany aluminum 3 Mark coin, 1922 KM29
In 1922 Germany issued a circulating 3 Mark coin commemorating the 3rd Anniversary of the Weimar Constitution.  The denomination, date and mintmark are on the obverse.  A Germanic Eagle and the legend "VERFASSUNGSTAG 11. AUGUST 1922" (Constitution day, August 11, 1922) is on the other.  The aluminum coin is 28mm aluminum and 1.55mm thick. The coins catalog $25 each, but due to a fortunate purchase we can offer them for substantially less than that.   
Item DE-3M-A GERMANY 3 MARK 1922-A BERLIN MINT KM29 BU $5.00
Item DE-3M-G GERMANY 3 MARK 1922-G KARLSRUHE MINT KM29 BU $5.00
Item DE-3M-J GERMANY 3 MARK 1922-J HAMBURG MINT KM29 BU $7.00
Item DE-3Mx10 10 pieces of GERMANY 3 MARK 1922 KM29, mixed A & G mints BU $29.50


GERMAN NOTGELD COINS AND PAPER

Notgeld means "emergency money" in German, and generally refers to an extensive series of locally issued coins and currency produced during and following World War I.  Notgeld was issued in paper, metal and even porcelain and other materials.  Below is a selection of this fascinating but little known collectible.


WAR MONEY FROM COBLENZ, GERMANY 

Coblenz, Germany iron 10 & 25 Pfennig coins, 1918During World War I many communities in Germany issued their own coins called "Kriegsgeld" which translates as war money. We offer a set of two Kriegsgeld from the city of Coblenz (now Koblenz) dated 1918.  The iron 10 and 25 Pfennig have the same design.  One side has the city name, arms and the legend "GULTIG BIS 1 JAHR NACH FRIEDENSSCHLUSS" which translates as "Good for 1 Year after the conclusion of Peace".  The other side has the denomination and date.
Item COBLENZ COBLENZ 10 & 25 PFENNIG 1918 WAR MONEY VF $7.00



 BONN CELEBRATES BEETHOVEN  Restocked

Bonn 10 Pfennig 1920 BeethovenThe German city of Bonn commemorated the 150th anniversary of the birth of Ludwig van Beethoven on these 1920 10, 25 and 50 Pfennig coins.  All three coins have the same basic design with  Beethoven's bust and the dates 1770 and 1920 are on the obverse and the denomination is on the reverse. The coins are struck in zinc plated iron.  Beethoven was born in Bonn and studied there before moving to Vienna in 1792.  During and after World War I many German cities and towns issued their own coins, called notgeld (emergency money) to alleviate a severe coin shortage brought on by the war.
Item BONN-10PF-BEET BONN, GERMANY 10 PFENNIG 1920 BEETHOVEN XF-AU $5.00
Item BONN-25PF-BEET BONN, GERMANY 25 PFENNIG 1920 BEETHOVEN XF-AU $7.00
Item BONN-50PF-BEET BONN, GERMANY 50 PFENNIG 1920 BEETHOVEN XF-AU $7.00


METAL GERMAN NOTGELD COINS

Germany World War I era notgeld coinsNotgeld coins were struck for over 600 communities and companies in Germany between 1916 and 1922, though many are not dated.  Most are in denominated from 5 to 50 Pfennig. Typically the city arms or landmark is on one side and the denomination is on the other.  They were usually struck in zinc or iron, both of which corrode easily, so the coins may be spotted or rusted.
Item DE-METNOTx1 1 GERMAN METAL NOTGELD COIN, F-VF $3.50
Item DE-METNOTx10 10 DIFFERENT GERMAN METAL NOTGELD COINS, F-VF $35.00



ATTRACTIVE AND  COLORFUL GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES Germany small municipal notgeld notes

These attractive, colorful small (most less than 4 inches - 90cm long) were issued by communities throughout Germany during and after World War I.  They quickly became a popular with collectors and by 1921 many thousand different types were produced.  They have a wide variety of themes, including fairy tales, local history, monuments, and political satire.  We recently purchased a collection from Europe with over 16,000 mostly different German notgeld notes.  The collection came packaged in envelopes, each containing 200 notes.  We checked a few envelopes and found a few duplicates in each. Feel free to order multiple lots. (Let me know if you get a lot of duplicates - I will make amends).  We have a LOT of notgeld notes. Most notes are Uncirculated, Groups of less than 200 notes are also available
NEWItem PM-DE-NOTx1000 1000 MOSTLY DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES $695.00
NEWItem PM-DE-NOTx200 200 MOSTLY DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES $149.50
Item PM-DE-NOTx100 100 DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES $89.50
Item PM-DE-NOTx25 25 DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES, $22.50
Item PM-DE-NOTx1 1 GERMAN NOTGELD NOTE $1.00










Click HereCLICK HERE to see our exhibit on the coins and notes of the German Hyperinflation



GERMAN INFLATION POSTAGE STAMPS

Germany inflation era postage stamps: 10 Pfennig - 5 Million Mark
Germany’s post World War I inflation is reflected in their postage stamps.  This set includes 27 different German postage stamps issued between 1918 to 1923, with values ranging from 10 Pfennig (cost of a domestic letter in 1918) to 5 Million Mark (a domestic letter cost 4 Million Mark on Oct. 20, 1923).    In order to try to keep up with the soaring rates some stamps were overprinted with new values.  The stamps in this collection are all original unused stamps however some may be slightly torn or damaged.
Item STMP-DE-INFL27 27 DIFFERENT UNUSED GERMAN POSTAGE STAMPS 1918-1923 $12.00


OLD PRE-1945 UNCANCELLED GERMAN BONDS

Uncancelled pre-1945 German bonds
We recently acquired an amazing hoard of old, uncancelled, German bonds.   The bonds date from about 1924 to 1943. These were high quality bonds that were probably held as an investment - until Germany lost the war.  Most were issued by state or municipal banks in denominations ranging from 100 Marks to 1000 Marks or more.  Many are Pfandbrief (secure mortgage bonds - which supposedly have never defaulted in over 200 years) or are payable in gold.  Some include coupons - with all coupons after mid-1945 still remaining.   Most are about 8.5" x 12" (21cm x 29cm).  We have seen some similar bonds sell for $50 or more, but we have far too many varieties to list them individually, so will sell them by general type at a discounted price.  Every lot is different.  All bonds are uncancelled and are in nice condition.
Item BND-DE-REICH GERMAN REICHSMARK BOND 1926-1938 $8.00
Item BND-DE-REICHx3 3 DIFFERENTGERMAN REICHSMARK BOND 1926-1938 $19.00
Item BND-DE-WWII GERMAN WORLD WAR II REICHSMARK BOND 1939-1944 $10.00
Item BND-DE-WWIIx5 5 DIFFERENT GERMAN WORLD WAR II REICHSMARK BONDS 1939-1944 $39.00




HISTORIC 1930 YOUNG PLAN BONDS ATTEMPT TO PAY GERMAN WAR REPARATIONS

Germany - 1000 Dutch Florin 1930 Young Plan BondGermany - 1000 Swiss Francs 1930 Young Plan Bond with coupons
After its defeat in World War I, Germany was saddled with heavy war reparations, the repayment of which contributed to the 1923 German hyperinflation and helped bring Hitler to power.  An attempt was made in 1924 to restructure the payments, however that quickly failed.  A second attempt was made in 1929.  The proposal was known as the Young Plan.  It was named after its chairman, American industrialist Owen D. Young, who founded the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) and was Chairman of General Electric.   The Young Plan reduced payments by about 20%, stretched payment out over 58 years, and created the Bank of International Settlements to facilitate the reparation payments.  One third of the annual reparations were to be paid by Germany from general revenue, however that payment could be postponed. Two thirds of the annual payments were to be financed by a consortium of American banks and were "unconditional".  In 1930 bonds were issued various currencies to help implement the plan.  The plan however quickly failed.  The stock market crash of 1929, the start of the Great Depression and the collapse of international trade made the plan infeasible. As might be expected, the plan was unpopular with most Germans and Hitler made repudiation of the war reparations a major element of his campaigns.  He repudiated the debt after becoming Chancellor in 1933. After Germany's defeat in World War II the payments were again restructured, and Germany finally paid off the last of its reparation debt and interest in 2020, 92 years after its defeat in World War I.  We offer two of the historic 1930 Young Plan Bonds: 1000 Dutch Florin (Gulden) and 1000 Swiss Francs.  The bonds paid 5 1/2% interest.  They have texts in German, English and French.    The large sized bonds measure approximately 11.75" x 16.5" (300 x 420mm) and have been punch canceled.  The Dutch bonds include an orange Dutch revenue stamp imprint. The text of the bond indicates the equivalent value of 1000 Dutch Florin in German Reichmarks, US Dollars, British Pound Sterling, French Francs, Belgian Belgas (5 Belgian Francs), Italian Lire, Swedish Kronor and Swiss Francs.  The Swiss bonds include a partial sheet of 41 coupons, dating from June 1, 1945 to June 1 1965.  They are important but rarely seen financial instruments.
Item BND-YOUNG-DUTCH 1000 DUTCH FLORIN 1930 YOUNG BOND VF-cancelled $5.00
Item BND-YOUNG-SWISS 1000 SWISS FRANCS 1930 YOUNG BOND VF-cancelled $7.00
Item BND-YOUNG-BOTH BOTH OF THE ABOVE 1930 YOUNG BONDS VF-cancelled $10.00



FIRST NAZI GERMAN COIN  Restocked

Nazi Germany 1 Reichsmark coin KM78This nickel 1 Reichsmark was the first new coin introduced by the Nazi government after they assumed power in 1933.  The obverse has the date and denomination.  The reverse features the German imperial eagle and the legend "Gemeinnutz vor Eigennutz" which translates as "Common Good Takes Priority over Self-interest".  The legend was the final point in the Nazi's 25-Point Program which gave the Reich unlimited authority.   The 23mm coin was struck in nickel and was minted from 1933 until 1939.  The coins were recalled and melted after the start of World War II as the nickel was needed for the war effort.  Today it is one of the hardest to find of all the regular issue Nazi German coins.
Item DE-1RMK NAZI GERMANY NICKEL 1 REICHSMARK 1933-39 KM78 VF-XF $12.00




GERMANY CELEBRATES 1st ANNIVERSARY OF NAZI RULE  

Nazi Germany 2 Reichsmark Church with date KM81Nazi Germany 5 Reichsmark Church with date KM82
Nazi Germany celebrated the first anniversary of Nazi rule with these silver commemorative 2 and 5 Reichsmark coins dated 1934.  Both coins have the same design. The reverse portrays the Potsdam Garrison Church and the date 21 March, 1933.   It was at this church that date that Hitler ceremonially opened the first Reichstag of the Third Reich, officially ushering in Nazi control of Germany The obverse depicts the German Eagle and two small swastikas. The 25mm 2 Reichsmark coin is struck in .625 fine silver and contains .1607 troy oz. of silver.  The 29mm 5 Reichsmark coin is struck in .900 fine silver and contains .4016 troy oz. of silver.
Item DE-81 NAZI GERMANY SILVER 2 REICHSMARK 1934, 1st. ANNIVERSARY OF NAZI RULE KM81 VF $19.75
Item DE-82 NAZI GERMANY SILVER 5 REICHSMARK 1934, 1st. ANNIVERSARY OF NAZI RULE KM82 VF $32.00




NAZI GERMANY SILVER COINS

NAZI GERMANY SILVER 2 REICHSMARK

Nazi Germany silver 2 Reichsmark Hindenburg/SwastikaThis historic silver 2 Reichsmark was struck by Nazi Germany from 1936 until production was halted by the start of World War II in 1939. One side depicts a Nazi Eagle holding a swastika with the legend "Deutsches Reich", along with the date and denomination. The other side pictures Paul Von Hindenburg, who turned Germany over to Hitler. Hitler honored him by putting him on this coin. The coin is approximately the size of a quarter and has an unusual lettered edge. The coin contains .1607 troy ounces of silver and grades Very Fine or better. It is an historic coin of the failed Third Reich.
Item DE-93 NAZI GERMANY SILVER 2 REICHSMARK HINDENBURG/SWASTIKA 1936-39 KM93 VF $13.00
Item DE-93x5 5 of the above NAZI SILVER 2 REICHSMARK HINDENBURG/SWASTIKA 1936-39 KM93 VF $59.00

POTSDAM GARRISON CHURCH ON NAZI SILVER 5 REICHSMARK

Germany silver 5 Reichsmark Military Church / Eagle and 2 swastikasThe Potsdam Garrison Church, also known as the Potsdam Military Church, is featured on this Nazi German silver 5 Reichsmark. It was at this church that on March 21, 1933 Hitler ceremonially opened the first Reichstag of the Third Reich, officially ushering in Nazi control of Germany. To honor the event, the Church was featured on this silver 5 Reichsmark. The obverse depicts a Germanic Eagle, two small swastikas and the legend "Deutsches Reich". The church was built by Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm I between 1730 and 1735, and was destroyed by fire on April 14, 1945. Two weeks later Hitler committed suicide. The coin is approximately the size of a Half Dollar and has an unusual lettered edge. It is struck in .900 fine silver, which was the same as was used for United States coins. It contains .4016 troy ounces of silver. It was struck only 2 years, 1934 and 1935, before being replaced in 1935 with a new design featuring Paul von Hindenburg.
Item DE-83 NAZI GERMANY SILVER 5 REICHSMARK MILITARY CHURCH 1934-35 KM83 VF $25.00

HINDENBURG & EAGLE ON NAZI GERMANY SILVER 5 REICHSMARK

Nazi Germany silver 5 Reichsmark Hindenburg/Eagle 1935-36German President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor of Germany, putting Germany under Nazi rule. Hindenburg died the following year in August 1934. Hitler honored him by putting him on this silver 5 Reichsmark coin. Hitler himself never appeared on any official German coins or currency. The obverse depicts the head of Hindenburg. The reverse side features a Germanic Eagle, the date, denomination and the legend "Deutsches Reich". The coin was struck for only about a year starting in mid 1936. In mid-1936 the reverse was changed to a new design. The coin is approximately the size of a Half Dollar and has an unusual lettered edge. It is struck in .900 fine silver, which was the same as was used for United States coins. It contains .4016 troy ounces of silver. It is a short-lived Nazi Germany coin.
Item DE-86 NAZI GERMANY SILVER 5 REICHSMARK HINDENBURG/EAGLE 1935-36 KM86 VF $22.00

HINDENBURG & SWASTIKA ON NAZI GERMANY SILVER 5 REICHSMARK

Nazi Germany silver 5 Reichsmark with Eagle holding SwastikaIn mid-1936 Nazi Germany revised the reverse of their 5 Reichsmark, replacing the Germanic Eagle with a Nazi Eagle holding a Swastika. The obverse, featuring the Paul von Hindenburg was left unchanged. The silver 2 Reichsmark coin bearing the same design of Hindenburg and the Nazi Eagle holding the Swastika was introduced at the same time. The coin continued to be minted until 1939, when it was discontinued due to the war effort. The coin is approximately the size of a Half Dollar and has an unusual lettered edge. It is struck in .900 fine silver, which was the same as was used for United States coins. It contains .4016 troy ounces of silver. The coin serves as a reminder of the brief but destructive "1000 Year Reich".
Item DE-94 NAZI GERMANY SILVER 5 REICHSMARK HINDENBURG/SWASTIKA 1936-39 KM94 VF $29.00

Buy the set and save!SPECIAL - ALL 4 OF THE ABOVE NAZI GERMAN SILVER COINS

Buy the set and save!
Item DE-SSET4 SET OF ABOVE 4 NAZI GERMAN SILVER COINS $85.00



NAZI GERMAN 8 COIN SET  

Nazi German coin set 1 - 50 Reichspfennig
This set consists of the eight lower denominations of Nazi German coins each showing the eagle and swastika. The 1937-1939 issues include the 1, 2, 5 and 10 Reichspfennig made from copper or aluminum-bronze alloys. In 1939 an aluminum 50 Reichspfennig with the Eagle and Swastika was introduced, and was produced until 1944. In 1940 the 1, 5 and 10 Reichspfennig were switched to zinc and the 2 Reichspfennig was discontinued due to the war. All eight coins grade VF or better, though the zinc coins may show some spots as zinc spots very easily. The coins all feature the denomination on one side and an eagle holding a swastika on the other.
Item DE-NAZISET8 NAZI GERMAN 8 COIN SET 1- 50 REICHSPFENNIG, 1937-1944 VF $22.00


NAZI GERMAN 14 COIN SET

Nazi Germany 14 coin set
This 14 coin set includes the regular issue coins of Nazi Germany listed above. Included are the following coins: The bronze 1 and 2 Reichspfennig issued from 1936 to 1940 with an eagle and swastika. The aluminum-bronze (brass) 5 and 10 Reichspfennig issued from 1936 to 1939 with an eagle and swastika. The aluminum 50 Reichspfennig picturing an eagle, which was dated only one year, 1935. The nickel 1 Reichsmark with an eagle which was issued from 1933 to 1939. Because nickel was a critical war material, most were melted during the War. The silver 5 Reichmark issued in 1934 and 1935 pictures the Potsdam Garrison Church where Hitler was sworn into office on one side and an eagle and two small swastikas on the other. Paul von Hindenburg and an Eagle are on the silver 5 Reichsmark dated 1935 and 1936. The silver 2 Reichsmark and 5 Reichsmark dating from 1936 to 1939 pictures Hindenburg on one side and an eagle holding a swastika during the other. Because of World War II, the only coins issued after 1940 were the zinc 1, 5 and 10 Reichspfennig, which depict an eagle holding a swastika. The coins grade Very Fine or better, though the zinc coins may have some spots. Because of the difficulty in obtaining all 14 coins at one time, I rarely am able to offer this historic set. (Note: this set includes the coins from Nazi set of 4 silver coins and the Nazi 8 coin set listed above, plus the aluminum 1935 50 Reichspfennig which was issued that single year, and the scarce nickel 1 Reichsmark)
Item DE-NAZISET14 NAZI GERMAN 14 COIN SET 1 REICHSPFENNIG - 5 REICHSMARK 1934-44 VF $125.00


NAZI GERMAN CURRENCY

The following notes were used in Nazi Germany throughout World War II and remained legal tender until 1948. The notes bear two dates: the date the note was first authorized, and the date the issuing bank was authorized to issue currency. Unlike coins, the date is not the year the note was printed. These Reichsbank notes were supposedly backed by gold.

100 REICHSMARK FEATURES SWASTIKA


Germany 100 Reichsmark note 1935 P183
The 1935 100 Reichsmark features a large swastika underprint at the center. To the right is Justus von Liebig, a 19th century German chemist who is called the "Father of the Fertilizer Industry" for his discovery of nitrogen as an essential plant nutrient. The back depicts allegorical figures. The note was the highest denomination in general circulation. It was about half a month's pay for a skilled laborer.
Item PM-DE-NAZI100RMKC GERMANY 100 REICHSMARK NOTE 1935 P183 Fine-VF $20.00


Germany 20 Reichmark note 1929 P181
Reduced size images
The 20 Reichsmark note dated 1929 portrays Ernst Werner Siemens, the 19th century German industralist and inventor who founded the Siemens A.G. which has expanded into a multi-national company producing a wide range products. The back features children holding tools and a worker carrying a hammer. It has a watermark of Siemans at the left and an embosed seal near the lower left corner. The note continued in circulation throughout World War II.
Item PM-DE-NAZI20RMK-29C GERMANY 20 REICHSMARK NOTE 1929 P181 F-VF $4.00


NAZI GERMAN 5 REICHMARK NOTE FEATURES HITLER YOUTH  Restocked

Germany 5 Reichsmark note, 1942 P186
Reduced size image
Nazi Germany introduced this 5 Reichmark note in 1942 to replace the silver 5 Reichsmark coins which were disappearing from circulation due to hoarding.  The front of the note features a German young man, along with a small eagle and swastika. The back depicts a woman with a sickle and a man with a wood plane, representing farming and industry.   Between them is a vignette of the Brunswick Cathedral and the Brunswick Lion statue.  The Lion was commissioned by Henry the Lion about 1166AD.  The statue is the oldest, preserved large sculpture from the Middle Ages north of the Alps. The note measures 140x70mm and is brown.  The left side features a watermark of the numeral "5".
Item PM-DE-NAZI5RMKU NAZI GERMANY 5 REICHSMARK NOTE, 1942 P186 AU-UNC. $20.00




NEWNAZI GERMAN 1 RENTENMARK NOTE 

Germany 1 Rentenmark note, 1937 P173

In 1937 Nazi Germany introduced a 1 Rentenmark note, in order to replace the nickel 1 Reichsmark coin. The coin was to be withdrawn so that the nickel could be used in the upcoming war efforts.  The Rentenmark was equivalent to the Reichsmark, however it was issued by the Rentenbank rather than the Reichsbank and the currency was theoretically backed by land rather than by gold. The note has the embossed seal of the Rentenbank at the lower right hand corner. The note is technically Uncirculated, but may have had slight mishandling over the past 80 or so years, so we call it AU-UNC.
Item PM-DE-1RNTMKU NAZI GERMANY 1 RENTENMARK NOTE 1937 P173 AU-UNC. $10.00




WORLD WAR II GERMAN MILITARY CURRENCY

German Wehrmacht military currency, 1 Reichsmark 1944 PM438German Wehrmacht military currency, 10 Reichsmark 1944 PM40
Wehrmacht military currency was used by Nazi Germany to pay its troops during the final months of World War II. The notes are dated September 15, 1944. Soldiers were paid in military scrip while in transit. When a soldier arrived at his post the notes could be converted to the local currency or occupation notes. The notes all have similar designs. The front includes a small Eagle holding a Swastika and the inscription "VERRECHNUNGSSEN FUR DIE DEUTSCHE WEHRMACHT" (Clearing notes for German Armed Forces) The back of the note includes regulations and instructions on how to use the notes.They are interesting and historic pieces of World War II military history.
Item PM-DE-MILIT1M GERMAN MILITARY 1 REICHSMARK NOTE 1944 PM38 UNC. $13.00
Item PM-DE-MILIT10M GERMAN MILITARY 10 REICHSMARK NOTE 1944 PM40 AU-UNC. $20.00



NEWNAZI OCCUPATION CURRENCY

WWII German occupation currency,205 Reichsmark PR139
Germany created a special currency, called Reichskreditkassenschein for use in the nations overrun by Hitler's forces.   The notes were denominated in German Reichsmark, but could only be spent in an occupied country. German troops were paid in these notes, thus making the occupied nations finance the cost of their own occupation.  The undated notes were issued from 1939 to 1945.  The 20 Reichsmark depicts Albrecht Durer’s drawing “The Architect” on the front and the Brandenburg Gate on the back. 
Item PM-DE-OCC20M NAZI GERMAN OCCUPATION 20 REICHSMARK NOTE (1939-34) PR139 UNC. $20.00



NAZI GERMAN BONDS

Nazi Germany bonds: 100 Reichsmark 1935, 500 Reichsmark 1935, 1000 Reichsmark 1936, Thuringia 500 Reichsmark 1942, Thuringia 1000 Reichsmark 1942
Embossed Nazi Emblem on 1942 German BondsThese bonds were issued by Nazi Germany between 1935 and 1942. The bonds had a lottery aspect, with a portion of the bonds being drawn each year for repayment. The 1935 and 1936 bonds were issued by the Reich Debt Administration and carry a nominal interest rate of 4 1/2%. The 1935 issue bear, the Reich’s eagle from the Weimar Republic, the 1936 have the Nazi Eagle & Swastika emblem. The 1942 bonds were issued by the state of Thuringia with a nominal interest rate of 3 1/2%. They have the embossed Nazi eagle & swastika emblem. The bonds measure approximately 8.5" x 11.75" (21cm x 29.5cm) and have been canceled by a single hole punch. The bonds have a remarkable history. Having been stored in the impenetrable safe of the Reichsbank in Berlin, they survived the Second World War unscathed by bombings. Even during the years of the German Democratic Republic they went largely untouched. In 2015 the German Ministry of Finance had the bonds sold at auction, with the proceeds going to the Nazi Crimes Compensation Fund. They are remarkable and historic items of Nazi German economic history.
Item BND-DE35-100 NAZI GERMANY 100 REICHSMARK BOND, 1935 AU OUT
Item BND-DE35-500 NAZI GERMANY 500 REICHSMARK BOND, 1935 AU $5.00
Item BND-DE36-1000 NAZI GERMANY 1000 REICHSMARK BOND, 1936 AU OUT
Item BND-DE42-500 NAZI GERMANY-THURINGIA 500 REICHSMARK BOND, 1942 AU $8.00
Item BND-DE42-1000 NAZI GERMANY-THURINGIA 1000 REICHSMARK BOND, 1942 AU OUT


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FIRST COINS OF EAST GERMANY

First coins of East Germany: 1, 5 & 10 Pfennig, 1948-50 KM1-3East Germany 50 Pfennig 1950 KM4East Germany cold war era coin set: 1, 5 & 10 Pfennig 1952-53 KM5-7
East Germany issued its first coins in 1948 while it was still under the occupation of the Soviet Army. The coins consisted of the aluminum 1, 5 and 10 Pfennig. The coins featured an ear of grain and a cogwheel, which symbolized a communist "Workers' and Farmers' state". The denomination was on the other side.  In 1950 East Germany struck an aluminum-bronze 50 Pfennig depicting factories pouring out pollution.  In those days factories splewing out smoke was considered good as it was symbol of modern industry.  In 1952 a new series of aluminum 1, 5 and 10 Pfennig coins was introduced. The obverse showing the denomination was basically unchanged, however the new reverse designs featured a compass, hammer and two ears of grain. The compass represented the intelligentsia, who were supposed to be leading the workers (hammer) and farmers (grain).  Most of the workers and farmers that I know do not like the idea of being led by a bunch of  intelligentsia who have little idea of what life is like in "the real world".  Perhaps that is a clue as to why so many wanted to escape from East Germany and why it later collapsed.  The new designs were issued only two years: 1952 and 1953. After the reunification of Germany, the East German coins were withdrawn from circulation and melted.
Item EGER-SET48 EAST GERMANY 3 COIN SET 1 - 10 PFENNIG 1948-50 KM1-3 VF $4.00
Item EGER-50PF EAST GERMANY 50 PFENNIG 1950 KM4 VF $6.00
Item EGER-SET52 EAST GERMANY 3 COIN SET 1 - 10 PFENNIG 1952-53 KM5-7 VF-XF $3.00



EAST GERMAN 5 MARK COMMEMORATIVES

East German 5 Mark commemorative coinsEast Germany issued an annual series of popular and well struck non-circulating copper-nickel 5 Mark commemorative coins honoring famous Germans and their achievements. The 29mm coin feature the emblem of the German Democratic Republic on the obverse.  The denomination is repeated on the lettered edges of the coins.  The 125th anniversary of the birth of Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen commemorated this 1970 issue which depicts his X-ray tube.  He was awarded the inaugural Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901 for his discovery of X-rays.  The 1971 issue marked the 400th anniversary of the birth of Johannes Kepler.  The design reflects Kepler's theories regarding heliocentric planetary motions. The 75th anniversary of the death of composer Johannes Brahms is the theme of the 1972 issue.  The design features musical notes.  The 100th anniversary of the death of physicist Philipp Reis is honored on the 1974 issue.  Reis invented a telephone in 1861, pre-dating Alexander Graham Bell's telephone by more than a decade.  However, Reis's telephone was delicate, tricky and produced inconsistent results.  An image of his telephone apparatus appears on the coin.  The 200th Anniversary of the birth of military officer Ferdinand von Schill is commemorated on the 1976 issue.  In 1809 he led an unsuccessful revolt to liberate the portions of Germany that were controlled by Napoleon.  The coin features his sword and military hat.   The 125th anniversary of the death of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, the father of German gymnastics, is on the 1977 issue.  His portrait appears on the coin.
Item EGER-RONT70 EAST GERMAN 5 MARK 1970 RONTGEN KM26 BU $15.00
Item EGER-KEPLER71 EAST GERMAN 5 MARK 1971 KEPLER KM30 BU $20.00
Item EGER-BRAHMS72 EAST GERMAN 5 MARK 1972 BRAHAMS KM36.1 BU $17.00
Item EGER-REIS74 EAST GERMAN 5 MARK 1974 REIS KM49 BU $15.00
Item EGER-SCHILL76 EAST GERMAN 5 MARK 1976 VON SCHILL KM60 BU $15.00
Item EGER-JAHN77 EAST GERMAN 5 MARK 1977 JAHN KM64 BU $15.00



NEWLAST CIRCULATING BANKNOTES OF EAST GERMANY

East Germany (DDR) 5 Note set 5 to 100 Mark 1971-1975
These five notes were the last notes issued for circulation by East Germany.  The notes feature communist and German heroes.  The 100 Mark depicts Karl Marx on the front and a street scene in front of the Palace of the Republic in Berlin on the back.  The 50 Mark features Frederick Engels and an oil refinery.  Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and children leaving school are on the 20 Mark.  The 10 Mark features women’s rights advocate Clara Zetkin on the front and a woman at a control panel of the Rheinsberg nuclear power plant on the back.  The 5 Mark features radical theologian Thomas Muntzer who was a leader of the German Peasant’s war of 1525.  Combines in a wheat field are on the back.  All the notes have watermarks of the person pictured on the note.   The notes are dated 1971 to 1975 and remained in use until the reunification of Germany in 1990.  The notes are all Uncirculated.
Item PM-EGER-SET5 EAST GERMAN 5 NOTE SET 5 TO 100 MARK 1971-1975 P27-P31 UNC. $59.75



SCARCE, UNRELEASED BANKNOTES OF EAST GERMANY  

East Germany 200 Mark note, 1985 P32
East Germany 500 Mark note, 1985 P33
These scarce 200 and 500 Mark East German notes are rarely seen in any collections. They are the highest denominations ever printed by East Germany and were some of the last banknotes ever printed by East Germany. The notes were dated 1985, however the East German government collapsed before the notes were released into circulation. After the collapse of East Germany the notes were put into storage in old Nazi bunkers. A very limited number of notes were "liberated" from a bunker by teenagers who found a hidden entrance to the bunker, before the German government destroyed all of the remaining notes. The front of 200 Mark note features a family standing in front of a government apartment complex. The back pictures a group of young school children and their teacher.  The 500 Mark pictures the East German Arms and the Staatsrat building in Berlin. 
Item PM-EGER-SET2 EAST GERMANY 200 & 500 MARK NOTES, 1985 P32 & P33, AU-UNC. $48.00



BETHEL FOUNDATION CURRENCY FROM GERMANY

Bethel Foundation, Germany: 4 Note set, 50 Pfennig, 2, 5 & 20 MarkThe Bethel Foundation (Bodelschwinghsche Stiftungen Bethel) was founded in 1867 in Prussia to care for epileptics.  Its mission has expanded to care for mentally ill and other challenged people.  It is headquartered in the Bethel district of Bielefeld and has facilities in eight German states serving 200,000 people per year.  It issued its first currency in 1908.  After World War II it was the only private institution in West Germany authorized to issue its own currency.  The notes are accepted at Bethel facilities and selected merchants.   This four-note set of Bethel currency includes the 50 Pfennig, 2, 5 and 20 Mark notes dated from 1957 to 1973.  In 2002 the notes were replaced with Euro denominated currency. 
Item PM-BETHEL BETHEL FOUNDATION, GERMANY: 4 NOTE SET, 50 Pfennig - 20 Mark 1957-1973 UNC. $15.00




GERMANY CELEBRATES 25th ANNIVERSARY OF UNIFICATION

GERMANY 2 Euros 2015 25th ANNIVERSARY OF UNIFICATIONGermany commemorated the 25th anniversary of the unification of East and West Germany with this circulating 2015 bi-metallic 2 Euro coin. The obverse shows celebrating the unification in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin and the legend "WIR SIND EIN VOLK" (We are one people) repeated three times. The standard 2 Euro design featuring a map of Europe is used on the reverse. The edge includes the inscription translating as "Unity and law and freedom". The coin was produced by all five of Germany’s mints: (Berlin=A, Munich= D, Stuttgart = F, Karlsruhe = G, Hamburg = J) The mintmark is found near the feet of the people. It is probably the most significant commemorative issued by Germany in recent years.
Item DE-2E15UNIFY-ANY GERMANY 2 EUROS 2015 25th Anniversary of Unification, Mint of Joel's choice $6.00



NEWGERMAN POLYMER RING 5 EURO COINS

Germany 5 Euro 2018 Subtropical Zone coinGermany 5 Euro 2019 Temperate Zone coin
Germany introduced an innovative new coinage technique with their polymer ring 5 Euro coins. The coins have copper-nickel outer ring and center separated by a colored polymer plastic ring.  The polymer ring is supposed to make the coins almost counterfeit proof.  Due to the difficulty and expense of minting these coins, thus far it has only been used on a few high value coins.  Germany introduced the technology on circulating 5 Euro coins featuring the earth's climate zones.   The coins did not circulate widely as most were quickly snapped up by the public and collectors due to their unique construction.   The subtropical climate zone is featured on the 2018 coin.  It depicts herd of goats under the shade of a tree and a barren landscape and has an orange polymer ring.  The 2019 issue features the temperate climate zone and depicts a rabbit sitting on farmland with forest in the background.  I doubt the farmer is happy about a rabbit eating his crops.  It has a green polymer ring.  The obverses include the German eagle, date mintmark, denomination and the 12 stars of the European Union. 
Item DE-5E-18ST GERMANY 5 EURO 2018-G SUBTROPICAL ZONE  UNC. $12.50
Item DE-5E-19TM GERMANY 5 EURO 2018-F TEMPERATE ZONE UNC. $12.50



GERMAN 2 EUROS CELEBRATESTHE FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL

Germany 2 Euros 2019 Fall of the Berlin WallGermany commemorated the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin wall with this 2019 2 Euro coin. The opening of the Berlin wall in November 1989 led to the collapse of East Germany and the reunification of the nation. The design, created by a French engraver, represents joyous people and doves passing through an opening in the Berlin Wall. In the background is the Brandenburg Gate. The "graffiti" on the wall reads "30 JAHRE MAUERFAL" (30 years fall of the Berlin Wall). At the bottom right is a "D" for Deutschland (Germany). The coins were struck at all five German mints (A=Berlin, D=Munich, F=Stuttgart, G=Karlsruhe, J=Hamburg). The mintmark is at the bottom left of the design. It is small and hard to see. All the coins have the standard 2 Euro reverse featuring a map of Europe.
Item DE-2E19WALL GERMANY 2 EUROS BERLIN WALL 2019 (Mint of our choice) UNC. $5.75
Item DE-2E19WALL-ALL GERMANY ALL 5 MINTS (A, D, F, G, J) BERLIN WALL 2 EUROS UNC. $28.50



GERMAN 2020 BRANDENBURG 2 EURO

Germany 2 Euro 2020 BrandenburgGermany continued their annual series of 2 Euro coins honoring each of that country's Länders (states) with this 2020 issue for Brandenburg. Brandenburg is a state in north-eastern Germany that surrounds Berlin. The coin depicts the Sanssouci palace in Potsdam. The palace was built between 1745 and 1747 as a summer palace for Prussian King Frederick the Great. We offer the coin individually or the set of all five mints: Berlin, Munich, Stuttgart, Karlsruhe and Hamburg (mint marks A, D, F, G and J).
Item DE-2E20-BRANDEN GERMANY 2 EURO 2020 BRANDENBURG UNC, (Mint of our choice) $6.00



GERMANY COMMEMORATES WILLY BRANDT'S WARSAW GENUFLECTION

Germany 2 Euro 2020 Willey Brandt's Warsaw GenuflectionGermany commemorated the 50th Anniversary of Chancellor Willy Brandt's "Warsaw Genuflection" on this 2020 2 Euro coin.  On December 7, 1970, during his visit to Warsaw, Brandt spontaneously fell to his knees in front a monument to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.  The 1943 revolt was the largest single revolt by Jews against Nazi Germany during World War II.  Before the war some 250,000 Jews lived in the Ghetto.  Virtually every Jew in the Ghetto was exterminated, either in death camps before or after the uprising or killed during the uprising.  The Treaty of Warsaw, in which West Germany recognized the new borders of Poland, was signed during his visit, easing some of the tensions of the Cold War.
Item DE-2E20-GENU GERMANY 2 EURO 2020 WARSAW GENUFLECTION, UNC. (Mint of our choice) $6.00



GERMANY HONORS SAXONY-ANHALT ON 2021 2 EURO

Germany 2 Euros 2021 Saxony-AnhaltGermany continued their annual series of 2 Euro coins honoring each of their Bundesländer (states) with this 2021 issue for Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt).  The coin depicts the Magdeburg Cathedral.  The Cathedral is the oldest Gothic Cathedral in Germany.   Construnction was started in 1209 on the site of an abbey.  It was not completed until over 300 years later in 1520. The coins were struck at all five German mints (A=Berlin, D=Munich, F=Stuttgart, G=Karlsruhe, J=Hamburg). The mintmark is at the left of the cathedral.
Item DE-2E21-SAX GERMANY 2 EURO 2021 SAXONY-ANHALT mint our choice,UNC. $6.00
Item DE-2E21-SAX-ALL5 ALL 5 MINTS (A,D,F,G,J) SAXONY-ANHALT 2 EURO 2021, UNC. $29.50



New2022 GERMAN 2 EURO FEATURES WARTBURG CASTLE

Germany 2 Euro 2022 ThuringiaGermany continued their annual series of 2 Euro coins honoring each of its states with this 2022 issue for Thuringia, which is located in central Germany.  The coin depicts the famous Wartburg Castle overlooking the city of Eisenach.  The castle is a UNESCO heritage site.  Parts of it date back to the 12th century.  It was the home of St. Elizabeth of Hungary and where Martin Luther translated the New Testament into German following his excommunication by the Pope.  The mintmark appears to the right of the castle.  The "D" below the castle is for Deutschland.
Item DE-2E-WART GERMANY 2 EURO 2022 THURINGIA, mint of Joel's choice UNC. $6.00
Item DE-2E-WARTx5 GERMANY 2 EURO 2022 THURINGIA, ALL 5 MINTS: A,D,F,G & J UNC. $29.95




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