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Poppy to remember World War I   WORLD WAR I REMEMBERED   Poppy to remember World War I

2014 to 2018 marks the 100th Anniversary of World War I, also known as "The Great War" or the "The War to End All Wars".   The war and its aftermath created numerous coin and currency issues.  Old empires were swept away and new nations created. The lands of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire went to the form the nations of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and with parts going to create Poland and Yugoslavia. The collapse of the Czarist government of Russia brought on by the Bolshevik Revolution allowed Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland to gain independence.  Other portions of the Russian Empire also gained temporary independence before coming back under Russian control.  From the lands of the Ottoman Empire: Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine (now Israel, Jordan and maybe someday an independent Palestine), Kingdom of Hejaz and the Sultanate of Nejd (today Saudi Arabia), the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, and the Arab States of the Persian Gulf were created.    The financial and political instability that followed the war helped instigate World War II. This page includes a number of historic banknotes and coins associated with World War I and its aftermath.  

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THE BEGINNINGS

GERMAN EMPIRE COIN & CURRENCY SETS

German Empire 6 coin set: 1 Pfennig - silver 1 Mark 1874-1918
German Empire 20, 100 & 1000 Mark banknotes 1908-1914
In 1871 Otto Von Bismarck united the 26 independent German States under Prussian King Wilhelm I, forming the Second Reich, also known as the German Empire. During its 47 years of existence, the German Empire became the industrial, technological, and scientific giant of Europe and the world's third largest economy.  It created a colonial empire and possessed the world strongest army.  The Empire disintegrated as a result of Germany's defeat in World War I.  This six-coin set includes the silver 1 Mark, which was minted from 1873 until 1916; the silver 1/2 Mark, minted from 1905 to 1919; the copper-nickel 5 and 10 Pfennig and the copper 1 and 2 Pfennig, which were minted from 1874 to 1916.  All six coins feature the Imperial German Eagle on the reverse and the denomination on the obverse.  The coins grade Fine or Extra Fine.   The set of 3 banknotes consist of the 20 Mark, 100 Mark and 1000 Mark notes dated between 1908 and 1914. The blue 20 Mark featured a crowned imperial German Eagle at the upper right and measures 136x90mm.  The blue 100 Mark includes a large crowned imperial German Eagle on the front.  The back features two women holding a large medallion depicting a woman's head. The large note measures 160 x105mm (6.3" x 4.1"). The brown 1000 Mark note features two allegorical women representing seafaring and agriculture flanking the imperial German arms. The over-sized note is 187mm x 110mm (7.3” x 4.3”). It is printed on special ridged hemp paper containing blue silk threads.  When first issued the three notes could be redeemed for over 12 ounces of gold on demand!   After the start of World War I Germany halted the redemption of banknotes for gold - but kept on printing banknotes.  By 1922 the notes were virtually worthless due to inflation.  It is an impressive and historic currency set.
Item DE-EMP-SET6 GERMAN EMPIRE 6 COIN SET 1 PFENNIG - 1/2 MARK 1874-1918 F-XF $22.00
Item PM-DE-SET3 GERMAN EMPIRE 20, 100 & 1000 MARK BANKNOTES 1908-1914 F-VF $6.00
Item PM-DE-SET3x10 10 OF THE ABOVE GERMAN EMPIRE 3 NOTE SETS  $39.00
Item PM-DE-SET3x100 100  OF THE ABOVE GERMAN EMPIRE 3 NOTE SETS  $195.00



BOLSHEVIK 5 RUBLE NOTE OF RUSSIA

Russia 5 Rubles note, 1909 P35Russia 5 Rubles note, 1909 P35
Bolshevik type 5 Rubles - Reduced size image
World War I brought about the fall Russian Empire.  After the collapse of the Czarist government in 1917, the Provisional Russian Government and the Bolsheviks continued to issue the Czarist 5 Ruble note dated 1909.  The only significant difference between the Czarist and the Bolshevik issues is that the Czarist notes had a full serial number consisting of two letters and six digits, while the Bolshevik notes had only a series number consisting of two letters and 3 digits.  The lack of serial numbers and backdating the notes allowed them to issue large quantities of unbacked currency.   The beautiful, large (99mm x 158), blue and pink vertical format 5 Ruble note features the Romanov Imperial Eagle on both sides.  When first issued, the note could be exchanged 3.87 grams of gold, which today would be worth over $200!  It is a large, impressive piece of historical currency from a turbulent time in Russian histor
Item PM-RU-5R-BOLSH RUSSIA-BOLSHEVIK 5 RUBLES 1909 series number P35 VF $5.00



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THE WAR YEARS  1914-1918

WAR MONEY FROM COBLENZ, GERMANY  

Coblenz, Germany iron 10 & 25 Pfennig coins, 1918During World War I many communities in Germany issued their own coins called "Kriegsgeld" which translates as war money. We offer a set of two Kriegsgeld from the city of Coblenz (now Koblenz) dated 1918.  The iron 10 and 25 Pfennig have the same design.  One side has the city name, arms and the legend "G▄LTIG BIS 1 JAHR NACH FRIEDENSSCHLUSS" which translates as "Good for 1 Year after the conclusion of Peace".  The other side has the denomination and date.
Item COBLENZ COBLENZ 10 & 25 PFENNIG 1918 WAR MONEY VF $7.00



IRON COINS OF GERMANY  

Germany iron 5 and 10 Pfennig 1915-1922 KM18 & KM19Because copper and nickel were needed for the war effort, Germany switched the copper-nickel 5 Pfennig to iron in 1915, and the 10 Pfennig to iron in 1916.  Both coins continued to be struck in iron until 1922, by which time inflation had eroded their value so much they were no longer needed. Both coins have the denomination and date on one side and the Germanic Eagle on the other.
Item DE-IRON GERMANY IRON 5 & 10 PFENNIG 1915-1922 KM19 & 20 VF-XF $3.00



NewWORLD WAR I RUSSIAN POSTAGE STAMP MONEY  

Russia 15 Kopeck Postage Stamp Currency (1915) P22Russia faced a severe coin shortage during World War I.   In 1915, in order to provide for much needed small change, the government created this emergency issue of postage stamp notes.  The postage stamp notes were printed on thin cardboard using the designs of stamps issued in 1913 to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.  The back had the imperial Russian eagle and text indicting that the stamp money should be accepted the same as silver or copper coins.  The brown 15 Kopeck features Czar Nicholas I, who reigned from 1825 to 1855. It is 24 x 13mm and has perforated edges.   Just two years after the czarist postage stamp notes were issued the Czar Nicholas II was deposed and murdered by the Bolsheviks, bringing and end to the rule of the Romanov dynasty.
Item PM-RU-15K-STMP RUSSIA 15 KOPECK POSTAGE STAMP CURRENCY (1915) P22 AU-UNC. $5.00




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THE AFTERMATH


LAST BANKNOTE OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE  Restocked

Germany 50 Mark banknote 1919 P66This attractive 50 Mark note is the last note of the German Empire. It is dated June 23, 1919, some seven months after Germany's defeat in World War I and less than 7 weeks before the signing of the new constitution in Weimar which formally ended the German Empire and ushered in the weak and chaotic Weimar Republic. The large, green note measures 153x102mm and features an allegorical figure of a woman against a starry background.
Item PM-DE-50M-19 GERMANY 50 MARK NOTE 1919 P66 Fine $3.00


RUSSIAN "BABYLONIAN" NOTES URGES "WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE!

Russia 1000 Rubles 1919 "Bablonian" Note with inscription "Workers of the world unite!" in 7 languanges
In 1919, after the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Revolution, the fledgling Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic, issued a series of currency notes with the inscriptions "WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE!" written in seven languages: Russian, German, French, Italian, Greek, English, Arabic, and Chinese. Because of the linguistic multiplicity, these notes are known as "Babylonians," a reference to the Biblical Tower of Babel.  The phrase is perhaps the most well-known line in the "Communist Manifesto", written in 1848 by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.   Also featured on the notes is the hammer and sickle within a wreath.  All three notes have a similar design featuring the inscriptions on one side and the denomination and date on the other.
Item PM-RU-500R-19 RUSSIA 500 RUBLES NOTE 1919 P103 VG-F "WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE! $15.00



BANKNOTE OF UPPER AUSTRIA

Upper Austria 50 Heller 1921 PS120 After the collapse and dismemberment of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following its defeat in World War I, coins disappeared from circulation. The state of Upper Austria issued small, low denomination notes to help alleviate the coin shortage. One side of the orange 50 Heller note features the arms of Upper Austria.  The other side is blank.     Both notes are dated 1921 and were issued in Linz, the capital of Upper Austria.
Item PM-UPAT-50 UPPER AUSTRIA 50 HELLER 1921 PS121 UNC. $3.00



 BONN CELEBRATES BEETHOVEN  

Bonn 10 Pfennig 1920 BeethovenThe German city of Bonn commemorated the 150th anniversary of the birth of Ludwig van Beethoven with this 1920 10 Pfennig coin.  The coin has Beethoven's bust and the dates 1770 and 1920  on the obverse and the denomination is on the reverse. It is struck on zinc plated iron.  Beethoven was born in Bonn and studied there before moving to Vienna in 1792.  During and after World War I many German cities and towns issued their own coins, called notgeld (emergency money) to alleviate a severe coin shortage brought on by the war.
Item BONN-10PF-BEET BONN, GERMANY 10 PFENNIG 1920 BEETHOVEN AU-UNC $7.00



NEWLOW AND HIGH DENOMINATION GERMAN MUNICIPAL NOTES

Frankfurt, Germany 25 Pfennig note 1919Frankfurt, Germany 100 Million Mark note, September 28 1923
Marburg, Germany 50 Pfennig note 1918Marburg, Germany 20 Millarden (Billion) Mark uniface note October 27, 1923
Germany’s hyperinflation is clearly demonstrated in these municipal emergency banknotes.  The low denomination notes issued around the end of World War I were needed because of a shortage of small change. The second issue, done just a few years later in 1923 was needed because inflation was so bad that cities printed their own money to pay their workers.  From the City of Frankfurt is a 25 Pfennig dated November 1, 1919. It would buy about 1 loaf of bread.  A view of the city is on the back.  The Frankfurt 100 million Mark note is dated September 28, 1923.  It would buy about 2 loaves of bread.  The back of the note depicts the Imperial Cathedral of Saint Bartholomew on the left and St. Paul’s Church on the right.  Both were severely damaged in World War II.  From the City of Marburg is a 50 Pfennig note dated July 5, 1918, shortly before the end of World War I.  It depicts the Town Hall and St. George’s Column (now a fountain) on the front and the city emblem on the back. The Marburg 20 Milliarden Mark (20 Billion Mark) note is dated October 27, 1923.  It pictures St. Elizabeth’s Church and a monument on the front and is blank on the back.  They are fascinating historical symbols of Germany’s hyperinflation.
Item PM-FRANK-25PF FRANKFURT, GERMANY 25 PFENNIG NOTE 1919 XF $3.00
Item PM-FRANK100MM FRANKFURT, GERMANY 100 MILLION MARK NOTE 1923 XF-AU Out
Item PM-MARB-50PF MARBURG, GERMANY 50 PFENIG NOTE 1918 VF $3.00
Item PM-MARB-20BM MARBURG, GERMANY 20 MILLARDEN (BILLION) MARK 1923 VF Out




GERMAN SET OF 9 GERMAN NOTES 1 MARK - 2 MILION MARK 1920-1923INFLATION ERA NOTE SET

Set of 9 German inflation era notes: 1 Mark - 2 Million Mark, 1920-1923This set of nine banknotes issued by the German government vividly illustrates the 1920-1923 hyperinflation.  This set includes the 1 and 2 Mark dated March 1, 1920. The notes were needed because all silver 1 Mark coins had disappeared from circulation.  The large-size (162 x 108mm) 100 Mark note is dated November 1, 1920 and depicts the head of the Bamberg Horseman.  It was worth about $1.50 when first issued.  Also included is the 500 Mark dated July 7, 1922;  1000 Mark dated September 15, 1922; 5000 Mark dated December 2, 1922 and 20,000 Mark dated February 20, 1923. The magnificent, large 100,000 Mark is dated February 1, 1923, features a cut from Hans Holbein the Younger's portrait "The Merchant Georg Gisze".  The last note in the collection is the 2 Million Mark note dated August 9, 1923.  It was worth less than a dollar when introduced and would be virtually worthless in less than a month.
The notes grade Fine to Almost Uncirculated.  It is an impressive and historic collection showing what happens when government spending gets out of control.
Item PM-DE-SET9 SET OF 9 GERMAN NOTES 1 MARK - 2 MILION MARK 1920-1923 F-AU $29.75




GERMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY CURRENCY

German National Railways (Deutsche Reichsbahn), Berlin 10 Million Mark note, September 2, 1923. PS1014
In 1923, Germany experienced what was then the world’s worst inflation. Prices increased hourly and the government could not print currency fast enough to meet the demand.  In order to pay employees and suppliers, the Deutsche Reichsbahn (the German National Railways) printed its own currency.  Unlike many of the issues of the period, the notes were accepted throughout most of Germany. These notes were issued from the company's Berlin headquarters. In German Milliarden is 1 Billion in English, German 1 Billion is 1 Trillion in English. That is a LOT of  Marks. Many notes are printed only on one side.  Most are available in only very limited quantities.
Item PM-DERB-1MM DEUTSCHE REICHBAHN 1 MILLION MARK NOTE, Berlin, August 12, 1923 PS1011 AU $9.00
Item PM-DERB-2MM DEUTSCHE REICHBAHN 2 MILLION MARK NOTE Berlin, August 20, 1923 PS1012 VF-XF $7.00
Item PM-DERB-20MM DEUTSCHE REICHBAHN 20 MILLION MARK NOTE Berlin, Sept. 18, 1923 PS1015 AU-UNC $10.00
Item PM-DERB-100MM DEUTSCHE REICHBAHN 100 MILLION MARK NOTE Berlin, Sept. 25, 1923 PS1017 VF-XF $8.00


Germany - Cassel Railroad Office 1 Billion (Trillion) Mark note

As inflation continued notes were also issued from the Regional Railroad Offices called Reichsbahn Direktion

Item PM-RD-CASSEL-1BM CASSEL RAILROAD OFFICE 1 BILLION (TRILLION) MARK NOTE Oct. 24, 1923 PS1068 AU-advertisment on back PS1031 AU-UNC $20.00
Item PM-RD-FRANKFURT-1BM FRANKFURT RAILROAD OFFICE 1 BILLION (TRILLION) MARK NOTE Nov. 2, 1923 PS1226 UNC.  $35.00





10 MILLION MARK!

Germany 10 Million Mark note, August 23, 1923 P106This Uncirculated German 10 Million Mark note is dated August 22, 1923.  This was during the height of Germany's Post-World War I hyperinflation.  When first issued it could buy a few eggs.  By November it was virtually worthless.  The note is printed on watermarked paper.  In order to speed up production of notes, it is printed on one side only.  It is a reminder of what happens when government does not control its spending.
Item PM-DE-10MM GERMANY 10 MILLION MARK NOTE 1923 P106 AU-UNC. $5.00



A HIGHLY REVALUED GERMAN NOTE

Germany 1 Milliarde (Billion) overprinted on 1000 Mark 1922nbanknote P113
This German banknote was originally authorized in December 1922 as a 1000 Mark note.  Because of Germany's inflation, it was virtually worthless when was ready to be released and few actually went into circulation.  By autumn of 1923 Germany's inflation was totally out of control.  The government could not issue new notes fast enough to keep up with rising prices.  The unissued 1000 Mark notes were overprinted in September 1923 as 1 Billion Mark notes (Milliarde in German translates as 1 Billion in English).  The front of the note has the portrait of J÷rg Herz who was the Mintmaster of Nuremberg in the early 16th century.  The back has gulloche patterns and the denomination.  The note is 140x90mm.    They make a fascinating lesson about inflation.
Item PM-DE-BILLOVPT-C GERMANY 1 BILLION (MILLARDE) MARK OVERPRINTED ON 1000 MARK 1922 NOTE P113 VF $7.00


Click HereCLICK HERE to see our exhibit on the coins and notes of the German Hyperinflation


WEIMAR REPUBLIC COMMEMORATES 3rd ANNIVERSARY WITH 3 MARK

Germany aluminum 3 Mark coin, 1922 KM29
In 1922 Germany issued a circulating 3 Mark coin commemorating the 3rd Anniversary of the Weimar Constitution.  The denomination, date and mintmark are on the obverse.  A Germanic Eagle and the legend "VERFASSUNGSTAG 11. AUGUST 1922" (Constitution day, August 11, 1922) is on the other.  The aluminum coin is 28mm aluminum and 1.55mm thick. The coins catalog $25 each, but due to a fortunate purchase we can offer them for substantially less than that.   
Item DE-3M-A GERMANY 3 MARK 1922-A BERLIN MINT KM29 BU $5.00
Item DE-3M-G GERMANY 3 MARK 1922-G KARLSRUHE MINT KM29 BU $5.00
Item DE-3Mx10 10 pieces of GERMANY 3 MARK 1922 KM29, mixed A & G mints BU $29.50




GERMAN NOTGELD COINS AND PAPER 

Notgeld means "emergency money" in German, and generally refers to an extensive series of locally issued coins and currency produced during and following World War I.  Notgeld was issued in paper, metal and even porcelain and other materials.  Below is a selection of this fascinating but little known collectible.


METAL GERMAN NOTGELD COINS

Germany World War I era notgeld coinsNotgeld coins were struck for over 600 communities and companies in Germany between 1916 and 1922, though many are not dated.  Most are in denominated from 5 to 50 Pfennig. Typically the city arms or landmark is on one side and the denomination is on the other.  They were usually struck in zinc or iron, both of which corrode easily, so the coins may be spotted or rusted.
Item DE-METNOTx1 1 GERMAN METAL NOTGELD COIN, F-VF $3.50
Item DE-METNOTx10 10 DIFFERENT GERMAN METAL NOTGELD COINS, F-VF $35.00




HISTORIC AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES 

Austrian local emergency money, circa 1920Reduced size image
With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following World War I, hundreds of local communities briefly issued their own emergency currency, known as notgeld, for use within the town.  These notes are denominated in Heller and usually depict scenes of the issuing community.  They are an inexpensive, interesting and historic collectable. Most of the notes are dated 1920 and most are Uncirculated.  Every lot is different, with few duplicates between lots.
Item PM-AT-NOTx10 10 DIFFERENT AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES $8.00
Item PM-AT-NOTx25 25 DIFFERENT AUSTRIAN NOTGELD NOTES $15.00



ATTRACTIVE AND COLORFUL GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES

Germany small municipal notgeld notes
These attractive, colorful small (most less than 4 inches - 90cm long) were issued by communities throughout Germany during and after World War I.  They quickly became a popular with collectors and by 1921 many thousand different types were produced.  They have a wide variety of themes, including fairy tales, local history, monuments, and political satire.  Every lot is different, however there may be duplication between lots.  They are a fun and fascinating collectible and remarkably inexpensive considering they are over 100 years old!
Item PM-DE-NOTx25 25 DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES, UNC. $22.50
Item PM-DE-NOTx10 10 DIFFERENT GERMAN NOTGELD NOTE UNC.  $10.00
Item PM-DE-NOTx30C 30 DIFFERENT CIRCULATED. GERMAN NOTGELD NOTES VG-XF $15.00

Click HereCLICK HERE to see our exhibit on the coins and notes of the German Hyperinflation



HISTORIC 1930 YOUNG PLAN BONDS ATTEMPT TO PAY GERMAN WAR REPARATIONS

Germany - 1000 Swiss Francs 1930 Young Plan Bond with coupons
After its defeat in World War I, Germany was saddled with heavy war reparations, the repayment of which contributed to the 1923 German hyperinflation and helped bring Hitler to power.  An attempt was made in 1924 to restructure the payments, however that quickly failed.  A second attempt was made in 1929.  The proposal was known as the Young Plan.  It was named after its chairman, American industrialist Owen D. Young, who founded the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) and was Chairman of General Electric.   The Young Plan reduced payments by about 20%, stretched payment out over 58 years, and created the Bank of International Settlements to facilitate the reparation payments.  One third of the annual reparations were to be paid by Germany from general revenue, however that payment could be postponed. Two thirds of the annual payments were to be financed by a consortium of American banks and were "unconditional".  In 1930 bonds were issued various currencies to help implement the plan.  The plan however quickly failed.  The stock market crash of 1929, the start of the Great Depression and the collapse of international trade made the plan infeasible. As might be expected, the plan was unpopular with most Germans and Hitler made repudiation of the war reparations a major element of his campaigns.  He repudiated the debt after becoming Chancellor in 1933. After Germany's defeat in World War II the payments were again restructured, and Germany finally paid off the last of its reparation debt and interest in 2020, 92 years after its defeat in World War I.  We offer ab  historic `000 Swiss Francs 1930 Young Plan Bond.   The bonds paid 5 1/2% interest.  They have texts in German, English and French.    The large sized bonds measure approximately 11.75" x 16.5" (300 x 420mm) and have been punch canceled.  The Swiss bonds include a partial sheet of 41 coupons, dating from June 1, 1945 to June 1 1965.  They are important but rarely seen financial instruments.
Item BND-YOUNG-SWISS 1000 SWISS FRANCS 1930 YOUNG BOND VF-cancelled $7.00







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REMEMBERING THE WAR


WORLD WAR I REMEMBRANCE COINS FROM CANADA

Canada 25 Cents 2015 Colored PoppyCanada 25 Cents 2015 poppy regular (uncolored) strikeObverse of Canada 25 Cents 2015
In 1915 Canadian physician Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae wrote the immortal poem "In Flanders Fields".   The poem refers to the fields of red poppies that grew between the graves of the soldiers that died in the Battles of Ypres.  The poem first published anonymously in Great Britain, quickly grew in popularity throughout the English speaking world.  It was used in propaganda efforts and appeals to sell war bonds and recruit solders.  The red poppy became a widely recognized symbol to remember soldiers that died in conflicts.  In 2015 Canada marked the 100th anniversary of John McCrea’s famous poem with circulating commemorative 25 Cent coins.  Two versions of the copper-nickel 25 cent coin were issued, one with a realistic color depiction of a red poppy.  The other features an uncolored poppy. Queen Elizabeth is on the obverses and the coins are Uncirculated.
Item CA-25c15-COLOR CANADA 25 CENTS 2015 COLOR POPPY, UNC. out
Item CA-25c15-REG CANADA 25 CENTS 2015 REGULAR (uncolored) UNC. $1.00


Also see:
Click HereWORLD WAR II COINS & CURRENCY

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